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Case 28 - Man with difficulty keeping pace

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  16 May 2011

Serge Gauthier
Affiliation:
McGill University, Montréal
Pedro Rosa-Neto
Affiliation:
McGill University, Montréal
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Summary

This chapter presents a case study of a 60-year-old man who had complained of stumbling for 2 years without dizziness or stiffness of the legs. There is an impression of mild dementia on neuro-cognitive examination with obvious slowness of mental processing. Neurological examination of the upper body and head is unremarkable. His feet are high-arched, and power in the flexor and extensor muscles of the feet is diminished to grade MRC 4 on the left side and grade MRC 3 on the right side with an inverse position of the right foot. Taking the information from history, neurological, and neuro-cognitive examination together, the chapter concludes that the old man suffers from cognitive impairments in combination with a bi-pyramidal syndrome with poly-neuropathy and urine incontinence. It appears that the cognitive impairment leads to a presenile form of dementia, characterized not only by memory deficits but also by mental slowness and dysfunction.
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Case Studies in Dementia
Common and Uncommon Presentations
, pp. 208 - 214
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2011

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