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23 - Pioneer farmers at Brześć Kujawski, Poland

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 May 2015

Graeme Barker
University of Cambridge
Candice Goucher
Washington State University
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Around a town called Brześć Kujawski, the earliest farmers left a remarkable record of their presence, including traces of houses, burials and pits containing pottery, stone tools, animal bones and charred seeds, while the impact that they had on the local environment is revealed by the study of sediments and pollen cores. Jażdżewski discovered traces of Neolithic longhouses and burials at Brześć Kujawski. Unlike the rectangular longhouses first found at Kőln-Lindenthal in Germany in the early 1930s, the houses at Brześć Kujawski had bedding trenches that ran around their perimeter in a long trapezoidal outline. The Linear Pottery occupations around Brześć Kujawski exhibit several important characteristics. First, their principal archaeological features are large pits, often elongated, that are filled with rubbish. Second, post-hole patterns at several sites define rectangular structures. Surface decoration is much reduced from that seen in the Linear Pottery culture and commonly consists only of rows of fingernail impression around the rims and waists of vessels.
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2015

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