Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-ct24h Total loading time: 1.124 Render date: 2022-05-25T19:25:20.955Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

Part IV - Key Issues in Various Sectors

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 February 2021

Avi Ben-Bassat
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Reuben Gronau
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Asaf Zussman
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
The Israeli Economy, 1995–2017
Light and Shadow in a Market Economy
, pp. 525 - 606
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Applied Economics Consulting (2008). The Effect of Government Support for Industrial R&D on the Israeli Economy. [Hebrew].Google Scholar
Ashcraft, C., McLain, B., and Eger, E. (2016.) Women in High Tech: The Facts. NCWIT Workforce Alliance. Scholar
Avnimelech, G., and Teubal, M. (2006). Creating Venture Capital Industries that Co-evolve with High Tech: Insights from an Extended Industry Life Cycle Perspective of the Israeli Experience. Research Policy, 35, 14771498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ben-David, D. (2008). Brain Drained: A Tale of Two Countries. CEPR Discussion Paper 6717. Scholar
Bental, B., and Peled, D. (2016). Is There a Shortage of Academic Degree Holders in Science and Technology? Haifa: Samuel Neaman Institute.Google Scholar
Bernhard, W., Leutiger, P., and Ernst, C. (2016). Israel’s Automotive & Smart Mobility Industry. Scholar
Brand, G., and Regev, E. (2015). The Dual Labor Market: Trends in Productivity, Wages and Human Capital in the Economy. In A Macroeconomic Perspective on Economy and Society in Israel. Scholar
Branstetter, L., Glennon, B., and Jensen, J. (2018). The IT Revolution and the Globalisation of R&D. Mimeo. Scholar
Central Bureau of Statistics. (Various years). Statistical Abstract of Israel. Available at Scholar
De Fontenay, C., and Carmel, E. (2004). Israel’s Silicon Wadi: The Forces Behind Cluster Formation. In Bresnahan, T. and Gambardella, A. (eds.), Building High-Tech Clusters: Silicon Valley and Beyond. Cambridge University Press, 4077.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ellis, S. Drori, I, Shapira, Z., and Aharonson, B. (2013). Imprinting, Inheritance, and Entrepreneurial Inclinations: A Genealogical Approach to the Study of Founding New Firms. Scholar
Gallo, L. (2011). Export and Productivity: Evidence from Israel. Discussion Paper 2011.08. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel Research Department.Google Scholar
Getz, D., and Goldberg, I. (2016). Best Practices and Lessons Learned in ICT Sector Innovation: A Case Study of Israel. Background paper for World Development Report 2016 Digital Dividends.Google Scholar
Israel Advanced Technology Industries (IATI) (2015). Summary Report. Scholar
Lach, S., Shiff, G., and Trajtenbergy, M. (2008). Together But Apart: ICT and Productivity Growth in Israel. CEPR Discussion Paper, No. DP6732.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lemarchand, G. A., Leck, E., and Tash, A. (2016). Mapping Research and Innovation in the State of Israel. GO-SPIN Country Profiles in Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, volume 5. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.Google Scholar
Lobel, O. (2015.) Networks for Prosperity: Connecting Development Knowledge Beyond 2015. Report. Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). Scholar
Malach, G., Choshen, M., and Cahaner, L. (2016). Statistical Report on Ultra-Orthodox Society in Israel. Israel Democracy Institute. Scholar
Melitz, M. (2003). The Impact of Trade on Intra‐Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity. Econometrica, 71(6), 16951725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moshe, N., (2016). Data on Ultra-Orthodox Employment. The Knesset Center of Research and Information. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Raz, A., and Tzruya, G. (2018). Doing Gender in Segregated and Assimilative Organizations: Ultra‐Orthodox Jewish Women in the Israeli High‐Tech Labour Market. Gender Work & Organization, 25, 4, 361378.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
OECD (2014). Science, Technology and Industry Outlook. Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
OECD (2016). Main Science and Technology Indicators. (Edition 2016/1). Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
Senor, D., and Singer, S. (2009). Start-Up Nation: The Story of Israel’s Economic Miracle. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart,Google Scholar
Slonim, O. (2013). Foreign Owned Research Centers. [In Hebrew]. Scholar
Tabansky, L., and Israel, I. (2015). Cybersecurity in Israel. Springer Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alonso, W. (1964). Location and Land Use: Toward a General Theory of Land Rent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Albouy, D., Erlich, G., and Liu, Y. (2016). Housing Demand, Cost-of-Living Inequality, and the Affordability Crisis. NBER Working Paper 22816. Scholar
Alemu, Jerusalem. (2019). Double Property Tax on Ghost Apartments. Center for Research and Information, Knesset. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Bajari, P., Benkard, C. Lanier, and Krainer, J. (2005). House Prices and Consumer Welfare. Journal of Urban Economics, 58, 474487. Scholar
Bank of Israel (2011). Bank of Israel Annual Report. Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Bank of Israel (2013). Bank of Israel Annual Report. Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Bank of Israel (2014). Bank of Israel Annual Report. Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Bank of Israel (2015). Bank of Israel Annual Report. Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Bank of Israel (2016). Bank of Israel Annual Report. Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Barlevy, G., and Fisher, J. (2010). Mortgage Choice and Housing Speculation. Working Paper Series WP-2010–12. Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.Google Scholar
Bar-Nathan, M., Beenstock, M., and Haitovsky, Y. (1998). The Market for Housing in Israel. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 28, 2149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ben-Tovim, N., Yakin, Y., and Zussman, N. (2014). Measuring Home Price Variation Using Repeated Sales Methodology. Occasional Paper 2014.01. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel Research Department. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Blanchard, O. J., and Watson, M. W. (1982). Bubbles, Rational Expectations and Financial Markets. In Wachtel, P. (ed.), Crises in the Economic and Financial Structure. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath and Company, 295316.Google Scholar
Borukhov, E. (1993). Housing Policy in Light of the Large Immigration: A Two-Year View. The Economic Quarterly, 40(3), 325333. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Burnside, C., Eichenbaum, M., and Rebelo, S. (2016). Understanding Booms and Busts in Housing Markets. Journal of Political Economy, 124(4), 10881147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caldera, A., and Johansson, A. (2013). The Price Responsiveness of Housing Supply in OECD Countries. The Journal of Housing Economics, 22, 231249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caspi, I. (2015). Testing for a Housing Bubble at the National and Regional Level: The Case of Israel. Discussion Paper No. 2015.05. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel Research Department.Google Scholar
Central Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Dwelling in Israel: Findings from the Household Expenditure Survey 2016, December. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Chambers, M., Garriga, C., and Schlagenhauf, D. E. (2008). The Tax Treatment of Homeowners and Landlords and the Progressivity of Income Taxation. FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2008–06. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.Google Scholar
Chambers, M., Garriga, C., and Schlagenhauf, D. E. (2009). Accounting for Changes in the Home Ownership Rate. International Economic Review, 50(3), 677726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, M., and Ortalo-Magné, F. (2011). Household Expenditures, Wages, Rents. Review of Economic Dynamics, 14, 248261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dovman, P., Ribon, S., and Yakhin, Y. (2012). The Housing Market in Israel 2008–2010: Are House Prices a “Bubble”? Israel Economic Review, 10(1), 138. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Eckstein, Z., Tolkovsky, E., and Tsur, N. (2012). Are Housing Prices in Israel High because of a Small Planning Stock? Gazit-Globe Institute for the Study of Real Estate, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Eckstein, Z., Tolkovsky, E., Eizenberg Be-Lulu, A., and Sherman, Y. (2014). Do Local Authorities Face a Negative Incentive to Increase the Population Under their Jurisdiction? Policy Paper – GGA/2014, Gazit-Globe Institute for the Study of Real Estate, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya.Google Scholar
Friedman, Y., and Ribon, S. (2014). Whence the Money? Home Purchases and Their Financing: An Analysis Using Household Expenditures Survey Data. Occasional Paper 2014–05. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Genesove, D. (2003). Nominal Rigidity in Apartment Rents. Review of Economics and Statistics, 85(4), 844853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Genesove, D. (2019). Currency as an Economic Norm. Falk Working Papers.Google Scholar
Glaeser, E. L., Gottlieb, J. D., and Gyourko, J. (2013). Can Cheap Credit Explain the Housing Boom? In Glaeser, E. and Sinai, T. (eds.), Housing and the Financial Crisis. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 301360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glaeser, E. L., and Gyourko, J., J. (2009). Arbitrage in Housing Markets. In Glaeser, E. and Quigley, J. (eds.), Housing Markets and the Economy: Risks, Regulation and Policy. Cambridge, MA: Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 113148.Google Scholar
Glaeser, E. L., Gyourko, J. and Saiz, A. (2008). Housing Supply and Housing Bubbles. Journal of Urban Economics, 64, 198217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Glaeser, E. L., Gyourko, J. and Saks, R. (2005). Why Is Manhattan so Expensive? Regulation and the Rise in Housing Prices. Journal of Law and Economics, 48, 331369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gruber, N. (2014). The Israeli Housing Market. In Ben-David, D. (ed.), State of the Nation Report: Society, Economy and Policy in Israel. Jerusalem: Taub Center for Social Policy Studies in Israel, 91168.Google Scholar
Guasch, J. L., and Marshall, R. C. (1987). A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of the Length of Residency Discount in the Rental Housing Market. Journal of Urban Economics, 22(3), 291311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Government Authority for Urban Renewal, Ministry of Construction and Housing, Maintenance Towers (2017). The Maintenance of Governmental Towers. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Granot, R. (2011) Dividends: Who Evicted Daphni Leef from Her Rented Apartment in Tel Aviv – and Set Off a Protest? Calcalist, August 3. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Haughwout, A., Lee, D., Tracy, J., and van der Klaauw, Wilbert. (2011). Real Estate Investors, the Leverage Cycle, and the Housing Market Crisis. Staff Report no. 514. Federal Reserve Bank of New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hilber, C., and Schoni, O. (2018). The Economic Impacts of Constraining Home Investments. Centre for Economic Performance, LSE, CEP Discussion Papers.Google Scholar
Himmelberg, C., Mayer, C., and Sinai, T. (2005). Assessing High House Prices: Bubbles, Fundamentals and Misperceptions. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 19(4), 6792.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Houdi, Uri. (2014) Considering Tama 38 for the Building? Prepare to Spend a Lot More Money. Calcalist, October 21. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
International Monetary Fund (2014). IMF Country Report No. 14/48. Washington, DC: IMF.Google Scholar
International Monetary Fund (2015). IMF Country Report No. 15/261. Washington, DC: IMF.Google Scholar
Kahn, M., and Ribon, S. (2013). The Effect of Home and Rental Prices on Private Consumption in Israel: A Micro Data Analysis. Occasional Paper 2013.06. Jerusalem: Bank of Israel. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Katouzian, H. (2013). Iran: A Long History and Short-Term Society. In Furtado, P. (ed.), Histories of Nations: How Their Identities were Forged. London: Thames and Hudson, 3138.Google Scholar
Lawrence, R. (1996). Switzerland. In Balchin, Paul (ed.), Housing Policy in Europe, London, New York: Routledge, 3650.Google Scholar
Luce, E. (2017). The Retreat of Western Liberalism. London: Little Brown.Google Scholar
Mayer, C., and Sinai, T. (2000). U.S. House Price Dynamics and Behavorial Finance. In Foote, C., Goette, L., and Meier, S (eds.), Policymaking Insights from Behavorial Economics. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 261308.Google Scholar
Mills, E. S. (1967). An Aggregative Model of Resource Allocation in a Metropolitan Area. American Economic Review (Papers and Proceedings), 57(2), 197210.Google Scholar
Ministry of Finance, Chief Economist Branch. (2017). Survey of the Residential Real Estate Industry for the Second Quarter, 2017. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Muth, R. F. (1969). Cities and Housing. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Nagar, W., and Segel, G. (2011). What Explains the Development of Housing Prices and Rents in Israel 1999–2010. Bank of Israel Survey, 85. [in Hebrew]Google Scholar
Phillips, P. C. B., and Yu, J. (2011). Dating the Timeline of Financial Bubbles During the Subprime Crisis. Quantitative Economics, 2(3), 455491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Poterba, J. M. (1984). Tax Subsidies to Owner-Occupied Housing: An Asset-Market Approach. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 99(4), 729752.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raz-Dror, O. (2018). Issues in the Housing Market. Doctoral Dissertation, Hebrew University of Jerusalem. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Rubin, Z., and Felsenstein, D. (2017). Supply Side Constraints in the Israeli Housing Market: The Impact of State-Owned Land. Land Use Policy, 65, 266276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rubin, Z., and Felsenstein, D. (2019). Is Planning Delay Really a Constraint in the Provision of Housing? Some Evidence from Israel. Papers in Regional Science, 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Scanlon, K. (2011). Private Renting in Other Countries. In Scanlon, K. and Kochan, B. (eds.), Towards a Sustainable Private Rented Sector: The Lessons from Other Countries. London: LSE London, 1544.Google Scholar
Snir, A. (2015). Breaking Barriers to Housing, Part C: Building Permits. Kohelet Policy Forum.Google Scholar
State Comptroller. (2015). Audit Report on the Housing Crisis. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Tzur-Ilan, N. (2019). The Effect of Credit Constraints on Housing Choices: The Case of LTV Limits. Discussion Paper 2017.03. Scholar
Segu, M., and Vignolles, B. (2016). Taxing Vacant Apartments: Can Fiscal Policy Reduce Vacancy? Working Papers 2016.02, International Network for Economic Research.Google Scholar
Wercberger, E. (1997). Public Ownership of Land: A Vital Element in Land Policy or an Anachronistic Remnant? Economic Quarterly, 44(4), 558573. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Wercberger, E., and Borukhov, E. (1999). The Israel Land Authority: Relic or Necessity? Land Use Policy, 16, 129138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williamson, O. (1976). Franchise Bidding for Natural Monopoly: In General and with Respect to CATV. Bell Journal of Economics, 7, 73104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yeshurun, G. (2015). Local Housing Supply Regulation and Domestic Migration in Israel. MA thesis, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.Google Scholar
Ayalon, A., and Schechter, M. (1997). Economic Incentives in Solid Urban Waste Policy: Research Report for 1995–1996. Technion City, Haifa: Samuel Neaman Institute. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Ayalon, O., Avnimelech, Y., and Shechter, M. (2000). Application of a Comparative Multidimensional Life Cycle Analysis in Solid Waste Managemen Policy: The Case of Soft Drink Containers. Environmental Science & Policy, 3, 135144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ayalon, O., Avnimelech, Y., and Shechter, M. (2001). Solid Waste Treatment as a High-Priority and Low-Cost Alternative for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation. Environmental Management, 27(5), 697704.Google ScholarPubMed
Ayalon, O., Becker, N., and Shani, E. (2006). Economic Aspects of the Rehabilitation of the Hiriya Landfill. Waste Management, 26(11), 13131323.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ayalon, A., Kun, E., and Segev, T. (2010). Life Cycle Analysis of Solid Urban Waste Treatment. Research 7321 for the Ministry of the Environment. Technion City, Haifa.Google Scholar
Bailey, I. (2007). Market Environmentalism: New Environmental Policy Instruments, and Climate Policy in the United Kingdom and Germany. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 97(3), 530550.Google Scholar
Bank of Israel (2009). Environmental Policy Issues, 2008 Report.]]g.Google Scholar
Becker, N., and Lavee, D. (2002). The Effect and Reform of Water Pricing: The Israeli Experience. International journal of Water Resource Development, 18(2), 353366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CEWEP (2016). Landfill Tax & Bans: Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants.–10-10_cewep-landfill_inctaxesbans.pdf.Google Scholar
Eshet, T., Baron, M. G., Shechter, M., and Ayalon, O. (2007). Measuring Externalities of Waste Transfer Stations in Israel Using Hedonic Pricing. Waste Management, 27(5), 614625.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
EU (2016). EU Energy in Figures Statistical Pocketbook. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Scholar
Feinerman, E., Finkelshtain, I., and Kan, I. (2004). On a Political Solution to the NIMBY Conflict. The American Economic Review, 94(1), 369381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finkelshtain, I., and Kislev, Y. (1997). Prices versus Quantities: The Political Perspective. Journal of Political Economy, 105(1), 83100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Friedler, E. (2001). Water Reuse: An Integral Part of Water Resources Management: Israel as a Case Study. Water Policy, 3, 2939.Google Scholar
Haruvy, N. (1998). Wastewater Reuse: Regional and Economic Considerations, Resources. Conservation and Recycling, 23, 5766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hepburn, C. (2006). Regulation by Prices, Quantities or Both: A Review of Instrument Choice. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 22(2), 226247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kan, I., Ayalon, O., and Federman, R. (2010). On the Efficiency of Composting Organic Wastes. Agricultural Economics, 41(2), 151163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karsin, A. (2009). Effective Implementation of Environmental Policy: Encouraging Compliance and Streamlining Enforcement. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, Center for Environmental Policy. [In Hebrew]Google Scholar
Lavee, D. (2010). A Cost–Benefit Analysis of a Deposit-Refund Program for Beverage containers in Israel. Waste Management, 30(2), 338345.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lavee, D. (2011). A Cost–Benefit Analysis of Alternative Wastewater Treatment Standards: A Case Study in Israel. Water and Environment Journal, 25(4), 504512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavee, D. (2014). Is the Upgrading of Wastewater Treatment Facilities to Meet More Stringent Standards Economically Justified? The Case of Israel. Water Resources, 41(5), 564573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavee, D., and Becker, N. (2009). A Cost–Benefit Analysis of Accelerated Vehicle Retirement. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 52(6), 777795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavee, D., and Joseph-Ezra, H. (2015). The Development and Use of Economic Instruments in Environmental Policy: The Case of Israel. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 17(2), 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavee, D., and Menachem, O. (2018). Identifying Policy Measures for Reducing Expected Air Pollution Across Israel and Analyzing Their Expected Effects. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 20(1), 1850001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lavee, D., and Nardiya, S. (2013). A Cost Evaluation Method for Transferring Municipalities to Solid Waste Source-Separated System. Waste Management, 33(5), 10641072.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lavee, D., Moshe, A., Menachem, O., Hubner, V., and Tenanzap, K. (2015). Analyzing Current and Expected Air Quality and Pollutant Emissions Across Israel. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 226(12), Article number 416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
MSC (2014). An Analysis of the Effects of Passage of S.379 on Litter, Recycling, Employment, and State and Local Financing. Boston: MSC (Massachusetts Siera Club).Google Scholar
Nissim, I., Shohat, T., and Inbar, Y. (2005). From Dumping to Sanitary Landfills: Solid Waste Management in Israel. Waste Management, 25(3), 323327.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
OECD (2016). Car Purchase Tax: Green Tax Reform in Israel. Working Party on Integrating Environmental and Economic Policies, June 30, 2016.Google Scholar
Olivieri, A., Seto, E., Cooper, R., Cahn, M., Colford, J., Crook, J., Debroux, J., Mandrell, R., Suslow, T., Tchobanoglous, G., Hultquist, R., Spath, D., and Mosher, J. (2014). Risk-Based Review of California’s Water-Recycling Criteria for Agricultural Irrigation. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 140(6). DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)EE.1943-7870.0000833.–2791.pdf.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seroa Da Motta, R., Alban, T., Saade, Hazin L., Feres, J. G., Nauges, X. C., and Saade, Hazin A., eds. (2004). Economic Instruments for Water Management: The Cases of France, Mexico, and Brazil. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Water Authority (2010). National Long-Term Master Plan for the Water Sector, Policy Paper. 2nd edn. Tel Aviv: Water Authority, Planning Division. [Hebrew]Google Scholar
Water Authority (2015). Government Water and Sewage Municipality, Activity Report for 2014. Tel Aviv: Water Authority, Planning Division.Google Scholar
Zito, A. R., Jordan, A. J., and Wurzelx, R. (2011). Escaping the Regulatory State? Issues of Policy Instruments in the EU Environmental Policy Context. Paper prepared for the Sixth ECPR Annual Conference in Reykavik, Iceland 2011.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats