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Chapter 17 - Pharmacological Cosmetic Neurology

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 November 2019

Kenneth M. Heilman
University of Florida
Stephen E. Nadeau
University of Florida
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“Cosmetic neurology,” also referred to as “cognitive enhancement,” is the practice of enhancing cognition and behavior in healthy people. Although cosmetic neurology often refers to the enhancement of cognition, it can also refer to the enhancement of mood, movement, creativity, social finesse, and other psychological attributes. Cosmetic neurology carries the promise of an improved quality of life and productivity well into old age, as well as potential medical and social perils. In this chapter, we review our understanding of the efficacy of drugs including stimulants and cholinesterase inhibitors that can be used for enhancement. We review their potential benefits to the individual and society. We also place the practice of cosmetic neurology in the context of current cultural norms and outline ethical concerns that this practice generates.

Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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