Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)
Abbott, Frederick. 2000. The NAFTA and the Legalization of World Politics: A Case Study. International Organization54 (3): 519–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abbott, Kenneth W. and Snidal, Duncan. 1998. Why States Act through Formal International Organizations. Journal of Conflict Resolution42 (1): 3–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abbott, Kenneth W. and Snidal, Duncan. 2000. Hard and Soft Law in International Governance. International Organization54 (3): 421–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Abbott, Kenneth W. and Snidal, Duncan. 2004. Pathways to International Cooperation. In The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation: Theoretical Perspectives, ed. Benvenisti, E. and Hirsch, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Abbott, Kenneth W., Keohane, Robert O., Moravcsik, Andrew, Slaughter, Anne-Marie, and Snidal, Duncan. 2000. The Concept of Legalization. International Organization54 (3): 401–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Africa Research Bulletin. 2000. Sierra Leone: UK Promises to “Go the Distance.”Africa Research Bulletin37 (6): 14019–14021.Google Scholar
Afrol, . 2006. Angola to double diamond production in 2006. Afrol News, March 14. www.afrol.com/articles/15888 (accessed March 26, 2008).
Alesina, Alberto and Tabellini, Guido. 2005. Why do Politicians Delegate? Harvard Institute of Economic Research, Discussion Paper No. 2079. http://post.economics.harvard.edu/hier/2005papers/2005list.html.
Allison, Graham and Zelikow, Philip. 1999. Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis. 2nd ed. New York: Longman.Google Scholar
Alter, Karen J.1998. Who Are the Masters of the Treaty? European Governments and the European Court of Justice. International Organization52 (1): 121–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alter, Karen J. and Meunier, Sophie. 2006. Nested and Overlapping Regimes in the Transatlantic Banana Trade Dispute. Journal of European Public Policy13 (3): 362–382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alter, Karen J. and Meunier, Sophie. 2007. The Politics of International Regime Complexity. Introduction to the symposium “The Politics of International Regime Complexity,” currently under submission at Perspectives on Politics.
Anderson, Erin and Schmittlein, David C.. 1984. Integration of the Sales Force: An Empirical Examination. Rand Journal of Economics15 (3): 385–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andreas, Peter and Bertram, Eva. 1992. From Cold War to Drug War. In Paradigms Lost: The Post Cold War Era, ed. Hartman, C. and Vilanova, P.. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
Annan, Kofi A.1999. Facing the Humanitarian Challenge: Towards a Culture of Prevention (Unis/Sg/2358).
Apter, David Ernest. 1997. Political Violence in Analytical Perspective. In The Legitimization of Violence, ed. Apter, D. E.. New York: New York University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ashworth, Andrew. 2003. Principles of Criminal Law. 4th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Atkins, Andy. 1998. The Economic and Political Impact of the Drug Trade and Drug Control Policies in Bolivia. In Latin America and the Multinational Drug Trade, ed. Joyce, Elizabeth and Malamud, Carlos. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Aust, Anthony. 2000. Modern Treaty Law and Practice. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Balakrishnan, S. and Wernerfelt, B.. 1986. Asset Specificity, Firm Heterogeneity, and Capital Structure. Strategic Management Journal7: 347–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ballman, Alexander, Epstein, David, and O'Halloran, Sharyn. 2002. Delegation, Comitology, and the Separation of Powers in the European Union. International Organization56 (3): 551–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barclay, Gordon and Tavares, Cynthia. 2003. International Comparisons of Criminal Justice Statistics 2001. www.csdp.org/research/hosb1203.pdf (accessed January 15, 2008).
Barnard, Chester. 1938. The Functions of the Executive. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Barro, Robert and Gordon, David. 1983. A Positive Theory of Modern Policy in a Natural Rate Model. Journal of Political Economy91: 589–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bassiouni, M. C. and Thony, François. 1999. The International Drug Control System. In International Criminal Law, ed. Bassiouni, M. C.. Ardsley, NY: Transnational Publishers.Google Scholar
Bawn, Kathleen. 1995. Political Control versus Expertise: Congressional Choices about Administrative Procedures. American Political Science Review89 (1): 62–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bayart, Jean-François, Ellis, Stephen, and Hibou, Béatrice. 1999. The Criminalization of the State in Africa. Oxford, Bloomington, and Indianapolis: James Currey and Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
Bayer, I. and Ghodse, H.1999. Evolution of international drug control, 1945–1995. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Bulletin on Narcotics LI (1–2): 1–12. www.unodc.org/unodc/en/data-and-analysis/bulletin/bulletin_1999–01–01_1_page003.html (accessed March 23, 2008).
Beare, Margaret E.2001. Critique of a Compliance-Driven Enforcement Strategy: Money Laundering and the Financial Sector. Paper presented at the Transparency International Conference, Toronto, ON.
Beare, Margaret E. and Schneider, Stephen. 1990. Tracing of Illicit Funds: Money Laundering in Canada. Ottawa: Ministry of the Solicitor General of Canada.Google Scholar
Bennett, Trevor. 1998. Drugs and Crime: The Results of Research on Drug Testing and Interviewing Arrestees. London: Home Office. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs/hors183.pdf (accessed March 1, 2008).
Berdal, Mats and Malone, David M.. 2000. Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas and Civil Wars. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Berkol, Ilhan. 2007. Analysis of the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons and Recommendations for the Development of an Action Plan. GRIP: Groupe de recherche et d'information sur la paix et la sécurité. www.grip.org/bdg/g1071en.pdf.
Berkol, Ilhan and Gramizzi, Claudia. 2006. La Conférence d’évaluation du Programme d'action des Nations Unies sur les armes légeres (26 juin–7 juillet 2006): Un non-résultat logique. Brussels, Belgium: Groupe de recherché et d'information sur la paix et la sécurité. www.grip.org/bdg/g4604.html (accessed April 1, 2008).
Phyllis, Berman and Goldman, Lea. 2003. Cracked De Beers: Lev Leviev Is Taking on the Most Successful Cartel in the World. Forbes, September 15. www.forbes.com/global/2003/0915/046.html (accessed March 22, 2008).
Bertram, Eva. 1996. Drug War Politics: The Price of Denial. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Bewley-Taylor, David R.1999. The United States and International Drug Control, 1907–1997. London and New York: Pinter.Google Scholar
Bewley-Taylor, David R.2002. Habits of a Hegemon: The United States and the Future of the Global Drug Prohibition Regime. Transnational Institute. http://drugtext.org/library/articles/tni002.htm (accessed March 23, 2008).
Bewley-Taylor, David and Trace, Mike. 2006. The International Narcotics Control Board: Watchdog or Guardian of the UN Drug Conventions?Witley, Surrey, UK: Beckley Foundation. www.internationaldrugpolicy.net/reports/BeckleyFoundation_Report_07.pdf (accessed March 22, 2008).Google Scholar
Birnbaum, Jeffrey H.2001. Washington Power 25: Fat and Happy in DC. Fortune, May 14.
,Bank for International Settlements. 2001. Customer Due Diligence for Banks. Basel Committee on Banking Supervision. October. www.bis.org/publ/bcbs85.pdf (accessed March 25, 2008).
,Bank for International Settlements. 2004. External Positions of Banks in Individual Reporting Countries, Table 2B. Bank for International Settlements Quarterly Review. December. www.bis.org/statistics/bankstats.htm (accessed March 20, 2008).
Biting the Bullet. 2001. International Alert and Saferworld. www.basicint.org/WT/smallarms/UN2001/BTB_Recommendations.pdf (accessed March 27, 2008).
Blais, Andre and Massicotte, Louis. 1997. Electoral Formulas: A Macroscopic Perspective. European Journal of Political Research32: 107–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Block, Alan A.1992. Failures at Home and Abroad: Studies in the Implementation of US Drug Policy. In War on Drugs: Studies in the Failure of US Narcotic Policy, ed. McCoy, A. W. and Block, A. A.. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Boaz, David. 1991. The Consequences of Prohibition. In The Crisis in Drug Prohibition, ed. Boaz, D.. Washington, DC: Cato Institute.Google Scholar
Bobrow, David B. and Dryzek, John S.. 1987. Policy Analysis by Design. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
Boerner, Christopher S. and Macher, Jeffrey T.. 2001. Transaction Cost Economics: An Assessment of Empirical Research in the Social Sciences. Georgetown University Working Paper.
Bogges, D. Brian.1992. Exporting United States Drug Law: An Example of the International Ramifications of the “War on Drugs.”Brigham Young University Law Review: 165–190.Google Scholar
Boister, Neil. 2001. The Penal Aspects of the UN Drug Convention. The Hague and Boston: Kluwer Law International.Google Scholar
Bradley, Curtis A. and Kelley, Judith G.. 2006. The Concept of International Delegation. Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 141. http://ssrn.com/abstract=943044 (accessed March 29, 2008).
Braithwaite, John and Drahos, Peter. 2000. Global Business Regulation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Brem, Stefan M.2006. Regulating Small Arms: The Role of NGOs and Private Companies Negotiating an International Action Framework. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Zurich.
Brierly, James L.1963. Law of Nations: An Introduction to the International Law of Peace. 6th ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Broome, John. 2005. Anti-Money Laundering: International Practice and Policies. Causeway Bay, Hong Kong: Sweet & Maxwell Asia.Google Scholar
Browne, Marjorie Ann. 2005. The United Nations and “Gun Control.” April 7. Order Code RS22108. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. www.italy.usembassy.gov/pdf/other/RS22108.pdf (accessed March 18, 2008).
Brütsch, Christian and Lehmkuhl, Dirk, eds. 2007. Law and Legalization in Transnational Relations. London and New York: Routledge.
Bueno de Mesquita, Bruce, Morrow, James D., Siverson, Randolph M., and Smith, Alastair. 1999. Policy Failure and Political Survival. Journal of Conflict Resolution43: 147–161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Buiter, Willem. 2007. Legalise Drugs to Beat Terrorists. Financial Times, August 7.
Burchell, Graham, Gordon, Colin, and Miller, Peter, eds. 1991. The Foucault Effect: Studies in Governmentality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRef
Business Day. 2002. DRC Loses $800m to Diamond Fraud. Business Day, 28 October. http://globalpolicy.igc.org/security/issues/congo/2002/1028loses.htm.
Buzan, Barry, Wæver, Ole, and Wilde, Jaap. 1998. Security: A New Framework for Analysis. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Camdessus, Michel. 1998. Money Laundering: The Importance of International Countermeasures. Address given on February 10 in Paris at the Plenary Meeting of the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network on Money Laundering. www.imf.org/external/np/speeches/1998/021098.htm (accessed August 20, 2007).
Cao, Lan. 2004. International Money Laundering: From Latin America to Asia, Who Pays? The Transnational and Sub-National in Global Crimes. Berkeley Journal of International Law59: 59–97. www.wm.edu/law/publications/online/cao-653-6684.pdf.Google Scholar
Carey, John M.2000. Parchment, Equilibria, and Institutions. Comparative Political Studies33 (6/7): 735–761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carr, Edward Hallett. 1946. The Twenty Years’ Crisis: 1919–1939. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carroll, Lisa C.2002. Alternative Remittance Systems: Distinguishing Sub-Systems of Ethnic Money Laundering in Interpol Member Countries on the Asian Continent. Interpol, March 6, pp. 26–27.
Celia Toro, María. 1999. The Internationalization of Police: The Drug Enforcement Administration of the US Department in Mexico. In Journal of American History, ed. Thelen, David. Special Issue, Rethinking History and the Nation State: Mexico and the United States. www.indiana.edu/~jah/mexico/mtoro.html.
,Center for the Study of Democracy and Saferworld. 2004. Weapons under Scrutiny: Implementing Arms Export Controls and Combating Small Arms Proliferation in Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria: Center for the Study of Democracy.Google Scholar
,Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). 2004. Homicide Trends and Characteristics: Brazil, 1980–2002. Morbidity and Mortality Report Weekly, 53(08): 169–171. www.cdc.gov/mmwR/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5308a1.htm (accessed March 1, 2008).Google Scholar
,Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue. 2006. Putting Guns in Their Place: A Resource Pack for Two Years of Action by Humanitarian Agencies. www.hdcentre.org/files/PuttingGunsInTheirPlace.pdf (accessed March 14, 2008).
Chayes, Abram and Chayes, Antonia Handler. 1993. On Compliance. International Organization47: 175–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chayes, Abram, and Chayes, Antonia Handler. 1995. New Sovereignty: Compliance with International Regulatory Agreements. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Chinkin, Christine. 2003. Normative Development in the International Legal System. In Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System, ed. Shelton, D.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Praslin, Choiseul, Charles-Henri, . 1991. La drogue: une economie dynamisée par la repression: la marée blanche. Paris: Presses du CNRS.Google Scholar
,Central Intelligence Agency. 2004. Nauru. The World Factbook. www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/index.html (accessed January 11, 2005).
Clutterbuck, Richard. 1995. Drugs, Crime and Corruption: Think the Unthinkable. Basingstoke: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collier, Paul.2000. Rebellion as a Quasi-Criminal Activity. Journal of Conflict Resolution44 (6): 839–853.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Collier, Paul and Hoeffler, Anke. 2004. Greed and Grievance and Civil War. Oxford Economic Papers56: 563–595.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cortell, Andrew P. and Peterson, Susan. 2006. Dutiful Agents, Rogue Actors, or Both? Staffing, Voting Rules, and Slack in the WHO and World Trade Organization. In Delegation and Agency in International Organizations, ed. Hawkins, D. G.et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Cortright, David and Lopez, George A., eds. 2000. The Sanctions Decade: Assessing UN Strategies in the 1990s. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Cragin, Kim and Hoffman, Bruce. 2003. Arms Trafficking and Colombia. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.Google Scholar
Csete, Joanne and Wolfe, Daniel. 2007. The International Narcotics Control Board and HIV/AIDS. Treatment Issues (GMHC)21 (1): 4–7.Google ScholarPubMed
,Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization. 2001. The Global Verification Regime and the International Monitoring System. Preparatory Commission. www.ctbto.org/reference/outreach/booklet3.pdf.
Cuéllar, Mariano-Florentino. 2004. The Mismatch between State Power and State Capacity in Transnational Law Enforcement. Berkeley Journal of International Law22 (1): 15–58.Google Scholar
,United Nations Department of Disarmament Affairs. 2007. Small Arms and Light Weapons. UN Department of Disarmament Affairs. http://disarmament.un.org/cab/salw.html (accessed August 30, 2007).
DeSombre, Elizabeth. 1995. Baptists and Bootleggers for the Environment: The Origins of United States Unilateral Sanctions. Journal of Environment and Development4 (1): 53–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dietrich, Christian. 2000. Porous borders and diamonds. In Angola's War Economy: The Role of Oil and Diamonds, ed. Gilliers, Jakkie and Dietrich, Christian. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.Google Scholar
DiMaggio, Paul J. and Powell, Walter W.. 1983. The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Organizational Fields. American Sociological Review28 (2): 147–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Diver, Colin S.1983. The Optimal Precision of Administrative Rules. Yale Law Journal93 (1): 65–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dixit, Avinash K.1996. The Making of Economic Policy. A Transaction-Cost Politics Perspective. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Donnelly, Jack. 1992. The United Nations and the Global Drug Control Regime. In Drug Policy in the Americas, ed. Smith, P. H.. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Downs, George W., Rocke, David M., and Barsoom, Peter N.. 1996. Is the Good News About Compliance Good News About Cooperation?International Organization50 (3): 379–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,DPA. 2006. Antwerp diamond faces Asian competition. www.indianmuslims.info/news/2006/may/07/economy/antwerp_diamond_faces_asian_competition.html (accessed March 27, 2008).
Drezner, Daniel W.2001. Sovereignty for Sale: Why It's Never Been More Profitable to Be a Nation-State than in Today's Non-Nation-State World. Foreign Policy (September/October): 76–77.
Drezner, Daniel W.2006. The Viscosity of Global Governance: When Is Forum-Shopping Expensive? Paper presented at the International Political Economy Society Conference, Princeton University. www.princeton.edu/~pcglobal/conferences/IPES/papers/drezner_S1100_16.pdf (accessed March 28, 2008).
Dworkin, Ronald. 1986. Law's Empire. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Dyer, Jeffrey H.1996. Does Governance Matter? Keiretsu Alliances and Asset Specificity as Sources of Japanese Competitive Advantage. Organization Science7 (6): 649–666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,Economics and Statistics Office of the Government of the Cayman Islands. 2004. Employment Report. www.eso.ky/pages1.php?page=employment.
Edwards, Adam and Gill, Peter. 2003. After Transnational Organised Crime? The Politics of Public Safety. In Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security, ed. Edwards, A. and Gill, P.. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Eggertsson, Thrainn. 1990. Economic Behavior and Institutions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elgie, Robert and McMenamin, Iain. 2005. Credible Commitment, Political Uncertainty or Policy Complexity? Explaining Variations in the Independence of Non-Majoritarian Institutions in France. British Journal of Political Science35: 531–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 2003. Public Spending on Drugs in the European Union during the 1990s. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. www.emcdda.eu.int/?nnodeid=1345 (accessed April 2, 2008).
,European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. 2007. Annual Report on the State of the Drugs Problem in Europe. Lisbon: European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. www.emcdda.europa.eu (accessed March 28, 2008).
Epstein, David and O'Halloran, Sharyn. 1999. Delegating Powers: A Transaction Cost Politics Approach to Policy Making under Separate Powers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Epstein, Edward Jay. 1977. Agency of Fear: Opiates and Political Power in America. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.Google Scholar
,European Union. 1999. Joint Action of 17 December 1998. Official Journal of the European Communities (1999/34/CFSP), January 15.
Evans, Peter. 1997. The Eclipse of the State? Reflections on Stateness in an Era of Globalization. World Politics50 (1): 62–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Farah, Douglas. 2001. Al Qaeda Cash Tied to Diamond Trade. Washington Post, November 2. www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/diamond/2001/1102qaeda.htm (accessed March 26, 2008).
Farer, Tom. 2000. Shaping Agendas in Civil Wars. In Greed and Grievance: Economic Agendas in Civil Wars, ed. Berdal, M. and Malone, D. M.. Boulder, CO and London: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
,Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. 1991. Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering 1990–1991. Paris: Financial Action Task Force.Google Scholar
,Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. 2007. Guidance on the Risk-Based Approach to Combating Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing. Paris: Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. www.fatf-gafi.org/dataoecd/43/46/38960576.pdf (accessed March 25, 2008).Google Scholar
,Financial Crimes Enforcement Network. 2008. Non-Cooperative Countries and Territories: Timeline. www.fatf-gafi.org/document/54/0,3343,en_32250379_32236992_33919542_1_1_1_1,00.html (accessed March 10, 2008).
Fearon, James D.1997. Signaling Foreign Policy Interest: Tying Hands Versus Sinking Costs. Journal of Conflict Resolution41 (1): 68–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Felbab-Brown, Vanda. 2004. The Coca Connection: The Impacts of Illicit Substances on Militarized Conflicts. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association.
Felbab-Brown, Vanda. 2005. Afghanistan: When Counternarcotics Undermines Counterterrorism. Washington Quarterly28 (4): 55–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Financial Times. 2005. Compliance Costs of Following the Money. Financial Times, June 10.
Finnemore, Martha and Toope, Stephen J. 2001. Alternatives to “Legalization”: Richer Views of Law and Politics. International Organization44 (3): 743–758.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fiorina, Morris P.1982. Legislative Choice of Regulatory Forms: Legal Process or Administrative Process?Public Choice39: 33–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fischer, Benedikt, Rehm, J., and Culbert, T.. 2005. Opium-Based Medicines: A Mapping of Global Demand, Supply and the Pharmaceutical Industry. The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, University of Toronto.
Forero, Juan. 2005. Ex-Airline Chief Gets 20 Years For Ferrying Cocaine. The New York Times, December 21.
Franck, Thomas M.1990. The Power of Legitimacy among Nations. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Zeitung, Frankfurter Allgemeine. 2007. Morde in Duisburg: Wo es Pizza gibt, ist auch die Mafia zu Hause. FAZ.net, August 16.
Fraser, John. 2004. Congo Seeks to Regain Role in Gem Trade. Business Day, July 20.
Friman, H. Richard and Andreas, Peter. 1999. Introduction: International Relations and the Illicit Global Economy. In The Illicit Global Economy and State Power, ed. Friman, H. R. and Andreas, P.. Lanham, Maryland and Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield.Google Scholar
Frischer, Martin, Green, Stephen T., and Goldberg, David, eds. 1994. Substance Abuse Related Mortality: A Worldwide Review. Scotland, UK: Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health.
Fuller, Jim. 1996. Global Cooperation Vital in Addressing Drug Concerns. Global Issues1(7): 1–5. http://usinfo.state.gov/journals/itgic/0796/ijge/ijge0796.pdf (accessed March 23, 2008).Google Scholar
Galeotti, Mark. 2001. Underworld and Upperworld: Transnational Organized Crime and Global Society. In Non-State Actors in World Politics, ed. Josselin, D. and Wallace, W.. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Garland, D.1999. Governmentability and the Problem of Crime. In Governable Places: Reading on Governmentability and Crime Control, ed. Smandych, R.. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
Gberie, Lansana. 2002. War and Peace in Sierra Leone: Diamonds, Corruption and the Lebanese Connection. Ottawa: Partnership Africa Canada.Google Scholar
Gberie, Lansana. 2004. Diamonds without Maps: Liberia, the UN, Sanctions and the Kimberley Process. Ottawa: Partnership Africa Canada.Google Scholar
Geiger, Hans and Wuensche, Oliver. 2007. The Fight against Money Laundering – An Economic Analysis of a Cost–Benefit Paradoxon. Journal of Money Laundering Control10 (1): 91–105. www.solami.com/geiger.pdf (accessed March 22, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gely, Rafael and Spiller, Pablo T.. 1990. A Rational Choice Theory of Supreme Court Statutory Decisions with Applications to the State Farm and Grove City Cases. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization6 (2): 263–300.Google Scholar
George, Alexander L. and McKeown, Timothy J.. 1985. Case Studies and Theories of Organizational Decision Making. Advances in Information Processing in Organizations2: 21–58.Google Scholar
Georgiev, Dencho. 1993. Politics or Rule of Law: Deconstruction and Legitimacy in International Law. European Journal of International Law4 (1): 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gibney, Mark. 2006. Political Terror Scale. www.unca.edu/politicalscience/DOCS/Gibney/Political%20Terror%20Scale%201980-2005.pdf (accessed March 18, 2008).
Gilardi, Fabrizio.2002. Policy Credibility and Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies: A Comparative Empirical Analysis. Journal of European Public Policy9 (6): 873–893.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gilardi, Fabrizio, Jordana, Jacint, and Levi-Faur, David. 2006. Regulation in the Age of Globalization: The Diffusion of Regulatory Agencies across Europe and Latin America. Institut Barcelona d'Estudis Internacionals (IBEI) Working Papers 2006/1. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=960739.
Gilmore, William C.1999. Dirty Money: The Evolution of Money Laundering Countermeasures. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.Google Scholar
Gimmett, Richard F.2005. Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations, 1997–2004. Order Code RL33051. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
Global Witness. 1998. A Rough Trade: The Role of Companies and Governments in the Angolan Conflict. London: Global Witness.Google Scholar
Global Witness. 2004a. The Kimberley Process Gets Some Teeth: The Republic of Congo Is Removed from the Kimberley Process for Failing to Combat the Trade in Conflict Diamonds. London: Global Witness. www.globalwitness.org/press_releases/display2.php?id=248 (accessed May 30, 2005).Google Scholar
Global Witness. 2004b. Same Old Story: Natural Resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo. London: Global Witness.Google Scholar
Global Witness. 2006. The US Diamond Sector. London: Global Witness. www.globalwitness.org/data/files/media_library/8/en/the_us_diamond_sector.pdf (accessed March 26, 2008).Google Scholar
Global Witness. 2007. Combating Conflict Diamonds. London: Global Witness. www.globalwitness.org/pages/en/the_diamond_industry.html (accessed March 26, 2008.)Google Scholar
Gold, M. and Levi, M.. 1994. Money Laundering in the UK: An Appraisal of Suspicion-Based Reporting. London: The Police Foundation.Google Scholar
Goldstein, Judith. 1996. International Law and Domestic Institutions: Reconciling North American “Unfair” Trade Laws. International Organization50 (4): 541–564.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldstein, Judith and Martin, Lisa L.. 2000. Legalization, Trade Liberalization, and Domestic Politics: A Cautionary Note. International Organization54 (3): 603–632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldstein, Judith, Kahler, Miles, Keohane, Robert O., and Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2000. Introduction: Legalization and World Politics. International Organization54 (3): 385–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goodin, Robert E.1996. Institutions and Their Design. In Theories of Institutional Design, ed. Goodin, R. E.. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goreux, Louis. 2001. Conflict Diamonds. Africa Region Working Paper Series No. 13. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Gourevitch, Peter. 2002. Domestic Politics and International Relations. In Handbook of International Relations, ed. Carlsnaes, Walter, Risse, Thomas, and Simmons, Beth. London: Sage.Google Scholar
Gray, James P.2001. Why Our Drug Laws Have Failed and What We Can Do About It: A Judicial Indictment of the War on Drugs. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
Green, Peter S.1997. Use of Banknotes Aids Criminals: Launderers Cash in On Eastern Europe. International Herald Tribune, February 17.
Greenberg, Maurice R.2002. Terrorist Financing: Report of an Independent Task Force. New York: Council on Foreign Relations.Google Scholar
Gruber, Lloyd. 2000. Ruling the World: Power Politics and the Rise of Supranational Institutions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guáqueta, Alexandra. 2003. The Colombian Conflict: Political and Economic Dimensions. In The Political Economy of Armed Conflict: Beyond Greed and Grievance, ed. Ballentine, K. and Sherman, J.. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.Google Scholar
Gulati, Ranjay and Singh, Harbir. 1998. The Architecture of Cooperation: Managing Cooperation Costs and Appropriation Concerns in Strategic Alliances. Administrative Science Quarterly43: 781–814.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guzman, Andrew T.2004. The Design of International Agreements. International Legal Studies Working Papers Series, No. 8. Berkeley: University of California at Berkeley. http://repositories.cdlib.org/ils/wp/8.Google Scholar
Haas, Peter M.2003. Choosing to Comply: Theorizing from International Relations and Comparative Politics. In Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System, ed. Shelton, D.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hafner-Burton, Emilie. 2005. Forum Shopping for Human Rights: Trade Arrangements For Sale. Paper presented at the American Political Science Association, Annual Meeting, September 1–4, Washington, DC. www.princeton.edu/~smeunier/Hafner-Burton.pdf (accessed March 30, 2008).
Hall, Peter and Taylor, Rosemary. 1996. Political Science and the Three New Institutionalisms. Political Studies44: 936–958.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Handl, Gunther F., Reisman, W. Michael, Simma, Bruno, Dupuy, Pierre Marie, Chinkin, Christineet al. 1988. A Hard Look at Soft Law. American Society of International Law Proceedings82: 371–395.Google Scholar
Hart Ezell, Virginia. 2002. Small Arms: Dominating Conflict in the Twenty-First Century. Brown Journal of World Affairs9 (1): 305–310.Google Scholar
Hart, Paul 't, Stern, Eric K., and Sundelius, Bengt. 1997. Beyond Groupthink: Political Group Dynamics and Foreign Policy-Making. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hasenclever, Andreas, Mayer, Peter, and Rittberger, Volker. 1997. Theories of International Regimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hawkins, Darren, Lake, David A., Nielson, Daniel, and Tierney, Michael J.. 2006. Delegation Under Anarchy: States, International Organizations, and Principal Agent Theory. In Delegation and Agency in International Organizations, ed. Hawkins, D.et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helfer, Laurence R.1999. Forum Shopping for Human Rights. University of Pennsylvania Law Review148 (285): 288–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helfer, Laurence R. and Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 1997. Toward a Theory of Effective Supranational Adjudication. Yale Law Journal107 (2): 273–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Helmke, Gretchen and Levitsky, Steven. 2004. Informal Institutions and Comparative Politics: A Research Agenda. Perspectives on Politics2 (4): 724–740.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hemmati, Minu. 2002. Multi-Stakeholder Processes for Governance and Sustainability: Beyond Deadlock and Conflict. London: Earthscan.Google Scholar
Henisz, . 2000. The Institutional Environment for Multinational Investment. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization16 (2): 334–364.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges, and Change. 2004. A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility. New York: United Nations. www.un.org/secureworld/ (accessed March 18, 2008).Google Scholar
Hirsch, Moshe. 2004. Compliance with International Norms. In The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation: Theoretical Perspectives, ed. Benvenisti, E. and Hirsch, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hochschild, Adam. 1999. King Leopold's Ghost: A Story of Greed, Terror, and Heroism in Colonial Africa. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Hoekman, Bernard M. and Kostecki, Michel M.. 2001. The Political Economy of the World Trading System: The World Trade Organization and Beyond. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hoffmann, Stanley. 1968. International Law and the Control of Force. In The Relevance of International Law, ed. Deutsch, K. W. and Hoffmann, S.. Cambridge, MA: Schenkman Publishers.Google Scholar
Hopkinson, Nicholas. 1991. Fighting Drugs Trafficking in the Americas and Europe. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
Horn, Murray. 1995. The Political Economy of Public Administration: Institutional Choice in the Public Sector. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horn, Murray J. and Shepsle, Kenneth A.. 1989. Commentary on “Administrative Arrangements and the Political Control of Agencies”: Administrative Process and Organizational Form as Legislative Responses to Agency Costs. Virginia Law Review75: 499–508.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Horvitz, Leslie Alan. 1994. FBI Enters Global Battle on Organized Crime. Washington Times, July 19.
Huber, John D. and Shipan, Charles R.. 2002. Deliberate Discretion? The Institutional Foundations of Bureaucratic Autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,Human Rights Watch, 2001. UN: “Program of Inaction” on Small Arms. July 19. http://hrw.org/english/docs/2001/07/19/global308_txt.htm (accessed April 1, 2008).
,Human Rights Watch, 2004. Written Statement Submitted by Human Rights Watch to the UN Economic and Social Council. Asserting the Human Rights of Injection Drug Users in the Era of HIV/AIDS, March 11. www.unhchr.ch/Huridocda/Huridoca.nsf/0/366b8a2202edf69cc1256e600057a025?Opendocument (accessed April 1, 2008).
,IANSA. 2006. Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the First Five Years of the UN Programme of Action. Biting the Bullet Project.
,IISS. 2004. Military Balance 2004–5. London: International Institute for Strategic Studies.Google Scholar
Iklé, Fred Charles. 1964. How Nations Negotiate. New York, Evanston, and London: Harper & Row.Google Scholar
,International Herald Tribune. 2007. Colombia Navy Seizes Submarine Suspected of Hauling Cocaine. August 7.
,International Narcotics Control Board (International Narcotics Control Board). 2006. Report of the International Narcotics Control Board. Vienna: International Narcotics Control Board.Google Scholar
Janis, Irving Lester. 1983. Groupthink: Psychological Studies of Policy Decisions and Fiascoes. 2nd ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Jervis, Robert. 1975. Perception and Misperception in International Politics. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Johnston, Douglas M.1997. Consent and Commitment in the World Community: The Classification and Analysis of International Instruments. New York: Transnational Publishers.Google Scholar
Jojarth, Christine. 2007. The Birth of a New World Order. Parliamentary Brief, November 2–3. www.thepolitician.org/articles/the-birth-of-a-new-602.html.
Joyce, Elizabeth. 1999. Transnational Criminal Enterprise: The European Perspective. In Transnational Crime in the Americas, ed. Farer, T.. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Kahler, Miles. 2000. Legalization as Strategy: The Asia-Pacific Case. International Organization54 (3): 549–571.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaldor, Mary. 1999. New and Old Wars: Organised Violence in the Global Era. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Keck, Margaret E. and Sikkink, Kathryn. 1998. Activists Beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Keck, Otto. 1993. The New Institutionalism and the Relative Gains Debate. In International Relations and Pan-Europe: Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Findings, ed. Pfetsch, F. R.. Münster: Lit Verlag.Google Scholar
Keefer, Philip and Stasavage, David. 1998. When Does Delegation Improve Credibility? Central Bank Independence and the Separation of Powers. Working Papers Series 98–18. Oxford: Centre for the Study of African Economies.Google Scholar
Keegan, John. 1993. A History of Warfare. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
Keen, David. 1998. The Economic Functions of Violence in Civil Wars, Adelphi Paper 320. Oxford: Oxford University Press for the International Institute of Security Studies.Google Scholar
Kellerhals, Merle D. Jr. 2001. UN Small Arms Conference a Success, US Official Says. August 21. www.fas.org/asmp/campaigns/smallarms/UNConf_US_success.htm (accessed March 18, 2008).
Keohane, Robert O.1982. The Demand for International Regimes. International Organization36 (2): 325–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keohane, Robert O.1984. After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Keohane, Robert O.1988. International Institutions: Two Approaches. International Studies Quarterly32 (4): 379–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Keohane, Robert O.1989. International Institutions and State Power: Essays in International Relations Theory. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Keohane, Robert O. and Nye, Joseph S., eds. 1971. Transnational Relations and World Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Keohane, Robert O. and Nye, Joseph S., eds. 1989. Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. 2nd ed. Boston: Little, Brown.
Keohane, Robert O. and Nye, Joseph S., eds. 2000. Introduction. In Governance in a Globalizing World, ed. Nye, J. and Donahue, J.. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.
Keohane, Robert O., Moravcsik, Andrew, and Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2000. Legalized Dispute Resolution: Interstate and Transnational. International Organization54 (3): 457–488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kessler, Glenn. 2007. Weapons Given to Iraq Are Missing. Washington Post, August 6. www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/08/05/AR2007080501299.html (accessed March 28, 2008).
,Kimberley Process. 2008. Background. www.kimberleyprocess.com/background/index_en.html (accessed March 14, 2008).
King, Charles. 1997. Ending Civil Wars. Adelphi Paper 308. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press for the International Institute of Security Studies.Google Scholar
King, Gary, Keohane, Robert O., and Verba, Sidney. 1994. Designing Social Inquiry. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Klabbers, Jan. 2001. The Changing Image of International Organizations. In The Legitimacy of International Organizations, ed. Coicaud, Jean-Marc and Heiskanen, Veijo. Tokyo and New York: United Nations University Press.Google Scholar
Klabbers, Jan. 2002. An Introduction to International Institutional Law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klare, M. T.1995. Light Weapons Diffusion and Global Violence in the Post-Cold War Era. In Light Weapons and International Security, ed. Singh, J.. New Delhi: Pugwash and the Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis.Google Scholar
Klein, Benjamin, Crawford, Robert G., and Alchian, Armen A.. 1978. Vertical Integration, Appropriable Rents and the Competitive Contracting Process. Journal of Law and Economics21 (2): 297–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, Eckart. 1997. Die Internationalen Organisationen Als Völkerrechtssubjekte. In Völkerrecht, ed. Graf Vitzhum, W.. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter.Google Scholar
Klotz, Audie. 1995. Norms in International Relations: The Struggle against Apartheid. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Knight, Frank H.1921. Risk, Uncertainty and Profit. 1st ed. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
Knight, Jack. 1992. Institutions and Social Conflict. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koh, Harold H.1995. A World Transformed. Yale Law Journal20: ix–xiii.Google Scholar
Koh, Harold H.1996. Transnational Legal Process. Nebraska Law Review75 (1): 181–206.Google Scholar
Kopp, Pierre. 2003. Political Economy of Illegal Drugs, Studies in Crime and Economics. London and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koremenos, Barbara. 2001. Loosening the Ties That Bind: A Learning Model of Agreement Flexibility. International Organization55 (2): 289–325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koremenos, Barbara, Lipson, Charles, and Snidal, Duncan. 2001. The Rational Design of International Institutions. International Organization55 (4): 761–799.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,KPMG2004. Global Anti-Money Laundering Survey 2007: How Banks Are Facing Up to the Challenge. www.kpmg.se/download/102716/123054/Global%20Anti-Money%20Laundering%20Survey%202004.pdf (accessed March 30, 2008).
,KPMG2007. Global Anti-Money Laundering Survey 2007 – Appendices. www.kpmg.com/Services/Advisory/Other/AML2007.htm (accessed March 30, 2008).
Krasner, Stephen D.1983. Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables. In International Regimes, ed. Krasner, S. D.. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Krasner, Stephen D.1985. Structural Conflict: The Third World against Global Liberalism. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Krasner, Stephen D.1991. Global Communications and National Power: Life on the Pareto Frontier. World Politics43: 336–366.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krasner, Stephen D.1993. Sovereignty, Regimes, and Human Rights. In Regime Theory and International Relations, ed. Rittberger, V.. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Kratochwil, Friedrich V. and Ruggie, John Gerard. 1986. International Organization: A State of the Art on an Art of the State. International Organization40: 753–775.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krause, Keith. 2002. Multilateral Diplomacy, Norm Building, and UN Conferences: The Case of Small Arms and Light Weapons. Global Governance8: 247–263.Google Scholar
Kuriyan, Vinod. 2005. Botswana Won't Force Beneficiation Said Pres. Mogae. Rapaport News, May 24. www.diamonds.net/news/newsitem.asp?num=12314 (accessed May 30, 2005).
Labrousse, A.1991. La drogue, l'argent et les armes. Paris: Fayard.Google Scholar
Labrousse, A. and Laniel, Laurent. 2002. The World Geopolitics of Drugs, 1998/1999. Dordrecht, Boston, and London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
Laitner, Sarah. 2005. New Diamond Centres Seek to Take Shine off Antwerp. Financial Times, May 26: 20.Google Scholar
Lake, David A.1996. Anarchy, Hierarchy, and the Variety of International Relations. International Organization50 (1): 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lake, David A.1999. Entangling Relations: American Foreign Policy in Its Century. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Lake, David A.2000. Global Governance: A Relational Contracting Approach. In Globalization and Governance, ed. Prakash, A. and Hart, J. A.. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Lake, David A. and McCubbins, Mathew D.. 2006. Delegation to International Agencies. In Delegation Under Anarchy: Principals, Agents, and International Organizations, ed. Hawkins, D.et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Lambert, Edouard. 1921. Le Gouvernement des juges et la lutte contre la legislation sociale aux Etats-Unis. Paris: Giard & Cie.Google Scholar
Landes, William M. and Posner, Richard A.. 1975. The Independent Judiciary in an Interest-Group Perspective. Journal of Law and Economics18 (3): 875–901.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lane, C. and Bachmann, R.. 1996. The Social Constitution of Trust: Supplier Relations in Britain and Germany. Organization Studies17: 365–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Laurance, Edward J., Wagenmakers, Hendrik, and Wulf, Herbert. Managing the Global Problems Created by the Conventional Arms Trade: An Assessment of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms. Global Governance11: 225–246.
Lawrence, Thomas Joseph. 1910. The Principles of International Law. Boston, New York, and Chicago: D. C. Heath and Co.Google Scholar
Billion, Phillippe. 2001. Angola's Political Economy of War: The Role of Oil and Diamonds, 1975–2000. African Affairs100: 54–80.Google Scholar
Lee, Rensselaer W.. 1999. Transnational Organized Crime: An Overview. In Transnational Crime in the Americas: An Inter-American Dialogue Book, ed. Farer, T.. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Lee, Rensselaer W. and Perl, Raphael. 2002. Drug Control: International Policy and Options. March. Order Code IB88093. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service. http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/8975.pdf (accessed January 10, 2008).Google Scholar
Leigh, John E.2002. Testimony before US Congress. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs. Illicit Diamonds, Conflict and Terrorism: The Role of US Agencies in Fighting the Conflict Diamonds Trade. February 13.
Levy, Brian and Spiller, Pablo T.. 1996. A Framework for Resolving the Regulatory Problem. In Regulations, Institutions, and Commitment: Comparative Studies of Telecommunications, ed. Levy, B. and Spiller, P. T.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Levy, Marc A.1993. European Acid Rain: The Power of Tote-Board Diplomacy. In Institutions for the Earth: Sources of Effective International Environmental Protection, ed. Haas, P. M., Keohane, R. O., and Levy, M. A.. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Lijphart, Arend. 1971. Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method. American Political Science Review65 (3): 682–693.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lipschutz, R.1996. Global Civil Society and Global Environmental Governance: The Politics of Nature from Place to Planet. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Lipson, Charles. 1991. Why Are Some International Agreements Informal? International Organization45 (4): 495–538.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lodge, Martin. 2002. On Different Tracks: Designing Railway Regulation in Britain and Germany. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
Lujala, Päivi, Gleditsch, Nils Petter, and Gilmore, Elisabeth. 2005. A Diamond Curse? Civil War and a Lootable Resource. Journal of Conflict Resolution49 (4): 538–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lumpe, Lora, Meek, Sarah, and Naylor, R. T.. 2000. Introduction to Gun-Running. In Running Guns: The Global Black Market in Small Arms, ed. Lumpe, L.. London and New York: Zed Books.Google Scholar
Luttwak, Edward N. and Koehl, Stuart. 1991. The Dictionary of Modern War. New York: HarperCollins.Google Scholar
Lutz, Ellen and Sikkink, Kathryn. 2000. International Human Rights Law and Practice in Latin America. International Organization54 (3): 633–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,Macao Trade and Investment Promotion Institute. 2006. Monetary Authority of Macao Improves By-Laws and Regulations and Introduced an Efficient Mechanism to Combat Money-Laundering. www.ipim.gov.mo/en/publication/macauimage/cover/no38_06.htm (accessed March 28, 2008).
Majone, Giandomenico. 1997. Independent Agencies and the Delegation Problem: Theoretical and Normative Dimensions. In Political Institutions and Public Policy, ed. Steunberg, B. and Vught, F.. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
Malamud-Goti, Jaime. 1992. Reinforcing Poverty: The Bolivian War on Cocaine. In The War on Drugs: Studies in the Failure of US Narcotics Policy, ed. McCoy, A. W. and Block, A. A.. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Malanczuk, Peter. 1997. Akehurst's Modern Introduction to International Law. 7th revised ed. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Malone, David M. ed. 2004. The UN Security Council: From the Cold War to the 21st Century. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Manger, William. 1968. Reform of the OAS: The 1967 Buenos Aires Protocol of Amendment to the 1948 Charter of Bogotá: An Appraisal. Journal of Inter-American Studies, 10 (1): 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
March, James G. and Olsen, Johan P.. 1989. Rediscovering Institutions: The Organizational Basis of Politics. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
March, James G. and Olsen, Johan P.1990. Rediscovering Institutions: The Organizational Basis of Politics. Canadian Journal of Political Science23 (4): 843–844.Google Scholar
March, James G. and Olsen, Johan P.. 1998. The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders. International Organization52 (4): 943–969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marques, Rafael. 2005. Lundas – The Stones of Death – Angola's Deadly Diamonds: Human Rights Abuses in the Lunda Provinces, 2004. Amsterdam: NIZA. firstname.lastname@example.org&password=9999&groups=NIZA&workgroup= (accessed March 26, 2008).
Martin, Lisa L.1993. Coercive Cooperation: Explaining Multilateral Economic Sanctions. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Masten, Scott E., Meehan, James W.., and Snyder, Edward A.. 1991. The Costs of Organization. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization7 (1): 1–25.Google Scholar
Mathiak, Lucy and Lumpe, Lora. 2000. Government Gun-Running to Guerrillas. In Running Guns: The Global Black Market in Small Arms, ed. Lumpe, L.. London and New York: Zed Books.Google Scholar
McAllister, William B.2000. Drug Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century: An International History. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
McCall Smith, James. 2000. The Politics of Dispute Settlement Design: Explaining Legalism in Regional Trade Pacts. International Organization54 (1): 137–180.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McConnell, Tristan. 2007. Fighting diamond smuggling in Africa. Christian Science Monitor, July 30. http://csmonitor.com/2007–0730-p07s02-woaf.html (accessed March 26, 2008).
McCoy, Alfred W.1992. Heroin as a Global Commodity: A History of the Southeast Asia Drug Trade. In War on Drugs: Studies in the Failure of US Narcotics Policy, ed. McCoy, Alfred W. and Block, Alan A.. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
McCubbins, Mathew D. and Page, Talbot. 1993. A Theory of Congressional Delegation. In Congress: Structure and Policy, ed. McCubbins, M. D. and Sullivan, T.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
McCubbins, Mathew D. and Schwartz, Thomas. 1984. Congressional Oversight Overlooked: Police Patrols Versus Fire Alarms. American Journal of Political Science28: 165–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McCubbins, Mathew D., Noll, Roger, and Weingast, Barry. 1987. Administrative Procedures as Instruments of Political Control. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization3 (2): 243–277.Google Scholar
McCubbins, Mathew D., Noll, Roger, and Weingast, Barry. 1989. Structure and Process, Politics and Policy: Administrative Arrangements and the Political Control of Agencies. Virginia Law Review75: 431–482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McFarlane, John and McLennan, Karen. 1996. Transnational Crime: The New Security Paradigm, Working Paper No. 294, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University, Canberra.Google Scholar
Mearsheimer, John J.1994–1995. The False Promise of Institutions. International Security19 (3): 5–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,MEIB staff. 2004. Hezbollah and the West African Diamond Trade. Middle East Intelligence Bulletin6 (6–7).Google Scholar
Miller, Gary. 2000a. Above Politics: Credible Commitment and Efficiency in the Design of Public Agencies. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory10: 289–327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Miller, Gary. 2000b. Rational Choice and Dysfunctional Institutions. Governance: An International Journal of Policy and Administration13 (4): 535–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milner, Helen V.1997. Interests, Institutions and Information: Domestic Politics and International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Milner, Helen V.2006. Why Multilateralism? Foreign Aid and Domestic Principal-Agent Problems. In Delegation and Agency in International Organizations, ed. Hawkins, D. G.et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Milner, Helen V., Peter Rosendorff, B. and Mansfield, Edward D.. 2004. International Trade and Domestic Politics: The Domestic Sources of International Trade Agreements and Institutions. In The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation: Theoretical Perspectives, ed. Benvenisti, E. and Hirsch, M.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Mitchell, Ronald B.2006. Relative Effectiveness of International Environmental Agreements. Global Environmental Politics6 (3): 72–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, Ronald B. and Keilbach, Patricia M.. 2001. Situation Structure and Institutional Design: Reciprocity, Coercion, and Exchange. International Organization55 (4): 891–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitsilegas, Valsamis. 2003. Countering the Chameleon Threat of Dirty Money: “Hard” and “Soft” Law in the Emergence of a Global Regime against Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing. In Transnational Organized Crime: Perspectives on Global Security, ed. Edwards, A. and Gill, P.. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Moe, Terry M.1990a. Political Institutions: The Neglected Side of the Story. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization6 (Special issue): 213–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moe, Terry M.1990b. The Politics of Structural Choice: Toward a Theory of Public Bureaucracy. In Organization Theory, ed. Williamson, O. E.. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Moe, Terry M.1991. Politics and the Theory of Organization. Journal of Law, Economics and Organization7 (Special issue): 106–129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moe, Terry M.2005. Power and Political Institutions. Perspectives on Politics3 (2): 215–233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Molander, Roger C., Mussington, David A., and Wilson, Peter A.. 1998. Cybercrime and Money Laundering: Problems and Promise, ed. Institute, C. T.. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation.Google Scholar
Monteverde, Kirk and Teece, David. 1982. Supplier Switching Costs and Vertical Integration in the Automobile Industry. Bell Journal of Economics13: 206–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moravcsik, Andrew. 1993. Preferences and Power in the European Community: A Liberal Intergovernmentalist Perspective. Journal of Common Market Studies31 (4): 473–524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morgenthau, Hans J.1953. Politics among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
Morrill, Cameron and Morrill, Janet. 2003. Internal Auditors and the External Audit: A Transaction Cost Perspective. Managerial Auditing Journal18 (6): 490–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morrow, James D.2000. Alliances: Why Write Them Down? Annual Review of Political Science3: 63–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Munck, Gerardo L.2004. Tools for Qualitative Research. In Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards, ed. Brady, H. E. and Collier, D.. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.Google Scholar
Myers, Joseph. 2001. International Standards and Cooperation in the Fight against Money Laundering. In Economic Perspectives, ed. US Department of State. Washington, DC: US Department of State.Google Scholar
Nadelmann, Ethan A.1990. Global Prohibition Regimes: The Evolution of Norms in International Society. International Organization44 (4): 503–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Naím, Moisés. 2005. Illicit: How Smugglers, Traffickers, and Copycats Are Hijacking the Global Economy. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
,National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. 2004. The 9/11 Commission Report. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
,National Security Council. 2000. International Crime Threat Assessment. Washington, DC: US Government.Google Scholar
Naylor, R. T.1995a. From Cold War to Crime War: The Search for a New “National Security” Threat. Transnational Organized Crime1 (4): 37–56.Google Scholar
Naylor, R. T.1995b. The Structure and Operation of the Modern Arms Black Market. In Lethal Commerce: The Global Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons, ed. Boutwell, J.et al. Cambridge, MA: American Academy of Arts and Sciences.Google Scholar
New York Times. 1995. Colombian Press Feels Heat for Linking President to Drug Lords. April 5. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=990CE2D91538F936A35757C0A963958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=print (accessed March 31, 2008).
Nielson, Daniel L. and Tierney, Michael J.. 2003. Delegation to International Organizations: Agency Theory and World Bank Environmental Reform. International Organization57 (Spring): 241–276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, Douglass C. and Weingast, Barry. 1989. Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of Institutions Governing Public Choice in Seventeenth-Century England. Journal of Economic History49 (4): 803–832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,Office of the President of the Republic. 1989. The Fight against the Drug Traffic in Colombia. Bogotá: Imprenta Nacional De Colombia.Google Scholar
Olson, Mancur. 1971. The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Olson, Mancur. 1982. The Rise and Fall of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation, and Social Rigidities. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
,Office of National Drug Control Policy of the US White House. 2000. Drug-Related Crime. Washington, DC: Executive Office of the President. Office of National Drug Control Policy. www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov/publications/factsht/crime/index.html (accessed March 10, 2008).
Oomes, Nienke and Vocke, Matthias. 2003. Diamond Smuggling and Taxation in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Monetary Fund Working Paper No. 03/167. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund. www.imf.org/external/pubs/cat/longres.cfm?sk=16812 (accessed March 15, 2008).Google Scholar
Ortner, Alessia and Geiger, Hans. 2006. Comparing Financial Centers by Using Gross Value Added as Main Indicator. Zurich, Switzerland: Universität Zürich/ Institut für schweizerisches Bankwesen, Working Paper No. 4, 44. www.isb.uzh.ch/publikationen/pdf/workingpapernr44.pdf.Google Scholar
,Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe. 2000. Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Document on Small Arms and Light Weapons. Vienna: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. www.fas.org/asmp/campaigns/smallarms/osce-sa.pdf (accessed March 27, 2008).
,Oxfam and Amnesty International. 2003. Shattered Lives: The Case for Tough International Arms Control 2003. www.oxfam.org.uk/what_we_do/issues/conflict_disasters/downloads/shattered_eng_full.pdf (accessed October 10, 2005).
Oye, Kenneth. 1986. Explaining Cooperation Under Anarchy: Hypotheses and Strategies. In Cooperation Under Anarchy, ed. Oye, K.. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Palmer, David Scott. 1992. Peru, the Drug Business and Shining Path: Between Scylla and Charybdis? Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs34 (3): 65–88. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0022-1937%28199223%2934%3A3%3C65%3APTDBAS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-P (accessed March 22, 2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Passas, Nikos and Jones, Kimberly. 2006. Commodities and Terrorist Financing: Focus on Diamonds. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 12(1): 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perl, Raphael Francis. 1992. The United States. In International Handbook on Drug Control, ed. MacDonald, S. B. and Zagaris, B.. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
Perl, Raphael Francis2001. Taliban and the Drug Trade. Order Code RS21041. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
Perl, Raphael Francis2006. Drug Control: International Policy and Approaches. Order Code: IB88093. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
,Permanent Court of International Justice. 1927. S.S. “Lotus” (France v. Turkey). P.C.I.J. Series A, No. 10.
Pessin, Al.2006. Pentagon Prepares to Help Control US–Mexico Border. Pentagon. May 15.Google Scholar
Pew, . 2001. Interdiction and Incarceration Still Top Remedies: 74% Say Drug War Being Lost. Washington, DC: Pew Research Center for the People and the Press. http://people-press.org/reports/print.php3?ReportID=16 (accessed April 2, 2008).
Pierson, Paul. 2000. Returns, Path Dependence and the Study of Politics. American Political Science Review94 (2): 251–267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pierson, Paul2004. Politics in Time: History, Institutions, and Social Analysis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pieth, Mark and Aiolfi, Gemma. 2003. The Private Sector Becomes Active: The Wolfsberg Process. Journal of Financial Crime10 (4): 359–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Polling Report. 2002. Illegal Drugs. CNN Time Poll. www.pollingreport.com/drugs.htm.
Porteous, Samuel D.2000. Targeted Financial Sanctions. In Greed & Grievance: Economic Agendas in Civil Wars, ed. Berdal, M. R. and Malone, D.. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.Google Scholar
Pravda, . 2002. Russia's Deletion from Financial Crimes Enforcement Network “Black List” to Raise Its Credibility. June 13. http://english.pravda.ru/economics/2002/06/13/30302.html (accessed January 17, 2005).
,President's Commission on Organized Crime. 2001. The Cash Connection: Organized Crime, Financial Institutions, and Money Laundering. New York: Books for Business.Google Scholar
Price, Richard. 1998. Reversing the Gun Sights: Transnational Civil Society Targets Land Mines. International Organization52 (3): 613–644.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Price, Tracey Mitchell. 2003. The Kimberley Process: Conflict Diamonds, World Trade Organization Obligations, and the Universality Debate. Minnesota Journal of Global Trade12 (1): 1–69.Google Scholar
Przeworski, Adam and Teune, Henry. 1970. The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing.Google Scholar
Quirk, Peter J.1996. Macroeconomic Implications of Money Laundering. International Monetary Fund Working Paper. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.Google Scholar
Rabasa, A.et al. 2001. Beyond al-Qaeda: The Outer Rings of the Terrorist Universe, Part 2. RAND Corporation. http://rand.org/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG430.pdf.
Ragin, Charles C., Berg-Schlosser, Dirk, and Meur, Gisèle. 1998. Political Methodology: Qualitative Methods. In A New Handbook of Political Science, ed. Goodin, R. E. and Klingemann, H.-D.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Raine, Linnea P. and Cilluffo, Frank J., eds. 1994. Global Organized Crime: The New Evil Empire. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS).
Raustiala, Kal. 1999. Law, Liberalization and International Narcotics Trafficking. International Law and Politics32: 89–145.Google Scholar
Raustiala, Kal2004. Police Patrols & Fire Alarms in the NAAEC. UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 05–14. Los Angeles, CA: University of California.
Raustiala, Kal2005. Form and Substance in International Agreements. American Journal of International Law99: 581–614.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Raustiala, Kal and Victor, David G.. 2004. The Regime Complex for Plant Genetic Resources. International Organization58 (Spring): 277–309.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reed, John. 2005. Real Diamonds May Not Be Forever. Financial Times (May 6): 28.Google Scholar
Reinicke, Wolfgang H.1998. Global Public Policy: Governing without Government?Washington, DC: Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
Reinicke, Wolfgang H.1999. The Other World Wide Web: Global Public Policy Networks. Foreign Policy117 (Winter): 44–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reinicke, Wolfgang H. and Martin Witte, Jan. 2000. Independence, Globalization, and Sovereignty: The Role of Non-Binding International Legal Accords. In Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System, ed. Shelton, D.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Reno, William. 1995. Corruption and State Politics in Sierra Leone. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Reno, William. 2005. The Politics of Violent Opposition in Collapsing States. Government and Opposition40 (2): 127–151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reuter, Peter and Greenfield, Victoria. 2001. Measuring Global Drug Markets: How Good Are the Numbers and Why Should We Care About Them?World Economics2 (4): 155–173.Google Scholar
Risse-Kappen, Thomas. 1991. Public Opinion, Domestic Structure, and Foreign Policy in Liberal Democracies. World Politics43 (4): 479–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rittberger, Volker and Zangl, Bernhard. 2004. International Organization: Polity, Policy and Politics. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Rogowsky, Robert A.2001. World Trade Organization Disputes: Building International Law on Safeguards. Virginia Lawyer (June/July): 1–7.
Rolley, Robin. 1992. United Nations’ Activities in International Drug Control. In International Handbook on Drug Control, ed. MacDonald, S. B. and Zagaris, B.. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
Root, Hilton L.1994. The Foundation of Privilege: Political Foundations of Markets in Old Regime France and England. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Rosendorff, B. Peter and Milner, Helen V.. 2001. The Optimal Design of International Trade Institutions: Uncertainty and Escape. International Organization55 (4): 829–857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saavedra, Boris. 2007. Balkan Trafficking in Historical Perspective. In Transnational Threats: Smuggling and Trafficking in Arms, Drugs, and Human Life, ed. Thachuk, Kimberley L.. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International.Google Scholar
Sarasohn, Judy. 2001. Fortune: NRA Lobby is No. 1 on Capitol Hill. Washington Post, May 18: A21.Google Scholar
Savona, Ernesto. 1996. Money Laundering, the Developed Countries and Drug Control: The New Agenda. In European Drug Policies and Enforcement, ed. Dorn, N., Jepsen, J., and Savona, E.. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Savona, Ernesto1999. European Money Trails. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
Schachter, Oscar. 1977. The Twilight Existence of Nonbinding International Agreements. American Journal of International Law71 (2): 296–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schattschneider, Elmer E.1935. Politics, Pressures and the Tariff: A Study of Free Private Enterprise in Pressure Politics, as Shown in the 1929–1930 Revision of the Tariff. New York: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
Schelling, Thomas C.1960. The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Schermers, Henry G. and Blokker, Niels M.. 1995. International Institutional Law: Unity within Diversity. 3rd ed. Cambridge, MA: Kluwer Law International.Google Scholar
Schroeder, William R.2001. Money Laundering. FBI Law Enforcement Journal70 (5): 1–9.Google Scholar
Severin, Christin. 2004. Doppelmoral Londons in Der Geldwäscherei. Neue Zürcher Zeitung. November 22. www.nzz.ch/2004/11/24/wi/page-articleA0EMM.html (accessed January 2, 2005).
Shannon, Vaughn P.2000. Norms Are What States Make Them: The Political Psychology of Norm Violation. International Studies Quarterly44 (2): 293–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shelton, Dinah, ed. 2000. Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
Shepsle, Kenneth A.1991. Discretion, Institutions, and the Problem of Government Commitment. In Social Theory for a Changing Society, ed. Bourdieu, P. and Coleman, J. S.. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Sheptycki, James William Edward. 2000a. The “Drug War”: Learning from the Paradigm Example of Transnational Policing. In Issues in Transnational Policing, ed. Sheptycki, J. W. E.. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Sheptycki, James William Edward2000b. Policing the Virtual Launderette: Money Laundering and Global Governance. In Issues in Transnational Policing, ed. Sheptycki, J. W. E.. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Sheptycki, James William Edward2003. Global Law Enforcement as a Protection Racket: Some Sceptical Notes on Transnational Organised Crime as an Object of Global Governance. In Transnational Organised Crime: Perspectives on Global Security, ed. Edwards, A. and Gill, P.. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Simmons, Beth A.2000. International Efforts against Money Laundering. In Commitment and Compliance: The Role of Non-Binding Norms in the International Legal System, ed. Shelton, D.. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Simmons, Beth A.2002. Capacity, Commitment, and Compliance: International Institutions and Territorial Disputes. Journal of Conflict Resolution46 (6): 829–856.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Simmons, Beth and Martin, Lisa L.. 2002. International Organizations and Institutions. In Handbook of International Relations, ed. Carlsnaes, W., Risse, T., and Simmons, B. A.. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Simmons, P. J. and Oudraat, C. de Jonge. 2001. Managing Global Issues: An Introduction. In Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for Peace.Google Scholar
Simon, Herbert Alexander. 1957. Models of Man: Social and Rational. New York: John Wiley.Google Scholar
Simon, Herbert Alexander1976. Administrative Behavior: A Study of Decision-Making Processes in Administrative Organization. 3rd ed. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Sislin, John and Pearson, Frederic S.. 2001. Arms and Ethnic Conflict. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.Google Scholar
Slaughter, Anne-Marie. 2004a. A New World Order. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Slaughter, Anne-Marie2004b. Power and Legitimacy of Government Networks. In Governance in the 21st Century: The Partnership Principle. Berlin, Germany: Alfred Herrhausen Society. www.princeton.edu/~slaughtr/Articles/GovtNetworks.pdf.Google Scholar
Small Arms Survey. 2001. Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Small Arms Survey2002. Small Arms Survey 2002: Counting the Human Cost. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Small Arms Survey2003. Small Arms Survey 2003: Development Denied. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Small Arms Survey2004. Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Small Arms Survey2006. Small Arms Survey 2004: Unfinished Business. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Smandych, Russell, ed. 1999. Governable Places: Readings on Governmentality and Crime. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Smillie, Ian.2005. Comparative Case Study 1: The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme for Rough Diamonds. VERIFOR Case Study. www.verifor.org/resources/case-studies/kimberley-process.pdf (accessed March 26, 2008).
Smillie, Ian, Gberie, Lansana, and Hazleton, Ralph. 2000. The Heart of the Matter: Sierra Leone, Diamonds & Human Security. Ottawa: Partnership Africa Canada.Google Scholar
Smith, Alastair. 1998. International Crises and Domestic Politics. American Political Science Review92 (3): 623–638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, Chris. 1999. Areas of Major Concentration in the Use and Traffic of Small Arms. In Small Arms Control: Old Weapons, New Issues, ed. Dhanapala, J.. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
Smith, Peter H., ed. 1992. Drug Policy in the Americas. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Snidal, Duncan. 1985. Coordination Versus Prisoners’ Dilemma: Implications for International Cooperation and Regimes. American Political Science Review79: 923–942.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Snyder, R. and Bhavnani, R.. 2005. Diamonds, Blood and Taxes: A Revenue-Centered Framework for Explaining Social Order. Journal of Conflict Resolution49: 563–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,State Failure Task Force. 2000. State Failure Task Force Report: Phase III Findings. http://globalpolicy.gmu.edu/pitf/SFTF%20Phase%20III%20Report%20Final.pdf.
Stein, Arthur A.1983. Coordination and Collaboration: Regimes in an Anarchic World. In International Regimes, ed. Krasner, S. D.. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Steinbruner, John. 1974. The Cybernetic Theory of Decision: New Dimensions of Political Analysis. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Stessens, Guy. 2000. Money Laundering: A New International Law Enforcement Model. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stohl, Rachel. 2005. Fighting the Illicit Trafficking of Small Arms. SAIS Review25 (1): 59–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stone, Randall. 2002. Lending Credibility: The International Monetary Fund and the Post-Communist Transition. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strange, Susan. 1983. Cave! Hic Dragones: A Critique of Regime Analysis. In International Regimes, ed. Krasner, S. D.. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Swart, Lucia. 2005. Illegal Gun Pool Growing, News24, October 26. www.news24.com/News24/South_Africa/News/0,,2–7–1442_1823434,00.html (accessed October 30, 2005).
Rebecca, Tailby. 2002. The Illicit Market in Diamonds. Australian Institute of Criminology, 218 (January). www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/ti218.pdf (accessed March 26, 2008).
Teret, Stephen P.et al. 1998. Support for New Policies to Regulate Firearms: Results of Two National Surveys. New England Journal of Medicine339(12): 813–818. http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/339/12/813.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Thatcher, Mark. 2002. Delegation to Independent Regulatory Agencies: Pressures, Functions and Contextual Mediation. West European Politics25 (1): 125–147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
The Economist. 2004a. The Cartel Isn't for Ever. The Economist, July 17: 67–69.Google Scholar
The Economist2004b. Coming Clean: Money-Laundering. The Economist373 (8397): 95.Google Scholar
The Economist2005. Drugs in Latin America: Battles Won, a War Still Lost. The Economist, February 12: 49–50.Google Scholar
The Economist2008. Rumours of War: Ecuador, Venezuela Confront Colombia. The Economist, March 4. www.economist.com/daily/news/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10794694&top_story=1 (accessed March 10, 2008).
Thelen, Kathleen. 2004. How Institutions Evolve: The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thoumi, Francisco E.1999. The Impact of the Illegal Drug Industry on Colombia. In Transnational Crime in the Americas: An Inter-American Dialogue Book, ed. Farer, T.. New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Thoumi, Francisco E.2003. Illegal Drugs, Economy and Society in the Andes. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press.Google Scholar
Thoumi, Francisco E.2004. A Modest Proposal to Clarify the Status of Coca in the United Nations Conventions. Crime, Law, and Social Change42: 297–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
,United Kingdom Parliament. 2003. Conflict Diamonds. House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for May 8 (21). www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200203/cmhansrd/vo030508/text/30508w21.htm (accessed March 28, 2008).
,UN Department of Disarmament Affairs. 2005. Small Arms and Light Weapons. http://disarmament.un.org/cab/salw.html (accessed October 10, 2005).
,United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. 2004. World Drug Report 2004. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Google Scholar
,United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime2006. Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Google Scholar
,United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime2007. World Drug Report 2007. Vienna: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Google Scholar
,UN Panel of Governmental Experts. 1997. Report of the Panel of Governmental Experts on Small Arms. August 27. A/52/298.
,US Census Bureau. 1999. 1997 Economic Census: Manufacturing--Industry Series: Small Arms Manufacturing. EC97M-3329H. Washington, DC: US Department of Commerce.Google Scholar
,US Congress. SenateCommittee on Foreign Relations: Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics and International Operations. 1988. Drugs, Law Enforcement and Foreign Policy. 100th Cong., 2nd sess. S. Prt. 100–165 (“Kerry Report”).Google Scholar
,US Department of Justice, Drug Enforcement Administration. 1993. Coca Cultivation and Cocaine Processing. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice.Google Scholar
,US Department of the Treasury. Hawala and Alternative Remittance Systems. US Treasury Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence. www.ustreas.gov/offices/enforcement/key-issues/hawala (accessed August 17, 2007).Google Scholar
,US General Accounting Office (GAO). 1992. International Environment: International Agreements Are Not Well Monitored. Report to Congressional Requesters GAO/RCED-92–43. http://archive.gao.gov/d31t10/145711.pdf (accessed March 28, 2008).
,US General Accounting Office (GAO)2002. International Trade: Critical Issues Remain in Deterring Conflict Diamond Trade. Report to Congressional Requesters GAO-02-678. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office.Google Scholar
,US General Accounting Office (GAO)2003a. Combating Money Laundering: Opportunities Exist to Improve the National Strategy. Report to Congressional Requesters GAO-03-813. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office.Google Scholar
,US General Accounting Office (GAO)2003b. Terrorist Financing: US Agencies Should Systematically Assess Terrorists’ Use of Alternative Financing Mechanisms. Report to Congressional Requesters GAO-04-163. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office.Google Scholar
,US General Accounting Office (GAO)2006. Conflict Diamonds: Agency Actions Needed to Enhance Implementation of Clean Diamond Trade Act. Report to Congressional Committees (GAO-06-978). Washington, DC: US Government Accounting Office.Google Scholar
,US Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs. 2003. Cannabis: Report of the Special Committee on Illegal Drugs. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
,US State Department. 1991. International Narcotics Control. US Department of State Dispatch2(28). http://dosfan.lib.uic.edu/ERC/briefing/dispatch/1991/html/Dispatchv2no28.html.Google Scholar
,US State Department. 2002. International Narcotics Control Strategy Report of 2001. www.state.gov/p/inl/rls/nrcrpt/2001/c6085.htm (accessed March 27, 2008).
,US State Department2004. International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. http://state.gov/p/inl/rls/nrcrpt/2003/vol2/html/29918.htm.
,US State Department2005. International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. http://state.gov/documents/organization/42881.pdf.
,US State Department2007. International Narcotics Control Strategy Report. Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs. www.state.gov/documents/organization/81446.pdf (accessed March 25, 2008).
Vertzberger, Yaacov. 1990. The World in Their Minds: Information Processing, Cognition, and Perception in Foreign Policy Decisionmaking. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Victor, David G., Raustiala, Kal, and Skolnikoff, Eugene, eds. 1998. The Implementation and Effectiveness of International Environmental Commitments: Theory and Practice. Boston: MIT Press.
Vines, Alex. 2005. Combating Light Weapons Proliferation in West Africa. International Affairs81 (2): 341–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, Gordon and Weber, David. 1984. A Transaction Cost Approach to Make-or-Buy Decisions. Administrative Science Quarterly29: 373–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Walker, John. 1999. Measuring the Extent of International Crime and Money Laundering. Paper prepared for the Kriminal Expo, a conference held in Budapest, Hungary on June 9. www.ozemail.com.au/~born1820/Budapest.html (accessed June 16, 2005).
Walker, William O.. 1992. International Collaboration in Historical Perspective. In Drug Policy in the Americas, ed. Smith, P. H.. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
Wallensteen, Peter and Sollenberg, Margareta. 1995. After the Cold War: Emerging Patterns of Armed Conflict. Journal of Peace Research32 (3): 345–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wallensteen, Peter and Sollenberg, Margareta2000. Armed Conflict, 1989–99. Journal of Peace Research37 (5): 635–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wassenaar Arrangement. 1995. The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies (successor to COCOM). Vienna, Austria. www.wassenaar.org/.
Weber, Katja. 1997. Hierarchy Amidst Anarchy: A Transaction Costs Approach to International Security Cooperation. International Studies Quarterly41 (2): 321–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weber, Katja2000. Hierarchy Amidst Anarchy: Transaction Costs and Institutional Choice. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Weil, Prosper. 1983. Towards Relative Normativity in International Law? American Journal of International Law77 (3): 413–442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weinstein, Jeremy M.2007. Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Westermeyer, Joseph. 2004. Opium and the People of Laos. In Dangerous Harvest: Drug Plants and the Transformation of Indigenous Landscapes, ed. Steinberg, Michael K., Hobbs, Joseph J., and Mathewson, Kent. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Wezeman, Pieter D.2003. Conflicts and Transfers of Small Arms. Stockholm: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute.Google Scholar
White, David. 2005. A Test Case for the Recovery of Failed States. Financial Times, February 14: 1–2.Google Scholar
,White House. 1997. International Organized Crime. Presidential Decision Directive No. 42. www.fas.org/irp/offdocs/pdd42.htm (accessed March 31, 2008).
,White House. 2006. Memorandum for the Secretary of State: Presidential Determination on Major Drug Transit or Major Drug Producing Countries for Fiscal Year 2007. Washington, DC: White House Press Release. www.state.gov/p/inl/rls/prsrl/ps/72379.htm (accessed April 1, 2008).
Widener, S. K. and Selto, F. H.. 1999. Managment Control Systsems and Boundaries of the Firm: Why Do Firms Outsource Internal Auditing Activities? Journal of Management Accounting Research11: 45–73.Google Scholar
Williams, Phil. 2001. Crime, Illicit Markets, and Money Laundering. In Managing Global Issues: Lessons Learned, ed. Simmons, P. J. and Jonge Oudraat, C.. Washington, DC: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.Google Scholar
Williamson, Oliver Eaton. 1975. Markets and Hierarchies: Analysis and Antitrust Implications. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Williamson, Oliver Eaton. 1985. Economic Institutions of Capitalism. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
Williamson, Oliver Eaton. 1996. The Mechanisms of Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
,Wolfsberg Group. 2007a. Wolfsberg FAQ's on Politically Exposed Persons. www.wolfsberg-principles.com/faq.html (accessed March 3, 2008).
,Wolfsberg Group2007b. Wolfsberg FAQ's on Beneficial Ownership. www.wolfsberg-principles.com/faq.html (accessed March 3, 2008).
,World Bank. 2006. Global Economic Prospects: Economic Implications of Remittances and Migration. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
,World Bank2007. Governance Matters VI: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators 1996–2006. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4280. www.govindicators.org (accessed March 25, 2008).
,World Bank2008. World Development Indicators database. http://go.worldbank.org/SI5SSGAVZ0 (accessed June 28, 2007).
,World Diamond Council. 2003. The Essential Guide to Implementing the Kimberley Process. New York: World Diamond Council.Google Scholar
Wray, Henry R.1994. Money Laundering: The Volume of Currency Transaction Reports Filed Can and Should be Reduced. Washington, DC: US General Accounting Office.Google Scholar
,World Trade Organization. 2003. Agreement Reached on World Trade Organization Waiver for “Conflict Diamonds.” February 26. www.wto.org/english/news_e/news03_e/goods_council_26fev03_e.htm (accessed March 26, 2008).
,World Wildlife Fund. 2006. Mahogany Position Paper, March 31. www.worldwildlife.org/trade/pubs/wwfmahoganyposition.pdf (accessed March 29, 2008).
Yarbrough, Beth V. and Yarbrough, Robert M.. 1990. International Institutions and the New Economics of Organization. International Organization44 (2): 235–259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yarbrough, Beth V., and Yarbrough, Robert M.. 1992. Cooperation and Governance in International Trade: The Strategic Organizational Approach. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yin, Robert K.1994. Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Young, Oran R.1983. Regime Dynamics: The Rise and Fall of International Regime. In International Regimes, ed. Krasner, S. D.. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
Zagaris, Bruce. 1992. Money Laundering: An International Control Problem. In International Handbook on Drug Control, ed. MacDonald, S. B. and Zagaris, B.. Westport, CT and London: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar