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Appendix II - Glossary of words

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 July 2019

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Summary

Definitions of archaic words, which occur in the accounts but are no longer in use, have been included below, taken from the Oxford English Dictionary. Square brackets are used to denote the modern spelling of the word in question (according to the OED), where it is still in use, but does not appear thus in the main text.

Amberly trout / trowt– trout from Amberley, a village in Sussex, which lies on the river Arun.

andiron– an iron stand, typically one of a pair, used for supporting wood burning in a fireplace, with a horizontal length of metal which extends to the back of the fireplace, and a vertical post at the front, the latter usually featuring some ornamental detail.

[angelot] / angelott– a small, rich cheese made in Normandy; also the name of a French gold coin, the imprint of which was often stamped into the cheese.

beetle– an implement with a large or heavy head, usually made of wood, used for driving, ramming or hammering pegs or wedges; also used for crushing things,

[brack] / brak– a short form of the word ‘bracken’, a tall fern.

[briar] / bryer– a prickly, thorny bush.

bushel– a unit of capacity of dry goods, usually corn or wheat (approx. 8 gallons).

cabistone / [capstan]– taken from the French – ‘cabestan ’ – a winch mechanism used for lifting heavy items.

[cambric] / cambricke– a type of fine white linen, originally made in Cambray in Flanders. Often used for napkins and handkerchiefs.

carabyn / [carbine]– a small firearm, shorter than a musket, but longer than a pistol.

carmen– carriers or drivers of a cart; a man responsible for transportation in the city of London, possibly a member of the Company of Carmen (est. 1601).

chard pie– a pie made of ‘chard beet’, a leafy green vegetable, rather like a cabbage, with thick, red stalks.

citterne / cittron peeles– candied lemon peel.

[claut] / clawth / clowt– a clutch or a handle.

codling / codlyn– an apple, often from Kent, with a tapering end towards the stalk, rather than a spherical shape.

[corslet] / costlet– a piece of defensive armour covering the body.

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  • Glossary of words
  • Edited by Leonie James
  • Book: The Household Accounts of William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1635–1642
  • Online publication: 23 July 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781787444348.004
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  • Glossary of words
  • Edited by Leonie James
  • Book: The Household Accounts of William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1635–1642
  • Online publication: 23 July 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781787444348.004
Available formats
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Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Glossary of words
  • Edited by Leonie James
  • Book: The Household Accounts of William Laud, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1635–1642
  • Online publication: 23 July 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781787444348.004
Available formats
×