Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-jqctd Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-22T05:34:10.144Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Bibliography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 January 2022

Sarah Fatima Waheed
Affiliation:
Davidson College, North Carolina
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Hidden Histories of Pakistan
Censorship, Literature, and Secular Nationalism in Late Colonial India
, pp. 255 - 275
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

Deputy Inspector-General of Police Criminal Investigation Department, Punjab. The Communist Party of West Pakistan in Action. Lahore, 1952.Google Scholar
Justice Munir. Report of the Court of Inquiry Constituted under Punjab Act II of 1954 to Enquire into the Punjab Disturbances of 1953. Lahore: Government Printing Press, 1953.Google Scholar
Rahman, Munibur. “The Pakistan Trial: A Call for An Open and Fair Trial in the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case.South East Asia Committee Pamphlet: Number 1, 1951. London: South East Asia Committee, 1951.Google Scholar
Abbas, Ghulam. Dhanak. Karachi: Ansari Printing Press, 1969.Google Scholar
Abbas, Khwaja Ahmed. Inqilāb. Delhi: India Paperbacks, 1977.Google Scholar
Ahmad, Na’im. Shahr āshob. Delhi: Maktaba Jamia Press, 1968.Google Scholar
Ahmad, Nazir. Mirat-ul Urūs. Karachi: Sultān Husain Press, 1963.Google Scholar
Alvi, Khalid. Angāre. Delhi: Educational Publishing House, 1995.Google Scholar
Ashraf, Sayyid Daud. “Berūnī Mashāhir-e Adab Aur Haidarābād: Āndhrā Pradesh Isṭeṭ Ārkā’ivz Ke Rikārd Se.” Matbu‘āt-e Roznāma Siyāsat 17. Haidarabād: Roznāma Siyāsat, 1990.Google Scholar
Ashraf-ul Uryañ, , Kulliyat-e Uryañ. Private Collection. Lucknow: Anon, 1935.Google Scholar
Azmi, Khalil-ur-Rahman. Urdu Mein Taraqqī Pasand Adabi Tehrīk. Delhi: Qaumī Kaunsil Barā’e Furogh-e Urdu Zubān, 2008.Google Scholar
Baig, Farhatullah. Dillī Kī Ākhrī Shama‘. Delhi: Urdu Academy, 2006.Google Scholar
Chughtai, Ismat. Lihāf Aur Dīgar Afsāne. Delhi: Saqi Book Depot, 2002.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmed Faiz. Dast-e-Sabā. Amritsar: Azad Book Depot, 1957.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmed Faiz. Mah-o-Sāl-e Āshnāī: Yādoñ Kā Majmū’a. Karachi: Danial Publishing, 1990.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmad Faiz. Nuskha-hāi Wafā (Kulliyāt-e Faiz). Delhi: Fareed Book Depot Limited, 1997.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmed Faiz. “Pakistān Kahāñ Hai” (Where is Pakistan?). In Husain, Ashfaq, ed., Mutāla’-e Faiz: Europe Meiñ. Delhi: Educational Publishing House, 1994, pp. 229236.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmed Faiz. Sāre Sukhan Hamāre, London: Hosain Books, 1982.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmed Faiz. “Soviet Union Kā Pehlā Tasawwur” (First Conceptualization of the Soviet Union). In Husain, Ashfaq, ed., Mutāla’-e Faiz: Europe Meiñ. Delhi: Educational Publishing House, 1994, pp. 315328.Google Scholar
Faiz, Ahmed Faiz. Zindāñ Nāma. Lahore: Maktaba Karawan, n.d.Google Scholar
Ghaffar, Qazi Abdul. Lailā Ke Khutūt. Punjab: Daruladab, 1932. Reprint Lahore: Almatbata-ul-Arabiya, 2004.Google Scholar
Hasan, Sibte. Shehr-e-Nigārāñ. Karachi: Maktaba-e-Danyal, 1984.Google Scholar
Husain, Aijaz. Merī Yādeiñ. Lucknow: Lucknow Press, 1963.Google Scholar
Husain, Saiyid Ghulam. Tadbīr Baqā’e-Nasl-e Insān. Sahna (district Gurgaon): Mahfuz Husain and Brothers, 1912, VT3952d, IOR.Google Scholar
Hussain, Intizar. “Pāk Tea House: Chāi Kī Mez se Fuṭpāth Tak (Pak Tea House: From the Tea-Table to the Footpath).Annual of Urdu Studies 16 (2001).Google Scholar
Islam, Khurshidul. “Umrā’o Jān Adā.” In Islam, Khurshidul, ed., Tanqīdeiñ. Aligarh: Educational Publishing House, 1977.Google Scholar
Jaffri, Ali Sardar. Taraqqī Pasand Adab. Delhi: Munshi Ram Manohar Lal Oriental and Foreign Booksellers, 1950.Google Scholar
Jaffri, Ali Sardar. Taraqqī Pasand Adab Tahrīk Kī Nisf Sadī. Delhi: Shu‘ba-e Urdu, Dihli University: Taqsīmkar Educational Publishing House, n.d.Google Scholar
Jalibi, Jamil. Mushā’ire ki Riwāyat in Mu’āsir Adab. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1991.Google Scholar
Kazmi, Muhammad Raza, ed., Intikhāb-e Kalām-e Mir Taqi Mir, Tartīb Va Ta’āruf. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Kazmi, Muhammad Raza, ed., Intikhāb-e Kalām-e Nazir Akbarabadi: Tartīb Va Ta’āruf. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Khattri, Shri Krishan. Qatl-e Tamīzan. 1950. Digitized and available on rekhta.org. www.rekhta.org/ebooks/qatle-e-tameezan-shiri-krishna-khatri-ebooks.Google Scholar
Kidwai, Saleem. Abdul Majid Daryabadi: Hindustanī Adab Ke Me‘mār. Delhi: Sahitya Akademy, 1998.Google Scholar
Ludhianvi, Sahir. “Taj Mahal.” In Kulliyāt-e Sahir Ludhianvi. Delhi: Naz Publishing House, 1995.Google Scholar
Mahmud, Shabnam. Angāre: Ek Jā’iza. Sweden: Bokforlag Kitabiat, 1988.Google Scholar
Majaz, Asrarul-Haq. Āhang. Lucknow: Maktaba Deen-o-Adab, Ameenudaullah Park, 1995 reprint.Google Scholar
Malihabadi, Josh. Yādon Kī Barāt. Lahore: Maktabah-yi Shi’r o Adab, Azāfah shudah aidīshan, 1975.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. Ātish Pāre aur Siyāh Hāshiye. Delhi: Saqi Book Depot, 1984.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Dīvāroñ Pe Likhnā.” In Manto, Sa’adat Hasan, ed., Talkh Tursh or Shīrīñ. Delhi: Saqi Book Depot, 1982, pp. 515.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “.” In Manto Nāma. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2003.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Dhuāñ.” In Manto Nāma. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2003.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Ismat Faroshī.” In Manto Numa. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2003.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Kāli Shalvār.” In Manto Nāma. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2003.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Khol Do.” In Manto Nāma. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1990.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Lazzat-e Sang.” In Manto Nāma. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2003.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. Manto Numa. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1999.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Murlī Ki Dhun.” In Manto Numa. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2003.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Tamāsha.” In Manto Numa. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 1990.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Taraqqī Pasand Walon Kyūñ Nahīñ Sochte.” In Manto Numa. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2001.Google Scholar
Manto, Sa’adat Hasan. “Zahmat-e Mehr-e Darakhshāñ.” In Manto Nāma. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2001.Google Scholar
Mir, Taqi Mir. Kulliyāt-e Mir Taqi Mir, Vols. 1–2. Delhi: National Council for the Promotion of the Urdu Language, 2003.Google Scholar
Muhammad, Ishaq. Hasan Nasir Kī Shahādat. Lyalpur: Sandal Publications, 1975.Google Scholar
Nagi, Anis. Sa’adat Hasan Manto: Ek Mutāla‘. Lahore: Maqbul Academy, 1991.Google Scholar
Naheed, Kishwar. Burī ‘Āurat Kī Kathā (The Narrative of a Wretched Woman): A Translation of Buri Aurat Ki Katha. Trans. Durdana Soomro. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2009, pp. 9495.Google Scholar
Poshni, Zafar Ullah. Zindagī Zindañ Dilī Kā Nām Hai: Rāwalpinḍī Muqaddimah Sāzish Ke Asīroñ ki Sarguzasht-e Asīrī. Karachi: Pakistan Academy of Letters, 2011.Google Scholar
Premchand, MunshiAdab Kī Gharz-o Ghāyat.” In Mazāmīn-e Premchand. Aligarh: Muslim University Publishers, 1966, pp. 234253.Google Scholar
Qatun, A. R. Kahāniyañ. Karachi: Welcome Book Port Limited, Main Urdu Bazar, 2001.Google Scholar
Rai, Munshi Danpat. Shah Begum: Yānī Ek Bāzārī Mehvish Kā Fasāna. Lahore, 1903.Google Scholar
Raipuri, Akthar Husain. Adab Aur Inqilāb. Hyderabad: Anjuman-e-Taraqqī-e Urdu, 1935.Google Scholar
Riaz, Fahmida. Badan Darīda. Lucknow: Shahi Press, 1978.Google Scholar
Riaz, Fahmida. “Muhammad Khalid Akhtar.Āj 35 (Fall 2001): 3132. https://rekhta.org/ebooks/aaj-karachi-shumara-number-035-ajmal-kamal-magazines/.Google Scholar
Riaz, Fahmida. Patthar Kī Zubān. Delhi: Nayī Avaaz, 1981.Google Scholar
Riaz, Fahmida. Sab Lāl o Gohar: Kulliyāt 1967–2000. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2011.Google Scholar
Riaz, Fahmida. Yeh Khāna-e Āb-o Gil: Intikhāb-e Divān-e Shams Tabrizī, Jalāluddīn Rumī, Urdu Tarjuma. Karachi: Shehrzad, 2006.Google Scholar
Ruswa, Muhammad Hadi. Sharīfzada. Delhi: Maktabah-e Jamia, 2000.Google Scholar
Ruswa, Muhammad Hadi. Umrā’o Jān Ada. Delhi: Maktabah-e Jamiya, 1971.Google Scholar
Siddiqui, Nafees Ahmad. Hasrat Mohanī Aur Inqilāb-e Āzādī. Patna: Khuda Bakhsh Oriental Public Library, 1998.Google Scholar
Siddiqui, Shaukat. Khudā Kī Bastī. Trans. David Matthews. London: Routledge, 1995.Google Scholar
Thanvi, Maulana Ashraf Ali. Adab al-Mu‘āshirat. Delhi: ‘Ilmi Kitāb Khāna Urdu Bazaar Jam’a Masjid, 1953.Google Scholar
Tufail, Murattab Muhammad. Nuqūsh: Manto Number. Lahore: Idārah-e-Farogh-e-Urdu, 1949–1950.Google Scholar
Zaheer, Sajjad. London Kī Ek Rāt (An Evening in London). Delhi: National Book Depot, 2007. (1st ed. 1936).Google Scholar
Zaheer, Sajjad. Roshnāī. Delhi: Sima Publications, 1985. (1st. ed. Lahore: Maktabah-e Urdu 1954).Google Scholar
Abbas, Ghulam. “Anandi” (“City of Joy”). Trans. G. A. Chausee. Annual of Urdu Studies 18 (2003): 324339.Google Scholar
Abbas, Ghulam. Hotel Mohenjodaro and Other Stories. Ed. and trans. Hassan, Khalid. Delhi: Penguin Books, 1996.Google Scholar
Aftab, Tahera. Inscribing South Asian Muslim Women: An Annotated Bibliography & Research Guide. Leiden: Brill, 2007.Google Scholar
Afzal-Khan, Fawzia. “Betwixt and Between? Women, the Nation and Islamization in Pakistan.Social Identities 13, 1 (2007): 1929.Google Scholar
Ahmad, Aijaz. In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures. London: Verso Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Ahmad, Aijaz. Lineages of the Present: Ideology and Politics in Contemporary South Asia. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1994.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Ali. Ghalib: Selected Poems, translated with an introduction. Rome: Is. M.E.O., 1969.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Ali. “Progressive View of Art.” In Pradhan, Sudhi, ed., Marxist Cultural Movement in India, Vol. 1. Calcutta: National Book Agency, 1979.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Ali. Twilight in Delhi. New York: New Directions Publishing Corporation, 1994.Google Scholar
Ali, Asad Ahmed. “Specters of Macaulay: Blasphemy, the Indian Penal Code, and Pakistan’s Postcolonial Predicament.” In Kaur, Raminder and Mazzarella, William, ed. Censorship in South Asia: Cultural Regulation from Sedition to Seduction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009, pp. 172205.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Manan. A Book of Conquest: The Chachnama and Muslim Origins in South Asia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2016.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Manan. Where the Wild Frontiers Are: Pakistan and the American Imagination. Charlottesville, VA: Just World Books, 2011.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Rukhsana. We Sinful Women: Contemporary Urdu Feminist Poetry. Karachi: The Women’s Press, 1990.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Shahab. “The Poetics of Solidarity: Palestine in Modern Urdu Poetry.Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics 18 (1998): 2964.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Shahab. What Is Islam: The Importance of Being Islamic. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Talat. “Writers and Generals: Intellectuals and the First Pakistan Coup.Indian Economic Social History Review 45, 1 (2008): 115149.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Talat. Literature and Politics in the Age of Nationalism: The Progressive Writers’ Movement in South Asia 1932–1956. London: Routledge, 2009.Google Scholar
Alam, Muzaffar. The Languages of Political Islam: India 1200–1800. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.Google Scholar
Alam, Muzaffar, et al., ed. The Making of Indo-Persian Culture: Indian and French Studies. Delhi: Manohar Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Alam, Muzaffar. “The Pursuit of Persian: Language in Mughal Politics.Modern Asian Studies, 32, 2 (1998): 317349.Google Scholar
Alavi, Seema, ed., The Eighteenth Century in India. London: Oxford University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Ali, Nosheen. “From Hallaj to Heer: Poetic Knowledge and the Muslim Tradition.” Journal of Narrative Politics 3, 1 (2016).Google Scholar
Ali, Tariq. The Duel: Pakistan on the Flight Path of American Power. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2009.Google Scholar
Alter, Stephen. “Madness and Partition: The Short Stories of Saadat Hasan Manto.” Alif: Journal of Comparative Poetics (1994): 91100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alvi, Khalid, and Chauhan, Vibha S, trans. Angare: 9 Stories and a Play. Delhi: Rupa Publications, 2014.Google Scholar
Alvi, Vari. Makers of Indian Literature: Saadat Hasan Manto. Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 2000.Google Scholar
Anantharam, Anita. “Engendering the Nation: Women, Islam, and Poetry in PakistanJournal of International Women’s Studies 11, 1 (2009): 208224.Google Scholar
Anderson, Michael. “Islamic Law and the Colonial Encounter in British India.” In Arnold, David and Robb, Peter, eds., Institutions and Ideologies: A SOAS South Asia Reader. London: Curzon Press, 1993, pp. 165186.Google Scholar
Ansari, Khizar Humayun. “Pan-Islam and the Making of the Early Muslim Socialists.” Modern Asian Studies 20, 3 (1986): 509537.Google Scholar
Ansari, Khizar Humayun. The Emergence of Socialist Thought amongst North Indian Muslims 1910–1947. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Armstrong, Elisabeth. “Before Bandung: The Anti-imperialist Women’s Movement and the Women’s International Democratic Federation.Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 41, 2 (Winter 2016).Google Scholar
Arondekar, Anjali. For the Record: On Sexuality and the Colonial Archive in India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
Arondekar, Anjali. “Without a Trace: Sexuality and the Colonial Archive.Journal of the History of Sexuality 14, 1 (2005): 1112.Google Scholar
Arora, Poonam. “‘Imperiling the Prestige of the White Woman’: Colonial Anxiety and Film Censorship in British India.Visual Anthropology Review 11, 2 (1995): 3650.Google Scholar
Asad, Talal. “Ethnography, Literature, and Politics: Some Readings and Uses of Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses.” Cultural Anthropology 5, 3 (1990): 239269.Google Scholar
Asad, Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity Islam, Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Asad, Talal, et al. Is Critique Secular? Blasphemy, Injury, and Free Speech. New York: Fordham University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
Asaduddin, MohammadManto Flattened: An Assessment of Khalid Hasan’s Translations.Annual of Urdu Studies, 11 (1996): 129139.Google Scholar
Asaduddin, Mohammad. “Lost/Found in Translation: Qurratulain Hyder as Self-translator.” Annual of Urdu Studies 23 (2008): 234249.Google Scholar
Asdar Ali, Kamran. “Progressives and ‘Perverts’: Partition Stories and Pakistan’s Future.Social Text 29, 3 (108) (2011): 129.Google Scholar
Asdar Ali, Kamran. Surkh Salam: Communist Politics and Class Activism in Pakistan, 1947–1972. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Aydin, Cemil. The Politics of Anti-Westernism in Asia: Visions of World Order in Pan-Islamic and Pan-Asian Thought. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
Azeem, Anwer. “An Unforgettable Teller of Tales.” Social Scientist (2001): 81.Google Scholar
Aziz, K. K. The Coffee House of Lahore: A memoir 1942–57. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2008.Google Scholar
Aziz, K. K. The Murder of History: A Critique of History Textbooks Used in Pakistan. Lahore: Sang-e-Meel Publications, 2014.Google Scholar
Barrier, Norman Gerald. Banned: Controversial Literature and Political Control in British India, 1907–1947. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1974.Google Scholar
Basu, Amrita. “Subversion of Romance in Sadat Hasan Manto’s Bu.” Contemporary Literary Review India 2, 2 (2015).Google Scholar
Bhasin, Kamla, and Menon, Ritu. Borders and Boundaries: Women in India’s Partition. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
Bhatia, Nandi. Acts of Authority/Acts of Resistance: Theater and Politics in Colonial and Postcolonial India. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004.Google Scholar
Bhattacharya, Neeladri. “The Problem.” Seminar 522 (Feb 2003).Google Scholar
Bhattacharya, Rimli, ed., and trans. Binodini Dasi: My Story and My Life as an Actress. Delhi: Kali for Women, 1998.Google Scholar
Billiani, Francesca, ed. Modes of Censorship: National Contexts and Diverse Media. New York: Routledge, 2014.Google Scholar
Blankenship, Khalid. “Muslim ‘Fundamentalism,’ Salafism, Sufism, and Other Trends.” In Wood, Simon A., ed., Fundamentalism: Perspectives on a Contested History. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2014, pp. 144162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bredi, Daniela. “Fallen Women: A Comparison of Rusva and Manto.” Annual of Urdu Studies 16 (2001): 109127.Google Scholar
Buck Morss, S usan. “The Flaneur, the Sandwichman and the Whore: The Politics of Loitering.New German Critique, 39, Second Special Issue on Walter Benjamin (1986): 99140.Google Scholar
Burt, Richard, ed. The Administration of Aesthetics: Censorship, Political Criticism, and the Public Sphere. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.Google Scholar
Burton, Antoinette. Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1865–1915. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.Google Scholar
Butalia, Urvashi. The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Chakrabarty, Dipesh. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Chandra, Shefali. “Gendering English: Sexuality, Gender and the Language of Desire in Western India, 1850–1940.” Gender & History 19, 2 (2007): 284304.Google Scholar
Chatterjee, Indrani. Gender, Slavery, and Law in Colonial India. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Chatterjee, Partha. Nationalist Thought and The Colonial World: A Derivative Discourse. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.Google Scholar
Chittick, William. Faith and Practice of Islam: Three Thirteenth Century Sufi Texts. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Chowdhuri, Satyabrata Rai. Leftism in India, 1917–1947. New York: Palgrave, 2007.Google Scholar
Chughtai, Ismat. “Bombay to Bhopal.” Trans. Tahira Naqvi and M. U. Memon. Annual of Urdu Studies 15 (2000): 409427.Google Scholar
Chughtai, Ismat. “An Excerpt from Kāghazī Hai Pairahan (TheLihafTrial)” Trans. Tahira Naqvi and Muhammad Umar Memon. Annual of Urdu Studies 15 (2000): 429443.Google Scholar
Chughtai, Ismat. Kāghazi Hai Pairahan: The Paper Attire. Trans. Noor Zaheer. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2016.Google Scholar
Chughtai, Ismat. My Friend, My Enemy: Essays, Reminiscences, Portraits. Trans. Tahira Naqvi. Delhi: Kali for Women, 2001.Google Scholar
Ciccariello-Maher, George. Decolonizing Dialectics. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2017.Google Scholar
Codell, Julie. “Vulgar India from Nabobs to Nationalism: Imperial Reversals and the Mediation of Art.” In David Bernstein, Susan and Michie, Elsie B., eds., Victorian Vulgarity: Taste in Verbal and Visual Culture. Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing, 2009, pp. 223239.Google Scholar
Coppola, Carlo. “Ahmed Ali (1919–1994): Bridges and Links East and West.” Annual of Urdu Studies 9 (1994): 4857.Google Scholar
Coppola, Carlo. “Ahmed Ali in Conversation: Excerpts from an Interview.Annual of Urdu Studies 9 (1994): 926.Google Scholar
Coppola, Carlo. “The All-India Progressive Writers’ Association: The European Phase.” In Coppola, Carlo, ed., Marxist Influences on South Asian Literature. East Lansing: Michigan State University, Asian Studies Center, 1975, pp. 134.Google Scholar
Coppola, Carlo. “The Angāre Group: Enfants Terribles of Urdu Literature.Annual of Urdu Studies, 1 (1981): 5769.Google Scholar
Coppola, Carlo. Urdu Poetry, 1935–1970: The Progressive Episode. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.Google Scholar
Coppola, Carlo, and Zubair, Sajida. “Rashid Jahan: Urdu Literature’s First ‘Angry Young Woman.’” Journal of South Asian Literature 22, 1 (1987): 166183.Google Scholar
Corbett, Rosemary R.Islamic ‘Fundamentalism’: The Mission Creep of an American Religious MetaphorJournal of the American Academy of Religion 83, 4 (2015): 9771004.Google Scholar
Daechsel, Markus. The Politics of Self-Expression: The Urdu Middle-Class Milieu in Mid-Twentieth Century India and Pakistan. New York: Routledge, 2006.Google Scholar
Daechsel, Markus. “Zālim Ḍākū and the Mystery of the Rubber Sea Monster: Urdu Detective Fiction in 1930s Punjab and the Experience of Colonial ModernityJournal of the Royal Asiatic Society 13, 1 (2003): 2143.Google Scholar
Das, Veena. “Language and Body: Transactions in the Construction of Pain.Daedalus 125, 1 (1996): 6791.Google Scholar
Datla, Kavita. “A Worldly Vernacular: Urdu at Osmania University.” Modern Asian Studies 43, 5 (2009): 132.Google Scholar
Devji, Faisal. “Gender and the Politics of Space: The Movement for Women’s Reform 1857–1900.” In Hasan, Zoya, ed., Forging Identities: Gender, Communities, and the State. Delhi: Kali for Women, 1994, pp. 2237.Google Scholar
Dhavan, Rajeev. Publish and Be Damned: Censorship and Intolerance in India. Delhi: Tulika Books, 2008.Google Scholar
Dhulipala, Venkat. Creating a New Medina. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Dubrow, Jennifer. Cosmopolitan Dreams: The Making of Modern Urdu Literary Culture in Colonial South Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eaton, Richard. Temple Desecration and Muslim States in Medieval India, Vol. 2. Delhi: Hope India Publications, 2004.Google Scholar
Fair, Christine. Fighting to the End: The Pakistan Army’s Way of War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. 100 Poems by Faiz Ahmed Faiz. Ed. and trans. Rahman, Sarvat. Delhi: Abhinav Publishers, 2009.Google Scholar
Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. The Colours of My Heart: Selected Poems. Trans. Baran Farooqi. Gurgaon: Penguin Books, 2017.Google Scholar
Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. Early Urdu Literary Culture and History. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. “Problems of Cultural Planning in Asia – With Special Reference of Pakistan in Culture and Identity.” In Majeed, Sheema and Kazimi, Muhammad Reza, eds. Culture and Identity: Selected English Writings of Faiz. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. The Rebel’s Silhouette: Selected Poems. Trans. Agha Shahid Ali. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991.Google Scholar
Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. Urdu Literary Culture: Vernacular Modernity in the Writing of Muhammad Hasan Askari. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.Google Scholar
Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. Trans. Richard Philcox, with commentary by Jean Paul Sartre and Homi K. Bhabha. New York: Grove Press, 2004.Google Scholar
Farouqui, Ather, ed. Redefining Urdu Politics in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Farooqui, Mehr Afshan, ed. The Two-Sided Canvas: Perspectives on Ahmed Ali. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
Faruqi, Shamsur Rahman. “A Long History of Urdu Literary Culture, Part I.” In Pollock, Sheldon, ed., Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003, pp. 805863.Google Scholar
Forbes, Geraldine. “In Andhra: Awakening of Our Peasant Sisters.” People’s War, May 13, 1945, 2.Google Scholar
Forbes, Geraldine. Women in Modern India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Forbes-Lindsay, C. H. India: Past and Present, Vol. II. Philadelphia, PA: Henry T. Coates & Co., 1903.Google Scholar
Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality, Vol. 1: An Introduction. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.Google Scholar
Freitag, Sandria B. Collective Action and Community: Public Arenas and the Emergence of Communalism in North India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989.Google Scholar
Gelder, Geert Jan Van. Classical Arabic Literature: A Library of Arabic Literature Anthology. New York: New York University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
Genoways, Ted. “‘Let Them Snuff Out the Moon’: Faiz Ahmed Faiz’s Prison Lyrics in Dast-e-Saba.” Annual of Urdu Studies 19 (2004).Google Scholar
Goodyear, Sara Suleri. The Rhetoric of English India. Delhi: Penguin Books, 2005.Google Scholar
Gopal, Priyamvada. “Bodies Inflicting Pain: Masculinity, Morality and Cultural Identity in Manto’s ‘Cold Meat.’” In Kaul, Suvir, ed., The Partitions of Memory: The Afterlife of the Division of India. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001, pp. 242268.Google Scholar
Gopal, Priyamvada. “Decolonization and the Progressive Writers Association.” In Trivedi, Harish, ed., The Nation Across the World: Postcolonial Literary Representations. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
Gopal, Priyamvada. Elementary Aspects of Peasant Insurgency in Colonial India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Gopal, Priyamvada. Literary Radicalism in India: Gender, Nation, and the Transition to Independence. New York: Routledge Research in Postcolonial Literatures, 2005.Google Scholar
Gopal, Priyamvada. “Sex, Space, and Modernity in the Work of Rashid Jahan ‘Angareywali.’” In Bartolovich, Crystal and Lazarus, Neil , eds., Marxism, Modernity and Postcolonial Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, pp. 150166.Google Scholar
Gramsci, Antonio. Selections from the Prison Notebooks of Antonio Gramsci. Hoare, Quintin and Smith, Geoffrey Nowell, ed. and trans. London: International Publishers, 1971.Google Scholar
Guha, Ranajit. Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
Gupta, Charu. Sexuality, Obscenity, Community: Women, Muslims, and the Hindu Public in Colonial India. Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2005.Google Scholar
Halim, Hala. “Lotus, the Afro-Asian nexus, and Global South Comparatism.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 32, 3 (2012): 563583.Google Scholar
Hasan, Khalid, ed., Stars from Another Sky: The Bombay Film World of the 1940s by Sa’adat Hasan Manto. Delhi: Penguin Books, 1993.Google Scholar
Hasan, Md. MahmudulMarginalisation of Muslim Writers in South Asian Literature: Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain’s English Works.” South Asia Research 32, 3 (2012): 179197.Google Scholar
Hasan, Mushirul. Communal and Pan-Islamic Trends in Colonial India. Delhi: Manohar Press, 1981.Google Scholar
Hasan, Mushirul. From Pluralism to Separatism: Qasbahs in Colonial Awadh. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
Hasan, Mushirul. “The Muslim Mass Contact Campaign: An Attempt at Political Mobilisation.” Economic and Political Weekly (1986): 22732282.Google Scholar
Hasan, Zaheer. The Times and Trial of the Rawalpindi Conspiracy 1951: The First Coup Attempt in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
Heath, Deana Lee. Obscenity, Empire and Global Networks. Commodities of Empire Working Paper No 7. Trinity College, Dublin: Open University, 2008.Google Scholar
Heath, Deana Lee.Sanitizing Modernity: Imperial Hygiene, Obscenity, and Moral Regulation in Colonial India.” In Dube, Saurabh, ed. Enchantments of Modernity: Empire, Nation, Globalization. Delhi: Routledge, 2009, pp. 113132.Google Scholar
Hossain, Rokeya Sakhawat. Sultana’s Dream: And Padmarag: Two Feminist Utopias. Delhi: Penguin Books India, 2005.Google Scholar
Hunter, William Wilson. The Indian Musalmans: Are They Bound in Conscience to Rebel Against the Queen? London: Trubner and Company, 1871.Google Scholar
Husain, Nasser. The Jurisprudence of Emergency: Colonialism and the Rule of Law. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Hyder, Syed Akbar. “Ghalib and His Interlocuters.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 26, 3 (2006): 462475.Google Scholar
Hyder, Syed Akbar. Reliving Karbala: Martyrdom in South Asian Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Imran, Rahat. “Legal Injustices: The Zina Hudood Ordinance of Pakistan and Its Implications for Women.” Journal of International Women’s Studies 7, 2 (2005): 78100Google Scholar
Jafar, Afshan. “Women, Islam, and the State in Pakistan.” Gender Issues 22, 1 (2005): 3555.Google Scholar
Jalal, Ayesha. “The Convenience of Subservience: Women and the State of Pakistan.” In Kandiyoti, Deniz, ed., Women, Islam and the State. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 1991.Google Scholar
Jalal, Ayesha. “Exploding Communalism: The Politics of Muslim Identity in South Asia.” In Bose, Sugata and Jalal, Ayesha, eds., Nationalism, Democracy and Development: State and Politics in India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. 121.Google Scholar
Jalal, Ayesha. Partisans of Allah: Jihad in South Asia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Jalal, Ayesha. The Pity of Partition: Manto’s Life, Times, and Work across the India-Pakistan Divide. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013.Google Scholar
Jalal, Ayesha. Self & Sovereignty: Individual and Community in South Asian Islam Since 1850. London: Routledge, 2001.Google Scholar
Jalal, Ayesha. The State of Martial Rule: The Origins of Pakistan’s Political Economy of Defense. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.Google Scholar
Jalil, Rakhshanda. Liking Progress, Loving Change: A Literary History of the Progressive Writers’ Movement in Urdu. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
Jalil, Rakhshanda. “Loving Progress, Liking Modernity, Hating Manto.” Social Scientist 40, 11/12 (2012): 4352.Google Scholar
Jalil, Rakhshanda. A Rebel and Her Cause: The Life and Work of Rashid Jahan. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Jones, Derek. Censorship: A World Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge, 2001.Google Scholar
Joshi, Priya. In Another Country: Colonialism, Culture, and the English Novel in India. New York: Columbia University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Joshi, Shashi. Struggle for Hegemony in India: The Colonial State, the Left and the Nationalist Movement, Vols. 1–3. Delhi: Sage Publications, 1992.Google Scholar
Kaifi, Shaukat. Kaifi and I: A Memoir. Trans. Nasreen Rehman. Delhi: Zubaan Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Kantor, Roanne. “‘My Heart, My Fellow Traveller’: Fantasy, Futurity and the Itineraries of Faiz Ahmed Faiz.” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies 39, 3 (2016): 608625.Google Scholar
Kapila, Shruti. “The ‘Godless’ Freud and His Indian Friends: An Indian Agenda for Psychoanalysis.” In Mahone, Sloan and Vaughan, Megan, eds., Psychiatry and Empire. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pp. 124152.Google Scholar
Kaur, Raminder, and Mazzarella, William. Censorship in South Asia: Cultural Regulation from Sedition to Seduction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
Khalique, Harris. Crimson Papers: Reflections on Struggle, Suffering, and Creativity in Pakistan. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2017.Google Scholar
Khan, Dada Amir Haider. Chains to Lose: Life and Struggles of a Revolutionary. Karachi: Pakistani Study Centre, University of Karachi, 2007.Google Scholar
Khan, Syed Ahmed. “History of the Bijnor Rebellion.” In Hay, Stephen, ed., Sources of Indian Tradition, Vol. 2: Modern India and Pakistan. New York: Columbia University Press, 1988.Google Scholar
Khan, Yasmin. The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
Kidwai, Salim. “The Singing Ladies Find a Voice.” Seminar 540, August 2004.Google Scholar
Kiernan, Victor. Poems by Faiz Ahmed Faiz. London: Allen and Unwin, 1971.Google Scholar
King, Christopher. One Language Two Scripts: The Hindi Movement in Nineteenth Century Colonial India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Kirmani, Nida. “Beyond the Impasse: ‘Muslim Feminism(s)’ and the Indian Women’s Movement.” Contributions to Indian Sociology 45, 1 (2011): 126.Google Scholar
Kugle, Scott Alan. “Mah Laqa Bai and Gender: The Language, Poetry, and Performance of a Courtesan in Hyderabad.Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 30, 3 (2010): 373374.Google Scholar
Kugle, Scott Alan. When Sun Meets Moon: Gender, Eros, and Ecstasy in Urdu Poetry. Durham: University of North Carolina Press, 2016.Google Scholar
Kumar, Girja. The Book on Trial: Fundamentalism and Censorship in India. Delhi: Har-Anand Publications, 1997.Google Scholar
Kumar, Radha. “From Chipko to Sati: The contemporary Indian women’s movement.” In Basu, Amrita, ed., The Challenge of Local Feminisms. London: Routledge, 2018, pp. 5886.Google Scholar
Kumar, Sukrita Paul and Sadique, , eds. Ismat: Her Life, Her Times. Delhi: Katha Book, 2000.Google Scholar
Lal, Ruby. “Rethinking Mughal India: Challenge of a Princess’ Memoir.” Economic and Political Weekly (2003): 5365.Google Scholar
Lambert-Hurley, Siobhan. “Life/History/Archive: Identifying Autobiographical Writing by Muslim Women in South Asia.” Journal of Women’s History 25, 2 (2013): 6184.Google Scholar
Lambert-Hurley, Siobhan, and Sharma, Sunil. Atiya’s Journeys: A Muslim Woman From Colonial Bombay to Edwardian Britain. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Lapidus, Ira. A History of Islamic Societies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Latour, Bruno. “How to be Iconophilic in Art, Science and Religion?” In Galison, Peter L. and Jones, Caroline A., eds., Picturing Science, Producing Art. London: Routledge, 1998, pp. 418440.Google Scholar
Lau, Martin. “Twenty-Five Years of Hudood Ordinances: A Review.Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 64 (2007): 12911314.Google Scholar
Lawrence, Bruce B., and Gilmartin, David, eds. Beyond Turk and Hindu: Rethinking Religious Identities in Islamicate South Asia. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.Google Scholar
Legg, Stephen. “Governing Prostitution in Colonial Delhi: From Cantonment Regulations to International Hygiene (1864–1939).Social History 34, 4 (2009): 447467.Google Scholar
Legg, Stephen. Spaces of Colonialism: Delhi’s Urban Governmentalities. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2007.Google Scholar
Lelyveld, David. Aligarh’s First Generation: Muslim Solidarity in British India. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Lelyveld, David. “Colonial Knowledge and the Fate of Hindustani.” Comparative Studies in Society and History, 35, 4, (Oct., 1993): pp. 665682.Google Scholar
Levi, Werner. “Pakistan, the Soviet Union and China.” Pacific Affairs 35, 3 (1962): 211222.Google Scholar
Macaulay, Thomas Babington. “Minute on Indian Education, February 2, 1835.” In Desai, Gaurav and Nair, Supriya, eds., Post-Colonialisms: An Anthology of Cultural Theory and Criticism. Oxford: Berg, 2005, pp. 121131.Google Scholar
Mahmood, Saba. “Religious Reason and Secular Affect: An Incommensurable Divide?Critical Inquiry 35, 4 (2009): 836862.Google Scholar
Mahmud, Shabana. “Founding of the Progressive Writers’ Association.Modern Asian Studies 30, 2 (1996): 447467.Google Scholar
Mahmudabad, Ali Khan. Poetry of Belonging: Muslim Imaginings of India 1850–1950. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2020.Google Scholar
Mahmuduzzafar, . Quest for Life. London: People’s Publishing House, 1954.Google Scholar
Majeed, Sheema, and Kazimi, Muhammad Reza, eds. Culture and Identity: Selected English Writings of Faiz. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Malik, Hafeez. “The Marxist Literary Movement in India and Pakistan.The Journal of Asian Studies 26, 4 (1967): 649664.Google Scholar
Manjapra, Kris. MN Roy: Marxism and Colonial Cosmopolitanism. Delhi: Routledge, 2010.Google Scholar
Mansoor, Asma, and Arif, Najeeba, “Articulation, Agency and Embodiment in Contemporary Pakistani Urdu Poetry by Women.” Asiatic: IIUM Journal of English Language and Literature 10, 1 (2016): 128144.Google Scholar
Memon, Muhammad Umar, ed. Black Margins: Sa’adat Hasan Manto Stories. Delhi: Katha, 2001.Google Scholar
Memon, Muhammad Umar. My Name is Radha: The Essential Manto. Trans. Muhammad Umar Memon. Gurgaon: Penguin Books, 2016.Google Scholar
Menon, Meera, and Darkar, Neera, eds. One Hundred Years, One Hundred Voices: The Millworkers of Girangaon. Calcutta: Seagull Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Metcalf, Barbara. Perfecting Women, A translation of Bihishti Zevar: Heavenly Ornaments. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992Google Scholar
Barbara., Metcalf, ed. Moral Conduct and Authority: The Place of Adab in South Asian Islam. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.Google Scholar
Minault, Gail. Secluded Scholars: Women’s Education and Muslim Social Reform in Colonial India. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
Minault, Gail. The Khilafat Movement: Religious Symbolism and Political Mobilization in India. New York: Columbia University Press, 1982.Google Scholar
Mir, Ali, and Mir, Raza. Anthems of Resistance: A Celebration of Progressive Urdu Poetry. Delhi: Roli Books, 2006.Google Scholar
Mir, Farina. The Social Space of Language: Vernacular Culture in British Colonial Punjab. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Mirza, Begum Khurshid. A Woman of Substance: The Memoirs of Begum Khurshid Mirza, 1918–1989. Delhi: Zubaan Press, 2005.Google Scholar
Mitra, Durba. Indian Sex Life: Sexuality and the Colonial Origins of Modern Social Thought. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2020.Google Scholar
Mitra, Shafi. Law and Identity in Colonial South Asia: Parsi Legal Culture, 1772–1947. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
Mottahedeh, Roy. “Pluralism and Islamic Traditions of Sectarian Divisions.Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift 82, 4 (2006).Google Scholar
Mufti, Aamir R.A Greater Story-Writer Than God: Genre, Gender, and Minority in Late Colonial India.” In Chatterjee, Partha and Jeganathan, Pradeep, eds., Subaltern Studies XI: Community, Gender, and Violence. New York: Columbia University Press, 2000, pp. 136.Google Scholar
Mufti, Aamir R. Enlightenment in the Colony: The Jewish Question and the Crisis of Postcolonial Culture. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
Mufti, Aamir R.Reading the Rushdie Affair: An Essay on Islam and Politics.Social Text 29 (1991): 95116.Google Scholar
Murata, Sachiko. The Tao of Islam: A Sourcebook on Gender Relationships in Islamic Thought. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Naheed, Kishwar. A Bad Woman’s Story. Trans. Durdana Soomro. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Naim, C. M.The Maulana Who Loved Krishna.” Economic & Political Weekly 48, 17 (2013): 3744.Google Scholar
Naim, C. M.Poet-Audience Interaction at Urdu Mushai’rahs.” In Shackle, Christopher, ed., Urdu and Muslim South Asia: Studies in Honour of Ralph Russell. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1991, pp. 167173.Google Scholar
Naim, C. M. Urdu Texts and Contexts. Delhi: Permanent Black, 2004.Google Scholar
Nair, Neeti. “Beyond the ‘Communal’ 1920s: The Problem of Intention, Legislative Pragmatism, and the Making of Section 295 A of the Indian Penal Code.The Indian Economic and Social History Review 50, 3 (2013): 317340.Google Scholar
Nair, Neeti. “Bhagat Singh as ‘Satyagrahi’: The Limits to Non-violence in Late Colonial India.Modern Asian Studies 43, 3 (2009): 649681.Google Scholar
Nanda, K. C. Masterpieces of Humorous Urdu Poetry. London: Sterling Publishers, 2002.Google Scholar
Naqvi, Tahira. “From Bombay to Bhopal.Annual of Urdu Studies 15 (2000): 409427.Google Scholar
Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. The Garden of Truth: The Vision and Promise of Sufism, Islam’s Mystical Tradition. New York: Harper Collins, 2007.Google Scholar
Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza. “Islamic Opposition to the Islamic State: the Jamaʿat-i Islami, 1977–88.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 25, 2 (1993): 261283.Google Scholar
Nasr, Seyyed Vali Reza. The Vanguard of the Islamic Revolution: the Jama’at-I Islami of Pakistan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.Google Scholar
Neuman, Daniel. The Life of Music in North India: The Organization of an Artistic Tradition. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1980.Google Scholar
Niazi, Zamir. The Press in Chains. Mustafa, Zubeida, ed. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Nigam, Sanjay. “Disciplining and Policing the ‘Criminals by Birth’ Part 1: The Making of a Colonial Stereotype – The Criminal Tribes and Castes of North India.” The Indian Economic & Social History Review 27, 2 (1990): 131164.Google Scholar
Niranjana, Tejaswini. “Translation, Colonialism and Rise of English.” Economic and Political Weekly (1990): 773779.Google Scholar
O’Hanlon, Rosalind. “Manliness and Imperial Service in Mughal North India.Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, 42, 1 (1999): 4793.Google Scholar
Orsini, Francesca. The Hindi Public Sphere, 1920–1940: Language and Literature in the Age of Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Pandey, Gyanendra. Remembering Partition: Violence, Nationalism and History in India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
Patel, Geeta. Lyrical Movements, Historical Hauntings: On Gender, Colonialism, and Desire in Miraji’s Urdu Poetry. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Patel, Geeta. “An Uncivil Woman: Ismat Chughtai (A Review and an Essay).Annual of Urdu Studies, 16 (2001): 345355.Google Scholar
Petievich, Carla. Assembly of Rivals: Delhi, Lucknow and the Urdu Ghazal (Delhi: Manohar, 1992).Google Scholar
Petievich, Carla. “Feminine Authorship and Urdu Poetic Tradition: Baharistan-i-Naz vs. Tazkira-i-Rekhti.” In Hansen, Kathryn and Lelyveld, David, eds., A Wilderness of Possibilities: Urdu Studies in Transnational Perspective. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2005, pp. 223250.Google Scholar
Petievich, Carla. “Rekhti: Impersonating the Feminine in Urdu poetry.” South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies 24 (2001): 7590.Google Scholar
Petievich, Carla. When Men Speak as Women: Vocal Masquerade in Indo-Muslim Poetry. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
Pollock, Sheldon, ed. Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Poshni, Zafar Ullah. Prison Interlude: The Last Eyewitness Account of the Rawalpindi Conspiracy Case. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.Google Scholar
Pradhan, Sudhi, ed. Marxist Cultural Movements in India: Chronicles and Documents. Calcutta: Santi Pradhan, 1975.Google Scholar
Prakash, Gyan. Mumbai Fables. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2010.Google Scholar
Prashad, Vijay. No Free Left: The Futures of Indian Communism. Delhi: LeftWord Books, 2015.Google Scholar
Pritam, Amrita. Life and Poetry of Sara Shagufta, Vol. 75. Delhi: South Asia Books, 1994.Google Scholar
Pritchett, Francis. “A Long History of Urdu Literary Culture.” In Pollock, Sheldon, ed., Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions in South Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003.Google Scholar
Pritchett, Francis. Nets of Awareness: Urdu Poetry and Its Critics. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.Google Scholar
Pukhraj, Malika. Song Sung True: A Memoir. Ed. and Trans. Kidwai, Saleem. Delhi: Kali for Women, 2003.Google Scholar
Qamber, Akhtar. The Last Mushai’rah of Delhi: A Translation into English of Farhatullah Baig’s Classic, Dill Ki Akhri Shama. Delhi: Orient Longman Press, 1979.Google Scholar
Qasmi, Ali Usman. The Ahmadis and the Politics of Religious Exclusion in Pakistan. New York: Anthem Press, 2015.Google Scholar
Quraishi, Asifa. “Her Honour: An Islamic Critique of the Rape Provisions in Pakistan’s Ordinance on Zina.” Islamic Studies 38, 3 (1999): 403431.Google Scholar
Qureshi, Regula Burkhardt. “The Urdu ghazal in Performance.” In Shackle, Christopher, ed., Urdu and Muslim South Asia: Studies in honour of Ralph Russell. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
Raipuri, Hameeda Akhtar Husain. My Fellow Traveller: A Translation of Humsafar. Trans. Amina Azfar. Karachi: Oxford University Press 2006.Google Scholar
Raman, Bhavani. Document Raj: Writing and Scribes in Early Colonial South India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.Google Scholar
Ramnath, Maia. Haj to Utopia: How the Ghadar Movement Charted Global Radicalism and Attempted to Overthrow the British Empire. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.Google Scholar
Raza, Ali. “An Unfulfilled Dream: The Left in Pakistan ca. 1947–50.” South Asian History and Culture 4, 4 (2013): 503519.Google Scholar
Rehman, Ahfazur. Freedom of the Press: The War on Words, 1977–1978. Trans. Imtiaz Piracha. Karachi: Oxford University, 2017.Google Scholar
Russell, Ralph. Trans. “Nazir Ahmad’s Letter to His Son.Annual of Urdu Studies, 18 (2003): 492500.Google Scholar
Russell, Ralph. The Oxford India Ghalib: Life, Letters, and Ghazals. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Russell, Ralph. The Pursuit of Urdu Literature: A Select History. London: Oxford University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Russell, Ralph, and Islam, Khurshidul, eds. “The Satires of Sauda.” In Russell, Ralph, ed., Three Mughal Poets. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.Google Scholar
Sabur, Seuty. “Shahabag to Saidpur: Uneasy Intersections and the Politics of Forgetting.Südasien-Chronik – South Asia Chronicle 10/2020, pp. 97122.Google Scholar
Said, Edward. Representations of the Intellectual. New York: Vintage Books, 1993.Google Scholar
Satchidanandan, K., ed. Words Matter: Writings against Silence. Delhi: Penguin, 2016.Google Scholar
Sauda, Mirza Rafi. “Mukhammas on the Desolation of Shajahanabad,” Trans. Frances Pritchett, Workshop at Columbia University, “What is Shah-Ashob?” April 2009.Google Scholar
Schimmel, Anne-Marie. Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1975.Google Scholar
Schimmel, Anne-Marie. Pain and Grace: A Study of Two Mystical Writers of Eighteenth-Century Muslim India. New York: Brill Press, 1976.Google Scholar
Schimmel, Anne-Marie. Triumphal Sun, The: A Study of the Works of Jalaloddin Rumi. London: East-West Publications, 1980.Google Scholar
Schwarz, Henry. Constructing the Criminal Tribe in Colonial India: Acting Like a Thief. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2010.Google Scholar
Scott, David. Conscripts of Modernity: The Tragedy of Colonial Enlightenment. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.Google Scholar
Sethi, Devika. War over Words: Censorship in India 1930–1960. Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 2019.Google Scholar
Shackle, Christopher. Trans. and ed., Majeed, Javed. Hali’s Musaddas: The Ebb and Flow of Islam. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998.Google Scholar
Shagufta, Sara. “Khālī Aankhoñ ka Makaan.” “The House of Empty Eyes.” In Farrukhi, Asif and Pritchett, Frances, eds., An Evening of Caged Beasts: Seven Postmodernist Urdu Poets. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Shah, Aqil. The Army and Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
Shah, Hasan. The Dancing Girl. Trans. Qurrutulain Hyder. Delhi: New Directions Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Shaheed, FaridaThe Women’s Movement in Pakistan: Challenges and Achievements.” In Basu, Amrita, ed., Women’s Movements in The Global Era: The Power of Local Feminisms. London: Hachette, 2016, pp. 89119.Google Scholar
Shahid, Taimoor. “The Politics of Enchantment: Remapping the Precapital in Faiz Ahmad Faiz’s Postcolonial Poetry.” Annual of Urdu Studies 28 (2013): 215248.Google Scholar
Sharar, Abdul Halim. Lucknow: Last Phase of an Oriental Culture. Trans. and ed. Harcourt, E. S. and Hussain, Fakhir. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1976.Google Scholar
Sharma, Sunil. Amir Khusraw, The Poet of Sultans and Sufis. London: Oneworld Publications, 2005.Google Scholar
Sharma, Sunil. “Atiya Begum and the Mystery of the Beloved’s Identity in Shibli Nomani’s Persian Ghazals.” In Pflitsch, Andreas and Winckler, Barbara, eds., Poetry’s Voice, Society’s Norms: Forms of Interaction between Middle Eastern Writers and Their Societies. Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2006, pp. 105119.Google Scholar
Sharma, Sunil. “The City of Beauties in Indo-Persian Poetic Landscape.Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 24, 2 (2004): 7381.Google Scholar
Sharma, Sunil. Mughal Arcadia: Persian Literature in an Indian Court. Harvard: Harvard University Press, 2017.Google Scholar
Shinghavi, Snehal, ed. and trans. Angaaray: The First Ever English Translation of the Banned Short Story Collection. Delhi: Penguin Books. 2014.Google Scholar
Siddiqa, Ayesha. Military Inc: Inside Pakistan’s Military Economy. Delhi: Penguin Random House, 2017.Google Scholar
Siddique, Osama. “Capturing Obscenity: The Trials and Tribulations of Saadat Hasan Manto.NAVEIÑ REET: Nordic Journal of Law and Social Research (NNJLSR) 5, 2014.Google Scholar
Siddiqui, Shaukat. God’s Own Land. Trans. David Mathews. London: Routledge, 1995.Google Scholar
Singha, Radhika. “‘Providential’ Circumstances: The Thuggee Campaign of the 1830s and Legal Innovation.” Modern Asian Studies 27, 1 (1993): 83146Google Scholar
Sinha, Mrinalini. Specters of Mother India: The Global Restructuring of an Empire. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Sinha, Mrinalini, and Mayo, Katherine. Mother India. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.Google Scholar
Skaria, Ajay. “Shades of Wildness: Tribe, Caste, and Gender in Western India.” Journal of Asian Studies 56, 3 (1997): 726745.Google Scholar
Stephens, Julia. “The Phantom Wahhabi: Liberalism and the Muslim Fanatic in mid-Victorian India.” Modern Asian Studies 47, 1 (2013): 2252.Google Scholar
Stoler, Ann. “Making Empire Respectable: The Politics of Race and Sexual Morality in 20th Century Colonial Cultures.American Ethnologist 16, 4 (1989): 634660.Google Scholar
Talbot, Ian. Pakistan: A Modern History. London: Hurst, 2009.Google Scholar
Tambe, Ashwini. “Colluding Patriarchies: the Colonial Reform of Sexual Relations in India.” Feminist Studies 26, 3, Points of Departure: India and the South Asian Diaspora (Autumn, 2000): 586600.Google Scholar
Taneja, Anand Vivek. “The Elegy for Good Days: Encounters with Urdu Poetry in Delhi.” The Immanent Frame: Secularism, Religion, and The Public Sphere, May 2019. https://tif.ssrc.org/2019/05/29/the-elegy-for-good-days/.Google Scholar
Tejani, Shabnum. Indian Secularism: A Social and Intellectual History, 1890–1950. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Thapar, Romila. “Imagined Religious Communities? Ancient History and the Modern Search for a Hindu Identity.” Modern Asian Studies 23, 2 (1989): 209231.Google Scholar
Toor, Saadia. “Moral Regulation in a Postcolonial Nation-State: Gender and the Politics of Islamization in Pakistan.” Interventions 9, 2 (2007): 255275.Google Scholar
Toor, Saadia. The State of Islam: Culture and Cold War Politics in Pakistan. London: Pluto Press, 2011.Google Scholar
Usmani, Shaukat. From Peshawar to Moscow: Leaves from an Indian Muhajireen’s Diary. Benares: Swarajya Publishing House, 1927.Google Scholar
Vaidik, Aparna. “History of a Renegade Revolutionary: Revolutionism and Betrayal in Colonial India.Postcolonial Studies 16, 2 (2013): 216229.Google Scholar
Vaidik, Aparna. My Son’s Inheritance: A Secret History of Lynching and Blood Justice in India. Delhi: Aleph Book Company, 2020.Google Scholar
Vanita, Ruth. “‘Married among Their Companions’: Female Homoerotic Relations in Nineteenth-Century Urdu Rekhti Poetry in India.” Journal of Women’s History 16, 1 (2004): 1253Google Scholar
Venuti, Lawrence. “The Translator’s Invisibility.” Criticism 28, 2 (1986): 179180Google Scholar
Venuti, Lawrence. The Translator’s Invisibility: A History of Translation. New York: Routledge, 2017.Google Scholar
Viswanathan, Gauri. Masks of Conquest: Literary Study and British Rule in India. New York: Columbia University Press, 2014.Google Scholar
Waheed, Sarah. “Women of ‘Ill Repute’: Ethics and Urdu Literature in Colonial India.” Modern Asian Studies 48, 4 (2014): 9861023.Google Scholar
Wald, Erica. “From Begums and Bibis to Abandoned Females and Idle Women: Sexual Relationships, Venereal Disease, and the Redefinition of Prostitution in Early Nineteenth Century India.” The Indian Economic and Social History Review 46, 1 (2009): 525.Google Scholar
Weiss, Anita M.Interpreting Islam and Women’s Rights: Implementing CEDAW in Pakistan.” International Sociology 18, 3 (2003): 581601.Google Scholar
Windmiller, Marshal. Communism in India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1959.Google Scholar
Yaqin, Amina. “Badan Darīda (The Body Torn): Gender and Sexuality in Pakistani Women’s Poetry.” Pakistan Journal of Women’s Studies 13, 1 (2006).Google Scholar
Zaheer, Sajjad. “The Case for Congress-League Unity.” People’s War, 1943.Google Scholar
Zaheer, Sajjad. The Light: A History of the Movement for Progressive Literature in the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent. Trans, Amina Azfar. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006.Google Scholar
Zaheer, Sajjad. “A Note on the Progressive Writer’s Association.” In Pradhan, Sudhi, ed., Marxist Cultural Documents. Calcutta: Santi Pradhan Distributors, National Book Agency, 1979.Google Scholar
Zaidi, Akbar. “State, Military and Social Transition: Improbable Future of Democracy in Pakistan.” Economic and Political Weekly (2005): 51735181.Google Scholar
Zamindar, Vazira Fazila-Yacoobali. The Long Partition and the Making of Modern South Asia: Refugees, Boundaries, Histories. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.Google Scholar
Zeno, . “Professor Ahmed Ali and the Progressive Writers’ Movement.” Annual of Urdu Studies, 9, 1994.Google Scholar
Zia, Afiya. Faith and Feminism in Pakistan: Religious Agency or Secular Autonomy? Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press, 2018.Google Scholar
Alam, Asiya. Marriage in Transition: Gender, Family, and Muslim Social Reform in Colonial India. Diss., University of Texas Austin, 2013.Google Scholar
Carotenuto, Gianna Michele. Carotenuto, . Power, Patronage, and Portraiture: The Photographs of the Nizam of Hyderabad by Raja Lala Deen Dayal. Diss. University of California, Los Angeles, 2003.Google Scholar
Devji, Faisal. “Muslim Nationalism: Founding Identity in Colonial India.” PhD Diss., University of Chicago, 1993.Google Scholar
Khan, Pasha Muhammad. Two Ghazals About the Sufferings of Delhi in 1857 presented at workshop, “What is Shahr-Ashob,” Columbia University. April 2010. Unpublished Dissertations.Google Scholar
Loewen, Arly. The Concept of Jawanmardi (Manliness) in Persian Literature and Society, PhD Diss., University of Toronto, 2001.Google Scholar
Siddiqui, Fatima. Sara Shagufta: The Undisguised Maverick. Diss., University of Lucknow, 2015.Google Scholar
Ahmed, Manan. “We Are All Ahmadis.” Chapati Mystery. June 3, 2010. www.chapatimystery.com/archives/homistan/we_are_all_ahmadis_vi_community.html.Google Scholar
Akhmad, Aziz. “Manto Ka Muqaddamah: Obscenity Trial-1.” Pakistaniyat. Last modified September 29, 2009. https://pakistaniat.com/2009/09/29/saadat-manto-trial/.Google Scholar
Alvi, Asad. “The Act of Translation as Mourning.” Dawn, January 9, 2019. www.dawn.com/news/1456045.Google Scholar
Alvi, Asad. “Monologues from the Mental Asylum: An Excerpt from the Lost Journals of Sara Shagufta.” Desi Writers Lounge. Last modified Spring 2018. http://desiwriterslounge.net/articles/papercuts-monologues-from-the-mental-asylum-sara-shagufta/.Google Scholar
Alvi, Asad. “Never Marry a Poet or Join a Leftist Party – and Other Lessons from Pakistani Feminists.” Dawn. Last modified July 15, 2019. www.dawn.com/news/1380137.Google Scholar
Bhandare, Namita. A Rebel and Her Cause [Book Review], Live Mint, last modified May 3, 2014. www.livemint.com/Leisure/9psfLwMxo9MwsOGHFoM7DO/Book-Review–A-Rebel-And-Her-Cause.html.Google Scholar
Chatelain, Marcia and Asoka, Kaavya, “Women and Black Lives Matter.” Dissent 62, 3 (2015): 5461. www.dissentmagazine.org/article/women-black-lives-matter-interview-marcia-chatelain.Google Scholar
Chaudhry, Umer A. “Hassan Nasir: A Story of McCarthyism in Pakistan.” Pakistaniat. Last modified July 15, 2009. https://pakistaniat.com/2009/07/15/hassan-nasir/.Google Scholar
Dalvi, Mustansir. “To a Political Leader.” trans. of Faiz Ahmed Faiz, “Siyāsī Līdar Ke Nām.” Last modified October 30, 2012. http://faizahmedafaiznewtranslations.blogspot.com/2012/10/faiz-siyaasi-leader-ke-naam.html.Google Scholar
Dubrow, Jennifer. “Singing the Revolution: India’s Anti-CAA Protests and Faiz’s ‘Hum Dekinge.’” Positions Politics. http://positionspolitics.org/eikon_2dubrow/.Google Scholar
Ghalib, Asadullah Khan. Ghalib ke Khutoot – Urdu-e-mo’alla Vol. 1 (Delhi: Matba’ah-I Farugi, 1908). https://issuu.com/rchakravarti/docs/ghalibkekhutoot_urdu-e-moalla1/8. Digitizing sponsor: Ontario Council of University Libraries and Member Libraries Book contributor: Robarts – University of Toronto.Google Scholar
Hanif, Mohammad. “Kafir Factory.” YouTube, uploaded by listenmullahsb, 25 June 2013. www.youtube.com/watch?v=kbzqBOYDw7E.Google Scholar
Hussain, Intezar. “Intezar Hussain Interview BBC Urdu,” uploaded by BBC News Urdu, 27 May, 2013, .www.youtube.com/watch?v=lwUpOb9iR3A.Google Scholar
Hussain, Salman. “Towards 1971: An Essay in Six Parts.” Chapati Mystery. February 2012. www.chapatimystery.com/archives/homistan/towards_1971_i_a_personal_journey.htmlGoogle Scholar
Karampelas, Gabrielle. “70 Years Later: Tales from the World’s Largest Refugee Crisis Find a Home at Stanford Libraries.” Stanford Libraries, August 11, 2017. https://library.stanford.edu/node/122490.Google Scholar
Kaplan, Robert. “South Asia’s Geography of Conflict.” Washington, DC: Center for New American Security, 2010. www.cnas.org/publications/reports/south-asias-geography-of-conflict.Google Scholar
Kassamali, Sumayya. “You Had No Address: Faiz Ahmed Faiz in Beirut.” Caravan Magazine, June 2016. https://caravanmagazine.in/reviews-essays/you-had-no-address-faiz-beirut.Google Scholar
Malhotra, Aanchal. Remnants of a Separation. MFA Thesis, Concordia University, 2013; exhibit at FoFA Gallery, Montreal, 2015. www.aanchalmalhotra.com/work/remnants-of-a-separation/.Google Scholar
Mir, Ali. “Manto and the Progressives.” Celebrating Centenary of Sa’adat Hasan Manto (1912–2012) held April 24–26, 2012 and organized by Dr. Syed Akbar Hyder, the Hindi-Urdu Flagship and The South Asia Institute at UT-Austin. Phar’aat Magazine, May 11, 2012. http://pharaat.blogspot.com/2012/05/ali-mir-manto-and-progressives-may-11_21.html.Google Scholar
Naeem, Raza. “Pakistan’s Gramsci: Remembering Sibte Hasan (1916–1986).” Counterpunch, January 2016. www.counterpunch.org/2016/01/14/pakistans-gramsci-remembering-sibte-hasan-1916-1986/.Google Scholar
Naeem, Raza. “Pakistani Poet Fahmida Is 72: These Poems Show She Is In Relentless Pursuit of a New Order.” Scroll.in, July 28, 2018. https://scroll.in/article/888315/pakistani-poet-fahmida-riaz-is-70-these-poems-show-she-is-in-relentless-pursuit-of-a-new-order.Google Scholar
Naim, C. M. “Meet Bibi Ashraf.” Dawn, Karachi 2015. http://cmnaim.com/tag/muhammadi-begum/.Google Scholar
Nair, Neeti. “A 91 Year Old Law Is Making a Comeback in India Due to Lynchings and WhatsApp Forwards.” The Print, August 2018. https://theprint.in/opinion/a-91-year-old-law-is-making-a-comeback-in-india-due-to-lynchings-and-whatsapp-forwards/105387/.Google Scholar
Pritchett, Francis, ed. A Desertful of Roses: The Urdu Ghazals of Mirza Asadullah Khan Ghalib. www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ghalib/about/about_project.htmlGoogle Scholar
Qadir, Sonia. “Re-Orientalizing Feminism.” Jamhoor, January 2019. www.jamhoor.org/read/2019/1/20/the-poverty-of-secular-feminismGoogle Scholar
Rahman, I. A. “Going to Jail Was Like Falling Love Again – Faiz Ahmed Faiz.” From the Archives, Herald, republished November 2017. https://herald.dawn.com/news/1153696.Google Scholar
Razvi, Majida R. “National Commission on the Status of Women’s Report on Hudood Ordinances 1979.” Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. April 16, 2004. https://web.archive.org/web/20071229095410/http://www.hrcp-web.org/NCSW_Report.cfmGoogle Scholar
Riaz, Fahmida. “Why Rumi Speaks to Me.” October 31, 2013. A lecture organized by Hindustani Awaaz & The Attic, Delhi. Uploaded by Flying Birds of India, January 13, 2014. Video. 2:35. www.youtube.com/watch?v=P14fMDgVoV8&t=261s.Google Scholar
Rockwell, Daisy. “The Myth of the Lone Ranger.” Caravan Magazine, June 2013. https://caravanmagazine.in/reviews-essays/myth-lone-ranger. Accessed April 29, 2019.Google Scholar
Salam, Ziya us. “When a Comrade Led the Prayers.” The Hindu. Last modified June 2016. www.thehindu.com/opinion/columns/Ziya_Us_Salam/When-a-comrade-led-the-prayers%E2%80%A6/article14382572.ece.Google Scholar
Schulz, Suzanne. “Mantostan.” Celebrating Centenary of Sa’adat Hasan Manto (1912–2012) held April 24–26, 2012 and organized by Dr. Syed Akbar Hyder, the Hindi-Urdu Flagship and the South Asia Institute at UT-Austin. Phar’aat Magazine. http://pharaat.blogspot.com/2012/06/suzanne-l-schulz-mantostaan.html.Google Scholar
Sindhu, Amar. “In Conversation with Fahmida Riaz.” Dawn. November 2018. https://herald.dawn.com/news/1398730.Google Scholar
Tareen, Sher Ali. “Liberal Fundamentalists and Imranophobia.” Global Village Space. www.globalvillagespace.com/liberal-fundamentalists-and-imranophobia/. December 2017.Google Scholar
Tareen, Sher Ali.Libral Bunyād-parast aur Imrānofobia.” Danish. pk. http://daanish.pk/47116? November 2020.Google Scholar
The 1947 Partition Archive. www.1947partitionarchive.org.Google Scholar
Usman, Ali. “Welcome to Hotel Mohenjodaro.” The Express Tribune. April 20, 2011. https://tribune.com.pk/story/153225/welcome-to-the-hotel-mohenjodaro.Google Scholar
Vaidik, Aparna. “Privilege Keeps Many from Seeing the Violence in India: Historian Aparna Vaidik.” Interview by Abhimanyu Chandra. Caravan Magazine. October 4, 2020. https://caravanmagazine.in/interview/privelege-keeps-many-from-seeing-the-violence-in-india-historian-aparna-vaidik?fbclid=IwAR3hcQwav8VFmuPWFzE0ZdWCaZ7eo1FtIsxmmnPMoOfXhxIsiZaPWrEPpEk.Google Scholar