Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-fmrbl Total loading time: 0.952 Render date: 2022-09-27T18:56:07.782Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true


Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 March 2022

David M. Robinson
Colgate University, New York
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Korea and the Fall of the Mongol Empire
Alliance, Upheaval, and the Rise of a New East Asian Order
, pp. 258 - 275
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Allsen, Thomas. “The Circulation of Military Technology in the Mongol Empire.” In Warfare in Inner Asian History (500–1800), edited by di Cosmo, Nicola. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002, pp. 265–93.Google Scholar
Allsen, ThomasCommand Performances: Entertainers in the Mongolian Empire.” Russian History 28, nos. 1–4 (2001): 3746.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allsen, Thomas Commodity and Exchange in the Mongol Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
Allsen, Thomas Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allsen, ThomasEver Closer Encounters: Appropriation of Culture and the Apportionment of Peoples in the Mongol Empire.” Journal of Early Modern History 1 (1997): 223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allsen, ThomasGuard and Government in the Reign of the Grand Qan Mongke, 1251–59.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 46, no. 2 (1986): 495521.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allsen, Thomas Mongol Imperialism. Berkeley: University of California, 1987.Google Scholar
Allsen, ThomasPopulation Movements in Mongol Eurasia.” In Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors, edited by Amitai, Reuven and Biran, Michal. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2015, pp. 119–51.Google Scholar
Allsen, ThomasThe Rise of the Mongolian Empire.” In CHC, vol. 6, Alien Regimes and Border States, 907–1368, edited by Franke, Herbert and Twitchett, Denis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 321413.Google Scholar
Allsen, ThomasSharing Out the Empire: Apportioned Lands under the Mongols.” In Nomads in the Sedentary World, edited by Khazanov, Anatoly M. and Wink, André. Richmond: Curzon Press, 2001, pp. 172–90.Google Scholar
Allsen, ThomasTechnologies of Governance in the Mongolian Empire: A Geographic Overview.” In Imperial Statecraft: Political Forms and Techniques of Governance in Inner Asia, Sixth–Twentieth Centuries, edited by Sneath, David. Bellington: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, 2006, pp. 117–40.Google Scholar
Allsen, ThomasThe Yüan Dynasty and the Uighurs of Turfan in the 13th Century.” In China among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and Its Neighbors, 10th–14th Centuries, edited by Rossabi, Morris. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1983, pp. 261–69.Google Scholar
Amitai, Reuven. “The Impact of the Mongols on the History of Syria: Politics, Society, and Culture.” In Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change, edited by Amitai, Reuven and Biran, Michal. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2015, pp. 228–51.Google Scholar
Chuk, An 安軸. Geunjaejip 謹齋集. Rpt. in HGMJ, vol. 2.Google Scholar
Anonymous. Yuan Gaoli jishi 元高麗紀事. Rpt. Beiping: Wendiange shuzhuang, 1937.Google Scholar
Anonymous. Zhizheng tiaoge 至正條格. Rpt. Seoul: Hyumeoniseuteu, 2007.Google Scholar
Arnold, Lauren. Princely Gifts and Papal Treasures: The Franciscan Mission to China and Its Influence on the Arts of the West, 1250–1350. San Francisco: Desiderata Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Atwood, Christopher. “Northern Yuan Dynasty.” In Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire, compiled by Christopher Atwood. New York: Facts On File, 2004.Google Scholar
Atwood, ChristopherUlus Emirs, Keshig Elders, Signatures, and Marriage Partners: The Evolution of a Classic Mongol Institution.” In Imperial Statecraft: Political Forms and Techniques of Governance in Inner Asia, Sixth–Twentieth Centuries, edited by Sneath, David. Bellington: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, 2006, pp. 141–73.Google Scholar
Atwood, ChristopherValidation by Holiness or Sovereignty: Religious Toleration as Political Theology in the Mongol World Empire of the Thirteenth Century.” International History Review 26, no. 2 (2004): 237–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sukhui, Bae 裵淑姬. “Song–Yuan shiqi kejuzhong de Gaoli jinshi” 宋元時期科舉中的高麗進士. In Kejuzhi de zhongjie yu kejuxue de xingqi 科舉制的終結與科舉學的興起, edited by Haifeng, Liu 劉海峰. Wuhan: Huazhong shifan daxue chubanshe, 2006, pp. 192204.Google Scholar
Sukhui, BaeWondae gwageoje wa Goryeo jinsa ui eunggeo mit sukwan” 元代科舉制와 高麗進士의 應舉 및 授官. Dongyang sahak yeongu 東洋史學研究 104 (2008): 121–54.Google Scholar
Sukhui, BaeWonnara ui Tamna tongchi wa iju geurigo jachwi” 元나라의 耽羅 통치와 移住, 그리고 자취. Jungguksa yeongu 중국사연구 76 (2012): 95122.Google Scholar
Inho, Baek 白 仁鎬. Goryeo hugi buwon seryeok yeongu 고려 후기 부원 세력 연구. Busan: Sejong chulpansa, 2003.Google Scholar
Don, Bak 朴焞. “Goryeomal Dongnyeongbu jeongbeol e dae hayeo” 高麗末 東寧府征伐에 대하여. Jungang sanon 중앙사론 4 (1985): 113–32.Google Scholar
Gyeongja, Bak 박경자. “Gungnyeo chulsin Goryeo yeoindeul ui sam” 貢女 출신 高麗女人들의 삶. Yeoksa wa dallon 역사와 담론 55 (2010): 3364.Google Scholar
Wonho, Bak 朴元熇. “Goryeo wa Ju Wonjang ui cheot gyeoseop e gwanhan sogo” 高麗와 朱元璋의 첫 交涉에 관한 小考. Dongbuga yeoksa nonchong 동북아역사논총 3 (2005): 189222.Google Scholar
Wonho, Bak Myeongcho Joseon gwanyesa yeongu 明初朝鮮關係史研究. Seoul: Iljogak, 2002.Google Scholar
Yongun, Bak 朴龍雲. Goryeo sidae Gaegyeong yeongu 고려시대 開京 연구. Seoul: Iljisa, 1996.Google Scholar
Baoyinhu, Wang Xiong, 王雄, compilers. Mingdai Menggu Hanji shiliao huibian 明代蒙古漢籍史料彙編. 12 vols. Hohhot: Neimenggu daxue chubanshe, 2006–2011.Google Scholar
Aonan, Bi 畢奧南. “Naiyan – Hadan shijian yu Yuan Li guanxi” 乃顏—哈丹事件與元麗關係. Neimenggu shehui kexue 內蒙古社會科學 3 (1997): 2734.Google Scholar
Biran, Michal. “The Mongols and Nomadic Identity: The Case of the Kitans in China.” In Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors, edited by Amitai, Reuven and Biran, Michal. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2015, pp. 152–81.Google Scholar
Blair, Sheila. “Visual Sources for the Mongol Empire.” In Cambridge History of the Mongol Empire. Edited by Biran, Michal and Hodong, Kim. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.Google Scholar
Breuker, Remco. “And Now Your Highness, We’ll Discuss the Location of Your Hidden Rebel Base.” Journal of Asian History 46, no. 1 (2012): 5995.Google Scholar
Breuker, RemcoColonial Modernities in the 14th Century: Empire as the Harbinger of Modernity.” In Korea in the Middle: Korean Studies and Area Studies: Essays in Honour of Boudewijin Walraven, edited by Breuker, Remco. Leiden: CNWS Publications 153, 2007, pp. 4566.Google Scholar
Breuker, Remco Establishing a Pluralist Society in Medieval Korea, 918–1170: History, Ideology, and Identity in the Koryŏ Dynasty. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Breuker, RemcoWarband Cohesion in Thirteenth-Century Korea: Northeast Asian Influences on Sinitic Military Models.” Journal of Asian History 53, no. 2 (2019): 241–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brose, Michael. “Uyghur Technologists of Writing and Literacy in Mongol China.” T’oung-pao 91, no. 4/4 (2005): 396435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buell, Paul. “The Role of the Sino-Mongolian Frontier Zone in the Rise of Cinggis-qan.” In Studies on Mongolia: Proceedings of the First North American Conference on Mongolian Studies, edited by Schwarz, H. G.. Bellingham: Center for East Asian Studies, Western Washington University, 1979, pp. 6376.Google Scholar
Burbank, Jane and Cooper, Frederick. Empires in World History: Power and the Politics of Difference. Princeton: Princeton Univeristy Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Taeseop, Byeon 邊太燮. Goryeosa ui yeongu 高麗史의 研究. Seoul: Samyeongsa, 1983.Google Scholar
Meibiao, Cai 蔡美彪. Yuandai baihuabei jilu 元代白話碑集錄. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe, 1955.Google Scholar
Caldor, Kent. Pacific Alliances: Reviving U.S.–Japan Relations. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
Jungseok, Chae 崔鍾奭. “1356 (Gongminwang 5)–1369 nyeon (Gongminwang 18) Goryeo–Monggor (Won) kgangye ui seonggyeok – ‘Won ganseopgi’ wa ui yeonsokseong eur jungsim euro–” 1356 (공민왕 5)~1369 년 (공민왕 18) 고려-몽골(원) 관계의 성격— ‘원간섭기’와의 연속성을 중심으로—. Yeoksa kyoyuk역사교육 116 (2010): 233–71.Google Scholar
Suhwan, Chae 蔡守煥. “Goryeo Gongminwangdae ui gaehyeok gwa jeongchijeok jibae seryeok” 고려 공민왕대의 개혁과 정치적 지배세력. Sahak yeongu 사학연구 5556 (1998): 133162.Google Scholar
Chan, Hok-lam. “Chinese Official Historiography at the Yüan Court: The Composition of the Liao, Chin, and Song Histories.” Rpt. in Chan, Hok-lam, China and the Mongols: History and Legend under the Yuan and Ming. Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1999, pp. 56196.Google Scholar
Dezhi, Chen 陳得芝. “Du Gaoli Li Chengxiu Binwanglu: yuwai Yuanshi shiliao zhaji zhi yi” 讀高麗李承休《賓王錄》—域外元史史料札記之一. Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論叢 2 (2008): 4969.Google Scholar
Gaohua, Chen 陳高華. “Gajeongjip, Mok’eun go yu Yuanshi yanjiu” 《稼亭集》、《牧隱稿》與元史研究. Rpt. in Gaohua, Chen, Yuanchao shishi xinzheng 元朝史事新證. Lanzhou: Lanzhou daxue chubanshe, 2010, pp. 294–99.Google Scholar
Gaohua, Chen “Hangzhou Huiyinsi de Yuandai baihua bei” 杭州慧因寺的元代白話碑. Zhejiang shehui kexue 浙江社會科學 1 (2007): 169–73.Google Scholar
Gaohua, ChenLun Zhu Yuanzhang yu Yuanchao de guanxi” 論朱元璋與元朝的關係. Xueshu yuekan 學術月刊 5 (1980). Rpt. in Chen Gaohua, Yuanshi yanjiu lungao 元史研究論稿. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1991, pp. 316–27.Google Scholar
Gaohua, ChenYuanchao yu Gaoli de haishang jiaotong” 元朝與高麗的海上交通. Jindan hakbo 震檀學報 7172 (1991): 348–58.Google Scholar
Gaohua, ChenYuanshi zuanxiu kao” 《元史》纂修考. Lishi yanjiu 歷史研究 4 (1990): 115–29.Google Scholar
Gaohua, ChenZhizheng tiaoge tiaoge chutan” 《至正條格・條格》初探. Zhongguoshi yanjiu 中國史研究 2 (2008): 135–58. Rpt. in Chen Gaohua, Yuanchao shishi xinzheng 元朝史事新證. Lanzhou: Lanzhou daxue chubanshe, 2010, pp. 1–35.Google Scholar
Yiqiu, Chen 陳彞秋. “Mingchu Gaoli shichen Gaoyou huaigushi de wenhua neihan” 明初高麗使臣高郵懷古詩的文化內涵. Jiangxi shifan daxue xuebao 江西師範大學學報 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 48, no. 5 (2015): 110–16.Google Scholar
Jungseok, Choe 崔鍾奭. “1356 (Gongminwang 5)–1369 nyeon (Gongminwang 18) Goryeo–Monggol (Won) gwangye ui seonggyeok – ‘Wonganseopgi’ wa ui yeonsokseong eur jungsim eoro—” 1356 (공민왕 5)—1369 년 (공민왕 18) 고려-몽골(원) 관계의 성격 ‘원간섭기’ 와의 연속성을 중심으로. Yeoksa gyoyuk 역사교육 歷史敎育 116 (2010): 233271.Google Scholar
Sejin, Choe 崔世珍. 1473?–1542 Bak Tongsa eonhae 1473?–1542朴通事諺解. Gyeongseong: Gyeongseong jeguk daehak peommun hakbu, 1943.Google Scholar
Yunjeong, Choe 최윤정. “Monggol ui Yodong·Goryeo gyongnyak jaegeomto (1211–1259)” 몽골의 요동·고려 경략 재검토 (1211–1259). Yeoksa hakbo 歷史學報 209 (2011): 107–53.Google Scholar
Clark, Donald. “Sino-Korean Tributary Relations under the Ming.” In CHC, vol. 8, The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, Part 2, edited by Twitchett, Denis and Mote, Frederick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998, pp. 272300.Google Scholar
Clunas, Craig and Harrison-Hall, Jessica, editors. Ming: 50 Years That Changed China. London: British Museum, 2014.Google Scholar
de Rachewiltz, Igor. Papal Envoys to the Great Khan. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1971.Google Scholar
di Cosmo, Nicola. “Black Sea Emporia and the Mongol Empire: A Reassessment of the Pax Mongolica.” Journal of the Economic & Social History of the Orient 53, no. 1–2 (2010): 83108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
di Cosmo, NicolaState Formation and Periodization in Inner Asian History.” Journal of World History 10, no. 2 (1999): 140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dardess, John. Confucianism and Autocracy: Professional Elites in the Founding of the Ming Dynasty. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dardess, JohnShun-ti and the End of Yüan Rule in China.” In CHC, vol. 6, Alien Regimes and Border States, 907–1368, edited by Franke, Herbert and Twitchett, Denis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994, pp. 561–86.Google Scholar
Dardess, JohnThe Transformations of Messianic Revolt and the Founding of the Ming Dynasty.” Journal of Asian Studies 29, no. 3 (1970): 539–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dashdondog, Bayarsaikhan. The Mongols and the Armenians (1220–1335). Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2011.Google Scholar
Hyeon-chul, Do 都賢喆 (Do Hyeoncheol). “Analysis of Recently Discovered Late-Koryŏ Civil Service Examination Answer Sheets (對策文).” Korean Studies 41 (2017): 152–72.Google Scholar
Dreyer, Edward. “Military Origins of Ming China.” In CHC, vol. 7, The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, Part 1, pp. 58106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dreyer, EdwardThe Poyang Campaign, 1363: Inland Naval Warfare in the Founding of the Ming Dynasty.” In Chinese Ways in Warfare, edited by Kierman, Frank and Fairbank, John. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1974, pp. 202–40.Google Scholar
Hongtao, Du 杜洪濤. “Yuan Ming zhi ji Liaodong de haoqiang jituan yu shehui bianqian” 元明之際遼東的豪強與社會變遷. Shilin 史林 1 (2016): 5665.Google Scholar
Duncan, John. Origins of the Chosŏn Dynasty. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Linggui, Fang 方齡貴. “Yuanshi zuanxiu zakao” 『元史』纂修雜考. Shehui kexue zhanxian 社會科學戰線 2 (1992): 161–72.Google Scholar
Farquhar, David. The Government of China under Mongolian Rule: A Reference Guide. Stuttgart: Steiner, 1990.Google Scholar
Favereau, Marie. The Horde: How the Mongols Changed the World. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2021.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Favereau, Marie Doumenjou and Geevers, Liesbeth. “The Golden Horde, the Spanish Habsburg Monarchy, and the Construction of Ruling Dynasties.” In Prince, Pen, and Sword: Eurasian Perspectives. Edited by Maaike, van Berkel and Duindam, Jeroen. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2018, pp. 452512.Google Scholar
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Culture of the Golden Horde Cities. Oxford: British Archeological Reports, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fletcher, Joseph. “China and Central Asia, 1368–1884.” In The Chinese World Order: Traditional China’s Foreign Relations, edited by Fairbank, John. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968, pp. 206–24.Google Scholar
Fletcher, JosephThe Mongols: Ecological and Social Perspectives.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 46 (1986): 1150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fletcher, JosephTurco-Mongolian Monarchic Tradition in the Ottoman Empire.” Harvard Ukrainian Studies 3–4 (1979–80): 236–51.Google Scholar
Fragner, Bert. “Iran under Ilkhanid Rule in a World History Perspective.” In L´Iran face à la domination mongole (Bibliothèque iranienne 45), edited by Aigle, Denise. Teheran: IFRI, 1997, pp. 123–31.Google Scholar
Akiyoshi, Fujita 藤田明良. “‘Ranshuzan no ran’ to higashi ajia no haiiki seikai: 14 seki no Shūzan guntō to Kōrai–Nippon.” 「蘭秀山の乱」と東アジアの海域世界: 14世紀の舟山群島と高麗・日本. Reikishigaku kenkyū 歴史学研究 689 (1997): 233.Google Scholar
Jujin, Gang 姜周鎭. “Gongminwang ui Goryeo jaegeon undong gwa samwonsu” 「恭愍王의 高麗再建運動과 三元帥」. In Hangukhak munheon yeongu ui hyeonhwang gwa jeonmang 『韓國學文獻硏究의 現況과 展望』, edited by Munhwasa pyeonjipbu, Asea 亞細亞文化社編輯部. Seoul: Dongsa, 1983, pp. 521–44.Google Scholar
Dangtaek, Gim 金塘澤. “Goryeo Uwang wonnyeon (1375) Won gwa ui oegyo gwangye jaegae reul dolleossan jeongchi seryok gan ui galdeung” 高麗 禑王 元年 (1375) 元과 외교관계 再開를 돌러싼 정치세력 간의 갈등. Jindan hakbo 震檀學報 83 (1997): 2141.Google Scholar
Dangtaek, Gim Wonganseopha ui Goryeo jeongchisa 元干涉下의 高麗政治史. Seoul: Iljogak, 1998.Google Scholar
Gideok, Gim 김기덕. “14 segi huban gaehyeok jeongchi ui naeyong geu seonggyeok” 14 세기 후반 개격정치의 내영 그 성격. In 14 segi Goryeo ui jeongchi wa sahoe 14 세기 고려의 정치와 사회, edited by yeoksa yeonguhoe, Hanguk: 14 segi yeonguban. Seoul: Mineumsa, 1994, pp. 446506.Google Scholar
Gujin, Gim 金九鎮. “Wondae Yodong jibang ui Goryeo gunmin” 元代 遼東地方의 高麗軍民. In Yi Wonsun gyosu hwagap giinyeom sahak nonchong 李元淳教授華甲記念史論叢, edited by Wonsun, Yi 李元淳. Seoul: Kyohaksa, 1986, pp. 469–86.Google Scholar
Gyeongnok, Gim 金景緑 김경록. “Gongmin wangdae gukje jeongse wa daeui gwangye ui jeongae yangsang” 공민왕대 국제정세와 대외관계의 전개양상. Yeoksa wa hyeonsil 역사 와 현실 64 (2007): 197231.Google Scholar
Gyeongnok, GimYeomal Seoncho Hongmuje ui Goryeo–Joseon insik gwa oegyo gwangye” 麗末鮮初 洪武帝의 高麗ㆍ朝鮮 認識과 外交關係. Myeong Cheongsa yeongu 明清史研究 35 (2011): 133.Google Scholar
Hodong, Gim 金浩東. Monggol jeguk gwa Goryeo: Kubillai jeonggwon ui tansaeng gwa Goryeo ui jeongchijeok wisang 몽골제국과 고려 쿠빌라이 정권의 탄생과 고려의 정치적 위상. Seoul: Seoul daehakkyo chulbanbu, 2007.Google Scholar
Hyewon, GimWonganseopgi ipseongnon gwa geu seonggyeok” 원 간섭기 立省論과그성격. In 14 segi Goryeo ui jeongchi hwa saheo 14 세기 고려의 정치와 사회, edited by 14 segi Goryeo ui jeongchi hwa saheo, seonggyeok yeonguban. Seoul: Mineumsa, 1994, pp. 3993.Google Scholar
Hyewon, GimYeo Won wangsil tonghon ui seongnip gwa teokjing” 麗元王室通婚의 成立과 特徵. Yidae sawon 梨大史苑 2425 (1990): 165212.Google Scholar
Hyeongsu, Gim 金炯秀. Goryeo hugi jeongchaek gwa jeongchi 고려후기 정책과 정치. Seoul: Jiseongin, 2013.Google Scholar
Hyewon, Gim 김혜원 金惠苑. “Goryeo Gongminwangdae daeoe jeongchaek gwa Hanin gunung” 高麗 恭愍王代 對外政策과 漢人群雄. Baeksan hakbo 白山學報 51 (1998): 61101.Google Scholar
Nanok, Gim 김난옥. “Gongminwangdae huban Yeo–Myeong gwangye wa Jang Jaon Seol Sa” 공민왕대 후반 여명관계와 장자온설사. Sahak yeongu 사학연구 131 (2018): 167200.Google Scholar
Sanggi, Gim 金庠基. Sipyeon Goryeo sidaesa 新編高麗時代史. Seoul: Seoul daehakkyo chulpanbu, 1985; 3rd printing 1999.Google Scholar
Wihyeon, Gim 金渭顯. Goryeo sidai daeoe gwangyesa yeongu 高麗時代對外關係史研究. Seoul: Gyeong’in munhwasa, 2004.Google Scholar
Yongseon, Gim 金龍善. Goryeo myojimyeong jipseong 高麗墓誌銘集成. Chuncheon: Hallim daehakkyo chulpanbu, 1997.Google Scholar
Byeongik, Go 高柄翊. Donga gyoseopsa ui yeongu 東亞交涉史의 研究. Seoul: Seoul daehakkyo chulpanbu, 1970.Google Scholar
Hyeyeong, Go 高惠玲. “Bang Sinu sonon” 方臣佑小論. In Yeoksa wa ingan ui daeeung: Go Byeongik seonsaeng hoegap ginyeom sahak nonchong 歷史와人間의對應 : 高柄翊先生回甲紀念史學論叢, edited by Go Byeongik seonsaeng hoegap ginyeom sahak nonchong ganhaeng wiwonhoe 高柄翊先生回甲紀念史學論叢刊行委員會, Seoul: Hanul, 1984, pp. 753–69.Google Scholar
Goodrich, L. Carrington and Chaoying, Fang, editors. Dictionary of Ming Biography. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1976.Google Scholar
Sili, Gu 顧嗣立. Yuanshixuan 元詩選. Rpt. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1987.Google Scholar
Xipeng, Gui 桂栖鵬. “Ruyuan Gaoli sengren kaolüe” 入元高麗僧人考略. Xibei shida xuebao 西北師大學報 (shehui kexue ban 社會科學版) 38, no. 2 (2001): 5862.Google Scholar
Xipeng, Gui Yuandai jinshi yanjiu 元代進士研究. Lanzhou: Lanzhou daxue chubanshe, 2001.Google Scholar
Lianghan, Guo 郭良翰. Huang Ming shiji huibian 皇明謚紀彚編. Rpt. Yuan guoli Beiping tushuguan jiaku shanben congshu 原國立北平圖書館甲庫善本叢書. Beijing: Guojia tushuguan, 2013.Google Scholar
Geun, Gwon 權近. Yangcheon-jip 陽村集. Rpt. in HGMJ, vol. 7.Google Scholar
Yongcheol, Gwon 권용철. “Dae Wonjeguk malgi cheongguk gwa Goyreo Chunghyewang ui chueukwi, pokwi, pyewi” 大元帝國 末期 政局과 충혜왕의 고려즉위,복의,폐위. Hanguksa hakbo 韓國史學報 56 (2014): 65107.Google Scholar
Halperin, Charles. Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Medieval Russian History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.Google Scholar
Halperin, CharlesRusso-Tatar Relations in Mongol Context: Two Notes.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 51, no. 3 (1998): 321–39.Google Scholar
Guanghui, Han 韓光輝. “Liao Jin Yuan Ming shiqi Beijing diqu renkou dili yanjiu” 遼金元明時期北京地區人口地理研究. Beijing daxue xuebao 北京大學學報 (zhexue shehui kexueban) (哲學社會科學版) 5 (1990): 8091.Google Scholar
Moriyoshi, Hasumi 荷見守義. “Minchō Kōrai ōrai bunsho no kenkyū: Rimon [Yimun] shoshu tōan o tegakari ni (1)” 明朝•高麗往来文書の研究『吏文』所収档案を手掛かりに(1). Chūō daigaku Ajiashi kenkyū 中央大学アジア史研究 32 (2008): 291311.Google Scholar
Hazard, Benjamin. “Japanese Marauding in Medieval Korea: The Wako Impact on Late Koryo.” Ph.D. dissertation, UC Berkeley, 1967.Google Scholar
Henthorn, William. Korea: The Mongol Invasions. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1963.Google Scholar
Heywood, Colin. “‘Boundless Dreams of the Levant’; Paul Wittet, the George-Kreis, and the Writing of Ottoman History.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society 121, no. 1 (1989): 3050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heywood, ColinThe 1337 Bursa Inscription and Its Interpreters.” Turcica 36 (2004): 215–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yeongui, Hong 洪榮義 홍영의. “Gongminwang ui banWon jeongchaek gwa Yom Jesin ui gunsa hwaldong – gukbang gaehyeok reur jungsim ero” 恭愍王의 反元政策과 廉悌臣의 軍事活動—國防改革을 中心으로. Gunsa 군사 30 (1991): 91122.Google Scholar
Hope, Michael. Power, Politics, and Tradition in the Mongol Empire and the Īlkhānate of Iran. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ch’i-ch’ing, Hsiao (Xiao Qiqing) 蕭啟慶. The Military Establishment of the Yuan Dynasty. Cambridge, MA: Council of East Asian Studies, Harvard, 1978.Google Scholar
Ch’i-ch’ing, HsiaoYuan–Li guanxizhong de wangshi huanghun yu qiangquan zhengzhi” 元麗關係中的王室皇婚與強權政治. Rpt. in Nei Beiguo er wai Zhongguo: Meng Yuan shi yanjiu 內北國而外中國. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2007, vol. 2, pp. 766–89.Google Scholar
Heng, Huang 黃悙. “Zhao Mengfu shufa yanjiu erti” 趙孟頫書法研究二題. Zhonggu shuhua 中國書畫 124 (2005): 3941.Google Scholar
Unyong, Hwang 黃雲龍. “Goryeo Gongmin wangdae ui daeWon Myeong gwangye” 高麗 恭愍王代의 對元明關係. Dongguk sahak 東國史學 14 (1980): 114.Google Scholar
Hucker, Charles. A Dictionary of Official Titles in Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
Hiroshi, Ikeuchi 池内宏. “Kōrai Kōmin ōchō no Tōneifu seibatsu ni tsuite no kō” 高麗恭愍王朝の東寧府征伐についての考. Tōyō gakuhō 東洋学報 8, no. 2 (1918): 206–48. Rpt. in Ikeuchi Hiroshi, Mansenshi kenkyū chūsei 3 満鮮史研究中世 3. Tokyo: pp. 197234.Google Scholar
Hiroshi, IkeuchiKōrai Kyōmin’ō no Gen ni taisuru hankō no undō” 高麗恭愍王の元に對する反抗の運動. Tōyō gakuhō 東洋学報 7, no. 1 (1917): 117–36. Rpt. in Ikeuchi Hiroshi, Mansenshi kenkyū chūsei 3 満鮮史研究中世 3. Tokyo: pp. 175–95.Google Scholar
Hiroshi, IkeuchiKōraimatsu ni okeru Min oyobi Bokken to no kankei” 高麗末に於ける明及び北元との関係. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 29, nos. 1–4 (1918): 5690, 161–79, 251–71, 372–89. Rpt. in Ikeuchi Hiroshi, Mansenshi kenkyū chūsei 3 満鮮史研究中世 3. Tokyo: pp. 265331.Google Scholar
Imber, Colin. “What Does ‘Ghazi’ Actually Mean?” In The Balance of Truth: Essays in Honour of Professor Geoffrey Lewis, edited by Balim-Harding, Çiğdem and Imber, Colin. Instanbul: Isis Press, 2000, pp. 165–78.Google Scholar
Inalcik, Halil. “Ottoman Methods of Conquest.” Studia Islamica 2 (1954): 104–29.Google Scholar
Jackson, Peter. “The Dissolution of the Mongol Empire.” Central Asiatic Journal 22 (1978): 186244.Google Scholar
Jackson, PeterFrom Ulus to Khanate: The Making of the Mongol States, c. 1220–1290.” In The Mongol Empire and Its Legacy, edited by Amitai-Preiss, Reuven and Morgan, David. Leiden: Brill, 1999, pp. 1237.Google Scholar
Jackson, Peter Mongols and the Islamic World: From Conquest to Conversion. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dongik, Jang 張東翼. Goryeo hugi oegyosa yeongu 高麗後期外交史研究. Seoul: Iljogak, 1994.Google Scholar
Dongik, Jang Mongoru teikokki no Tōhoku Ajia モンゴル帝国期の東北アジア. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin, 2016.Google Scholar
Dongik, Jang Wondae Yeosa jaryo jipnok 元代麗史資料集錄. Seoul: Seoul daehakkyo chulpanbu, 1997.Google Scholar
Yeongjun, Jeon 전영준. “Goryeo hugi Jeju yiju Won ijumin gwa tonghon” 고려후기 제주 移居 元이주민과 通婚. Damunhwa kontencheu yeongu 다문화콘텐츠연구 15 (2013): 395425.Google Scholar
Donghun, Jeong 정동훈 鄭東勳. “Chaek gwa Gomyeong: Goryeo sidae gukwang chaekbong munseo” 冊과誥命—고려시대 국왕 책봉문서. Sahak yeongu 사하견구 126 (2017): 149202.Google Scholar
Donghun, JeongChogi Goryeo–Myeong gwangye eseo Jeju munje” 초기 고려–명 관계에서 제주 문제. Hanguk jungsesa yeongu 한국중세사연구 51 (2017): 241–75.Google Scholar
Donghun, Jeong “Monggol jeguk ui bunggwe wa Goryeo–Myeong ui yusan sangsok bunjaeng” 몽골제국의 붕괴와 고려–명의 유산 상속분쟁. Yeoksa bipyeong 역사비평 (2017): 7798.Google Scholar
Donghun, JeongMyeong gwa jubyeonguk ui oegyo gwangye surip jeolcha ui jeguseong” 明과 주변국의 外交關係 수립 절차의 재구성. Myeong Cheongsa yeongu 明清史研究 51 (2019): 2353.Google Scholar
Donghun, JeongMyeongcho gukje jilseo ui jepyeon gwa Goryeo ui wisang: Hongmu yeongan Myeong ui sasin inseon eur jungsimeuro” 명초 국제질서의 재편과 고려의 위상-홍무 연간 명의 사신 인선을 중심으로—. Yeoksa wa hyeonsil 역사와현실 89 (2013): 113–50.Google Scholar
Donghun, JeongMyeongcho oegyo jedo ui seongnip gwa geu giwon: Goryeo–Monggol gwangye ui yusan gwa geu jeonyu” 명초 외교제도의 성립과 그 기원—고려–몽골 관계의 유산과 그 전유 (專有) —. Yeoksa wa hyeonsil 역사과 현실 111 (2019): 343–80.Google Scholar
Xisi, Jie 揭傒斯. Jie Xisi quanji 揭傒斯全集. Rpt. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2012.Google Scholar
Chun, Jin 金春. “Li Yuan tonghun waijiao yanjiu” 麗元通婚外交研究. Yanbian daxue xuebao 延邊大學學報 (shehui kexue ban 社會科學版) 5 (2014): 8894.Google Scholar
Myeongje, Jo 조명제. “14 segi Goryeo jisikin ui ipWon gwa sullye” 14 세기 高麗 지식인의 入元과 순례. Yeoksa wa Gyeonggye 역사와 경계 69 (2008): 740.Google Scholar
Donghun, Jung (see also Jeong Donghun). “From a Lord to a Bureaucrat: The Change of Koryo Kings in the Korea–China Relations. Review of Korean Studies 19, no. 2 (2016), pp. 115–36.Google Scholar
Kafadar, Cemal. Between Two Worlds: The Construction of the Ottoman State. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kallander, George. Beastly Rites: Human–Animal Relations in Premodern Korea, forthcoming.Google Scholar
Hodong, Kim (Gim Hodong). “The Unity of the Mongol Empire and Continental Exchanges over Eurasia.” Journal of Central Asian Studies 1 (2009): 1542.Google Scholar
Tangt’aek, Kim (see also Gim Dangtaek) 金塘澤. “Im Yon’s (林衍) Regime and Koryo’s Return of the Capital to Kaesong (開京還都). Korean Social Science Journal 23 (1997): 103–12.Google Scholar
Lane, George. Early Mongol Rule in Thirteenth-Century Iran: A Persian Renaissance. London and New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lane, GeorgePersian Notables and the Families Who Underpinned the Ilkhanate.” In Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors, edited by Amitai, Reuven and Biran, Michal. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2015, pp. 182227.Google Scholar
Ik-joo, Lee (see also Yi Ikju). Translated by Keunyoung, Ko. “Trends and Prospects: Historical Studes on Koryŏ–Mongol Relationship in the 13–14th Centuries.” Review of Korean Studies 19, no. 2 (2016): 1546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kang Hahn, Lee (see also Yi Ganghan). “Shifting Political, Legal, and Institutional Borderlines between Koryŏ and the Mongol Yuan Empire.” Seoul Journal of Korean Studies 29, no. 2 (2016): 239–66.Google Scholar
Lee, Miji (Yi Miji) 李美智. “Mongols, Barbarians, and the Great Suzerain: The Shifting Nomenclature of the Mongols during the Early Koryo–Mongol Relations in the 13th Century.” In Traders and Trade Routes of Central Asia and Inner Asia: “The Silk Road,” Then and Now. Toronto Studies in Central and Inner Asia 8 (2007): 7791.Google Scholar
Lee, Miji13 segi Goryeo girok e natanan Mongoro wa geu e tuyeong dwin Goryeoin” 13 세기 고려 기록에 나타난 몽고와 그에 투영된 고려인. Manju yeongu 만주연구 17 (2014): 3971.Google Scholar
Myungmi, Lee (see also Yi Myeongmi). “Changes in the Logic and System behind the Succession of the Koryŏ Throne under Mongol Subjugation.” Review of Korean Studies 12 (2016): 89113.Google Scholar
Legge, James. The Chinese Classics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1893–95. Rpt. Taipei: Southern Materials Center, 1983, 4 vols.Google Scholar
Ling, Li 李嶺. “Qihou yu Tuotuo Gaoyou zhenqian beibian” 奇后與脱脫高郵陣前被貶. Neimenggu shifan daxue xuebao 內蒙古師範大學學報 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 34, no. 4 (2005): 126–28.Google Scholar
Sha, Li 李莎. Zhongguo renkou tongshi 9 Yuandaijuan 中國人口通史 9 元代卷. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe, 2012.Google Scholar
Xinfeng, Li 李新峰. “Ming qianqi fu Chaoxian shichen congkao” 明前期赴朝鮮使臣叢考. Ming Qing luncong 明清論叢 4 (2003): 9192.Google Scholar
Yiyou, Li 李逸友. Heicheng chutu wenshu 黑城出土文書. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe, 1991.Google Scholar
Sanghun, Lim 林常薰. “14 segi YeoMyeong gwangye wa Jejudo ui gwisok gwajeong” 14世紀 麗明關係와 濟州島의 歸屬 過程. Tamna munhwa 탐라문화 60 (2018): 75102.Google Scholar
Pan, Lin 林盼. “Zhang Shicheng ruhe cheng ‘Zhang wang’: Zhang Shicheng minjian xingxiang de suzao yu wentihua de zaiquanshi” 張士誠如何成“張王”—張士誠民間形象的塑造與文體化的再詮釋. Jianghai xuekan 江海學刊 6 (2012): 145–54.Google Scholar
Lindner, Rudi Paul. “Anatolia, 1300–1451.” In The Cambridge History of Turkey, vol. 1, Byzantium to Turkey 1071–1453, edited by Fleet, Kate. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 102–37.Google Scholar
Hongying, Liu 劉宏英. Yuandai shangjing jixingshi yanjiu 元代上京紀行詩研究. Beijing: Zhongguo jingji chubanshe, 2016.Google Scholar
Hongying, LiuYuandai shiwenzhong de tianma jiyong” 元代詩文的天馬集咏. Hebei beifang xueyuan xuebao 河北北方學院學報 (Shehui kexue ban 社會科學版) 30, no. 1 (2014): 14. Rpt. in Liu Hongying, Yuandai shangjing jixingshi yanjiu 元代上京紀行詩研究. Beijing: Zhongguo jingji chubanshe, 2016, pp. 109–14.Google Scholar
Jiawei, Liu 劉嘉偉. “Yuanren ‘Fulang xian tianma’ tongti jiyong chuyi” 元人“拂郎獻天馬”同題集咏芻議. Jinyang xuekan 晉陽學刊 2 (2016): 2933.Google Scholar
Xiao, Liu 劉曉. “Da Yuan tongzhi dao Zhizheng tiaoge: Lun Yuandai de fadian bianzuan tixi” 《大元通制》到《至正條格》: 論元代的 法典編纂體系. Wen shi zhe 文史哲 1 (2012): 6478.Google Scholar
Xiao, LiuYuan zhengshu Liu tiao zheng lei kao” 元政書《六條政類》考. Yuanshi luncong 元史論叢 9 (2004): 3742.Google Scholar
Yingli, Liu 劉應李. Da Yuan hunyi fangyu shenglan 大元混一方輿勝覽. 1310 edition. Rpt. Chengdu: Sichuan daxue chubanshe, 2003.Google Scholar
Zhongyu, Liu 劉中玉. “Yuandai Gaoliren daiyu kao” 元代高麗人待遇攷. Yeoksa wa segye 역사와 세계 34 (2008): 165–84.Google Scholar
Lowry, Keith. The Nature of the Early Ottoman State. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Zhenyu, Luo. Jinshi cuibian weikegao 金石萃編未刻稿. Rpt in Shike shiliao congshu 石刻史料叢書. Series 甲編. Taipei: Yiwen yinshuguan, 1967, vol. 7.Google Scholar
McCausland, Shane. Mongol Century: Visual Cultures of Yuan China, 1271–1368. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Kyōsaku, Maema 前間恭作 and Yasukazu, Suematsu 末松保和, compilers. Kundoku ribun 訓読吏文. Tokyo: Kokusho kankōkai, 1975, 1942.Google Scholar
Maier, Charles. “Empire’s Past … Empire’s Future.” South Central Review 26, no. 3 (2009): 219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manz, Beatrice. “Mongol History, Rewritten and Relived.” Revue du monde musulman et de la Méditteranée (2001): 129–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manz, BeatriceTamerlane’s Career and Its Uses.” Journal of World History 13, no. 1 (2002): 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Martin, Janet. “The Emergence of Moscow (1359–1462).” In The Cambridge History of Russia, vol. 1, From Early Rus’ to 1689, edited by Perrie, Maureen. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 158–87.Google Scholar
Martin, Janet Medieval Russia 980–1584. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, second edition 2007.Google Scholar
Martin, JanetNorth-Eastern Russia and the Golden Horde (1246–1359).” In The Cambridge History of Russia, vol. 1, From Early Rus’ to 1689, edited by Perrie, Maureen. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 127–57.Google Scholar
May, Timothy. The Mongol Conquests in World History. London: Reaktion Books Ltd, 2012.Google Scholar
May, TimothyA Mongol–Ismâʿîlî Alliance? Thoughts on the Mongols and Assassins.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Series 3, 14, no. 3 (2004): 231–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Melville, Charles. “Anatolia under the Mongols.” In The Cambridge History of Turkey, vol. 1, Byzantium to Turkey 1071–1453, edited by Fleet, Kate. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 51101.Google Scholar
Melville, CharlesThe Keshig in Iran: The Survival of the Royal Mongol Household.” In Beyond the Legacy of Genghis Khan, edited by Karmaroff, Linda. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 2006, pp. 135–64.Google Scholar
Dong, Miao 苗冬. “Yuandai qiexue qianshi chutan” 元代怯薛遣使初探. Yunnan shifan daxue xuebao 雲南師範大學學報 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 41, no. 4 (2009): 9296.Google Scholar
Dong, MiaoYuandai shichen raomin wenti chutan” 雲南使臣擾民問題初探. Yunnan shehui kexue 雲南社會科學 3 (2009): 133–36.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, Min 閔賢九. “Goryeo Gongminwang ui banWonjeok gaehyeok jeongchi e daehan ilgochal” 高麗 恭愍王의 反元的 改革政治에 대한 一考察. Jindan hakbo 震檀學報 68 (1989): 4977.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, MinGoryeo Gongminwang ui banWonjeok gaehyeok jeongchi e daehan ui jeongae gwaseong” 高麗 恭愍王의 反元的 改革政治에 대한의 展開過程. In Hanguk sahak nonchong 韓國史學論叢, edited by Taegwa Heo Seondo seonsaeng jeognyeon ginyeom Hanguk sahak nonchong ganhaeng wiweonhoe. Seoul: Iljogak, 1992, pp. 236–57.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, MinGoryeo Gongminwang ui jeukwi baegyeong” 高麗恭愍王의 即位背景. In Han Ugeun baksa jeongnyeon ginyeom sahak nonchong 韓우근博士停念紀年史學論叢, edited by Ugeun, Han. Seoul: Jisik saneopsa, 1981, pp. 791808.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, MinGoryeo Gongminwangdae ui ‘Ju Gi Cheol gongsin’ e daehan geomto” 高麗 恭愍王代의 「 誅奇轍功臣」에 대한 檢討. In Yi Gibaek seonsaeng gohui ginyeom Hanguk sahak nonchong 李基白先生古稀紀念韓國史學論叢, edited by Yi Gibaek seonsaeng gohui ginyeom Hanguk sahak nonchong ganhaeng wiwonhoe 李基白先生古稀紀念韓國史學論叢刊行委員會. Seoul: Iljogak, 1994, 1: 900–29.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, Min Goryeo jeongchi saron: tongiil gukka ui hwangnip gwa dongnip wangguk ui siryeon 高麗政治史論: 統一 國家의 확립과 獨立王國의 시련. Seoul: Goryeo daehakkyo chulpanbu, 2004.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, MinJeongchi dogam ui seonggyeok” 整治都監의 性格. Dongbang hakji 東方學志 2324 (1980): 97140.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, MinJeongchiga roseo ui Gongminwang” 政治家로서의 恭愍王. Asea yeongu 亞細亞研究 100 (1998): 271–96.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, MinSinju (Deokheunggun) gwa Gugun (Gongminwang) ui daegyeol” 新主(德興君)과 舊君(恭愍王)의 대결. Rpt. in Min Hyeongu, Goryeo jeongchi saron: tongiil gukka ui hwangnip gwa dongnip wangguk ui siryeon 高麗政治史論 : 統一國家의 확립과 獨立王國의 시련. Seoul: Goryeo daehakkyo chulpanbu, 2004, pp. 325–47.Google Scholar
Minorsky, V.A Mongol Decree of 720/1320 to the Family of Shaykh Zāhid.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 16, no. 3 (1954): 515–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Noriko, Miya 宮紀子. Mongoru jidai no shuppan bunka モンゴル時代の出版文化. Nagoya: Nagoya daigaku shuppankai, 2006.Google Scholar
Shumin, Mo 默書民. “Yuandai Dadu de liangshi laiyuan yu xiaofei” 元代大都的糧食來源與消費. Yuanshi luncong 元史論叢 9 (2004): 6578.Google Scholar
Morgan, David. “The Decline and Fall of the Mongol Empire.” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, Third Series 19, no. 4 (2009): 427–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morgan, David The Mongols. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1986.Google Scholar
Masahiko, Morihira 森平雅彦. Mongoru hakenka no Kōrai: teikoku chitsujo to ōkoku no taiō モンゴル覇権下の高麗 : 帝国秩序と王国の対応. Nagoya: Nagoya daigaku shuppankai, 2013.Google Scholar
Mote, Frederick. Imperial China, 900–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Mote, Frederick The Poet Kao Ch’i. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962.Google Scholar
Mote, FrederickThe Rise of the Ming Dynasty, 1330–1367.” In CHC, vol. 7, The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, Part 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988, pp. 1157.Google Scholar
Moule, A. C. Christians in China before the Year 1550. London, New York and Toronto: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge and Macmillan Co., 1930.Google Scholar
Shosuke, Murai 村井章介. Ajia no naka no chusei Nihon アジアの中の中世日本. Tokyo: Azekura shobo, 1988. Third printing 1997.Google Scholar
Hidetaka, Nakamura 中村栄孝. Nissen kankeishi no kenkyū 日鮮関係史の研究. Tokyo: Yoshikawa kōbunkan, vol. 1, 1965.Google Scholar
Uihyeon, Nam 남의현. “Wonmal Myeongcho Joseon–Myeong ui Yodong jaengtaljeon gwa Gukgyeong bunjaeng gochal” 元末明初 朝鮮·明의 요동쟁탈전과 국경분쟁 고찰. Han-Il gwangyesa yeongu 韓日關係史研究 42, 2012.8, 81114.Google Scholar
Uihyeon, NamWon–Myeong gyochegi Hanbando bugbang gyeonggye insik ui byeonhwa wa seonggyeok: Myeong ui Yodong wiso wa Samwi (Dongnyeong, Samman, Cheolleong) eur jungsim euro” 元·明交替期 한반도 북방경계인식의 변화와 성격—明의 遼東衛所와 3衛(東寧·三萬·鐵嶺)를 중심으로. Han-Il gwangyesa yeongu 韓日關係史研究 39 (2011): 3773.Google Scholar
Myeongho, No 노명호. Goryeo taejo Wang Geon ui dongsang: Hwangje jedo, Goguryeo munhwa jeontong ui hyeongsanghwa 고려태조왕건의 동상:황제제도, 고구려문화 전통의 형상화. Pajusi: Jisik Saneopsa, 2012.Google Scholar
Hidehiro, Okada 岡田英弘. Sekaishi no tanjō: Mongoru no hatten to dentō 世界史の誕生 : モンゴルの発展と伝統. Tokyo: Chikuma shobō, 1999.Google Scholar
Makoto, Okamoto 岡本真. “Gaikō bunsho yori mita jūyon seiki kōki Kōrai no taiNichi kōshō” 外交文書よりみた十四世紀後期高麗の対日交渉. In Zenkindai no Nihon rettō to Chōsen hantō 前近代の日本列島と朝鮮半島, edited by Satō Makoto 佐藤信 and Fujita Satoru 藤田覚. Tokyo: Yamakawa shuppansha, 2007, pp. 117–43.Google Scholar
Ostrowski, Donald. Muscovy and the Mongols: Cross-cultural Influences on the Steppe Frontier 1304–1589. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
Oyungġuu-a, 烏雲高娃. “Gaoli yu Yuanchao zhengzhi lianhun ji wenhua jiaoliu” 高麗與元朝政治聯婚及文化交流. Jinan xuebao 暨南大學 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 10 (2016): 112–20.Google Scholar
Oyungġuu-a, Yuanchao yu Gaoli guanxi yanjiu 元朝與高麗關係研究. Lanzhou: Lanzhou daxue chubanshe, 2012.Google Scholar
Palais, James. “A Search for Korean Uniqueness.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 55, no. 2 (1995), pp. 409–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Won-ho, Park. “The Liaotung Peninsula Invasion Controversy during the Early Years of the Yi Dynasty.” Social Science Journal 6 (1979): 148–81.Google Scholar
Pederson, Neil. “Pluvials, Droughts, and the Mongol Empire.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 111, no. 12 (2014): 4375–79.Google ScholarPubMed
Potter, Lawrence. “Herat under the Karts: Social and Political Forces.” In Views from the Edge: Essays in Honor of Richard W. Bulliet, edited by Yavari, Negin, Potter, Lawrence, and Oppenheim, Jean-Marie. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004, pp. 184207.Google Scholar
Reynolds, Graeme. “Culling Archival Collections in the Koryŏ–Chosŏn Transition.” Journal of Korean Studies 24, no. 2 (2019): 225–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, David M. Empire’s Twilight: Northeast Asia under the Mongols. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2009.Google Scholar
Robinson, David M In the Shadow of the Mongol Empire: Ming China and Eurasia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, David M Ming China and Its Allies: Imperial Rulership in Eurasia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020.Google Scholar
Robinson, David MRethinking the Late Koryŏ in an International Context.” Korean Studies 41 (2017): 7598.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, David M Seeking Order in a Tumultous Time: The Writings of Chŏng Tojŏn, a Korean Neo-Confucian. Korean Classics Library: Historical Materials. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2016.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, David MStorytelling with a Point: Ming China, Japan, and the Mongols.” In The Mongols and Global History, edited by Dunlop, Anne. Florence: I Tatti – The Harvard University Center for Italian Renaissance Studies, forthcoming 2022.Google Scholar
Robinson, Kenneth. “Centering the King of Chosŏn: Aspects of Korean Maritime Diplomacy, 1392–1592.” Journal of Asiatic Studies 59.1 (2000): 109–25.Google Scholar
Robinson, KennethFrom Raiders to Traders.” Korean Studies 16 (1992): 94115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Robinson, KennethTreated as Treasures: The Circulation of Sutras in Maritime Northeast Asia from 1388 to the Mid-Sixteenth Century.” East Asian History 21 (2001): 3354.Google Scholar
Fei, Shen 沈飛. “Yuanmo Zhang Shicheng suozhu de Tianyou tongbao” 元末張士誠所鑄的天佑通寶. Shoucang 收藏 11(2017): 9293.Google Scholar
Dongyou, Shi 史冬游. “Lun Xinyuwang shiqi Gaoli dui Mingchaso waijiao daotui zhi yuanyou” 論辛禑王時期高麗對明朝外交倒退之缘由. Neijiang shifan xueyuan xuebao 内江師範學院學報 28, no. 3 (2013): 9193.Google Scholar
Yanlong, Shi 史燕龍. “Yuandai Gaoli chaogong gongdaokao (Yalujiang – Yuan Dadu)” 元代高麗朝貢貢道考(鴨綠江—元大都). Yuwen xuekan 語文學刊 6 (2009): 136–38.Google Scholar
Jian, Shu 舒健. “Meng Yuan shiqi Gaoli laihua shichen jiedai kaoshu” 蒙元時期高麗來華使臣接待考述. Gansu shehui kexue 甘肅社會科學 5 (2010): 76–9.Google Scholar
Jian, ShuQieliankou yu Gaoli zhengju guanxi chutan” 怯憐口與高麗政局關係初探—以蒙古人印侯為例. Yuanshi ji minzu yu bianjiang yanjiu jikan 元史及民族與邊疆研究集刊 10 (2011): 3645.Google Scholar
Shultz, Edward. Generals and Scholars: Military Rule in Medieval Korea. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shultz, Edward and Kang, Hugh. Koryŏsa chŏryo II = Essentials of Koryŏ History. Seoul: Jimoondang, 2014.Google Scholar
Jaeseok, Sim 沈載錫. Goryeo gukwang yeongu 高麗國王 冊封 研究. Seoul: Hyean, 2001.Google Scholar
Skrynnikova, Tat’jana. “Boghol: A Category of Submission of the Mongols.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 58, no. 3, Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Mediaeval History of the Eurasian Steppe: Szeged, Hungary, May 11–16, 2004, Part III (2005), pp. 313–19.Google Scholar
Smith, John. “Dietary Decadence and Dynastic Decline in the Mongol Empire.” Journal of Asian History 34, no. 1 (2000): 3552.Google Scholar
Guohua, Song 宋國華. “Lun xinfaxian Zhizheng tiaoge de bianzuan” 論新發現《至正條格》的編纂. Xibu faxue pinglun 西部法學評論 6 (2016): 917.Google Scholar
Lian, Song 宋濂 et al., editors, Yuan shi 元史. 1368–70. Rpt. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1976.Google Scholar
Su, Li 蘇力. “Gajeongjip suojian Zhizheng wunian Dadu zaihuangshi” 《稼亭集》所見元至正五年大都災荒事. Dongbei shifan daxue xuebao 東北師大學報 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 14 (2010).Google Scholar
Tianjue, Su 蘇天爵 (1294–1352). Cixi wengao 慈溪文稿. Punctuated by Chen Gaohua 陳高華 and Meng Fanqing 孟繁清. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1997, third printing, 2012.Google Scholar
Masaaki, Sugiyama 杉山正明. Mongoru teikoku no kōbō モンゴル帝国の興亡. Tokyo: Chikuma shobō, 2001.Google Scholar
Hongmei, Sun 孫紅梅. “Gaoli Zhongliewang ruYuan yu Yuan Li guanxi” 高麗忠烈王如元與元麗關係. Neimenggu daxue xuebao 內蒙古大學學報 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科版) 44, no. 3 (2012): 59.Google Scholar
Kimiaki, Takahashi 高橋公明. “Chūsei Higashiajia kaiiki ni okeru kaimin to kōryū: Saishūtō o chūshin toshite” 中世東アジア海域における海民と交流—済州島を中心として―. Nagoya daigaku bungakubu kenkyū ronshū shigaku 名古屋大学文学部研究論集史学 33 (1987): 175–94.Google Scholar
Kimiaki, Takahashi “Nihon ni okeru Saishūtōshi ni tsuite no kenkyū dōkō” 日本における済州島史についての研究動向. Gurōbarizēshon no rekishiteki zentei ni kansuru gakujutsuteki kenkyū 『グローバリゼーションの歴史的前提に関する学際的研究』 2003.Google Scholar
Qian, Tan 談遷. Guo que 國榷 (c. 1653). Rpt. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1988.Google Scholar
Jun, Teraji 寺地遵. “Hō Kokuchin seiken no seikaku: Sō Genki Daishū Kōganken jijō sobyō daisanpen” 方国珍政権の性格—宋元期台州黃厳県事情素描第三篇. Shigaku kenkyū 史学研究 223 (1999): 2241.Google Scholar
Tengfei, Tian 田騰飛. “Yuanmo zaixiang Tuotuo shishi yuanyin pouxi” 元末宰相脱脱失勢原因剖析. Xinxibu 新西部 (2017): 7778.Google Scholar
Tumel, 特木勒. “Bei Yuan yu Gaoli de waijiao: 1368 nian—1369 nian” 北元與高麗的外交 : 1368年–1369年. Zhongguo bianjiang shidi yanjiu 中國邊疆史地研究 2.36 (2000): 7577.Google Scholar
Vásáry, István. “The Tatar Factor in the Formation of Muscovy’s Political Culture.” In Nomads as Agents of Cultural Change: The Mongols and Their Eurasian Predecessors, edited by Amitai, Reuven and Biran, Michal. Honolulu: University of Hawai’i Press, 2015, pp. 252–70.Google Scholar
Vermeersch, Sem. Power of the Buddhas: The Politics of Buddhism during the Koryŏ Dynasty (918–1392). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center, 2008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Voegelin, Eric. “Mongol Orders of Submission to European Powers, 1245–1255.” Byzantion 15 (19401941): 378413.Google Scholar
Waldron, Arthur. The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.Google Scholar
Ming, Wan 萬明. Mingdai zhongwai guanxishi lungao 明代中外關係史論稿. Beijing: Shehui kexue chubanshe, 2011.Google Scholar
Dafang, Wang 王大方. “Yuandai Fulangguo gongma tu shilüe” 元代《拂郎國貢馬圖》識略. Neimenggu wenwu kaogu 內蒙古文物考古 2 (2007): 104–06.Google Scholar
Gungwu, Wang. “Ming Foreign Relations: Southeast Asia.” In CHC, vol. 8, The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, Part 2, pp. 301–33.Google Scholar
Jang, Wang 王璋. “Gaoliwang kaizong nianfo fayuanwen” 高麗王開宗念佛發願文. In Yuandai Bailianjiao ziliao huibian 元代白蓮教資料彙編, edited by Lushan lianzong baojian 廬山蓮宗寶鑑. Rpt. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1989.Google Scholar
Jian, Wang 王劍. “Nahachu panju Liaodong shi Mingchao yu Gaoli de guanxi” 納哈出盤據遼東時明朝與高麗的關係. Zhongguo bianjiang shidi yanjiu 中國邊疆史地研究 16, no. 4 (2006): 103–12.Google Scholar
Peihua, Wang 王培華. Yuandai beifang zaihuang yu jiuji 元代北方災荒與救濟. Beijing: Beijing shifan daxue chubanshe, 2010.Google Scholar
Shenrong, Wang 王慎榮. Yuanshi tanyuan 元史探源. Changchun: Jilin wenshi chubanshe, 1991.Google Scholar
Shizhen, Wang 王世貞. Yanshantang bieji 弇山堂別集. Rpt. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1985.Google Scholar
Ting, Wang 王颋. “14 shiji Gaoli sengren Huiqin xingjikao” 14世紀高麗僧人慧勤行迹考. Foxue yanjiu 佛學研究 (2002): 277–85.Google Scholar
Xiaoxin, Wang 王曉欣, editor. Xiantai tongji 憲臺通紀 (wai sanzhong 外三種). Hangzhou: Zhejiang guji chubanshe, 2002.Google Scholar
Wei, Su 危素. Da Yuan haiyunzhi 大元海運志. Rpt. in Xuehai leibian 學海類編, edited by Rong, Cao 曹溶. Rpt. Taipei: Wenhai chubanshe, 1964.Google Scholar
Wittek, Paul. The Rise of the Ottoman Empire. London: Royal Asiatic Society, 1938.Google Scholar
Songdi, Wu 吳松弟. Zhongguo renkoushi disanjuan Liao Song Jin Yuan shiqi 中國人口史第三卷遼宋金元時期. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe, 2000.Google Scholar
Yue, Wu 伍躍. “Waijiao linian yu waijiao xianshi: yi Zhu Yuanzhang dui ‘bu zheng guo’ Chaoxian de zhengce wei zhongxin” 外交理念與外交現實 : 以朱元璋對“不征國”朝鮮的政策為中心. Mingshi yanjiu 明史研究 11 (2010): 2654.Google Scholar
Lei, Xi 喜蕾. “Yuandai Gaoli gonghuan zhidu yu Gaoli huanguan shili” 元代高麗貢宦制度與高麗宦官勢力. Neimenggu shehui kexue 內蒙古社會科學 (Hanwen ban 漢文版) 23, no. 3 (2002): 3842.Google Scholar
Lei, Xi Yuandai Gaoli gongnü zhidu yanjiu 元代高麗貢女制度研究. Beijing: Minzu chubanshe, 2003.Google Scholar
Mengxiang, Xiong 熊夢祥. Xijinzhi jiyi 析津志輯佚. Rpt. Beijing: Beijing guji chubanshe, 1983, 2nd printing, 2001.Google Scholar
Fu, Xu 徐付. “Zai Yuan zuoguan de Gaoliren” 在元做官的高麗人. Yuwen xuekan 語文學刊 2 (2012): 113–14.Google Scholar
Huili, Xu 許惠利. “Beijing Zhihuasi faxian Yuan guanban cangjing” 北京智化寺發現元官版藏經. Wenwu 文物 8 (1987): 17, 29.Google Scholar
Lei, Xue 薛磊. Yuandai Dongbei tongzhi yanjiu 元代東北統治研究. Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, 2012.Google Scholar
Takeshi, Yagi 矢木毅. Kōrai kanryō seido kenkyū 高麗官僚制度研究. Kyoto: Kyōto daigaku gakujitsu shuppankai, 2008.Google Scholar
Takeshi, Yamazaki 山崎岳. “Hō Kokuchin to Chō Shisei: Genmatsu Kōsetsu chihō ni okeru shōfu to hangyaku no shosō” 方国珍と張士誠—元末江浙地方における招撫と叛逆の諸相. In Kaiiki kōryū to seiji kenryoku no taiō 海域交流と政治権力の対応, edited by Tōru, Inoue 井上徹. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin, 2011, pp. 333.Google Scholar
Ne, Yang 楊訥. Yuandai Bailianjiao yanjiu 元代白蓮敎硏究. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2004.Google Scholar
Ne, Yang 楊訥 and Gaohua, Chen 陳高華. Yuandai nongmin zhanzheng shiliao huibian 元代農民戰爭史料彙編. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1985.Google Scholar
Uisuk, Yang 梁義淑. “Wonganseopgi Yosim jiyeok Goryeoin ui donghyang” 元간섭기 遼瀋地域 高麗人의 동향. Dongguk yeoksa gyoyuk 東國歷史教育 4, no. 1 (1996): 139.Google Scholar
Sui, Yao 姚燧. “Gaoli guowang feng zengzu fumu zhi” 高麗國王封曾祖父母制. In Guochao wenlei 國朝文類, edited by Tianjue, Su 蘇天爵. Rpt. in Sibu congkan 四部叢刊, chubian 初編, vols. 329–31. Shanghai: Shanghai shudian, 1989, juan 11.Google Scholar
Tomoyuki, Yazawa 矢澤知行. “Genmatsu chihō seiken ni okeru ‘gaikō’ no tenkai” 元末地方政権による「外交」の展開. In Gaikō shiryō kara jū – jūyon seiki o sagaru 外交史料から十~十四世紀を探る, edited by Shigeki, Hirata 平田茂樹 and Takatoshi, Endō 遠藤隆俊. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin, 2013, pp. 327–68.Google Scholar
Quanhong, Ye 葉泉宏. Mingdai qianqi Zhong Han guojiao zhi yanjiu 明代前期中韓國交之研究. Taipei: Taiwan shangwu yinshuguan, 1998.Google Scholar
Xinmin, Ye 葉新民. Yuan Shangdu yanjiu 元上都研究. Hohhot: Neimenggu daxue chubanshe, 1998.Google Scholar
Xinmin, YeYuandai Zhongguo yu Ouzhou youhao wanglai de yiduan jiahua: Zhou Lang Tianmatu xiaokao” 元代中國與歐洲友好往來的一段佳話—周郎《天馬圖》小考. Neimenggu daxue xuebao 內蒙古大學學報 (zhexue shehui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 6 (2013): 14.Google Scholar
Ziqi, Ye 葉子奇. Cao mu zi 草木子. Rpt. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1997.Google Scholar
Gaeseok, Yi 이개석 李玠奭. Goryeo: DaeWon gwangye yeongu 고려—대원 관계연구. Seoul: Jisik saneopsa, 2013.Google Scholar
Gaeseok, YiWon gongjeong ui Goryeo chulsin hwangwan gwa Yeo-Won gwangye” 元 宮廷의 高麗출신 宦官과 麗元關係. Dongyang sahak yeongu 東洋史學研究 113 (2010): 143–70.Google Scholar
Gaeseok, YiYeo–Mong gwangyesa yeongu ui saeroun sijeom” 여몽관계사 연구의 새로운 시점. 13–14 segi Goryeo–Monggol gwangye tamgu 13—14세기 고려–몽골관계 탐구. Seoul: Dongbuga yeoksa jaedan, 2011, pp. 1150.Google Scholar
Ganghan, Yi (Lee Kang Hahn) 李康漢. “‘ChinWon’ gwa ‘banWon’ eur neomeoseo: 13–14 segisa e daehan saeroun ihae.” “친원”과 “반원”을 넘어서—13~14 세기사에 대한 새로운 이해. Yeoksa wa hyeonsil 역사와 현실 78 (2010): 105–59.Google Scholar
Ganghan, YiGongminwang o’nyeon (1356) ‘banWon’ gaehyeok ui jaegeomto” 공민왕 5 년(1356) “反元改革”의 재검토. Daedong munhwa yeongu 대동문화연구 65 (2009): 183231.Google Scholar
Ganghan, Yi Goryeo wa Wonjeguk ui gyoyeok ui yeoksa 고려와 원제국의 고역의 역사. Seoul: Ch’angbi, 2013.Google Scholar
Ganghan, YiWonjegukindeur ui bangmun yangsang gwa Goryeoindeur ui insik byeonhwa” 원제국인들의 방문 양상과 고려인들의 인식 변화. Hanguk jungsesa yeongu 한국중세사연구 43 (2015): 129–68.Google Scholar
Gyucheol, Yi 이규철. “Gongminwangdae daeoe jeongbeol jeongchaek ui chujin gwa sihaeng” 공민왕대 대외정벌 정책의 추진과 시행. Yeoksa wa silhak 역사와실학 59 (2016): 75102.Google Scholar
Hyeongu, Yi 이형우. “Goryeo hugi yiju e daehan ilgochal: tuhangmin sarye reul jungsim eoro” 고려후기 이주에 대한 일고찰—투항민 사례를 중심으로. Hanguksa yeongu 한국사연구 158 (2012): 269300.Google Scholar
Ikju, Yi (Lee Ik Joo) 이익주. “14 segi huban Goryeo–Won gwangye ui yeongu” 14 세기 후반 고려—원 관계의 연구. Dongbuga yeoksa nonchung 동북아 역사 논충 53 (2016): 351–97.Google Scholar
Ikju, YiGoryeo–Monggol gwangyesa yeongu sigak ui geomto” 고려-몽골 관계사 연구 시각의 검토. Hanguk jungsesa yeongu 한국중세연구 27 (2009): 543.Google Scholar
Ikju, YiGoryeo–Won gwangye ui gojo e daehan yeongu: sowi ‘Sejo goje’ ui bunseok reul jungsim euro” 高麗•元關係의 構造에 대한 研究: 소위 “世祖舊制”의 분석을 중심으로. Hanguk saron 韓國史論 36 (1996): 151.Google Scholar
Ikju, Yi1356 nyeon Gongminwang banWon jeongchi jaenon” 1356년 공민왕 反元政治 再論. Yeoksa hakbo 歷史學報 225 (2015): 5788.Google Scholar
Jehyeon, Yi 李齊賢. Yikje Nango 益齋亂藁. Rpt. HGMJ, vol. 2.Google Scholar
Jeongsin, Yi 이정신. “Gongminwang ui jukeum gwa guknaeoe jeongse” 공민왕의 죽음과 국내외정세. Hanguksa hakbo 한국사학보 67 (2017): 179204.Google Scholar
Jeongsin, YiWonganseobgi hwangwan ui haengjeok” 원 간섭기 환관의 행적. Hanguksa hakbo 한국사학보 11 (2014): 85115.Google Scholar
Myeongmi, Yi 이명미. “Gi hwanghu seryeok ui Gongminwang pyewi sido wa Goryeo gukwanggwon: Sambono wonja chaekbong ui uimi” 奇皇后세려의 恭愍王 폐위시도와 高麗國王權—三寶奴 元子책봉의 의미. Yeoksa hakbo 歷史學報 206 (2010): 136. Revised version in Yi Myeongmi, 13–14 segi Goryeo–Monggol gwangye yeongu 13–14 게기 고려・몽골 관계 연구: 정동행성승상 바마 고려국왕, 그 복잡적 위상에 대한 탐구. Seoul: Hyean, 2016, pp. 299–323.Google Scholar
Myeongmi, Yi “Goryeo–Monggol gan sasindeur ui hwaldong yangsang gwa geu baegyeong” 고려-몽골 간 使臣들의 활동 양상과 그 배경. Hanguk jungsea yeongu 한국중세새연구 (2015): 89128.Google Scholar
Myeongmi, YiGoryeo–Won wangsil tonghon ui jeongchijeok uimi 高麗・元王室通婚의 政治的 의미. Hanguk saron 韓國史論 49 (2003): 781.Google Scholar
Myeongmi, Yi 13—14 segi Goryeo–Monggol gwangye yeongu: Jeongdong haengseong seungsang buma Goryeo gukwang, geu bokjapjeok wisang daehan tamgu 13–14게기 고려・몽골 관계 연구: 정동행성승상 바마 고려국왕, 그 복잡적 위상에 대한 탐구. Seoul: Hyean, 2016.Google Scholar
Seunghan, Yi 李昇漢. “Goryeo Chungseonwang ui Sinyangwang pibong gwa jaeWon jeongchi hwaldong” 高麗 忠宣王의 瀋陽王 被封과 在元政治活動. Cheonnam sahak 全南史學 2 (1988): 2373.Google Scholar
Yongbeom, Yi 李龍範. “Gi Hwanghu ui chaekrip gwa Wondae ui jajeongweon” 奇皇后의 册立과 元代의 資政院. Yeoksa hakbo 역사학보 1718 (1962): 465513.Google Scholar
Yonghyuk, Yoon (see also Yonghyeok), Yun 윤용혁. “The Focal Issues in the Historical Study of the Koryǒ’s Resistance against the Mongols.” International Journal of Korean History 10 (2006): 4369.Google Scholar
Minzhong, Yu 于敏中. (Qinding) Rixia jiuwenkao 欽定日下舊聞考. Beijing: Beijing guji chubanshe, 1985.Google Scholar
Xiaoguang, Yu 于曉光. “Yuanmo Mingchu Gaoli ‘liang duan’ waijiao yuanyin chutan” 元末明初高麗“兩端”外交原因初探. Dongyue luncong 東嶽論叢 27, vol. 1 (2006): 140–43.Google Scholar
Shengyang, Yue 岳升陽, Hongwei, Sun 孙洪偉, and Haipeng, Xu 徐海鵬. “Guojia dajuyuan gongzuodi de Jinkouhe yiji kao” 國家大劇院工作地的金口河遺跡考察. Beijing daxue xuebao 北京大學學報 (zhexue shekui kexue ban 哲學社會科學版) 39, no. 3 (2002): 143–52.Google Scholar
Eunsuk, Yun 尹銀淑 윤은숙. “14 segimal Manju ui yeoksasang: Otchigin wangga wa manju” 14세기 말 만주의 역사상-옷치긴 왕가와 만주. Nongeopsa yeongu 농업사연구 11, no. 1 (2012): 4768.Google Scholar
Eunsuk, YunGoryeo ui Bukwon chingho sayong gwa DongAsia insik” 고려의 北元칭호 사용과 동아시아 인식. Jungang Asia yeongu 中央아시아 研究 15 (2010): 189216.Google Scholar
Eunsuk, YunWonmal Myeongcho Yu Ik ui Myeongjo tuhang gwa Goryeo ui daeMyeong sahaeng ui seonggyek” 元末明初 劉益의 明朝 투항과 高麗의 對明 使行의 성격. Yeoksa hakbo 역사학보 221 (2014): 325–54.Google Scholar
Eunsuk, YunWonmal Togon Temureu kaan ui Tamna gongjeon” 원말(元末) 토곤 테무르 카안의 탐라궁전(耽羅宮殿). Tamna munhwa 탐라문화 53 (2016): 195206.Google Scholar
Eunsuk, YunYeo–Mong gwangye ui seonggyeok gwa Dong Asia ui gukje gwangye” 여•몽 관계의 성격과 동아시아의 국제관계. Dongbuk Asia nonchong 동북아시아논총 35 (2011): 119–62.Google Scholar
Yun, Peter. “Mongols and Western Asians in the Late Koryŏ Ruling Stratum.” International Journal of Korean History 3 (2002): 5169.Google Scholar
Yun, Peter “Rethinking the Tribute System: Korean States and Northeast Asian Interstate Relations, 600–1600.” Ph.D. diss., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.Google Scholar
Yonghyeok (see also Yoon Yonghyuk), Yun 윤용혁. Goryeo dae-Mong hanjaeng yeongu 高麗對蒙抗爭研究. Seoul: Ilchisa, 1991.Google Scholar
Yonghyeok (see also Yoon Yonghyuk), Yun Goryeo Sambyeolcho ui dae-Mong hanjaeng 고려 삼별초의 대몽 한쟁. Seoul: Ilchisa, 2000.Google Scholar
Qing, Zhang 張婧. “Tuotuo zhi bian jiqi wangdian kao” 脱脱之貶及其亡滇考. Honghe daxue xuebao 紅河大學學報 6, no. 1 (2008): 5355.Google Scholar
Shizun, Zhang 張士尊. “Gaoli yu Bei Yuan guanxi dui Ming yu Gaoli guanxi de yingxiang” 高麗與北元關係對明與高麗關係的影響. Suihua shizhuan xuebao 綏化師專學報 1 (1997): 4850.Google Scholar
Xianhai, Zhang 張現海. “Hongwu chunian Ming, Bei Yuan, Gaoli de diyuan zhengzhi geju” 洪武初年明、北元、高麗的地緣政治格局. Gudai wenming 古代文明 4, no. 1 (2010): 9097.Google Scholar
Xianzhong, Zhang 張獻忠. “Shilun Gaoli Xinyu wangchao dui Mingchao he Bei Yuan de ‘qiqiang’ waijiao” 試論高麗辛禑王朝對明朝和北元的“騎牆”外交. Nankai xuebao 南開學報 3 (2012): 8793.Google Scholar
Yanmeng, Zhang 張言夢. “Yuandai laihua Gaoli sengren kaoshu” 元代來華高麗僧人考述. Neimenggu shehui kexue 內蒙古社會科學 (Hanwen ban 漢文版) 4 (1999): 3642.Google Scholar
Zhao, George. “Control through Conciliation: Royal Marriages between the Mongol Yuan and Koryo (Korea) during the 13th and 14th Centuries.” Toronto Studies in Central and Inner Asia 6 (2004): 326.Google Scholar
Zhao, George, and Guisso, Richard W.L.. “Female Anxiety and Female Power: Political Interventions by Mongol Princesses during the 13th and 14th Centuries.” Toronto Studies in Central and Inner Asia 7 (2005): 1746.Google Scholar
Zhiliang, Zou 鄒志諒. “Yuanmo Suzhou yanmin qiyijun zhuzao de qianbi” 元末蘇州鹽民起義軍鑄造的錢幣. Jiangsu qianbi 江蘇錢幣 1 (2012): 56.Google Scholar
Shūhō, Zuikei 瑞渓周鳳. Zenrin kokuhōki 善隣国宝記. Annotated by Tanaka Takeo 田中健夫. Tōkyō: Shūeisha, 1995.Google Scholar