Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-77c89778f8-gq7q9 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-18T12:10:02.805Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

3 - Twelve Years of Mixed Tribunals in Argentina

from Part I - Advances in Lay Participation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 August 2021

Sanja Kutnjak Ivković
Affiliation:
Michigan State University
Shari Seidman Diamond
Affiliation:
Northwestern University, Illinois
Valerie P. Hans
Affiliation:
Cornell University, New York
Nancy S. Marder
Affiliation:
Chicago-Kent College of Law
Get access

Summary

Now that Córdoba has had more than a decade of experience with lay participation in criminal trials, it offers the opportunity to analyze whether the institution of mixed tribunals has fulfilled the expectations held by those who promoted this innovation. This review of the Córdoba experience with mixed tribunals summarizes the main findings of a research program initiated in 2008. It is focused on three issues: the differences between jury and judge decisions and the actual levels of lay participation obtained when judges and juries sit and deliberate together; the tensions between the approaches of professional judges and the social demand for penal harshness associated with fear of crime; and the contribution of lay participation in the courts toward legitimizing the judiciary, a key issue in a society where trust in the justice system has been chronically low. Data sources are varied and include a set of 445 verdicts reached between 2005 and 2017, as well as interviews with judges, judicial clerks, lawyers, and jurors. Data from two public opinion surveys, conducted in 1993 and 2011, were also used to assess the effects of lay participation on the legitimacy of the judiciary.

Type
Chapter
Information
Juries, Lay Judges, and Mixed Courts
A Global Perspective
, pp. 47 - 68
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Amietta, S. A. (2010). Tendencias en juicios por jurados en Latinoamérica [Latin American trends in trials by jury]. In Bergoglio, M. I. (Ed.), Subiendo al estrado: La experiencia cordobesa de juicios por jurados [Getting on the stand: Cordoba’s experience with jury trials] (pp. 3751). Córdoba, Argentina: Advocatus.Google Scholar
Amietta, S. A.(2011). Governance in Córdoba’s mixed tribunal: A study on microphysics of power. Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 1(1), 133. http://opo.iisj.net/index.php/osls/article/view/43Google Scholar
Bergoglio, M. I. (2008). New paths toward judicial legitimacy: The experience of mixed tribunals in Córdoba. Southwestern Journal of International Law, 14(2), 319339.Google Scholar
Bergoglio, M. I.(2011). Metropolitan and town juries: The influence of social context on lay participation. Chicago-Kent Law Review, 86, 831853.Google Scholar
Cavallero, R., & Hendler, E. (1988). Justicia y participación: El juicio por jurados en materia penal [Justice and participation: Jury trials in criminal matters]. Buenos Aires: Universidad.Google Scholar
Dirección Nacional de Política Criminológica [National Directorate of Criminal Intelligence (Arg.)]. (2017). https://datos.gob.ar/dataset/seguridad-estadisticas-criminales-republica-argentina-por-provinciasGoogle Scholar
Dzur, A. W. (2012). Punishment, participatory democracy and the jury. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Easton, D. (1965). A systems analysis of political life. New York: John Wiley & Son.Google Scholar
Eisenberg, T., Hannaford-Agor, P. L., Hans, V. P., Waters, N. L., Munsterman, G. T., Schwab, S. J., & Wells, M. T. (2005). Judge-jury agreement in criminal cases: A partial replication of Kalven and Zeisel’s The American jury. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 2, 171207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740–1461.2005.00035.xGoogle Scholar
Farrell, A., & Givelber, D. (2010). Liberation reconsidered: Understanding why judges and juries disagree about guilt. Journal of Criminal Law, 100, 15491586. http://iris.lib.neu.edu/slaw_fac_pubs/27Google Scholar
Ferrer, C., & Grundy, C. (2005). El nuevo juicio penal con jurados en la provincia de Córdoba [The new criminal jury trial in the province of Córdoba]. Córdoba, Argentina: Ed. Mediterránea.Google Scholar
Freedman, D., Pisani, R., & Purves, R. (2007). Statistics. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Gastil, J. (2018). The lessons and limitations of experiments in democratic deliberation. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 14, 271291. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-lawsocsciCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gastil, J., Deess, E. P., Weiser, P. J., & Simmons, C. (2010). The jury and democracy: How jury deliberation promotes civic engagement and political participation. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gibson, J. L., Caldeira, G. A., & Spence, L. K. (2005). Why do people accept public policies they oppose? Testing legitimacy theory with a survey-based experiment. Political Research Quarterly, 58(2), 187201. https://doi.org/10.1177/106591290505800201Google Scholar
Gibson, J. L., Lodge, M., & Woodson, B. (2014). Losing, but accepting: Legitimacy, positivity theory, and the symbols of judicial authority. Law & Society Review, 48, 837866. https://doi.org/10.1111/lasr.12104Google Scholar
Goldbach, T., & Hans, V. (2014). Juries, lay judges, and trials. In Bruinsma, G & Weisburd, D (Eds.), Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice (pp. 27162727). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
Han, P., Párraga, J., & Morales, J. (2006). La participación ciudadana en la justicia penal venezolana [Citizen participation in Venezuelan criminal justice]. CENIPEC, 2(25), 247269.Google Scholar
Hans, V. P. (2008). Jury systems around the world. Annual Review of Law and Social Science, 4, 275297. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.lawsocsci.4.110707.172319Google Scholar
Hans, V. P., & Vidmar, N. (1991). The American jury at twenty-five years. Law & Social Inquiry, 16, 324351.Google Scholar
Iontcheva, J. (2003). Jury sentencing as democratic practice. Virginia Law Review, 89, 311383.Google Scholar
Kalven, H., & Zeisel, H. (1966). The American jury. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.Google Scholar
Kessler, G. (2009). El sentimiento de inseguridad: Sociología del temor al delito [The feeling of insecurity: Sociology of the fear of crime]. Buenos Aires: Siglo XXI.Google Scholar
Kim, S., Park, J., Park, K., & Eom, J.-S. (2013). Judge–jury agreement in criminal cases: The first three years of the Korean jury system. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 10, 3553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kutnjak Ivković, S. (2015). Ears of the deaf: The theory and reality of lay judges in mixed tribunals. Chicago-Kent Law Review, 90, 10311067.Google Scholar
Latinobarómetro [Latinobarometer]. (19952011). www.latinobarometro.org/latOnline.jspGoogle Scholar
Ley No. 9182, Legislación Provincial de Córdoba [Law No. 9182, Legislature of the Province of Córdoba (Arg.)] (2004).Google Scholar
Leipold, A. D. (2005). Why are federal judges so acquittal prone? Washington University Law Quarterly, 83, 151227.Google Scholar
Lembcke, O. W. (2008). The dynamics of legitimacy: A critical reconstruction of Max Weber’s concept. Recht der Werkelijkheid, 3, 3347.Google Scholar
Levine, J. P. (1983). Jury toughness: The impact of conservatism on criminal court verdicts. Crime & Delinquency, 29, 7187. https://doi.org/10.1177/001112878302900103Google Scholar
Machura, S. (2003). Fairness, justice, and legitimacy: Experiences of people’s judges in South Russia. Law & Policy, 25, 123150.Google Scholar
Marder, N. (2005). The jury process. New York: Foundation Press.Google Scholar
Orias Arredondo, R. (2013). Jueces ciudadanos: Democratizando la justicia en Bolivia [Citizen judges: Democratizing justice in Bolivia]. Revista Sistemas Judiciales, 9(17), 2638.Google Scholar
Park, R. Y. (2010). The globalizing jury trial: Lessons and insights from Korea. American Journal of Comparative Law, 58, 525582. https://doi.org/10.5131/ajcl.2009.0049Google Scholar
Piden debate sobre jurados populares [They are calling for a debate on popular juries]. (2004, August 7). La Voz del Interior. http://buscador.lavoz.com.arGoogle Scholar
Power, T. J., & Cyr, J. M. (2010). Mapping political legitimacy in Latin America. International Social Science Journal, 60, 253272.Google Scholar
Roberts, J. V., & Hough, M. (2009). Public opinion and the jury: An international literature review. London: Ministry of Justice. http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/3795/Google Scholar
Rosanvallon, P. (2009). La legitimidad democrática: Imparcialidad, reflexividad, proximidad [Democratic legitimacy: Impartiality, reflexivity, proximity]. Buenos Aires: Manantial.Google Scholar
Rusca, B. (2014). La implementación del juicio por jurado en delitos de corrupción: Un análisis de la experiencia cordobesa [The implementation of the jury trial in corruption crimes: An analysis of the Córdoba experience]. Revista de La Facultad. Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Sociales de La Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (UNC), 5, 107124.Google Scholar
Smulovitz, C. (2008). La política por otros medios: Judicialización y movilización legal en Argentina [Politics by other means: Judicialization and legal mobilization in Argentina]. Desarrollo Económico, 48, 287305.Google Scholar
Tarditti, A., & Ferrer, C. (2016). El juicio con jurados populares: A diez años de su aplicación en la provincia de Córdoba [The trial with popular juries: Ten years after its application in the province of Córdoba]. In Investigaciones aplicadas en el ámbito del Poder Judicial de Córdoba III [Applied research in the area of the Córdoba Judicial Power III] (pp. 4984). Córdoba: Centro Judicial Ricardo Nuñez. http://campusvirtual.justiciacordoba.gob.ar/moodle/repository/investigacion/publica/tomo11/11_02.pdfGoogle Scholar
Tocqueville, A. de. (1840). Democracy in America. Translated by Henry Reeve. Pennsylvania State University, Electronic Classics Series. http://seas3.elte.hu/coursematerial/LojkoMiklos/Alexis-de-Tocqueville-Democracy-in-America.pdfGoogle Scholar
Toharia, J. J. (1987). Pleitos tengas … Introducción a la cultura legal española [Disputes you have … Introduction to Spanish legal culture]. Madrid: Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas.Google Scholar
Turner, F. C., & Carballo, M. (2010). Cycles of legitimacy and delegitimation across regimes in Argentina, 1900–2008. International Social Science Journal, 60, 273283.Google Scholar
Varona Gómez, D. (2009). ¿Somos los españoles punitivos? Actitudes punitivas y reforma penal en España [Are we Spaniards punitive? Punitive attitudes and penal reform in Spain]. InDret, 1/2009, 231.Google Scholar
Voigt, S. (2008). The (economic) effects of lay participation in courts: A cross-country analysis. CESifo Working Paper Series No. 2365. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1226682Google Scholar
Weber, M. (1978). Economy and society: An outline of interpretative sociology. Edited by Roth, G & Wittich, C. Los Angeles: University of California Press. https://archive.org/details/MaxWeberEconomyAndSocietyGoogle Scholar
Zaffaroni, R. (2012, November 12). El juicio por jurados no funciona [Trial by jury doesn’t work]. Página/12. www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/elpais/subnotas/76068–24551-2006–11-12.htmlGoogle Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×