Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-5d6d958fb5-gz6rp Total loading time: 1.79 Render date: 2022-11-26T15:36:25.983Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Section 7 - Sexual Health

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 March 2022

Johannes Bitzer
University Women’s Hospital, Basel
Tahir A. Mahmood
Victoria Hospital, Kirkcaldy
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Further Reading

Masters, WH and Johnson, VE: Human Sexual Response, Bantam, 1981. ISBN 978–0-553–20429-2; 1st Ed. 1966.Google Scholar
Masters, WH and Johnson, VE: Human Sexual Inadequacy, Boston, Little Brown, 1970. p 218.Google Scholar
Kaplan, HS: The New Sex Therapy, New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1974.Google Scholar
Basson, R: A model of women’s sexual arousal. J Sex Marital Ther 2002;28(1):110.Google Scholar
Levin, RJ, Both, S, Georgiadis, J, et al: The physiology of female sexual function and the pathophysiology of female sexual dysfunction (Committee 13A). J Sex Med 2016; 13:733.Google Scholar
Parish, S and Bitzer, J, in Goldstein, I, Clayton, AH, Goldstein, A, Kim, NK, Kingsberg, A (Eds): Textbook of Female Sexual Function and Dysfunction: Diagnosis and Treatment, Oxford, England, Wiley/Blackwell, 2018. p 716.Google Scholar
Annon, JS: Behavioral Treatment of Sexual Problems: Brief Therapy. Oxford, England, Harper & Row; 1976.Google Scholar
American Psychiatric Association: Sexual dysfunctions. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Ed. Arlington, Virginia, APA, 2013. p 423–50.Google Scholar
Brandenburg, U, Bitzer, J: The challenge of talking about sex: The importance of patient-physician interaction. Maturitas (2009);63:124–7.Google ScholarPubMed

Further Reading

World Health Organization. Defining Sexual Health: Report of a Technical Consultation on Sexual Health: WHO. 2002. Available from: Scholar
World Health Organization and United Nations Population Fund. Measuring Sexual Health: Conceptual and Practical Considerations and Related Indicators. WHO and UNFPA. 2010.Google Scholar
World Health Organization. Sexual Health, Human Rights, and the Law. WHO; 2015. Available from: Scholar
World Health Organization. International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision. 2016.Google Scholar
American Psychiatric Association. Sexual dysfunctions. In, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Ed. APA, Arlington, Virginia. 2013. 423–50.Google Scholar
Basson, R et al. Report on the International Consensus Development Conference on Female Sexual Dysfunction: Definitions and Classification. The Journal of Urology 2000. 163, 888–93.Google Scholar
McCabe, MP, Sharlip, ID, Atalla, E, et al. Definitions of Sexual Dysfunctions in Women and Men: A Consensus Statement from the Fourth International Consultation on Sexual Medicine 2015. J Sex Med 2016; 13:135.Google ScholarPubMed
Brotto, LA, Bitzer, J, Laan, E, Leiblum, S, and Luria, M. Women’s sexual desire and arousal disorders. J Sex Med 2010;7:586614.Google ScholarPubMed
Althof, SE, Leiblum, SR, Chevret-Measson, M, Hartmann, U, Levine, SB, McCabe, M, et al. Psychological and interpersonal dimensions of sexual function and dysfunction. J Sex Med 2005; 2:793800.Google ScholarPubMed
Levine, SB, Risen, CB, Althof, SE, (Eds): Handbook of Clinical Sexology for Mental Health Professionals. Houve Brunner Routledge, New York. 2003.Google Scholar
Seftel, AD, Padma-Nathan, H, McMahon, CG, Giuliano, F, Althof, SE, (Eds): Male and Female Sexual Dysfunction. Elsevier Limited. 2004.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Heise, L, Pitanguy, J, Germain, A. Violence Against Women: the Hidden Health Burden. Washington, DC, World Bank, 1994 (Discussion Paper No. 255).Google Scholar
United Nations. Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women. New York, UN, 1993.Google Scholar
World Health Organization. Global and Regional Estimates of Violence against Women. Prevalence and Health Effects of Intimate Partner Violence and Non-Partner Sexual Violence. WHO, Department of Reproductive Health and Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, South African Medical Research Council. WHO reference number: 978 92 4 156462 5.Google Scholar
World Health Organization. World Report on Violence and Health. Edited by Krug, EG, Dahlberg, LL, Mercy, JA, Zwi, AB and Lozano, R. Geneva, WHO. 2002. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data. Scholar
Koss, MP et al. No Safe Haven: Male Violence against Women at Home, at Work, and in the Community. Washington, DC, American Psychological Association, 1994.Google Scholar
World Health Organization. Violence against Women: a Priority Health Issue. Geneva, WHO, 1997 (document WHO/FRH/WHD/97.8).Google Scholar
Campbell, JC. Health consequences of intimate partner violence. The Lancet, 2002, 359(9314):1331–6.Google ScholarPubMed
Coker, AL et al. Physical health consequences of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. Archives of Family Medicine, 2000, 9:451–7.Google ScholarPubMed
Creamer, M, Burgess, P, McFarlane, AC. Posttraumatic stress disorder: findings from the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Well-being. Psychological Medicine, 2001, 31:1237–47.Google ScholarPubMed

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats