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6 - Changing Military Dimensions of the Alliance

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 September 2018

Uk Heo
Affiliation:
University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
Terence Roehrig
Affiliation:
US Naval War College
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Summary

After the Korean War, South Korea was decimated and a large share of its defense was provided by the United States and the alliance. The United States deployed over 60,000 troops in South Korea, including two combat divisions positioned close to the DMZ and along the likely invasion routes from the north. Washington also deployed tactical nuclear weapons to the peninsula and supplied extensive amounts of military and economic aid to ensure South Korea’s security. As the years passed, South Korea slowly assumed a greater share of its defense responsibilities, in large part due to the growth of its economy and the increasing capability of its military. Thus, the alliance has evolved from a patron–client relationship to one that resembles more of a partnership. This chapter charts the evolution of the military elements of the alliance.
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

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