Published online by Cambridge University Press: 17 August 2021
By 1947, "normal" state and village institutions had either collapsed or were destroyed. Food insecurity dramatically increased, and parts of the delta experienced acute hunger. Violence marked the delta. In this situation of radical uncertainty, people felt more vulnerable as outside forces reshaped local lives. Many fled short distances, or out of rural areas to towns and cities. Perhaps a half a million fled the delta altogether to find security. This chapter gives an overview of the process, and provides vignettes of individual experiences.