Published online by Cambridge University Press: 03 December 2019
Competition law infringements may cause economic losses which are protected by EU and national laws. Liability for compensation of private damages in EU competition law is the result of the judicial interpretation of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU), with the two seminal cases Courage and Manfredi, introduced the principle of right to compensation for violation of competition law, stating that 'any individual can claim compensation for the harm suffered where there is a causal relationship between that harm and an agreement or practice prohibited'. Article 3 of the Directive 104/2014 (the ‘Damages Directive’) on competition damages actions has then imposed the transposition of this principle into national laws.