Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-6b989bf9dc-g5k2d Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-04-14T07:54:17.571Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Bibliography

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 February 2023

Dawood Ahmed
Affiliation:
Comparative Constitutions Project
Muhammad Zubair Abbasi
Affiliation:
University of Bradford
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Democracy under God
Constitutions, Islam and Human Rights in the Muslim World
, pp. 191 - 206
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2023

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources

Abi al-Diyaf, A, Consult Them in the Matter: A Nineteenth-Century Islamic Argument for Constitutional Government (L. Carl Brown tr University of Arkansas Press 2005).Google Scholar
Afary, J, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, 1906–11: Grassroots Democracy, Social Democracy and the Origins of Feminism (Columbian University Press 1996).Google Scholar
Afary, J, “Social Democracy and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906–11” in Foran, John (ed), A Century of Revolution: Social Movements in Iran (University of Minnesota Press 1982).Google Scholar
Ajami, F, The Arab Predicament: Arab Political Thought and Practice Since 1967 (Cambridge University Press 1982).Google Scholar
Akhavi, S, “Iran: Implementation of an Islamic State in Islam” in Esposito, John L (ed), Islam in Asia: Religion, Politics and Society (Oxford University Press 1987).Google Scholar
Al-Istrabadi, FAR, “Islam and the State of Iraq: Post-2003 Constitutions” in Grote, Rainer and Roder, Tilmann J (eds), Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (Oxford University Press 2012).Google Scholar
An-Na’im, AA, Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Shari’a (Harvard University Press 2008).Google Scholar
Arato, A, Constitution Making Under Occupation: The Politics of Imposed Revolution in Iraq (Columbia University Press 2009).Google Scholar
Arjomand, SA, The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran (Oxford University Press 1989).Google Scholar
Baker, RW, Sadat and After: Struggles for Egypt’s Political Soul (Harvard University Press 1990).Google Scholar
Beattie, KJ, Egypt During the Sadat Years (Palgrave 2000).Google Scholar
Bennett, C, Muslims and Modernity: An Introduction to the Issues and Debates (Bloomsbury 3PL 2005).Google Scholar
Berger, M and Sonneveld, N, “Sharia and National Law in Egypt” in Otto, Jan Michiel (ed), Sharia Incorporated: A Comparative Overview of the Legal Systems of Twelve Countries in Past and Present (Leiden University Press 2011).Google Scholar
Berger, P, The Desecularization of the World: Resurgent Religion and World Politics (Eerdmans 1999).Google Scholar
Bonakdarian, M, Britain and the Iranian Constitutional Revolution of 1906–1911: Foreign Policy, Imperialism, and Dissent (Syracuse University Press 2006).Google Scholar
Boozari, A, Shi’i Jurisprudence and Constitution: Revolution in Iran (Palgrave Macmillan 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bradley, JR, After the Arab Spring: How Islamists Hijacked the Middle East Revolts (St. Martin’s Press 2012).Google Scholar
Bremmer, ALP, My Year in Iraq: The Struggle to Build a Future of Hope (Threshold Editions 2006).Google Scholar
Brown, NJ and Sherif, AO, “Inscribing the Islamic Shari’a in Arab Constitutional Law” in Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and Stowasser, Barbara Freyer (eds), Islamic Law and the Challenges of Modernity (Altamira Press 2004).Google Scholar
Brown, NJ and Amit, R, “Constitutionalism in Egypt” in Frankling, Daniel P and Baun, Michael J (eds), Political Culture and Constitutionalism: A Comparative Approach (Routledge 1995).Google Scholar
Brown, NJ and Lombardi, CB, “Contesting Islamic Constitutionalism After the Arab Spring: Islam in Egypt’s Post-Mubarak Constitutions” in Grote, Rainer, Röder, Tilmann J, and El-Haj, Ali M (eds), Constitutionalism, Human Rights, and Islam After the Arab Spring (Oxford University Press 2016).Google Scholar
Brown, NJ, “Islam in Egypt’s Cacophonous Constitutional Order” in Brown, Nathan J and Arjomand, Said Amir (eds), The Rule of Law, Islam and Constitutional Politics in Egypt and Iran (State University of New York Press 2013).Google Scholar
Brown, NJ, Constitutions in a Nonconstitutional World: Arab Basic Laws and the Prospects for Accountable Government (State University of New York Press 2001).Google Scholar
Burgess, JW, Political Science and Comparative Constitutional Law (University of Michigan Library 1896).Google Scholar
Chishti, NM, Constitutional Development in Afghanistan (Royal Book Co 1998).Google Scholar
Christelow, A, Muslim Courts and the French Colonial State in Algeria (Princeton University Press 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cronin, S, “The Constitutional Revolution, Popular Politics, and State-Building in Iran” in Chehabi, HE and Martin, Vanessa (eds), Iran’s Constitutional Revolution: Popular Politics, Cultural Transformations and Transnational Connections (I. B. Tauris 2010).Google Scholar
Dawisha, A, Iraq: A Political History from Independence to Occupation (Princeton University Press 2009).Google Scholar
Dekmejian, RH, Islam in Revolution: Fundamentalism in the Arab World (Syracuse University Press 1995).Google Scholar
Devji, F, Muslim Zion: Pakistan as a Political Idea (Harvard University Press 2013).Google Scholar
Diamond, L, Squandered Victory: The American Occupation and the Bungled Effort to Bring Democracy to Iraq (Holt Paperbacks 2006).Google Scholar
Dupree, L, Afghanistan (Princeton 1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elias, TO, The Nature of African Customary Law (Manchester University Press 1956).Google Scholar
Elkins, Z, Ginsburg, T, and Melton, J, The Endurance of National Constitutions (Cambridge University Press 2009).Google Scholar
Esposito, JL and Voll, JO, Islam and Democracy (Oxford University Press 1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Esposito, JL, Sonn, T, and Voll, JO, Islam and Democracy after the Arab Spring (Oxford University Press 2016).Google Scholar
Etling, B, Legal Authorities in the Afghan Legal System (1964–1979), Afghan Legal History Project at Harvard Law School 11, (2013) <www.law.harvard.edu/programs/ilsp/research/etling.pdf> accessed September 3, 2013.+accessed+September+3,+2013.>Google Scholar
Fadl, KA, “The Centrality of Shari’ah to Government and Constitutionalism in Islam” in Grote, Rainer and Roder, Tilmann J (eds), Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (Oxford University Press 2012).Google Scholar
Feldman, N, The Fall and Rise of the Islamic State (Princeton University Press 2008).Google Scholar
Geissari, A, “Constitutional Rights and the Development of Civil Law in Iran, 1907–41” in Chehabi, HE and Martin, Vanessa (eds), Iran’s Constitutional Revolution: Popular Politics, Cultural Transformations and Transnational Connections (I. B. Tauris 2010).Google Scholar
Ghobashy, M, “Unsettling the Authorities: Constitutional Reform in Egypt” in Sowers, Jeannie and Toesnsing, (eds), The Journey to Tahrir: Revolution, Protest, and Social Change in Egypt (Verso 2012).Google Scholar
Democracy, Grassroots, Social Democracy and the Origins of Feminism (Columbian University Press 1996).Google Scholar
Groot, J, “Whose Revolution? Stakeholders and Stories of the ‘Constitutional Movement’ in Iran, 1905-1911” in Chehabi, H. E. and Martin, Vanessa (eds), Iran’s Constitutional Revolution: Popular Politics, Cultural Transformations and Transnational Connections (I. B. Tauris 2010).Google Scholar
Grote, R and Roder, TJ (eds), Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (Oxford University Press 2012).Google Scholar
Haddad, YY and Stowasser, BF, Islamic Law and The Challenge of Modernity (Almitra Press 2004).Google Scholar
Haq, F, Sharia and the State in Pakistan (Routledge 2019).Google Scholar
Hardy, P, The Muslims of British India (Cambridge University Press 1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hashim, A, “Coping with Conflicts: Colonial Policy Towards Muslim Personal Law in Kenya and Post-Colonial Court Practice” in Jeppie, Shamil, Moosa, Ebrahim, and Roberts, Richard (eds), Muslim Family Law in Colonial and Postcolonial Sub-Saharan Africa (Amsterdam University Press 2010).Google Scholar
Henkin, L and others, Human Rights (2nd ed, Foundation Press 2009) 369.Google Scholar
Hirschl, R, Constitutional Theocracy (Harvard University Press 2010).Google Scholar
Hirschl, R, Towards Juristocracy: The Origins and Consequences of the New Constitutionalism (Harvard University Press 2007).Google Scholar
Hiskett, M, The Course of Islam in Africa (Edinburgh University Press 1994).Google Scholar
Huntington, SP, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (Simon and Schuster 2011).Google Scholar
Ibhawoh, B, Imperialism and Human Rights: Colonial Discourses of Rights and Liberties in African History (State University of New York Press 2007).Google Scholar
Jaffrelot, C, “Secularity without Secularism in Pakistan: The Politics of Islam from Sir Syed to Zia” in Künkler, Mirjam, Madeley, John, and Shanker, Shylashri (eds), A Secular Age beyond the West: Religion, Law and the State in Asia, the Middle East and North Africa (Cambridge University Press 2018).Google Scholar
Jain, MP, Indian Legal History (5th ed, MM Tripathi Pvt Ltd 1990).Google Scholar
Otto, Jan Michiel, “Sharia and Law in a Birds Eye View: Reform, Moderation and Ambiguity” in Otto, Jan Michiel and Mason, Hannah (eds), Delicate Debates on Islam: Policymakers and Academics Speaking with Each Other (Islam and Society (Leiden University Press 2012).Google Scholar
Jeffries, LM (ed), Iraq: Issues, Historical Background, Bibliography (Nova Biomedical 2002).Google Scholar
Jinnah, MA, Jinnah: Speeches and Statements 1947–48 (Oxford University Press 2000).Google Scholar
Johnson, R, Oil, Islam and Conflict: Central Asia Since 1945 (University of Chicago Press, 2007).Google Scholar
Kamali, M, Revolutionary Iran: Civil Society and State in the Modernization Process (Ashgate Pub Ltd 1998).Google Scholar
Kamali, MH, Law in Afghanistan: A Study of the Constitutions, Matrimonial Law and the Judiciary (Brill Academic Pub 1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Makiya, K, Republic of Fear (University of California Press 1998).Google Scholar
Kar, M, “Shari’a Law in Iran” in Marshall, Paul (ed), Radical Islam’s Rules: The Worldwide Spread of Extreme: Shari’a Law (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers 2005).Google Scholar
Kassem, M, Egyptian Politics: The Dynamics of Authoritarian Rule (Lynne Rienner Publishers 2004).Google Scholar
Keddie, N and Amanat, M, “Iran under the Late Qajars 1848–1922” in Avery, P, Hambly, GRG, and Melviller, C (eds), The Cambridge History, vol 7 (Cambridge University Press 1991).Google Scholar
Keddie, N, Modern Iran: Roots and Results of Revolution (Yale University Press 2006).Google Scholar
Keddie, NR, Iran and the Muslim World: Resistance and Revolution (Palgrave Macmillan 1995).Google Scholar
Kedourie, E, Democracy and Arab Political Culture (Routledge 1992).Google Scholar
Kembayev, Z, Regime Transition in Central Asia: Stateness, Nationalism and Political Change in Tajikistan and Uzbekistan (Routledge 2013).Google Scholar
Kembayev, Z, “The Rise of Presidentialism in Post-Soviet Central Asia” in Grote, Rainer and Roder, Tilmann J. (eds) Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity (Oxford University Press 2012) 436.Google Scholar
Kepel, G, The Revenge of God: The Resurgence of Islam, Christianity, and Judaism in the Modern World (Penn State University Press 1993).Google Scholar
Kerr, MH, Islamic Reform: The Political and Legal Theories of Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida (University of California Press 1966).Google Scholar
Khalid, A, Islam After Communism: Religion and Politics in Central Asia (University of California Press, 2014).Google Scholar
Khan, H, Constitutional and Political History of Pakistan (3rd ed, Oxford University Press 2017) 59.Google Scholar
Khatab, S and Bouma, GD, Democracy in Islam (Routledge 2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Esposito, JL and Voll, JO, Islam and Democracy (Oxford University Press 1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lau, M, The Role of Islam in the Legal System of Pakistan (Martinus Nijhoff 2005).Google Scholar
Loimeieir, R, “The Secular State and Islam in Senegal: Islam in Africa under French Colonial Rule” in Westerlund, D, Hallencreutz, CF, and Westerhund, D (eds) Questioning the Secular State: The Worldwide Resurgence of Religion in Politics (Hurst and Company 1996).Google Scholar
Loimeier, R, Muslim Societies in African: A Historical Anthropology (Indiana University Press 2013).Google Scholar
Lombardi, CB, State Law as Islamic Law in Modern Egypt: The Incorporation of the Sharia into Egyptian Constitutional Law (Brill 2006).Google Scholar
Maghaoui, AM, Liberalism without Democracy: Nationhood and Citizenship in Egypt, 1922–1936 (Duke University Press 2006).Google Scholar
Martin, V, Islam and Modernism: The Iranian Revolution of 1906 (Syracuse University Press 1989).Google Scholar
Mayer, AE, Islam and Human Rights: Tradition and Politics (Routledge 1991).Google Scholar
McGlinchey, E, Chaos, Violence, Dynasty: Politics and Islam in Central Asia (University of Pittsburgh Press 2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Melvin, N, Uzbekistan: Transition to Authoritarianism on the Silk Road (Harwood Academic Publishers 2000).Google Scholar
Menski, W, Hindu Law: Beyond Tradition and Modernity (Oxford University Press 2009).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Minogue, K, “The History of the Idea of Human Rights in Laqueur, W and Rubin, B (eds), The Human Rights Reader (Plume 1979).Google Scholar
Mogahed, D, Islam and Democracy (Gallup 2006).Google Scholar
Moschtaghi, R, Max Planck Manual on Afghan Constitutional Law (vol 1, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg 2009).Google Scholar
Moustafa, T, The Struggle for Constitutional Power: Law, Politics, and Economic Development in Egypt (Cambridge University Press 2009).Google Scholar
Nasr, SV, “European Colonialism and the Emergence of Modern Muslim States” in Esposito, JL (ed) The Oxford History of Islam (Oxford Islamic Studies Online) www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/book/islam-9780195107999/islam-9780195107999-chapter-13 accessed April 6, 2021.Google Scholar
Nawid, SK, Religious Response to Social Change in Afghanistan, 1919–29: King Aman-Allah and the Afghan Ulama (Mazda Pub 2000).Google Scholar
Na’im, AA, African Constitutionalism and the Role of Islam (University of Pennsylvania Press 2006).Google Scholar
Newbury, CW, British Policy Towards West Africa: Select Documents 1875–1914; with Statistical Appendices, 1800–1914 (Clarendon Press 1971).Google Scholar
Malik, IH, Islam, Nationalism and the West: Issues of Identity in Pakistan (Palgrave Macmillan 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mamdani, M, Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism (Princeton University Press 1996).Google Scholar
Marshall, P, Radical Islam’s Rules: The Worldwide Spread of Extreme Shari’a Law (Rowman and Littlefield Publishers 2005).Google Scholar
Olcott, MB, Roots of Radical Islam in Central Asia (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 2007).Google Scholar
Olesen, A, Islam and Politics in Afghanistan (Routledge 1995).Google Scholar
Otto, JM, Sharia and National Law in Muslim Countries (Leiden University Press 2008).Google Scholar
Otto, JM, “Sharia and Law in a Birds Eye View: Reform, Moderation and Ambiguity” in Otto, JM and Mason, H (eds), Delicate Debates on Islam: Policymakers and Academics Speaking with Each Other (Leiden University Press 2012).Google Scholar
Perry, GE, The History of Egypt (Greenwood 2004).Google Scholar
Poullada, B, Reform and Rebellion in Afghanistan, 1919–1929; King Amanullah’s Failure to Modernize a Tribal Society (Cornell University Press 1973).Google Scholar
Ramadan, T, Islam and the Arab Awakening (Oxford University Press 2012).Google Scholar
Reichman, R, “Undignified Details: The Colonial Subject of Law” in Bloom, H, Bloom’s Modern Critical Interpretations: Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart (Chelsea House Publisher 2001).Google Scholar
Robinson, D, Paths of Accommodation: Muslim Societies and French Colonial Authorities in Senegal and Mauritania, 1880–1920 (Ohio University Press 2000).Google Scholar
Romero, J, The Iraqi Revolution of 1958: A Revolutionary Quest for Unity and Security (University Press of America 2010).Google Scholar
Rutherford, BK, Egypt after Mubarak: Liberalism, Islam, and Democracy in the Arab World (Princeton University Press 2013).Google Scholar
Rutherford, BK, The Struggle for Constitutionalism in Egypt: Understanding the Obstacles to Democratic Transition in the Arab World (PhD thesis, Yale University 1999).Google Scholar
Saboory, MH, “The Progress of Constitutionalism in Afghanistan” in Yassari, N (ed), The Sharia in the Constitutions of Afghanistan, Iran and Egypt (Mohr Siebeck 2005).Google Scholar
Sachedina, A, Islam and the Challenge of Human Rights (Oxford University Press 2014).Google Scholar
Schacht, J, An Introduction to Islamic Law (Oxford University Press 1964).Google Scholar
Schirazi, A, The Constitution of Iran: Politics and the State in the Islamic Republic (I. B. Tauris 1998).Google Scholar
Schulze, R, “Citizens of Islam: The Institutionalization and Internationalization of Muslim Debate” in Toll, C and Skovgaard-Petersen, J, Law and the Islamic World: Past and Present (Munksgaard 1995).Google Scholar
Scott, RM, Recasting Islamic Law: Religion and the Nation State in Egyptian Constitution Making (Cornell University Press 2019).Google Scholar
Sheleff, L, The Future of Tradition: Customary Law, Common Law and Legal Pluralism (Routledge 2000).Google Scholar
Simmons, BA, Mobilizing for Human Rights: International Law in Domestic Politics (Harvard University Press 2009).Google Scholar
Smith, JC, “Islam and the French Empire in North Africa,” in Motadel, D (ed) Islam and the European Empires (Oxford University Press 2014).Google Scholar
Stilt, KA, “Constitution in Authoritarian Regimes: The Case of Egypt” in Ginsberg, Tom and Simpser, A (eds), Constitutions in Authoritarian Regimes (Cambridge University Press 2013).Google Scholar
Stokes, E, The English Utilitarians and India (Oxford University Press 1990).Google Scholar
Toprak, B, Islam and Political Development in Turkey (Brill 1981).Google Scholar
Triand, JL, “Islam in Africa under French Colonial Rule” in Levtzion, N and Pouwels, RL (eds) The History of Islam in Africa (Ohio University Press 2000).Google Scholar
Tūnisī, K, The Surest Path: The Political Treatise of a Nineteenth-Century Muslim Statesman (Harvard University Press 1967).Google Scholar
Van Der Veer, P, “Secrecy and Publicity in the South Asian Public Arena” in Salvatore, A and Eickleman, DE (eds), Public Islam and the Common Good (Brill 2004).Google Scholar
Wasti, T, The Application of Islamic Criminal Law in Pakistan: Sharia in Practice (Brill 2009).Google Scholar
Zubaida, S, Law and Power in the Islamic World (I. B. Tauris 2003).Google Scholar
Arjomand, SA (ed), Constitutional Politics in the Middle East: With Special Reference to Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan (Hart Publishing 2008).Google Scholar
Abdelaal, M, “Religious Constitutionalism in Egypt: A Case Study” (2013) 37 Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 35.Google Scholar
Afary, J, “Civil Liberties and the Making of Iran’s First Constitution” (2005) 25(2) Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 341.Google Scholar
Ahmad, A, “Mawdudi and Orthodox Fundamentalism in Pakistan” (1967) 21(3) Middle East Journal 369.Google Scholar
Ahmad, MM, “Pakistani Blasphemy Law between Hadd and Siyasah: A Plea for Reappraisal of the Ismail Qureshi Case” (2018) 57(1–2) Islamic Studies 9.Google Scholar
Ahmed, D and Ginsburg, T, “Constitutional Islamization and Human Rights: The Surprising Origin and Spread of Islamic Supremacy Clauses” (2014) 54(3) Virginia Journal of International Law 615.Google Scholar
Ahmed, D and Gouda, M, “Measuring Constitutional Islamization: The Islamic Constitutions Index” (2014) 38 Hastings International and Comparative Law Review 1.Google Scholar
Ahmed, M and Sharif, SM, “Islamic Aspects of the New Constitution of Pakistan” (1963) 2(2) Islamic Studies 249.Google Scholar
Ala Hamoudi, H, “Ornamental Repugnancy: Identitarian Islam and the Iraqi Constitution” (2010) 7(3) St. Thomas University Law Journal 101.Google Scholar
Ala Hamoudi, H, “Repugnancy in the Arab World” (2012) 48(427) Williamette Law Review 427.Google Scholar
Alavi, H, “Social Forces and the Making of Pakistan” (2002) 37(51) Economic and Political Weekly 5119.Google Scholar
Ali, KA, “Pakistan Islamists Gamble on the General” (2004) 231 Middle East Research and Information Project https://merip.org/2004/06/pakistani-islamists-gamble-on-the-general/ accessed January 12, 2022.Google Scholar
Alston, P, “A Third Generation of Solidarity Rights: Progressive Development or Obfuscation of International Human Rights Law?” (1982) 29 Netherlands International Law Review 307.Google Scholar
Amos, MS, “Constitutional History of Egypt for the Last Forty Years” (1928) 14 Transactions Grotius Society 131.Google Scholar
Arjomand, SA, “Constitutional Developments in Afghanistan: A Comparative and Historical Perspective” (2005) 53 Drake Law Review 943, 950.Google Scholar
Arjomand, SA, “The Ulama’s Traditionalist Opposition to Parliamentarianism: 1907-1909” (1981) 17(2) Journal of Middle Eastern Studies 174.Google Scholar
Ayubi, NNM, “The Political Revival of Islam: The Case of Egypt” (1980) 12(4) International Journal of Middle East Studies 481.Google Scholar
Backer, L, “Theocratic Constitutionalism: An Introduction to a New Global Legal Ordering” (2008) 16(1) Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 85.Google Scholar
Bakker, P, “Indigenous Family Law in South Africa: From Colonial Repugnancy to Constitutional Repugnancy,” paper delivered at Law and Society Association Annual Meetings, Denver, CO (May 25–29, 2009).Google Scholar
Berger, MS, “Apostasy and Public Policy in Contemporary Egypt: An Evaluation of Recent Cases from Egypt’s Highest Courts” (2003) 25(3) Human Rights Quarterly 720.Google Scholar
Biloslavo, F, “The Afghanistan Constitution between Hope and Fear” (2004) 2(1) CeMiSS Quarterly 61.Google Scholar
Caplan, GM, “The Making of ‘Natural Justice’ in British Africa: An Exercise in Comparative Law” (1964) 13(1) Journal of Public Law 120.Google Scholar
Cheema, MH, “Beyond Beliefs: Deconstructing the Dominant Narratives of the Islamization of Pakistan’s Law” (2012) 60(4) The American Journal of Comparative Law 875.Google Scholar
Cheema, MH, “Cases and Controversies: Pregnancy as Proof of Guilt under Pakistan’s Hudood Laws” (2006) 32(1) Brooklyn Journal of International Law 121.Google Scholar
Cirakman, A, “From Tyranny to Despotism: The Enlightenment’s Unenlightened Image of the Turks” (2001) 33(1) International Journal of Middle East Studies 49.Google Scholar
Clark, AF, “Imperialism, Independence, and Islam in Senegal and Mali” (1999) 46 Africa Today 149.Google Scholar
Collins, DP, “Islamization of Pakistani Law: A Historical Perspective” (1987–88) 24 Stanford Journal of International Law 511.Google Scholar
Crowder, M, “Indirect Rule: French and British Style” (1964) 34 Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cruise, O and Brian, D, “Towards an “Islamic Policy” in French West Africa, 1854–1914” (1967) 8 Journal of African History 303.Google Scholar
Deeks, AS and Burton, MD, “Iraq’s Constitution: A Drafting History” (2007) 40(1) Cornell International Law Journal 1.Google Scholar
Dixon, R and Ginsburg, T, “The South African Constitutional Court and Socio-Economic Rights as ‘Insurance Swaps’” (2011) 4(1) Constitutional Court Review 1.Google Scholar
Elkins, Z and others, “Getting to Rights: Treaty Ratification, Constitutional Convergence, and Human Rights Practice” (2013) 54 Harvard International Law Journal 61.Google Scholar
Elkins, Z and Simmons, B, “On Waves, Clusters, and Diffusion: A Conceptual Framework” (2005) 33 The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 598.Google Scholar
Feldman, N and Martinez, R, “Constitutional Politics and Text in the New Iraq: An Experiment in Islamic Democracy” (2006) 75 Fordham Law Review 883.Google Scholar
Feldman, N, “Imposed Constitutionalism” (2005) 37(1) Connecticut Law Review 857.Google Scholar
Feldman, NR, “The Democratic Fatwa: Islam and Democracy in the Realm of Constitutional Politics” (2005) 58(1) Oklahoma Law Review 1.Google Scholar
Feuille, J, “Reforming Egypt’s Constitution: Hope for Egyptian Democracy?” (2011) 47(1) Texas International Law Journal 237.Google Scholar
Fischer, MMJ, “Islam and the Revolt of the Petit Bourgeoisie” (1982) 111(1) Daedalus 101.Google Scholar
Floor, WF, “The Revolutionary Character of the Iranian Ulama” (1980) 12(4) International Journal of Middle East Studies 501, 502.Google Scholar
Galanter, M, “The Displacement of Traditional Law in Modern India” (1968) 24 Journal of Social Issues 65.Google Scholar
Ghai, Y, “A Journey around Constitutions: Reflections on Contemporary Constitutions” (2005) 122(4) South African Law Journal 804.Google Scholar
Ginsburg, T and others, “When to Overthrow your Government: The Right to Resist in the World’s Constitutions” (2013) 60(1) UCLA Law Review 1184.Google Scholar
Ginsburg, T, “An Economic Interpretation of the Pashtunwali” (2011) University of Chicago Legal Forum 89.Google Scholar
Giunchi, E, “The Reinvention of Sharī‘a under the British Raj: In Search of Authenticity and Certainty” (2010) 69 The Journal of Asian Studies 1119.Google Scholar
Glaeser, E and Shleifer, A, “Legal Origins” (2002) 117 (4) Quarterly Journal of Economics 1193.Google Scholar
Gouda, M, “Islamic Constitutionalism and Rule of Law: A Constitutional Economics Perspective” (2013) 24(1) Constitutional Political Economy 57.Google Scholar
Gunn, TJ, “Shaping an Islamic Identity: Religion, Islamism, and the State in Central Asia” (2003) 64 Sociology of Religion 389.Google Scholar
Guttman, J and Voigt, S, “The Rule of Law and Constitutionalism in Muslim Countries” (2015) 162 Public Choice 351.Google Scholar
Habachy, S, “Supreme Constitutional Court (Egypt): Shari‘a and Riba: Decision in Case no. 20 of Judicial Year no. 1” (1985) 1(1) Arab Law Quarterly 100.Google Scholar
Hirschl, R, “The Theocratic Challenge to Constitution Drafting in Post-Conflict States” (2008) 49 William and Mary Law Review 1179.Google Scholar
Huntington, S, “The Clash of Civilizations” (1993) 72(3) Foreign Affairs 22.Google Scholar
Karagiannis, E, “Political Islam in Central Asia: The Challenge of Hizb Ut-Tahrir” (2007) 13 Nationalism and Ethnic Politics 297.Google Scholar
Keddie, NR, “Iranian Revolutions in Comparative Perspective” (1983) 88(3) The American Historical Review 579.Google Scholar
Kennedy, C, “Islamization and Legal Reform in Pakistan, 1979–1989” (1990) 63(1) Pacific Affairs 62.Google Scholar
Khalid, A, “A Secular Islam: Nation, State, and Religion in Uzbekistan” (2003) 35 International Journal of Middle East Studies 573.Google Scholar
Klein, M A, “Islam and Imperialism in Senegal: Sine-Saloum, 1847–1914” (1969) 74 The American Historical Review 285.Google Scholar
Klerman, DM and others, “Legal Origin or Colonial History” (2011) 3(1) Journal of Legal Analysis 379.Google Scholar
Kugle, SA, “Framed, Blamed and Renamed: The Recasting of Islamic Jurisprudence in Colonial South Asia” (2001) 35 Modern Asian Studies 257.Google Scholar
Law, DS and Versteeg, M, “The Evolution and Ideology of Global Constitutionalism” (2011) 99 CLR 1163.Google Scholar
Lombardi, C, “Constitutional Provisions Making Sharia ‘A’ of ‘The’ Chief Source of Legislation: Where Did they Come From? What do they Mean? Do they Matter?” (2013) 28(1) American University International Law Review 733.Google Scholar
Lombardi, CB and Brown, NJ, “Do Constitutions Requiring Adherence to Shari’a Threaten Human Rights? How Egypt’s Constitution Reconciles Islamic Law with the Liberal Rule of Law” (2006) 21(1) American University International Law Review 379.Google Scholar
Lombardi, CB, “Can Islamizing a Legal System Ever Help Promote Liberal Democracy?: A View from Pakistan” (2010) 7(3) University of St. Thomas Law Journal 649.Google Scholar
Lombardi, CB, “Designing Islamic Constitutions: Past Trends and Options for a Democratic Future” (2013) 11(3) International Journal of Constitutional Law 615.Google Scholar
Lombardi, CB, “Islamic Law as a Source of Constitutional Law in Egypt: The Constitutionalization of the Sharia in a Modern Arab State” (1998) 37(1) Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 81.Google Scholar
Mann, G and Lecocq, B, “Between Empire, Umma and the Muslim Third World: The French Union and African Pilgrims to Mecca” (2007) 27(2) Comparative Studies of South Asia, African and the Middle East 167.Google Scholar
Masud, MK, “The Construction and Deconstruction of Secularism as an Ideology in Contemporary Muslim Thought” (2005) 33(3) Asian Journal of Social Science 363.Google Scholar
Mayer, T and Zignago, S, “Notes on CEPIH’s Distance Measures: The GeoDist Database” 8 (2011) <www.cepii.fr/PDF_PUB/wp/2011/wp2011-25.pdf> accessed on 15 January 2022.+accessed+on+15+January+2022.>Google Scholar
Miles, WFS, “Partitioned Royalty: The Evolution of Hausa Chiefs in Nigeria and Niger” (1987) 25 Journal of Modern African Studies 233.Google Scholar
Moaddel, M, “The Shi’i Ulama and the State in Iran” (1986) 15(4) Theory and Society 519.Google Scholar
Motadel, A, “Islam and the European Empires” (2012) 55 The Historical Journal 831.Google Scholar
Moustafa, T, “The Islamist Trend in Egyptian Law” (2010) 3(1) Politics and Religion 610.Google Scholar
Natoli, C, “Legal Independence in Australia” (2011) 7(1) Bruce Hall Academy Journal 65.Google Scholar
Nawid, S, “The Khost Rebellion: The Reaction of Afghan Clerical and Tribal Forces to Social Change” (1996) 56 Review of Department of Asian Studies and Department of Study and Research on African and Arab Countries 311 <http://opar.unior.it/1317/1/Annali_1996_56_%28f3%29_S.Nawid.pdf> accessed January 15, 2022.Google Scholar
Parolin, GP, “Drifting Power Relations in the Egyptian Constitution: The 2019 Amendments” (2020) 44(3) DPCE Online.Google Scholar
Pemstein, D and others, “Democratic Compromise: A Latent Variable Analysis of Ten Measures of Regime Type” (2010) 18 Political Analysis 426.Google Scholar
Peters, R, “Divine Law or Man-Made Law? Egypt and the Application of the Shari‘a” (1988) 3 Arab Law Quarterly 231, 241.Google Scholar
Porta, R, Lopez-De-Silanes, F, and Shleifer, A, “The Economic Consequences of Legal Origins” (2008) 46 Journal of Economic Literature 285.Google Scholar
Rabb, I, “The Least Religious Branch: Judicial Review and the New Islamic Constitutionalism” (2013) 17 UCLA Journal of International Law and Foreign Affairs 75.Google Scholar
Redding, JA, “Constitutionalizing Islam: Theory and Pakistan” (2004) 44 Virginia Journal of International Law 759.Google Scholar
Reynolds, J, “Good and Bad Muslims: Islam and Indirect Rule in Northern Nigeria” (2001) 34 The International Journal of African Historical Studies 601.Google Scholar
Reza, S, “Endless Emergency: The Case of Egypt” (2007) 10(4) New Criminal Law Review 532.Google Scholar
Robinson, D, “French ‘Islamic’ Policy and Practice in Late Nineteenth-Century Senegal” (1988) 29 Journal of African History 415.Google Scholar
Robinson, F, “The British Empire and Muslim Identity in South Asia” (1998) 8 Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 271.Google Scholar
Saeed, S, “Politics of Exclusion: Muslim Nationalism, State Formation and Legal Representations of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan” (PhD thesis, University of Michigan 2010).Google Scholar
Siddique, O and Hayat, Z, “Unholy Speech and Holy Laws: Blasphemy Laws in Pakistan: Controversial Origins, Design Defects, and Free Speech Implications” (2008) 17(2) Minnesota Journal of International Law 305.Google Scholar
Stilt, K, “‘Islam Is the Solution’: Constitutional Visions of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood” (2010) 46(1) Texas International Law Journal 73.Google Scholar
Taiwo, EA, “Repugnancy Clause and Its Impact on Customary Law: Comparing the South African and Nigerian Positions: Some Lessons for Nigeria” (2009) 34(1) Journal for Juridical Science 89.Google Scholar
Thier, JA, “The Making of a Constitution in Afghanistan” (2006) 51(4) New York Law School Law Review 557.Google Scholar
Uweru, BC, “Repugnancy Doctrine and Customary Law in Nigeria: A Positive Aspect of British Colonialism” (2008) 2 African Research Review 286.Google Scholar
Voll, JO, “Islam and Democracy: Is Modernization a Barrier?” (2007) 1(1) Religion Compass 170.Google Scholar
Ward, D, “Legislation, Repugnancy and the Disallowance of Colonial Laws: The Legal Structure of Empire and Lloyd’s Case (1844)” (2010) 41(1) Victoria University of Wellington Law Review 381.Google Scholar
Weingast, B, “The Political Foundations of Democracy and the Rule of Law” (1997) 91(2) American Political Science Review 245.Google Scholar
Weiss, H, “Variations in the Colonial Representation of Islam and Muslims in Northern Ghana, ca. 1900–1930, Working Papers on Ghana: Historical and Contemporary Studies 2” (January 2004) available at <chrome-extension://efaidnbmnnnibpcajpcglclefindmkaj/viewer.html?pdfurl=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.muslimpopulation.com%2Fpdf%2FGhana%2520northern_studies1900-1930.pdfandclen=209668andchunk=true> accessed April 8, 2021.+accessed+April+8,+2021.>Google Scholar
Wiktor-Mach, D, “On Secularization, Modernity and Islamic Revival in the Post-Soviet Context” (2011) 175 Polish Sociological Review 393.Google Scholar
Wong, E, “Shiite Cleric Won’t Back Down on Direct Elections” Sun Sentinel (12 January 2004) <http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2004-01-12/news/0401120065_1_al-sistani-grand-ayatollah-ali-influential-shiite-cleric> accessed January 15, 2022.+accessed+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
Yadudu, AH, “Colonialism and the Transformation of the Substance and Form of Islamic Law in the Northern States of Nigeria” (1991) Journal of Law and Religion 17.Google Scholar
Zakaria, F, “Islam, Democracy and Constitutional Liberalism” (2004) 119 Political Science Quarterly 1.Google Scholar
“Beliefs About Sharia” (Pew Research Center, April 30, 2013) <www.pewforum.org/2013/04/30/the-worlds-muslims-religion-politics-society-beliefs-about-sharia/> accessed June 20, 2020.+accessed+June+20,+2020.>Google Scholar
“Number of Muslims in Western Europe” (PEW Research Center, December 2, 2014) <http://features.pewforum.org/muslim-population/> accessed on January 15, 2022.+accessed+on+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
“Oklahoma Sharia Law Blocked by Federal Judge” Huffington Post (May 25, 2011) <http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/11/08/oklahoma-sharia-law-struck-down-_n_780632.html> accessed June 20, 2020.+accessed+June+20,+2020.>Google Scholar
“The Uprisings: Islam and the Arab Revolutions” The Economist (March 31, 2011) <www.economist.com/node/18486005> accessed June 19, 2020.+accessed+June+19,+2020.>Google Scholar
Ahmed, D, Gouda, M, and Ginsburg, T, “Islamic Constitutionalism Project” (SHARIAsource, Harvard Law School, 2018) <https://beta.shariasource.com/projects/islamic-constitutionalism> accessed May 1, 2021.+accessed+May+1,+2021.>Google Scholar
Azaab, S, “In Conversation with Kamal El-Helbawy” (Asharq Al Awsat, 12 October 2013) <www.aawsat.net/2013/10/article55318241>accessed 1 July 2020.accessed+1+July+2020.>Google Scholar
Brooks, D, “Huntington’s Clash Revisited” The New York Times (March 3, 2011) <www.nytimes.com/2011/03/04/opinion/04brooks.html> accessed March 25, 2021.+accessed+March+25,+2021.>Google Scholar
Brown, NJ, “Egypt’s Daring Constitutional Gang of 50” (Foreign Policy, September 20, 2013)<https://carnegieendowment.org/2013/09/20/egypt-s-daring-constitutional-gang-of-50-pub-53079> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Brown, NJ, “Transitional Administrative Law” (George Washington University, March 8, 2004) <http://home.gwu.edu/~nbrown/interimiraqiconstitution.html> accessed on January 15, 2022.+accessed+on+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
Dabash, H, “Al-Azhar and Salafi scholars Prepare Islamic Constitution” Egypt Independent (July 7, 2011) <http://www.egyptindependent.com//news/al-azhar-and-salafi-scholars-prepare-islamic-constitution> accessed August 11, 2014.+accessed+August+11,+2014.>Google Scholar
Dorell, O, “Syrian Rebels Said to Seek Islamic Democracy” USA Today (September 24, 2012) <http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/news/world/story/2012 /09/24/syrian-rebels-said-to-seek-islami c-democracy/57826584/1> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
El-Din, GE, “Fierce Debates Over Preamble of Egypt’s New Constitution” (AhramOnline, November 26, 2013) <http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/87562/Egypt/Politics-/Fierce-debates-over-preamble-of-Egypts-new-constit.aspx> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
El Akkad, O, “Egypt’s Draft Constitution Limits Role of Islam” (The Globe and Mail, August 30, 2013) <www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/egypts-draft-constitution-limits-role-of-islam/article14060190/> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Fishstein, P, “Afghanistan’s Arc of Modernization: 1880 to 1978” (The Globalist, September 1, 2010), <www.theglobalist.com/afghanistans-arc-of-modernization-1880-to-1978/> accessed January 15, 2022.+accessed+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
Hirsch, A, “Sharia Law Incompatible with Human Rights Legislation, Lords Say” Guardian (October 23, 2008) <www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/oct/23/religion-islam> accessed June 20, 2020.+accessed+June+20,+2020.>Google Scholar
Hirsch, A, “Sharia Law Incompatible with Human Rights Legislation, Lords say” The Guardian (October 23, 2008).Google Scholar
HuffPost, “Oklahoma Sharia Law Blocked by Federal Judge” (May 25, 2011) <www.huffpost.com/entry/oklahoma-sharia-law-struck-down-_n_780632> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Human Rights Watch, “Kuwait: Court Victory for Women’s Rights” (May 6, 2012) <www.hrw.org/news/2012/05/06/kuwait-court-victory-women-s-rights> accessed January 12, 2022.+accessed+January+12,+2022.>Google Scholar
Jilani, J, “At Least 13 States Have Introduced Bills Guarding Against Non-Existent Threat of Sharia Law” Think Progress (February 8, 2011) <http://thinkprogress.org/politics/2011/02/08/142590/sharia-states/?mobile=nc>>Google Scholar
Jilani, Z, “Report: At Least 13 States Have Introduced Bills Guarding Against Non-Existent Threat of Sharia Law” (ThinkProgress, February 8, 2011) <https://archive.thinkprogress.org/report-at-least-13-states-have-introduced-bills-guarding-against-non-existent-threat-of-sharia-law-49c0ab42be1f/> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Joyce, R, “Tunisia’s Neglected Constitution” Cairo Review of Global Affairs (October 14, 2013) <www.aucegypt.edu/GAPP/CairoReview/Pages/articleDetails.aspx?aid=439> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Kherigi, I, “Tunisia: The Calm After the Storm” Aljazeera (November 28, 2011) <www.cfr.org/tunisia/al-jazeera-tunisia-calm-after-storm/p26744> accessed June 19, 2020.+accessed+June+19,+2020.>Google Scholar
Maher, H, “Muslim Protests: Has Obama Helped Bring on an Anti-U.S. ‘Islamist Spring’?” The Atlantic (September 23, 2012).Google Scholar
Melton, J and others, “Democracy Scores” (Unified Democracy Scores, May 12, 2014) <www.unified-democracy-scores.org/uds.html> accessed January 15, 2022.+accessed+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
Morrow, J, “Special Report No. 155 Iraq’s Constitutional Process II: An Opportunity Lost” (U.S Institute of Peace, November 2005) 6 <www.usip.org/sites/default/files/sr155.pdf> accessed January 15, 2022.+accessed+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
Nasralla, S, “Rows Over Egypt’s Constitutional Decree Signal Hurdles Ahead” (Reuters, July 10, 2013) <www.reuters.com/article/us-egypt-protests-constitution/rows-over-egypts-constitutional-decree-signal-hurdles-ahead-idUSBRE96815R20130709> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Palmer, R, “Egypt’s New Constitution More Islamic Than the Last” (The Trumpet, July 13, 2013) <www.thetrumpet.com/10805-egypts-new-constitution-more-islamic-than-the-last> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Penzev, K, “When Will the Great Game End?” (Oriental Review, November 15, 2010) <http://orientalreview.org/2010/11/15/when-will-the-great-game-end/> accessed January 15, 2022.+accessed+January+15,+2022.>Google Scholar
Reuters, , “Sudan Constitution to be ‘100 Percent Islamic’: Bashir” (July 8, 2012) <https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-sudan-constitution/sudan-constitution-to-be-100-percent-islamic-bashir-idUKBRE8660IB20120707> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Rheault, M and Mogahed, D, “Many Turks, Iranians, Egyptians Link Sharia and Justice” (Gallup, July 25, 2008) <www.gallup.com/poll/109072/many-turks-iranians-egyptians-link-sharia-justice.aspx> accessed January 12, 2022.+accessed+January+12,+2022.>Google Scholar
Richard, Wike, “The Tahrir Square Legacy: Egyptians Want Democracy, a Better Economy, and a Major Role for Islam” (Pew Research Center, January 24, 2013).Google Scholar
Rohde, D, “The Islamist Spring” Reuters (April 5, 2012).Google Scholar
Satloff, R and Trager, E, “Egypt’s Theocratic Future: The Constitutional Crisis and U.S. Policy” (The Washington Institute, December 3, 2012) <www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/egypts-theocratic-future-the-constitutional-crisis-and-u.s.-policy> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
The Economist, “An Endless Debate Over Religion’s Role” (Cairo, October 6, 2012) <www.economist.com/middle-east-and-africa/2012/10/06/an-endless-debate-over-religions-role> accessed July 1, 2020.+accessed+July+1,+2020.>Google Scholar
Wormald, B, “Beliefs About Sharia” (Pew Research Center, April 30, 2013) <www.pewforum.org/2013/04/30/the-worlds-muslims-religion-politics-society-beliefs-about-sharia/> accessed June 20, 2020.+accessed+June+20,+2020.>Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×