Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-558cb97cc8-sbl5v Total loading time: 0.707 Render date: 2022-10-06T06:41:28.220Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": true, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

2 - The Social Underpinnings of Decentralized Governance

Networks, Technology, and the Future of Social Accountability

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  18 February 2019

Jonathan A. Rodden
Affiliation:
Stanford University, California
Erik Wibbels
Affiliation:
Duke University, North Carolina
Get access

Summary

Most of the academic research on how decentralization might promote accountability has focused on institutions: how formal rules governing elections, fiscal federalism, etc. impact political accountability. Donor programming and accompanying evaluations, on the other hand, have focused less on institutions and more on mobilizing civil society and “social accountability”. These programming efforts have progressed with considerable enthusiasm but without, for the most part, reference to recent academic breakthroughs on the social conditions for cooperative behavior and collective action. The goal of this chapter is to consider how recent innovations in the study of information flows and cooperation in social networks might inform donor programming on social accountability. Research on social networks provides insights into the relational characteristics of communities that are certain to impact the prospects for accountability, the potential for technology to promote accountability, and gives a rigorous underpinning to the frequent, if ambiguous, claim that “context matters.”
Type
Chapter
Information
Decentralized Governance and Accountability
Academic Research and the Future of Donor Programming
, pp. 14 - 39
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Agrast, Mark David, Botero, Juan Carlos, and Ponce, Alejandro. 2009. The Rule of Law Index: Measuring Adherence to the Rule of Law around the World, Design and Implementation of the Index Country Profiles for 2009. Washington, DC: World Justice Project.Google Scholar
Alatas, Vivi, Banerjee, Abhiji, Hanna, Rema, Olken, Benjamin, Purnamasari, Ririn, and Wai-Poi, Matthew. 2013. “Does Elite Capture Matter? Local Elites and Targeted Welfare Programs in Indonesia.” NBER Working Paper No. 18798.
Alesina, Alberto, Baqir, Reza, and Easterly, William. 1999. “Public Goods and Ethnic Divisions.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114: 12431284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andrabi, Tahir, Das, Jishnu, and Khwaja, Asim Ijaz. 2014. “Report Cards: The Impact of Providing School and Child Test-Scores on Educational Markets.” HKS Working Paper No. RWP14-052.
Banerjee, Abhijit V., Banerji, Rukmini, Duflo, Esther, Glennerster, Rachel, and Khemani, Stuti. 2010. “Pitfalls of Participatory Programs: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Education in India.” American Economic Journal: Economic Policy 2(1): 130.Google Scholar
Banerjee, Abhijit, Chandrasekhar, Arun, Duflo, Esther, and Jackson, Matthew. 2013. “Diffusion of Microfinance.” Science 341(6144).CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Banerjee, Abhijit, Chandrasekhar, Arun, Duflo, Esther, and Jackson, Matthew. 2014. “Gossip: Identifying Central Individuals in a Social Network.” NBER Working Paper 20422.
Banerjee, Abhijit, and Duflo, Esther. 2006. “Addressing Absence.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 20(1): 117132.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Banerjee, Abhijit V., Duflo, Esther, and Glennerster, Rachel. 2008. “Putting a Band‐Aid on a Corpse: Incentives for Nurses in the Indian Public Health Care System.” Journal of the European Economic Association 6: 487500.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Beramendi, Pablo. 2007. “Federalism.” In Boix, Charles and Stokes, Susan, eds. Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Berger, Daniel, Kalyanaraman, Shankar, and Linardi, Sera. 2015. “Violence and Cell Phone Communication: Behavior and Prediction in Cote D’Ivoire.” Manuscript, University of Pittsburgh.
Berman, Sheri. 1997. “Civil Society and the Collapse of the Weimar Republic.World Politics 49: 401429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bhavnani, Rikhil. 2013. “A Primer on Voter Discrimination against India’s Lower Caste Politicians: Evidence from Natural and Survey Experiments.” Working paper, University of Wisconsin.
Björkman, Martina, and Svensson, Jakob. 2009. “Power to the People: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment on Community-Based Monitoring in Uganda.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 124(2): 735769.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bloom, Evan, Sunseri, Amy, and Leonard, Aaron. 2007. Measuring and Strengthening Local Governance Capacity: The Local Governance Barometer. Washington, DC: USAID.Google Scholar
Breza, Emily, Chandrasekhar, Arun, and Larreguy, Horacio. 2015. “Network Centrality and Informal Institutions: Evidence from a Lab Experiment in the Field.” Working Paper, Stanford University.
Brinkerhoff, Derick, and Keener, Sarah. 2003. “District-Level Service Delivery in Rural Madagascar: Accountability in Health and Education.” Report prepared for the World Bank under Contract No. 7124.
Brinkerhoff, Derick, and Wetterberg, Anna. 2016. “Gauging the Effects of Social Accountability on Services, Governance, and Citizen Empowerment.” Public Administration Review 76(2): 274286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burgess, Robin, Jedwab, Remi, Miguel, Edward, Morjaria, Ameet, and Padró i Miguel, Gerard. 2015. “The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya.” American Economic Review 105: 18171851.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Centola, Damon, and Macy, Michael. 2007. “Complex Contagion and the Weakness of Long Ties.” American Journal of Sociology 113: 702734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chandrasekhar, Arun, Kinnan, Cynthia, and Larreguy, Horacio. 2015. “Social Networks As Contract Enforcement: Evidence from a Lab Experiment in the Field.” Working paper, Stanford Department of Economics.
Chong, Alberto, De La O, Ana, Karlan, Dean, and Wantchekon, Leonard. 2015. “Does Corruption Information Inspire the Fight or Quash the Hope? A Field Experiment in Mexico on Voter Turnout, Choice and Party Identification.Journal of Politics 77: 5571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dafoe, Allan, and Lyall, Jason. 2015. “From Cell Phones to Conflict? Reflections on the Emerging ICT–Political Conflict Research Agenda.” Journal of Peace Research 52(3): 401413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dasgupta, Anirruda, and Beard, Victoria. 2007. “Community Driven Development, Collective Action and Elite Capture in Indonesia.” Development and Change 38: 229249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Devarajan, Shantayanan, Khemani, Stuti, and Walton, Michael. 2014. “Can Civil Society Overcome Government Failure in Africa?World Bank Research Observer 29(1): 2047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Duflo, Esther, Hanna, Rema, and Ryan, Stephen P.. 2012. “Incentives Work: Getting Teachers to Come to School.” American Economic Review 12411278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferrali, Romain, Grossman, Guy, Platas, Melina, and Rodden, Jonathan. 2018. “Peer Effects and Externalities in Technology Adoption: Evidence from Community Reporting in Uganda.” Working paper, Stanford University.
Findley, Michael, Harris, Adam, Milner, Helen, and Nielson, Daniel. 2015. “Elite and Mass Support for Foreign Aid Versus Government Programs: Experimental Evidence from Uganda.” AidData Working Paper #15.
Fiorina, Morris P. 1981. Retrospective Voting in American National Elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Fox, Jonathan. 2015. “Social Accountability: What Does the Evidence Really Say.” World Development 72: 346361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gadenne, Luci, and Singhal, Monica. 2014. “Decentralization in Developing Economies.” Annual Review of Economics 6: 581604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Golub, Benjamin, and Jackson, Matthew. 2010. “Naïve Learning in Social Networks and the Wisdom of Crowds.” American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 2: 112149.Google Scholar
Greif, Avner. 1993. “Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in Early Trade: The Maghribi Traders’ Coalition.” American Economic Review 83: 525548.Google Scholar
Grossman, Guy, Gazal‐Ayal, Oren, Pimentel, Samuel D., and Weinstein, Jeremy M.. 2016. “Descriptive Representation and Judicial Outcomes in Multiethnic Societies.” American Journal of Political Science 60: 4469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Grossman, Guy, Humphreys, Macartan, and Sacramone-Lutz, Gabriella. 2016. “Information Technology and Political Engagement: Mixed Evidence from Uganda.” Working paper, University of Pennsylvania.
Hasnain, Zahid, Manning, Nick, and Pierskalla, Jan. 2014. “The Promise of Performance Pay? Reasons for Caution in Policy Prescriptions in the Core Civil Service.” World Bank Research Observer 29: 235264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Humphreys, Macartan, and Weinstein, Jeremy. 2007. “Policing Politicians: Citizen Empowerment and Political Accountability in Uganda.” Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association.
Kaufmann, Daniel, and Kray, Aart. 2008. “Governance Indicators: Where Are We, Where Should We Be Going?World Bank Research Observer 23: 130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keefer, Philip, and Khemani, Stuti. 2012. “Do Informed Citizens Receive More … Or Pay More? The Impact of Radio on the Government Distribution of Public Health Benefits.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5952.
Khan, Adnan, Khwaja, Asim, and Olken, Benjamin. 2014. “Experimental Evidence on Performance Pay for Tax Collectors.” Working paper, MIT Department of Economics.
Khwaja, Asim Ijaz. 2009. “Can Good Projects Succeed in Bad Communities?Journal of Public Economics 93(7–8): 899916.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
King, Gary, Pan, Jennifer, and Roberts, Margaret E.. 2013. “How Censorship in China Allows Government Criticism but Silences Collective Expression.” American Political Science Review 107: 326343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kranton, Rachel. 1996. “The Formation of Cooperative Relationships.” Journal of Law, Economics and Organization 12: 214233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krishna, Anirudh. 2007. “How Does Social Capital Grow? A Seven‐Year Study of Villages in India.Journal of Politics 69: 941956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krishna, Anirudh, Spater, Jeremy, and Wibbels, Erik. 2017. “Social, Political and Economic Networks in the Slums of India.” Working paper, Duke University.
Larson, Jennifer, and Lewis, Janet. 2016. “Ethnic Networks.” Working paper, NYU Department of Politics.
Lawrence, Adria. 2017. “Repression and Activism among the Arab Spring’s First Movers: Morocco’s (Almost) Revolutionaries.” British Journal of Political Science. 47(3): 699718.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leonard, David. 2010. “‘Pockets’ of Effective Agencies in Weak Governance States: Where Are They Likely and Why Does It Matter?Public Administration and Development 30: 91101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lieberman, Evan, Posner, Daniel, and Tsai, Lily. 2014. “Does Information Lead to More Active Citizenship? Evidence from an Education Intervention in Rural Kenya.” World Development 60: 6983.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luke, Douglas, and Stamatakis, Katherine. 2012. “Systems Science Methods in Public Health: Dynamics, Networks, and Agents.” Annual Review of Public Health 33: 357.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Mansuri, Ghazala, and Rao, Vijayendra. 2013. Localizing Development: Does Participation Work? Washington, DC: IBRD/The World Bank.Google Scholar
McCubbins, Mathew, Rodriguez, Daniel, and Weller, Nicholas. 2013. “Cheap, Easy or Connected: The Conditions for Creating Group Coordination.” California Law Review 86: 495516.Google Scholar
Miguel, Edward, and Gugerty, Mary Kay. 2005. “Ethnic Diversity, Social Sanctions, and Public Goods in Kenya.” Journal of Public Economics 89: 23252368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Muralidharan, Karthik, and Sundararaman, Venkatesh. 2009. “Teacher Performance Pay: Experimental Evidence from India.” National Bureau of Economic Research. Working Paper No. w15323.
Olken, Benjamin A. 2010. “Direct Democracy and Local Public Goods: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia.” American Political Science Review 104(2): 243267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Olken, Benjamin A. 2007. “Monitoring Corruption: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Indonesia.” Journal of Political Economy 115(2): 200249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Meally, Simon C. 2013. “Mapping Context for Social Accountability: A Resource Paper.” Washington, DC: World Bank.
Ostrom, Elinor. 2001. “Social Capital: A Fad or a Fundamental Concept?” In Dasgupta, Partha and Serageldin, Ismail, eds. Social Capital: A Multifaceted Perspective. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.Google Scholar
Pande, Rohini. 2011. “Can Informed Voters Enforce Better Governance? Experiments in Low-Income Democracies.” Annual Review of Economics 3: 215237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peisakhin, Leonid, and Pinto, Pablo. 2010. “Is Transparency an Effective Anti‐Corruption Strategy? Evidence from a Field Experiment in India.” Regulation & Governance 4: 261280.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peixoto, Tiago, and Fox, Jonathan. 2016. “When Does ICT-Enabled Citizen Voice Lead to Government Responsiveness?” World Bank Background Paper.
Persson, Torsten, and Tabellini, Guido Enrico. 2002. Political Economics: Explaining Economic Policy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Pierskalla, Jan H., and Hollenbach, Florian M.. 2013. “Technology and Collective Action: The Effect of Cell Phone Coverage on Political Violence in Africa.” American Political Science Review 107(2): 207224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Putnam, Robert. 1993. Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Riker, William H. 1982. Liberalism against Populism: A Confrontation between the Theory of Democracy and the Theory of Social Choice. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press.Google Scholar
Rod, Espen Geelmuyden, and Weidmann, Nils B.. 2015. “Empowering Activists or Autocrats? The Internet in Authoritarian Regimes.” Journal of Peace Research 52: 338351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodden, Jonathan. 2006. “The Political Economy of Federalism.” In Weingast, Barry and Wittman, Donald, eds., Oxford Handbook of Political Economy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Rodden, Jonathan, and Wibbels, Erik. 2013. “Responsiveness and Accountability in Local Governance and Service Delivery: An Agenda for USAID Program Design and Evaluation.” USAID Center of Excellence on Democracy, Human Rights, and Governance Evidence Review Paper.
Rojo, Guadalupe, Jha, Subhash, and Wibbels, Erik. 2015. “Political Networks, Clientelism and Public Goods: Evidence from Slums in Udaipur, India.” Working paper, Duke University.
Siegel, David. 2011. “Social Networks in Comparative Perspective.” PS: Political Science & Politics 44(1): 5154.Google Scholar
USAID, Office of Democracy and Governance. 2002. “Achievements in Building and Maintaining the Rule of Law: MSI’s Studies in LAC, E&E, AFR, and ANE.” Occasional Paper Series.
Véron, René, Williams, Glyn, Corbridge, Stuart, and Srivastava, Manoj. 2006. “Decentralized Corruption or Corrupt Decentralization? Community Monitoring of Poverty-Alleviation Schemes in Eastern India.” World Development 34(11): 19221941.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wibbels, Erik, Krishna, Anirudh, and Sriram, M. S.. 2016. “Land Title, Settlement Recognition and the Emergence of Property Rights: Evidence from 157 Slums.” Working paper, Duke University.
Williams, Martin. 2015. “Policy Implementation, Institutions and Distributive Politics: Evidence from Unfinished Infrastructure in Ghana.” Working paper, London School of Economics.
Williamson, Taylor. 2015. “Guide to Assessing Social Accountability Efforts across Sectors.” RTI, International Development Group Working Paper Series No. 2015–04.
World Bank. 2004. World Development Report 2004: Making Services Work for Poor People. Washington, DC: World Bank Publications.
2
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×