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7 - Implicatures

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 November 2019

Istvan Kecskes
Affiliation:
State University of New York, Albany
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Summary

Preference for semantic analyzability in ELF creates “utterer-implicatures” that usually do not implicate anything beyond what is said. But still we have kept calling them implicatures and not “implicitures” or “explicatures” as they are called in the Gricean literature because they are the results of the same mechanism as in L1. In ELF interactions there is a kind of pragmaticization of semantics which is a synchronic, one-off phenomenon in which coded meaning, sometimes without any specific pragmatic enrichment based on the target language, obtains temporary pragmatic status. ELF speakers need this online pragmaticalization because they cannot rely on pragmatic effects as in L1. So ELF users need to build up temporary frames and norms in the course of interaction. Actual situation context does not help because it is understood differently by interlocutors. So ELF users will produce and interpret a pragmatic act, including implicatures, mainly based on its semantic content that is pragmaticized not by the actual contextual effect or core common ground but by prior context and co-constructed emergent common ground. This ELF pragmatics relies not on existing norms and conventions but rather on emergent intention, innovation, emergent common ground, online frame building and one-off strategies.

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Chapter
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English as a Lingua Franca
The Pragmatic Perspective
, pp. 159 - 183
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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  • Implicatures
  • Istvan Kecskes, State University of New York, Albany
  • Book: English as a Lingua Franca
  • Online publication: 18 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316217832.008
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  • Implicatures
  • Istvan Kecskes, State University of New York, Albany
  • Book: English as a Lingua Franca
  • Online publication: 18 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316217832.008
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Implicatures
  • Istvan Kecskes, State University of New York, Albany
  • Book: English as a Lingua Franca
  • Online publication: 18 November 2019
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316217832.008
Available formats
×