Published online by Cambridge University Press: 16 November 2020
We introduce the concepts of waveform correlations, and the way in which they can be exploited to extract information from seismograms. We show how correlation procedures can be used to determine time and phase delays. We then consider the closely related topic of transfer functions between aspects of the wavefield, and this leads into a discussion of the ways by which seismograms can be compared – a topic of importance in the comparison of observations and simulations. We also consider the nature of receiver functions and the correlation of teleseismic signals at a receiver to yield information on local structure.