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8 - Others' Faces' Tales: An Integration

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 August 2009

Ursula Hess
Affiliation:
Professor of Psychology University of Quebec at Montreal
Pierre Philippot
Affiliation:
Professor of Psychology University of Louvain in Belgium
Ursula Hess
Affiliation:
Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
Pierre Philippot
Affiliation:
Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium
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Summary

Authors' Note

The writing of this chapter was facilitated by grants from the “Fonds National de la Recherche Scientifique de Belgique” 8.4510.99 and 8.4510.03, and by a grant ARC 96/01-198 from the University of Louvain to the second author and by a grant from the “Fond Québecois de la Recherche sur la société et la culture” to the first author. Correspondence regarding this chapter should be addressed to Ursula Hess at Hess.Ursula@UQAM.ca.

The aim of this book was to present recent thinking and research on the interaction between encoding and decoding processes from a social context perspective. In this context, we wanted to emphasize the influence that norms and beliefs, as well as the social characteristics of both the encoder and the decoder, have on the perception of emotion. That the interpretation of emotion displays should be informed by the social context is an important corollary of not only social-constructivist approaches which place emotions entirely in the service of social coordination but also by evolutionist approaches. Thus, Turner (1997) asserts that emotions evolved in part to provide the means for effective sanctioning and the enforcement of moral codes within groups of hominids. His basic argument is that the communication of emotions in humans was a necessary prerequisite for social bonding among hominids.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2007

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References

Buck, R. (1984). The communication of emotion. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
Gaelick, L., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Wyer, R. S. (1985). Emotional communication in close relationships. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 49, 1246–1265.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kirouac, G., & Hess, U. (1999). Group membership and the decoding of nonverbal behavior. In Philippot, P., Feldman, R., & Coats, E. (Eds.), The social context of nonverbal behavior (pp. 182–210). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Preuschoft, S., & van Hooff, J. A. R. A. M (1997). The social function of “smile” and “laughter”: Variations across primate species and societies. In Segerståle, U. & Molnár, P. (Eds.), Nonverbal communication: Where nature meets culture (pp. 171–190). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
Thibault, P., Bourgeois, P., & Hess, U. (2006). The effect of group-identification on emotion recognition: The case of cats and basketball players. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 42, 676–683.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Turner, J. H. (1997). The evolution of emotions: The nonverbal basis of human social organisation. In Segerståle, U. & Molnár, P. (Eds.), Nonverbal communication: Where nature meets culture (pp. 211–223). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
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