Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-l69ms Total loading time: 0.403 Render date: 2022-08-09T11:20:21.608Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

3 - The thread of history

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  24 May 2010

Pierre Rosanvallon
Affiliation:
Collège de France, Paris
Arthur Goldhammer
Affiliation:
Harvard University, Massachusetts
Get access

Summary

Three stages

Now that we have defined various forms and properties of counter-democracy, as distinct from institutionalized democracy, we are also in a position to take a fresh look at the history of liberty and collective sovereignty. We can divide this history into three periods. In the first period limited watchdog powers were established. These were in part liberal (limiting and regulating existing powers) and in part democratic (oversight exercised by representative bodies). These powers were themselves connected with the emergence of organized constitutional government. Self-regulation of the state (for the purpose of “rationalized” rule) was combined with “democratic” regulation of the state by society. Democratic institutions arose through competition over the power to supervise and regulate.

It would take a vast amount of research to write a comparative history of the public institutions of several countries along the lines sketched above. Obviously, nothing of the sort can be attempted here. It may be possible, however, to give some idea of what such a history would look like by concentrating on the most basic level of social power and focusing our attention on a small number of municipal and sub-municipal institutions. Conflicts over regulating the power of aldermen were common in medieval European towns. In Auvergne, for instance, aldermen and guilds were regularly at odds. The guilds insisted that town accounts ought to be subject to scrutiny by auditors chosen from outside the small group in power.

Type
Chapter
Information
Counter-Democracy
Politics in an Age of Distrust
, pp. 76 - 103
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2008

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

“Le contrôle des comptes dans les villes auvergantes et vellaves aux XIVe et XVe siècles,” in Rigaudière, Albert, Penser et construire l'État dans la France du Moyen Âge (XIIIe–XVe siècle) (Paris: Comité pour l'histoire économique et financière de la France, 2003)Google Scholar
Waley, Daniel, Les Républiques médiévales italiennes (Paris: Hachette, 1969)Google Scholar
Les Structures du pouvoir dans les communautés rurales en Belgique et dans les pays limitrophes, XIIe–XIXe siècle (Brussels: Crédit communal de Belgique, 1988)
Babeau, Henry, Les Assemblées générales des communautés d'habitants en France, du XIIIe siècle à la Révolution (Paris, 1893)Google Scholar
Reulos, Michel, “Ressources financières et règles de gestion dans les églises réformées françaises au XVIe siècle,” in L'Hostie et le denier: Les Finances ecclésiastiques du haut Moyen Âge à l'époque moderne (Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1991)Google Scholar
Laquièze, Alain, Les Origines du régime parlementaire en France (1814–1848) (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 2002), pp. 317–329Google Scholar
Manin, Bernard, Principes du gouvernment représentatif (Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 1995)Google Scholar
Fröhlich, Pierre, Les Cités grecques et le contrôle des magistrats (IVe–Ier siècle avant Jésus-Christ) (Geneva: Droz, 2004)Google Scholar
Richer, Nicole, Les Ephores. Etudes sur l'histoire et sur l'image de Sparte (VIIIe–IIIe siècles avant Jésus-Christ) (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1998)Google Scholar
Robbins, Caroline, The Eighteenth-Century Commonwealthman: Studies in the Transmission, Development and Circumstance of English Liberal Thought from the Restoration of Charles II until the War with the Thirteen Colonies (New York: Atheneum, 1968), p. 120Google Scholar
Meader, Lewis H., “The Council of Censors,” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 22, no. 3, (Oct. 1898)Google Scholar
Selsam, J. Paul, The Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776: A Study in Revolutionary Democracy (New York: Da Capo Press, 1971)Google Scholar
Lutz, Donald S., Popular Control and Popular Consent: Whig Political Theory in the Early State Constitutions (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980)Google Scholar
Warville, Brissot, “Réflexions sur le Code de Pennsylvanie,” Bibliothèque philosophique du législateur, du politique et du jurisconsulte (Berlin, 1783), vol. III, pp. 253–257Google Scholar
Selsam, J. Paul and Rayback, Joseph, “French comment on the Pennsylvania Constitution of 1776,” The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 76, no. 3 (July 1952)Google Scholar
Lerat, Christian, “La première Constitution de Pennsylvanie: son rejet à Philadelphie, ses échos en France,” in Seurin, Jean-Louiset al., Le Discours sur les Révolutions (Paris: Economica, 1991)Google Scholar
Dippel, Horst, “Condorcet et la discussion des Constitutions américaines en France avant 1789,” in Condorcet, homme des Lumières et de la Révolution (Paris: ENS Éditions, 1997)Google Scholar
Jensen, Merryll, ed., The Documentary History of the Ratification of the Constitution, vol. II: Pennsylvania (Madison: State History Society of Wisconsin, 1976)Google Scholar
Bourdon, Jean, La Constitution de l'an VIII (Rodez, 1942)Google Scholar
Lentz, Thierry, ed., Correspondance générale (Paris: Fayard, 2004), vol. I, pp. 1196–1198Google Scholar
Roederer, , “Du Tribunat,” Journal de Paris, 15 nivôse Year VIII (January 5, 1800), in Œuvres du Comte P. L. Roederer (Paris, 1867), vol. VI, p. 399.Google Scholar
Constant, Benjamin, “Discours au Tribunat,” Œuvres complètes (Tübingen: Max Niemeyer Verlag, 2005), vol. IV, pp. 73–84.Google Scholar
Constant, Benjamin, Fragments d'un ouvrage abandonné sur la possibilité d'une Constitution républicaine dans un grand pays, ed. Grange, Henri (Paris: Aubier, 1991)Google Scholar
Pasquino, Pasquale, Sieyès et l'invention de la constitution en France (Paris: Odile Jacob, 1998)Google Scholar
Gauchet, Marcel, La Révolution des pouvoirs: La Souveraineté, le peuple et la représentation, 1789–1799 (Paris: Gallimard, 1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thibaudeau, , Mémoires sur le Consulat (Paris, 1827), p. 204Google Scholar
Rosanvallon, Pierre, Le Modèle politique français. La société civile contre le jacobinisme de 1789 à nos jours (Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 2004)Google Scholar
Exposé des principes républicains de la Société des droits de l'homme et du citoyen (Paris: [1832]), p. 6.
Chevé, Charles-François, Programme démocratique, ou résumé d'une organisation complète de la démocratie radicale (Paris, 1840), pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
Leroux, Pierre, Projet d'une Constitution démocratique et sociale (Paris, 1848)Google Scholar
Billiard, Auguste, De l'organisation de la République (Paris, 1848), p. 272.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×