Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-w9xp6 Total loading time: 0.319 Render date: 2022-12-01T21:55:19.150Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

6 - Organised crime: developments and challenges for an enlarged European Union

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 2011

Massimo Fichera
Affiliation:
University of Helsinki
Christina Eckes
Affiliation:
Universiteit van Amsterdam
Theodore Konstadinides
Affiliation:
University of Surrey
Get access

Summary

INTRODUCTION

Organised crime is a complex phenomenon. Historically, there has probably always been some form of structured or semi-structured criminal activity at all levels. Just as its shape and features vary, depending on the context in which it develops, so do the methods and the legislative criteria that are employed to combat it, although they have a number of elements in common. What makes European and international policies against organised crime particularly relevant nowadays is the dimension of this phenomenon and its increased ability to affect the economy and the society of one or more states at a time.

The strengthening of EU institutions and the trend towards more integration have brought about growing political pressure to forge common strategies for prevention and repression, as part of the broader canvas of judicial and police cooperation in criminal matters. These strategies, which have been influenced by criminological theories initially elaborated in the US, have been developing in a non-organic fashion, resulting in an incoherent and fragmented cooperation structure. The reasons for this are manifold, from the non-uniform evolution of the EU as a whole to the controversial mechanisms of decision-making within the pre-Lisbon third pillar. One cannot overlook the existence of different legal definitions of ‘criminal organisation’ in the various Member States and the difficulties deriving from this.

Type
Chapter
Information
Crime within the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
A European Public Order
, pp. 159 - 191
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Lunde, P., Organised Crime: An Inside Guide to the World's Most Successful Industry (2nd edn, Dorling Kindersley, 2006)Google Scholar
Mitsilegas, V., ‘Defining Organised Crime in the European Union: The Limits of European Criminal Law in an Area of “Freedom, Security and Justice”26 European Law Review (2001) 565Google Scholar
Saviano, R., Gomorrah: Italy's Other Mafia (Macmillan, 2008)Google Scholar
Anderson, M.et al., Policing the European Union (Clarendon Press, 1995) 53Google Scholar
Peek, J., ‘International Police Cooperation within Justified Political and Juridical Frameworks: Five Theses on Trevi’, in J. Monar and R. Morgan (eds.), The Third Pillar of the European Union: Cooperation in the Fields of Justice and Home Affairs (EIP, 1995) 85Google Scholar
Wilkitsky, P., ‘Development of an Effective International Crime and Justice Programme: A European View’, in A. Eser and O. Lagodny (eds.), Principles and Procedures for a New Transnational Criminal Law (Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, 1992) 267Google Scholar
Paoli, L. and Fijnaut, C., ‘Introduction to Part III: The Initiatives of the European Union and the Council of Europe’, in C. Fijnaut and L. Paoli (eds.), Organised Crime in Europe: Concepts, Patterns and Control Policies in the European Union and Beyond (Springer, 2004) 625, 633Google Scholar
Santino, U., ‘Introduction’, in U. Santino and G. La Fiura, L'impresa mafiosa. Dall'Italia agli Stati Uniti (Angeli, 1990)Google Scholar
Duyne, P., ‘Organised Crime, Corruption, and Power26 Crime, Law and Social Change (1997) 201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hess, H., Mafia and Mafiosi. The Structure of Power (Saxon House, 1970)Google Scholar
Paoli, L., Mafia Brotherhoods. Organized Crime, Italian Style (2nd edn, Oxford University Press, 2003)Google Scholar
Williams, P., ‘Organising Transnational Crime: Networks, Markets and Hierarchies’, in P. Williams and D. Vlassis (eds.), ‘Combating Transnational Crime: Concepts, Activities and Responses’ 4 Transnational Organised Crime (1998) 57, 73Google Scholar
Keohane, R. and Nye, J. (eds.), Transnational Relations and World Politics (Harvard University Press, 1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Albini, J.et al., ‘Russian Organised Crime’, in P. Ryan and G. Rush, Understanding Organised Crime in Global Perspective (Sage Publications, 1997)Google Scholar
Pradel, J., Droit pénal comparé (2nd edn, Dalloz, 2002)Google Scholar
Simester, A.P. and Sullivan, G.R., Criminal Law: Theory and Doctrine (2nd edn, Hart Publishing, 2003) 271Google Scholar
Levi, M., ‘Perspectives on Organised Crime: An OverviewThe Howard Journal (1998) 335CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cuesta, J. L., ‘El Derecho Penal Ante la Criminalidad Organizada: Nuevos Retos y Límites’, in F. Gutiérrez-Alviz Conradi and M. Valcárce Lόpez (eds.), La cooperaciόn internacional frente a la criminalidad organizada (Sevilla, 2001) 85Google Scholar
Fiandaca, G., ‘L'associazione di tipo mafioso nelle prime applicazioni giurisprudenziali5 Foro italiano (1985) 301Google Scholar
Turone, G., Il delitto di associazione mafiosa (2nd edn, Giuffrè, 2008)Google Scholar
Symeonidou-Kastanidou, E., ‘Towards a New Definition of Organised Crime in the European Union15 European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice (2007) 83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fyfe, N. and Sheptycki, J., ‘International Trends in the Facilitation of Witness Co-operation in Organised Crime Cases3 European Journal of Criminology (2006) 319CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leo, F., Tufo, M. Del, Michelini, G. and Patrone, F., ‘Treatment of Persons Co-operating with the Judicial Authorities and Witnesses: The Italian System and Good Practices’, in Crime Policy in Europe (Council of Europe Publishing, 2004) 189, 201Google Scholar
Ülgen, Ő., ‘The UK's New Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA): Combining Intelligence and Law Enforcement78 International Review of Penal Law (2007) 153Google Scholar
Colombo, G., ‘Investigating and Prosecuting Large-Scale Corruption4 Journal of International Criminal Justice (2006) 510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bignami, F., ‘Privacy and Law Enforcement in the European Union: The Data Retention Directive8 Chicago Journal of International Law (2007) 233Google Scholar
Fletcher, M., ‘The Problem of Multiple Criminal Prosecutions: Building an Effective EU Response26 Yearbook of European Law (2007) 35–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
2
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×