Published online by Cambridge University Press: 27 August 2021
For the average person genetic testing has two very different faces: the rise of genetic testing is promoted as the democratization of genetics by enabling individuals to gain new insights into their unique makeup. At the same time, many regard genetic testing and sequencing as revealing something intensely personal and private about themselves. Genetic testing raises legal and ethical questions that loom ever larger, especially as genetic testing is becoming more commonplace, affordable, and comprehensive. Already in 2018 the global genetic testing and consumer/wellness genomics market was valued at $3.4 billion, with market analysts in 2019 predicting that it will double in value by 2025.