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5 - When the Visual Order Was Established

The Last Judgement and Punishments in Hell in Byzantine Cappadocia

from Part II - Eastern Mediterranean

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  02 October 2021

Angeliki Lymberopoulou
Affiliation:
The Open University, Milton Keynes
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Summary

Rainer Warland examines Cappadocia, a region that greatly influenced the evolution of the iconography of Hell. It is here that the earliest surviving examples of Hell in Byzantine monumental art are to be found. The author discusses the iconographical and textual background to the iconography of Hell in the sepulchral churches of Cappadocia, which date from between 900 and the 13th century. He examines the early beginnings of funeral art, the relationship of the theme of Hell to written and pictorial sources and how its various characteristics developed to a more complex narrative of salvation over time with its depiction constantly evolving as new elements were added. He argues that Cappadocia’s geographical position, history and transcultural exchanges resulted in a multi-ethnic society and a varied treatment of the theme and it is here that the origins of the iconographical elements in the monumental Hell imagery as part of the Last Judgement are located.

Type
Chapter
Information
Hell in the Byzantine World
A History of Art and Religion in Venetian Crete and the Eastern Mediterranean
, pp. 237 - 280
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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