Published online by Cambridge University Press: 05 November 2012
This chapter considers the role of international trade law in facilitating international migration. Although it is discussed only infrequently within the mainstream of international migration law, the topic is important because it is the only multilateral legal framework that seeks to liberalise the international movement of persons. At present, the stream of international migration that occurs under the framework of ‘international trade in services’ is modest in volume and limited in scope, since it applies only to the temporary movement of specific categories of labour. However, it has substantial potential for growth if States demonstrate their willingness to liberalise trade in services in future rounds of trade negotiations.
Globalisation has resulted in new ways of connecting workers, producers and consumers, and of performing trade. Freer flows of capital and goods are in part the consequence of international trade negotiations in goods and capital that have taken place since the Second World War. Initially, these negotiations occurred under the auspices of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (‘GATT’). In 1994 those arrangements were superseded by a new treaty framework, and a multilateral trade organisation – the World Trade Organization (‘WTO’) – was established. Today, the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (1994) (‘Marrakesh Agreement’) forms the foundation of a complex system of international trade law.