Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7f7b94f6bd-vvt5l Total loading time: 0.685 Render date: 2022-06-29T21:58:43.576Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

1 - Applications and uses of diatoms: prologue

from Part I - Introduction

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 June 2012

John P. Smol
Affiliation:
Queen's University
Eugene F. Stoermer
Affiliation:
University of Michigan
John P. Smol
Affiliation:
Queen's University, Ontario
Eugene F. Stoermer
Affiliation:
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Get access

Summary

This book is about the uses of diatoms (Class Bacillariophyceae), a group of microscopic algae abundant in almost all aquatic habitats. There is no accurate count of the number of diatom species; however, estimates on the order of 104 are often given (Guillard & Kilham, 1977), although Mann & Droop (1996) point out that this number would be raised to at least 105 by application of modern species concepts. Diatoms are characterized by a number of features, but are most easily recognized by their siliceous (opaline) cell walls, composed of two valves, that, together with the girdle bands, form a frustule (Figure 1.1). The size, shape, and sculpturing of diatom cell walls are taxonomically diagnostic. Moreover, because of their siliceous composition, they are often very well preserved in fossil deposits and have a number of industrial uses.

The main focus of this book is not the biology and taxonomy of diatoms, although Julius & Theriot (this volume) provide a “primer” on this subject, and a number of chapters touch on these topics. Other books (e.g. Round et al., 1990) and the review articles and books cited in the following chapters, provide introductions to the biology, ecology, and taxonomy of diatoms. Instead, our focus is on the applications and uses of diatoms to the environmental and earth sciences. Although this book contains chapters on practical uses, such as uses of fossilized diatom remains in industry, oil exploration, and forensic applications, most of the book deals with using these indicators to decipher the effects of long-term ecological perturbations, such as climatic change, lake acidification, and eutrophication.

Type
Chapter
Information
The Diatoms
Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences
, pp. 3 - 7
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2010

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Archibald, R. E. M. (1973). Obituary: Dr. B. J. Cholnoky (1899–1972). Revue Algologique, N. S., 11, 1–2.Google Scholar
Behre, K. (1970). Friedrich Hustedt's Leben und Werke. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft, 31, 11–22.Google Scholar
Cholnoky, B. J. (1968). Die Ökologie der Diatomeen in Binnengewässern. Verlag von J. Cramer: Lehre.Google Scholar
Crutzen, P. J. & Stoermer, E. F. (2000). The Anthropocene. The International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) Global Change Newsletter. 41: 17–18.Google Scholar
Guillard, R. R. L. & Kilham, P. (1977). The ecology of marine planktonic diatoms. In The Biology of Diatoms. Botanical Monographs, vol. 13, ed. Werner, D., Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, pp. 372–469.Google Scholar
Jahn, R. (1995). C. G. Ehrenberg's concept of the diatoms. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 146, 109–16.Google Scholar
Mann, D. G. & Droop, J. M. (1996). Biodiversity, biogeography and conservation of diatoms. Hydrobiologia, 336, 19–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mereschkowsky, C. (1903). Nouvelles recherches sur la structure et la division des Diatomèes. Bulletin Societé Impèriale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 17, 149–72.Google Scholar
Pickett-Heaps, J. D., Schmid, A.-M., & Tippett, D. H. (1984). Cell division in diatoms: a translation of part of Robert Lauterborn's treatise of 1896 with some modern confirmatory observations. Protoplasma, 120, 132–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Round, F. E., Crawford, R. M., & Mann, D. G. (1990). The Diatoms: Biology and Morphology of the Genera. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Stoermer, E. F. & Ladewski, T. B. (1982). Quantitative analysis of shape variation in type and modern populations of Gomphoneis herculeana. Nova Hedwigia, Beiheft, 73, 347–86.Google Scholar
Stoermer, E. F., Emmert, G., Julius, M. L., & Schelske, C. L. (1996). Paleolimnologic evidence of rapid recent change in Lake Erie's trophic status. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 53, 1451–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Taylor, F. B. (1929). Notes on Diatoms. Bournemouth: Guardian Press.Google Scholar
10
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×