Published online by Cambridge University Press: 10 June 2019
This chapter discusses generalized conversational implicatures, especially quantitative or scalar implicatures, clausal implicatures and informative implicatures. First, the notion of quantitative scale is introduced as well as its relation to the logical square and its role in the computation of scalar implicatures. Then the reduction of Grice’s nine maxims to two general principles, as proposed by neo-Gricean models of pragmatics, is illustrated and critically discussed. Finally, the chapter presents an alternative to the neo-Gricean approach to scalar implicatures, involving a covert exhaustification operator (only) that operates at the syntax-semantics interface.