Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-7mfl8 Total loading time: 0.505 Render date: 2021-12-06T06:53:52.902Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

Book contents

10 - The novel, the British nation, and Britain's four kingdoms

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 January 2012

Robert L. Caserio
Affiliation:
Pennsylvania State University
Clement Hawes
Affiliation:
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Get access

Summary

In eighteenth-century Britain many of the writings we now call novels functioned as a national form on a number of levels. As a technology of national consciousness along lines Benedict Anderson has described, eighteenth-century novels helped British readers imagine the simultaneous, intertwined existence of fellow Britons. While daily newspapers offered the most widespread and immediate version of printed matter consumed concurrently across vast regions, the circulation of novels throughout the nation and their subsequent reviews, imitations, and sequels, sometimes within the pages of periodical publications, would also underwrite a consciousness of shared cultural touch-points across a geographically diverse English reading population within a roughly contemporaneous time frame. Samuel Richardson's Pamela (1740) illuminates this phenomenon in particularly high relief, and contemporary criticism of that bestselling book, whether affirmative or oppositional, frequently spoke of its impact on the nation. Within novels themselves writers developed narrative strategies for representing the consciousness of simultaneity that is crucial for imagining the nation – so much so that writers could poke fun at the convention. A discomfited Tristram returns “to my mother” several chapters after leaving her eaves-dropping on his father and uncle through a chink in the door. The intrusive narrator of Henry Fielding's Joseph Andrews, having broken off the narration of the near-rape of Fanny to relate the dialogue between a Poet and Player, doubles back to “poor Fanny, whom we left in so deplorable a Condition.”

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Anderson, Benedict, in Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London: Verso, 1993).Google Scholar
Bakhtin, M. M., “Discourse in the Novel,” in The Dialogic Imagination, ed. Holquist, Michael, trans. Emerson, Caryl and Holquist, Michael (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1981).Google Scholar
Barrell, John, English Literature in History: An Equal Wide Survey 1730–1780 (London: Hutchinson, 1983).Google Scholar
Boggs, W. Arthur, “Dialectical Ingenuity in Humphry Clinker,” Papers on English Language and Literature 1 (1965).Google Scholar
Burney, Frances, Evelina, ed. Straub, Kristina (Boston, MA: Bedford Books, 1997).Google Scholar
Duncan, Ian, “Scotland and the Novel,” in The Cambridge Companion to Fiction in the Romantic Period, ed. Maxwell, Richard and Trumpener, Katie (Cambridge University Press, 2008).Google Scholar
Edgeworth, Maria, The Absentee (Middlesex: Echo Press, 2007).Google Scholar
Edgeworth, Maria, Castle Rackrent and Ennui, ed. Butler, Marilyn (London: Penguin, 1992).Google Scholar
Ferris, Ina, The Romantic National Tale and the Question of Ireland (Cambridge University Press, 2007).Google Scholar
Fielding, Henry, Joseph Andrews, ed. Keymer, Douglas Brooks-Davies and Thomas (Oxford University Press, 1999).Google Scholar
Gallagher, Catherine, “The Rise of Fictionality,” in The Novel, Vol. 1: History, Geography, and Culture, ed. Moretti, Franco (Princeton University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Gallagher, Catherine, Nobody's Story: The Vanishing Acts of Women Writers in the Marketplace, 1670–1820 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldsmith, Oliver, The Citizen of the World, 2 vols. (London: Dent, 1900), vol. II.Google Scholar
Gottlieb, Evan, Feeling British: Sympathy and National Identity in Scottish and English Writing, 1707–1832 (Cranbury, NJ: Associated University Presses, 2007).Google Scholar
Harkin, Maureen, “Mackenzie's Man of Feeling: Embalming Sensibility,” ELH 61 (1991).Google Scholar
Hume, David, “Of National Characters,” in Essays, Moral, Political and Literary, ed. Miller, Eugene (Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1987).Google Scholar
Hutcheson, FrancisAn Inquiry into the Original of Our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue, ed. Leidhold, Wolfgang (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 2008).Google Scholar
Keymer, Thomas, Introduction, in Richardson, Samuel, Pamela, ed. Keymer, Thomas and Wakely, Alice (Oxford: World's Classics, 2001).Google Scholar
Lhuyd, Edward, Archaeologia Britannica (Oxford, 1699).Google Scholar
Owenson, Sydney, Morgan, Lady, The Wild Irish Girl (Oxford University Press, 2008).Google Scholar
Parrinder, Patrick, Nation and Novel (Oxford University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Schellenberg, Betty, “Imagining the Nation in Defoe's Tour thro' the Whole Island of Great Britain,” ELH 62 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shields, Juliet, Sentimental Literature and Anglo-Scottish Identity, 1745–1820 (Cambridge University Press, 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, Adam, Theory of Moral Sentiments, ed. Raphael, D. D. and Macfie, A. L. (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1982).Google Scholar
Smollett, Tobias, The Adventures of Roderick Random, ed. Boucé, Paul Gabriel (Oxford University Press, 1988).Google Scholar
Sterne, Laurence, Tristram Shandy, ed. Anderson, Howard (New York: Norton, 1980).Google Scholar
Sterne, Laurence, A Sentimental Journey, ed. New, Melvyn and Day, W. G. (Indianapolis: Hackett, 2006).Google Scholar
Sweet, Rosemaryprovides a comprehensive guide to antiquarianism in Antiquaries: The Discovery of the Past in Eighteenth-Century Britain (London and New York: Hambledon, 2004).Google Scholar
Swift, Jonathan, “The Story of the Injured Lady” in Miscellanies, 2 vols. (London: 1746), vol. II.Google Scholar

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×