Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-ns2hh Total loading time: 0.96 Render date: 2022-09-25T06:17:34.703Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Part VIII - Modes of Reading and Circulation

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 August 2021

Debjani Ganguly
University of Virginia
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Bataille, George. 1961. Les Larmes d’Éros. Pauvert; trans. Peter Connor as The Tears of Eros. City Lights, 1989.Google Scholar
Borges, Jorge Luis. 1971. “El jardín de senderos que se bifurcan.” In Ficciones. Alianza, 101–16; trans. Helen Temple and Ruthven Todd as “The Garden of Forking Paths,” in The Oxford Book of Latin American Short Stories, ed. Roberto González Echevarría, Oxford University Press, 1997, 211–20.Google Scholar
Borges, Jorge 1974. “Del rigor en la ciencia.” In Obras completas. Emecé, 847.Google Scholar
Brook, Timothy, Bourgon, Jérôme, and Blue, Gregory. 2008. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Chieh-jen, Chen. 2002. Ling chi: Echoes of a Historical Photograph / 凌遲考, performance piece.Google Scholar
Chen, Kuan-hsing. 2010. Asia as Method: Toward Deimperialization. Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Chow, Rey. 2012. Entanglements, or Transmedial Thinking about Capture. Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Colón, Cristobal. 1985. Diario de a bordo. Ed. Arranz, Luis. Historia 16; trans. Robert H. Fuson as The Log of Christopher Columbus. International Marine Publishing Co., 1987.Google Scholar
Cortázar, Julio. 1978. “La noche boca arriba.” In Final del juego, 20th ed. Sudamericana, 157–67; trans. Paul Blackburn as “The Night Face Up,” in End of the Game and Other Stories. Pantheon Books, 1967, 66–76.Google Scholar
Cortázar, Julio. 2005. Rayuela. Ed. Amorós, Andrés. 18th ed. Cátedra.Google Scholar
Kai-cheung, Dung. 2011. Ditu ji (地圖集). Linking; trans. Kai-cheung, Dung, Hansson, Anders, and McDougall, Bonnie S. as Atlas: Archeology of an Imaginary City. Columbia University Press, 2011.Google Scholar
Elizondo, Salavador. 1988. Cuaderno de escritura. Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar
Elizondo, Salavador. 2006. Farabeuf. Fondo de Cultura Económica; trans. John Incledon as Farabeuf. Garland, 1992.Google Scholar
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. 1970. Suhrkamp; trans. J. Sibree as The Philosophy of History. Dover Publications, 1956.Google Scholar
Jameson, Fredric. [1991] 2001. Postmodernism: Or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Meggers, Betty J. 1975. “The Transpacific Origin of Mesoamerican Civilization: A Preliminary Review of the Evidence and Its Theoretical Implications.” American Anthropologist, Vol. 77: 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Menzies, Gavin. 2003. 1421: The Year China Discovered America. William Morrow.Google Scholar
Mignolo, Walter. 2005. The Idea of Latin America. Blackwell.Google Scholar
Yan, Mo. [2001] 2007. Tanxiang xing (檀香刑). 2nd ed. Maitian; trans. Howard Goldblatt as Sandalwood Death. University of Oklahoma Press, 2013.Google Scholar
Moretti, Franco. 2005. Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstract Models for Literary History. Verso.Google Scholar
Sarduy, Severo, 1999. Escrito sobre un cuerpo. In Obra completa, Vol. II, ed. Guerrero, Gustavo and François Wahl, ALLCA XX, 1119–94; trans. Carol Maier as Written on a Body. Lumen, 1989.Google Scholar
Hui, Wang. 2002. “Yazhou xiangxiang de xipuxue” (亞洲想像的系譜學) [Imagining Asia: A Genealogical Analysis] 視界 Horizons, Vol. 8: 144208.Google Scholar
Juxian, Wei. 1970. Zhongguo gudai yu Meizhou jiaotong kao: Meizhou faxian de Zhongguo wenzi (中國古代與美洲交通考:美洲發現的中國文字) [China and America: A Study of Ancient Communication between the Two Lands, Vol. I: The Discovery of Chinese Inscriptions in America]. Self-published.Google Scholar


Algeo, John. 2008. “The Effects of the Revolution on Language”. In A Companion to the American Revolution, ed. Green, Jack P. and Pole, J. R.. Wiley-Blackwell, 595–99.Google Scholar
Ashcroft, Bill, Griffiths, Gareth, and Tiffin, Helen, 1989. The Empire Writes Back: Theory and Practice in Post-Colonial Literatures. Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barber, Daniel Colucciello. 2011. On Diaspora: Christianity, Religion, and Secularity. Cascade Books.Google Scholar
Barber, Karin. 1995. “African-Language Literature and Post-Colonial Criticism.” Research in African Literatures, Vol. 26, No. 4: 330.Google Scholar
Bixby, Patrick. 2009. Samuel Beckett and the Postcolonial Novel. Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bogue, Roland. 1997. “Minor Writing and Minor Literature.” Symploke, Vol. 5, Nos. 1–2: 99118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brennan, Timothy. 1997. At Home in the World: Cosmopolitanism Now. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Deleuze, Gilles. 1997. Essays Critical and Clinical. Minnesota University Press.Google Scholar
Deleuze, Gilles, and Guattari, Felix. 1986. Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. Trans. Dan Polan. Minnesota University Press.Google Scholar
Ganguly, Debjani. 2016. This Thing Called the World: The Contemporary Novel as Global Form. Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greenblatt, Stephen. 2000. “The Potato in the Materialist Imagination. ” In Practicing New Historicism , ed. Gallagher, Catherine and Greenblatt., Stephen University of Chicago Press, 110–35.Google Scholar
Green-Simms, Lyndsey B. 2016. Postcolonial Automobility: Car Culture in West Africa. Minnesota University Press.Google Scholar
Guha, Ranajit. 1984. “The Prose of Counterinsurgency.” In Selected Subaltern Studies, ed. Guha, Ranajit and Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. Oxford University Press, 4586.Google Scholar
Guha, Ranajit 1997. The Subaltern Studies Reader, 1986–1995. Minnesota University Press.Google Scholar
Habila, Helon. 2013. “We Need New Names by NoViolet Bulawayo: Review.” The Guardian, January 20. Scholar
Hall, Stuart. 1996. “New Ethnicities.” In Stuart Hall: Critical Dialogues in Cultural Studies, ed. Morley, David and Chen, Kuan-Hsing. Routledge, 441–49.Google Scholar
Hall, Stuart. 1997. “Old and New Ethnicities.” In Culture, Globalization, and the World System: Contemporary Conditions for the Representation of Identity, ed. King, Anthony D.. Minnesota University Press, 4167.Google Scholar
Stuart, Hall, Critcher, Chas, Jefferson, Tony, Clarke, John, and Roberts, Brian, eds. 1978 Policing the Crisis: Mugging, the State and Law and Order. Red Globe Press.Google Scholar
Helgesson, Stefan. 2018. “Translation and the Circuits of World Literature.” In The Cambridge Companion to World Literature, ed. Etherington, Ben and Jarad, Zimbler. Cambridge University Press, 8599.Google Scholar
Hodge, Bob, and Mishra, Vijay. 1992. Dark Side of the Dream: Australian Literature and the Postcolonial Mind. Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
Kandel, William A. 2011. The U.S. Foreign-Born Population:Trends and Selected Characteristics. January 18. CRS Report for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Scholar
King, Bruce. 1991. The Commonwealth Novel since 1960. Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLeod, John. 2007. Routledge Companion to Postcolonial Studies. Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moretti, Franco. 2000. “Conjectures on World Literature.New Left Review, 1: 5468.Google Scholar
Mufti, Aamir. 2018. Forget English! Orientalisms and World Literatures. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Niven, Alastair. 1988. “Editorial.” Journal of Commonwealth Literature, Vol. 23, No. 1 (March).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quayson, Ato. 2013. “Postcolonialism and the Diasporic Imaginary.” In A Companion to Diaspora and Transnationalism, ed. Quayson, Ato and Daswani, Girish. Blackwell, 139–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Quayson, Ato 2016. “Comparative Postcolonialisms: Storytelling and Community in Sholem Aleichem and Chinua Achebe.” The Cambridge Journal of Postcolonial Literary Inquiry, Vol. 3, No. 1: 5577.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roberts, Sam. 2005. “More Africans Enter US than in the Days of Slavery.” New York Times, Feb. 25. Scholar
Robertson, Robert T. 1966. Terra Incognita: An Anthology of Commonwealth Literature in English. VPI Printing Department.Google Scholar
Said, Edward. 1979. Orientalism. Vintage.Google Scholar
Said, Edward 1993. Culture and Imperialism. Chatto and Windus.Google Scholar
Said, Edward, and Bilgrami, Akeel. 2004. Humanism and Democratic Criticism. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Schwarz, Henry, and Ray., Sangeeta 2004. A Companion to Postcolonial Studies. Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Spivak, Gayatri. 2003. Death of a Discipline. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Venezky, Richard. 1999. The American Way of Spelling: The Structure and Origins of American English Orthography. The Guildford Press.Google Scholar
Viswanathan, Gauri. 1989. Masks of Conquest: Literary Study and British Rule in India. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Young, Robert. 2008. The Idea of English Ethnicity. Routledge.Google Scholar


Ahmad, Aijaz. 1992. In Theory: Classes, Nations, Literatures. Verso.Google Scholar
Alam, Muzaffar. 2004. The Languages of Political Islam: India 1200–1800. University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
ANI. 2019. “Hindu Congresswoman Who Gifted Bhagavad Gita to PM Modi Enters US Presidential Race.” ANI News, 12 Jan. Scholar
Besant, Annie, trans. 1896. The Bhagavad Gîtâ, or the Lord’s Song. Theosophical Publishing Society.Google Scholar
Besant, Annie, and Das, Bhagavan. 1905. The Bhagvad-Gîtâ: With Samskṛit Text, Free Translation into English, a Word-for-Word Translation, and an Introduction on Samskṛit Grammar. Theosophical Publishing Society.Google Scholar
Biswas, Soutik. 2011. “Ramayana: An ‘Epic’ Controversy.” BBC News, Oct. 19., Scholar
Chandran, Mini. 2017. The Writer, the Reader and the State: Literary Censorship in India. Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Dalmia, Vasudha. 2008. “Merchant Tales and the Emergence of the Novel in Hindi.” Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 43, No. 34: 4360.Google Scholar
Dalmia, Vasudha 2017. Hindu Pasts: Women, Religion, Histories. Permanent Black.Google Scholar
Damrosch, David. 2003. What Is World Literature? Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Das, Srinivas. 1974. Parīkshā-gurū: Hindī kā sarvaprathama maulika upanyāsa. R̥shabhacaraṇa Jaina.Google Scholar
Davis, Richard H. 2014. The Bhagavad Gita: A Biography. Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Dharwadker, Vinay. 2014. “Construction of World Literature in Colonial and Postcolonial India.” In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. D’Haen, Theo, Damrosch, David, and Kadir, Djelal. Routledge.Google Scholar
Dubrow, Jennifer. 2018. Cosmopolitan Dreams: The Making of Modern Urdu Literary Culture in Colonial South Asia. University of Hawaii Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
English PEN. 2003. “UNESCO Collection of Representative Works.” English PEN, Nov. 4. Scholar
Ganguly, Debjani. 2016. This Thing Called the World: The Contemporary Novel as Global Form. Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Government Information Service. 2019. “Republic of Mauritius- Mauritius to Host International Gita Mahotsav Celebration.” Government Information Service, Republic of Mauritius, Feb. 12. Scholar
“Haryana Govt. Bought 10 Bhagvad Gita Copies for ₹3.8 Lakh, Reveals RTI Plea.” 2018. The Hindu, Jan. 10. Scholar
Hazra, Indrajit. 2014. “Literary Festivals Flourish in India.” Al Jazeera, Jan. 16. Scholar
HT Correspondent. 2014. “Declare Bhagavad Gita National Scripture: Sushma.” Hindustan Times, Dec. 8. Scholar
“Is It Time for India’s Book Market to Gain ‘Industry’ Status?” 2016. Publishing Perspectives, April 1. Scholar
“January 1986.” 2017. UNESCO, April 24. Scholar
Kalsi, A. S. 1992. “Parīkṣāguru (1882): The First Hindi Novel and the Hindu Elite.” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 26, No. 4: 763–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaushika, Pragya. 2014. “Sushma Swaraj Wants Gita Recognised as a ‘National Scripture’; Haryana CM Says Gita above Constitution.” The Indian Express, Dec. 8. Scholar
Krishnamoorthy, K. 1985. “The Meaning of ‘Sahitya’: A Study in Semantics.” Indian Literature, Vol. 28, No. 1 (105): 6570.Google Scholar
Mallya, Vinutha. 2016. “The Possibilities and Pitfalls before India’s Publishing Industry.” The Caravan, April 1. Scholar
Mani, B. Venkat. 2017. Recoding World Literature: Libraries, Print Culture, and Germany’s Pact with Books. Fordham University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mody, Sujata S. 2018. The Making of Modern Hindi: Literary Authority in Colonial North India. Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mufti, Aamir R. 2016. Forget English! Orientalisms and World Literatures. Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mukherjee, Meenakshi. 2007. “Epic and Novel in India.” In The Novel, ed. Moretti, Franco. Vol. 1. Princeton University Press, 596631.Google Scholar
Nadadhur, Srivatsan. 2015. “Wendy Doniger’s Rise after the Ban.” The Hindu, Oct. 31. Scholar
Orsini, Francesca. 2017. Print and Pleasure: Popular Literature and Entertaining Fictions in Colonial North India. Permanent Black.Google Scholar
Paranjape, Makarand. 2016. “The Problem with Pollock.” The Indian Express, March 21. Scholar
Pollock, Sheldon. 2006. The Language of the Gods in the World of Men: Sanskrit, Culture and Power in Premodern India. University of California Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pollock, Sheldon. 2018. “What Should a Classical Library of India Be?Geschichte der Germanistik. Historische Zeitschrift für die Philologen, Vols. 53–54: 621.Google Scholar
PricewatershouseCoopers. 2019. Global Entertainment and Media Outlook 2015–2019: Book Publishing Key Insights. PWC, Scholar
PTI. 2015. “Rohan Murty Classical Library of India Launches with Five Books.” The Economic Times, Jan. 15. Scholar
Radhakrishnan, Sarvepalli, trans. 1948. Bhagavad Gita. London: Allen and Unwin. 1948.Google Scholar
Ramasubramanian, K. 2015. “Petition: Removal of Sheldon Pollock as Mentor and Chief Editor of Murty Classical Library.”, March. Scholar
Raya, Gopala. 1965. Hindi katha sahitya aura usake vikasa para pathakom ki ruci ka prabhava. Grantha Niketana.Google Scholar
Raya, Gopala. 1968. Hindi upanyāsa kosha. Granth Niketan.Google Scholar
Schlegel, August Wilhelm von. 1823. Bhagavad-Gita, id est Thespesion melos sive almi Krishnae et Arjunae colloquium de rebus divinis, Bharateae episodium. Textum recensuit, adnotationes criticas ed interpretationem latinam. Academia Borussica Rhenana Typiis Regis, Prostat apud E. Weber.Google Scholar
Singh, Tribhuvan. 1968. Hindi upanyasa aura yatharthavada. Hindi Pracharak Pustakalya.Google Scholar
Som, Vishnu. 2014. “My Gifting the Gita Will Irk the ‘Secular’, Says PM Narendra Modi in Japan.” NDTV, Sept. 2. Scholar
Suleri, Sara. 1992. The Rhetoric of English India. University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Times of India Videos. 2014. “Sushma Swaraj, Uma Bharti Take Oath in Sanskrit.” The Times of India, June 5, 2014. Scholar
UNESCO. 1972. Tentative List of Representative Works of World Literature, Prepared with the Collaboration of Member States and the International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies (ICPHS) – UNESCO Digital Library. Scholar
UNESCO 1986. UNESCO Courier: Collection of Representative Works: Treasures of World Literature – UNESCO Digital Library. Scholar
Varma, Maha Devi. 1975. “Sahitya, Sanskriti aur Shaasan.” In Sambhaashana.Sahitya Bhavana, 3843.Google Scholar
Viswanathan, Gauri. 1989. Masks of Conquests: Literary Study and British Rule in India. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Wilkins, Charles, and East India Company. 1785. The Bhăgvăt-Gēētā, or Dialogues of Krĕĕshnă and Ărjŏŏn. Printed for C. Nourse.Google Scholar


Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. 2009. “The Danger of a Single Story.” TED Talks, Ted Conference, Oct. 7. Scholar
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi. 2014. Americanah. Fourth Estate.Google Scholar
Adorno, Theodor, and Horkheimer, Max. 1996. Dialectic of Enlightenment. Continuum.Google Scholar
Androne, Mary Jane. 2017. “Americanah: A Migrant Bildungsroman.” In A Companion to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, ed. Ernest Emenyonu. James Currey, 229–43.Google Scholar
Apter, Emily. 2008. “Untranslatables: A world System.” New Literary History, Vol. 39: 581–98.Google Scholar
“Bainbridge Denounces Chick Lit as ‘Froth.’” 2001. The Guardian, Aug. 23. Scholar
Bausells, Marta, and Shearlaw, Maeve. 2015. “Poets Speak Out for Refugees: ‘No One Leaves Home, Unless Home is the Mouth of a Shark.’” The Guardian, Sept. 16. Scholar
Beebee, Thomas O. 2011. “World Literature and the Internet.” In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. d’Haen, Theo, Damrosch, David, and Kadir, Djelal. Routledge, 297306.Google Scholar
Brillenburgh Wurth, Kiene, Driscoll, Kári, and Pressman, Jessica, eds. 2018. Book Presence in a Digital Age. Bloomsbury.Google Scholar
Brouillette, Sarah. 2007. Postcolonial Writers in the Global Literary Marketplace. Palgrave MacmillanCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caines, Michael. 2018. “Still Battling over Books.” The Times Literary Supplement, Jan. 25. Scholar
Cashmore, Ellis. 1997. The Black Cultural Industry. Routledge.Google Scholar
Cheah, Pheng. 2016. What Is a World? On Postcolonial Literature as World Literature. Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Coetzee, J. Michael. 1993. “What Is a Classic?Current Writing, Vol. 5, No. 2: 724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crosley Coker, Hillary. 2014. “What bell hooks Really Means When She Calls Beyoncé a ‘Terrorist.’” Jezebel, Sept. 5. Scholar
Dabiri, Emma. 2017. “The Pitfalls and the Promise of Afropolitanism.” In Cosmopolitanisms, ed. Horta, Paulo Lemmos and Robbins, Bruce. New York University Press, 201–11.Google Scholar
Damrosch, David. 2003. What Is World Literature? Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Damrosch, David, and Spivak, Gayatri C.. 2011. “Comparative Literature/World Literature: A Discussion with Gayatri Spivak and David Damrosch.” Comparative Literature Studies, Vol. 48, No. 4: 455–85.Google Scholar
D’Haen, Theo. 2011. “Mapping World Literature.” In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. d’Haen, Theo, Damrosch, David, and Kadir, Djelal. Routledge, 413–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, Samantha. 2017. “How Instapoetry is Changing the Way We Read Look at Poems.” Fashion, Dec. 18 . Scholar
Fanon, Franz. 1963. “The Pitfalls of National Consciousness.” In The Wretched of the Earth, trans. Constance Farrington. Grove Press, 148205.Google Scholar
Flood, Alison, and Cain, Sian. 2018. “Poetry World Split Over Polemic Attacking ‘Amateur’ Work by ‘Young Female Poets.’” The Guardian, Jan. 23. Scholar
Ganguly, Debjani. 2016. This Thing Called the World: The Contemporary Novel as Global Form. Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Gilroy, Paul. 1993. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. Verso.Google Scholar
Gilroy, Paul. 2010. Darker than Blue: On the Moral Economies of Black Atlantic Culture. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Guarracino, Serena. 2014. “Writing ‘So Raw and True’: Blogging in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Americanah.Between, Vol. 4, No. 8: 127.Google Scholar
Hage, Ghassan. 2009. “Waiting Out the Crisis: On Stuckedness and Governmentality.” In Waiting, ed. Hage, Ghassan. Melbourne University Press, 97107.Google Scholar
Hamid, Mohsin. 2017. Exit West. Riverhead Books.Google Scholar
Haraway, Donna. 1997. Modest Witness@Second Millennium. FemaleMan Meets OncoMouse: Feminism and Technoscience. Routledge.Google Scholar
hooks, bell. 2016. “Moving beyond Pain.” bell hooks Institute, May 9. Scholar
Horta, Paulo Lemmos, and Robbins, Bruce. 2017. Cosmopolitanisms. New York University Press.Google Scholar
Huggan, Graham. 2001. The Postcolonial Exotic: Marketing the Margins. Routledge.Google Scholar
Hutnyk, John. 2000. Critique of Exotica: Music, Politics and the Culture Industry. Pluto Press.Google Scholar
Jenkins, Henry, with Ravi Purushotma, Margaret Weigel, Katie Clinton, and Alice J. Robison. 2006. Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media, Education for the 21st Century. MIT Press.Google Scholar
Joyce, Mary. 2015. “Blog for a Cause: The Global Voices Guide to Blog Advocacy.” Weblog. Global Voices Advocacy: Hivos. Scholar
Landow, George P. 2006. Hypertext 3.0. Critical Theory and New Media in an Era of Globalization. Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Lau, Lisa, and Mendes, Ana C.. 2011. Re-Orientalism and South Asian Identity Politics: The Oriental Other Within. Routledge.Google Scholar
MacDonald, Fiona. 2016. “There Is More to Warsan Shire than the Beyoncé Video.”, April 25. Scholar
McNish, Hollie. 2018. “Editorial.” PN Review 240, Vol. 44, No. 4 (March–April). Scholar
Mbembe, Achille. 2016. “Decolonizing the University: New Directions.” Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, Vol. 15, No. 1: 2945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moretti, Franco. 1998. Atlas of the European Novel, 1800–1900. Verso.Google Scholar
Moretti, Franco. 2000. “The Slaughterhouse of Literature.” Modern Language Quarterly, Vol. 61, No. 1: 207–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moretti, Franco. 2005. Graphs, Maps, Trees. Verso.Google Scholar
Murray, Janet H. 1997. Hamlet and the Holodeck: The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace. The Free Press.Google Scholar
Nayar, Pramod K. 2010. An Introduction to New Media and Cyberculture. Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Milo, Jeff. 2017. “We Are All Migrants.” PasteMagazine, March 7. Scholar
Odin, Jaishree K. 1997. “The Edge of Difference: Negotiations between the Hypertextual and the Postcolonial.” Modern Fiction Studies, Vol. 43, No. 3: 598630.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ponzanesi, Sandra. 2014. The Postcolonial Cultural Industry. Icons, Markets, Mythologies. Palgrave.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ponzanesi, Sandra. 2017. Cosmopolitanism(s) Interrupted. Review of Paulo Lemmos and Bruce Robbins. Cosmopolitanisms. New York University Press.Google Scholar
Rheingold, Howard. 1995. The Virtual Community. Mandarin Paperbacks.Google Scholar
Risam, Roopika. 2018. New Digital Worlds. Postcolonial Digital Humanities in Theory, Praxis and Pedagogy. Northwestern University Press.Google Scholar
Ryan, Marie-Laure. 2001. Narrative as Virtual Reality: Immersion and Interactivity in Literature and Electronic Media. Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Saussy, Haun. 2006. Comparative Literature in an Age of Globalization. Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
Saussy, Haun 2009. “The Literal and the Lateral: A Digital Early China for College Freshmen.” In Teaching Literature and Language Online, ed. Lancashire, Ian. Modern Language Association, 217–31.Google Scholar
Sackeyfio, Rose A. 2017. “Revisiting Double Consciousness & Relocating the Self in Americanah.” In A Companion to Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, ed. Ernest N. Emenyonu, James Currey, 213–27.Google Scholar
Shire, Warsan, 2016. “Conversations About Home (At a Deportation Centre).” OpenDemocracy, Nov. 26. Scholar
Spivak, Gayatri C. 2003. Death of a Discipline. Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Tahir, Muhammad. 2018. “Doors to the Future.” Kashmir Narrator, March 29. Scholar
Watts, Rebecca. 2018. “The Cult of the Noble Amateur.” PN Review 239, Vol. 44, No. 3 (Jan.–Feb.). Scholar
Young, Robert J. 2011. “World Literature and Postcolonialism.” In The Routledge Companion to World Literature, ed. d’Haen, Theo, Damrosch, David, and Kadir, Djelal. Routledge, 213–22.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats