Published online by Cambridge University Press: 15 November 2017
Infections are an important contributor to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality rates. The relative immunosuppression that occurs during pregnancy may alter the natural course of many infectious diseases. Higher attack rates for a variety of bacterial and viral infections are seen in pregnancy. Furthermore, many of these infections may be associated with adverse outcomes, including preterm labor and delivery, low birth weight, and stillbirth. This chapter addresses a large group of infectious diseases and conditions not discussed in other chapters, including streptococcal infections, listeriosis, common sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and vaginitis.