Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-684899dbb8-ct24h Total loading time: 0.375 Render date: 2022-05-24T16:48:12.665Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true }

14 - The Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika Theory of Perceiving the World of our Experience

from PART I - SYSTEMS AND SCHOOLS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  26 October 2011

V. N. Jha
Affiliation:
University of Pune
K. Ramakrishna Rao
Affiliation:
Chairman, Indian Council for Philosophical Research (ICPR)
Anand Paranjpe
Affiliation:
Chairman, Indian Council for Philosophical Research (ICPR)
Ajit K. Dalal
Affiliation:
Chairman, Indian Council for Philosophical Research (ICPR)
Get access

Summary

The Nyāya system and the Vaiśeṣika system of Indian Philosophy were two independent systems in the beginning i.e., during the second and third century bce; but in course of time, by the tenth century ce, they merged into one system, popularly known as Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika system of Indian Philosophy.

The basic text of the Nyāya system is the Nyāyasūtra of Akṣapāda Gautama on which Vātsyāyana wrote his elaborate commentary called Bhāṣya which was commented upon by Udyotakara. His commentary is called Vārttika. This Vārttika was commented upon by Vācaspati Miśra. His commentary is known by the name Tātparya on which Udayanācārya wrote a commentary called Pariśuddhi. From Vātsyāyana to Udayanācārya the development of the Nyāya system has been in the form of a dialogue. It was mainly the Buddhists who kept on asking questions on each commentary and the next commentary was the answer to those objections. This added depth to the structure of Indian philosophical thoughts. That is why, this period of over one thousand years is called the golden period in the intellectual history of India. This entire development had taken place in the eastern part of India called Mithila at that time. This phase of development of Nyāya system is called Prācina Nyāya or Old system of logic and epistemology. Thereafter begins the development of the next phase of Nyāya system called Navya Nyāya or Neo-logic and epistemology. While the Prācīna Nyāya concentrated on the fundamental philosophical issues, the Navya Nyāya kept on developing ambiguity-free medium of discourse to deal with basic epistemological issues.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Foundation Books
Print publication year: 2008

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×