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Chapter 57 - Distraction Techniques for Pediatric Pain Management

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 November 2019

Adam C. Adler
Affiliation:
Texas Children's Hospital
Arvind Chandrakantan
Affiliation:
Texas Children's Hospital
Ronald S. Litman
Affiliation:
The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
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Summary

This chapter provides the reader with a succinct review surround the issues with uncontrolled pain and provides methods for non-pharmacologic treatment in children. The chapter discusses the sequalae of untreated pain and provides the reader with a detailed explanation of the theory behind distraction techniques. The various distraction techniques are discussed based on age appropriate selection.

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Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Suggested Reading

Adler, AC, Schwartz, E, Waters, JM, Stricker, PA. Anesthetizing a child for a large compressive mediastinal mass with distraction techniques and music therapies as the sole agents. J Clin Anesth. 2016;35:392–7.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kennedy, RM, Luhmann, J, Zempsky, WT. Clinical implications of unmanaged needle-insertion pain and distress in children. Pediatrics. 2008;122:S130S133.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kerimoglu, B, Neuman, A, Paul, J, Stefanov, DG, Twersky, R. Anesthesia induction using video glasses as a distraction tool for the management of preoperative anxiety in children: anesth. Analg. 2013;117:1373–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Koller, D, Goldman, RD. Distraction techniques for children undergoing procedures: a critical review of pediatric research. J Pediatr Nurs. 2012;27:652.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Litman, RS. Allaying anxiety in children: when a funny thing happens on the way to the operating room. Anesthesiology. 2011;115:45.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
McCaul, KD, Malott, JM. Distraction and coping with pain. Pain. 1985;23(3):315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ruda, MA, Ling, QD, Hohmann, AG, Peng, YB, Tachibana, T. Altered nociceptive neuronal circuits after neonatal peripheral inflammation. Science. 2000;289:628–31.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Schreiber, KL, et al. Distraction analgesia in chronic pain patients: the impact of catastrophizing. Anesthesiology. 2014;121:1292–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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