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The Causes of Epilepsy The Causes of Epilepsy
Common and Uncommon Causes in Adults and Children
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Chapter 72 - Other parasitic diseases

from Section 3 - Symptomatic epilepsy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 March 2012

Simon D. Shorvon
Affiliation:
National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London
Frederick Andermann
Affiliation:
Montreal Neurological Hospital and Institute
Renzo Guerrini
Affiliation:
Child Neurology Unit, Meyer Pediatric Hospital, Florence
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Summary

This chapter reviews some of the parasitic disorders including sparganosis, toxocariasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis and paragonimiasis, which may involve the central nervous system (CNS) and for which an association with seizures and epilepsy has been described. It is important that neurologists across the globe are aware of the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of the parasitic disorders. Although the association between epilepsy and parasitic diseases has been generally recognized, most research and literature concerning the association is related to infection with Taenia solium cysticercosis. When brain lesions are demonstrated on imaging studies of individuals presenting with seizures, histological examination of these lesions through biopsy provides proof of the causal association between the parasitic disorder and seizures. The effects of anthelminthic drugs and the role of antiepileptic drugs on the seizure outcome also need to be considered. The aim is to eradicate these disorders through scientifically established and properly legislated preventive measures.
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The Causes of Epilepsy
Common and Uncommon Causes in Adults and Children
, pp. 501 - 510
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

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