Published online by Cambridge University Press: 24 March 2022
Ludwig Heinrich von Jakob claims in his 1788 “On Freedom” that we know we are free by virtue of our self-consciousness. Drawing broadly on Kant’s doctrine of the fact of reason, Jakob asserts that freedom is a fact. However, Jakob does not claim that this fact is furnished by consciousness of the moral law. Instead it is immediately given through inner sense. This supposedly parallels how we know that a body is distinct from us because our consciousness of it as given through outer sense entails that it does not belong to our self.