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Chapter 7 - Education and development

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2012

Adam Szirmai
Affiliation:
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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Summary

Like health, education is both an end and a means. It is one of the basic human rights and a developmental goal in its own right. But, education also contributes to the realisation of other important developmental goals (UNESCO, 2002). Functions and tasks generally ascribed to education include the following:

  1. Promotion of economic growth and development. Investment in the physical capital stock is not sufficient for economic development. Investment in ‘human capital’ is also required.

  2. Modernisation of attitudes and mentalities in society.

  3. Contributing to important developmental goals such as increased life expectancy, improved health and reduced fertility. Education of mothers, in particular, makes important contributions to better health of children and reductions in fertility. These are among the important non-economic benefits of education. These relationships have been discussed in the chapters on population and health (Chapters 5 and 6).

  4. Political socialisation, promotion of a sense of civic responsibility, contributing to national integration and national political consciousness in developing countries.

  5. Reducing social and gender inequality and increasing social mobility.

  6. Contributing to personal growth, development and emancipation.

Immediately after World War II, expectations concerning the role of education in development were high. Expansion and improvement of education were generally considered as essential to development. Governments in developing countries were prepared to invest heavily in education. Families saw education as the main way to improve their children's chances in life.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Dynamics of Socio-Economic Development
An Introduction
, pp. 213 - 254
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2005

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  • Education and development
  • Adam Szirmai, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands
  • Book: The Dynamics of Socio-Economic Development
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511817342.008
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  • Education and development
  • Adam Szirmai, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands
  • Book: The Dynamics of Socio-Economic Development
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511817342.008
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • Education and development
  • Adam Szirmai, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, The Netherlands
  • Book: The Dynamics of Socio-Economic Development
  • Online publication: 05 June 2012
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511817342.008
Available formats
×