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FORMATION OF WORDS

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 July 2011

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Summary

778. With regard to the formation of verbs there remains nothing to be added to what has been already said regarding the structure of roots and the classes of verbal bases (§. 109a.) which proceed thence, and subsequently respecting the formation of derivative verbs. The primitive pronouns, and the appellations of numerals, do not follow the ordinary rules for the formation of words (see §. 105.), and, with their derivatives, are discussed in the paragraphs allotted to them. We shall now discuss simply the formation of substantives and adjectives; and, first, those which stand in close connection with the verb, and, both in the organization and in the application of language, play a very important part: we allude to the participles and the infinitive. It might be said that we ought to treat of the formation of nouns before treating of their inflection, because words must be formed before they are inflected. But for practical considerations it appeared more useful, at first, only to lay down the principle of the formation of words generally, as is done in §§. 110. 111., and to defer the more full investigation of the subject to this place. At all events, the theory of the formation of tenses must precede that of the participles, as the latter; for the most part, irrespective of their nominal suffixes, rest on a principle of formation similar to that of the corresponding tenses of the indicative, and bear a sisterly, if not a filial relation to them.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2009
First published in: 1850

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  • FORMATION OF WORDS
  • Franz Bopp
  • Edited by H.H. Wilson
  • Translated by Edward B. Eastwick
  • Book: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
  • Online publication: 05 July 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704512.002
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  • FORMATION OF WORDS
  • Franz Bopp
  • Edited by H.H. Wilson
  • Translated by Edward B. Eastwick
  • Book: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
  • Online publication: 05 July 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704512.002
Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

  • FORMATION OF WORDS
  • Franz Bopp
  • Edited by H.H. Wilson
  • Translated by Edward B. Eastwick
  • Book: A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages
  • Online publication: 05 July 2011
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511704512.002
Available formats
×