Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-55597f9d44-qcsxw Total loading time: 0.399 Render date: 2022-08-19T17:50:39.267Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

7 - The Indian and the Spanish Conquest

from PART TWO - EUROPE AND AMERICA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 March 2008

Nathan Wachtel
Affiliation:
Élicole des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris
Get access

Summary

America, isolated from the rest of the world for thousands of years, had a distinctive history, free of external influences. It was, therefore, a complex interplay of internal factors which had by the beginning of the sixteenth century bestowed upon the various indigenous societies many different forms: highly structured states, more or less stable chiefdoms, nomadic or semi-nomadic tribes and groups. And it was this hitherto completely self-contained world which suddenly experienced a brutal and unprecedented shock: the invasion of white men from Europe, the clash with a profoundly different world.

The reaction of the native Americans to the Spanish invasion varied considerably: from offers of alliance to more or less forced collaboration, from passive resistance to unremitting hostility. Everywhere, however, the arrival of these unknown beings caused the same amazement, no less intense than that experienced by the conquistadores themselves: both sides were discovering a new race of man whose existence they had not even suspected. This chapter examines the effects of the Spanish invasion on the Aztec and Inca empires during the first stage of colonial rule (to the 1570s) with particular emphasis on the case of the Andes; it also looks briefly at the ‘peripheral’ areas, north of the central Mexican plateau, south and south-east of the central Andes, in order to present the broadest possible picture of the ‘vision of the vanquished’.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 1984

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Acosta, José, Historia natural y moral de las Indias [1590] (Madrid, 1954)
Arguedas, José Maria and Rescaniere, Alejandro Ortiz, ‘La posesion de la tierra. Los mitos posthispánicos y la visión del universo en la población monolingũe quechua’, in Les Problèmes agraires des Amériques Latines (Paris, 1967).Google Scholar
Arriaga, Pablo José, Extirpación de la idolatria del Piru [1621] (Madrid, 1968).
Assadourian, Carlos Sempat, ‘La productión de la mercancia dinero en la formación del mercado interno colonial. El caso del espacio peruano, siglo XVI’, in Ensayos sobre el desarollo económico de Mexico y America Latina, ed. Florescano, Enrique (Mexico, 1979).Google Scholar
Ayala, Felipe Guaman Poma, Nueva corónica y buen gobierno [1614] (Paris, 1936)
Benavente, Fray Toribio (‘Motolinía’), Memoriales o Libro de las Cosas de Nuevoa España y de los Naturales de ella [1541], ed. O'Gorman, Edmundo (Mexico, 1971).Google Scholar
Canseco, Maria Rostworowski Diez, ‘El repartimiento de doña Beatriz Coya en el valle de Yucay’, Historia y Cultura, (1970)Google Scholar
Chevalier, François, ‘Noticia inédita sobre los caballos en Nueva España’, Revista de lndias, (1944).Google Scholar
Cobo, Bernabé, Historia del Nuevo Mundo [1653] (Madrid, 1965), 11
Cook, Noble David, Demographic collapse. Indian Peru, 1520–1620 (Cambridge, 1981).
Dobyns, Henry F., ‘An outline of Andean epidemic history to 1720’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine (1963)Google Scholar
Espada, M. Jimenez la Relaciones geográficas de Indias [1582–6], ed. (Madrid, 1881–98, 4 vols.; re-ed. 1965, 3 vols.), 1, 88–9, 120, 222.
Gruzinski, Serge, ‘La mère dévorante: alcoolisme, sexualité, et déculturation chez les Mexicas (1500–1550)’, Cabiers des Amériques Latines (1979).Google Scholar
Inca, Titu Cusi Yupangui, Relación de la Conquista del Perú bechos del Inca Manco, II [1570], Coleccion de libros y documentos referentes a la Historia del Peru, 1st series, 11 (Lima, 1916).
León, Pedro Geza, Primera parte de la Cronica del Peru [1550] (Madrid, 1941)
León-Portilla, Miguel, Visión de los vencidos. Relaciones indigenas de la Conquista (Mexico, 1959)
León-Portilla, Miguel, idem., El reverso de la Conquista. Relaciones aztecas, mayas, e incas (Mexico, 1964).
Lehmann, Walter, Libros de los Coloquios de los Doce, in Sterbende Götter und Christliche Heilsbotchaft (Stuttgart, 1949)Google Scholar
Levillier, Robert, La Audiencia de Charcas. Correspondencia de Presidentes y Oidores (Madrid, 1916–22), II.
Matienzo, Juan, Gobierno del Peru [1567] (Paris-Lima, 1967).
Molina, Cristobal, Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los Incus [1575] (Lima, 1916).
Montesinos, Fernando, Memorial antiguas historiales y politicas del Peru [1644] (Madrid, 1906), 1
Mujia, Richard, Bolivia-Paraguay: exposición de lot titulos que consagran el direcho territorial de Bolivia, sobre la zona comprendida entre lot rios Pilcomayo y Paraguay (La Paz, 1972), II.
Murra, John V., Formaciones económicas y politicas del mundo andino (Lima, 1975)
Murra, John V., La organización económica del estado inca (Mexico, 1978).
Najera, Alonso Gonzalez, Desengaño y reparo de la guerra del Reino de Chile [1614] (Santiago, 1889).
Péret, Benjamin Chilam Balam de Chumayel, ed. and trans. (Paris, 1955).
Sahagún, Bernardino, Historia general de las cosas de Nueva España [1570] (Mexico, 1975). Libro VI, 332.
San Miguel, Garci Diez, Visita hecha a la Provincia de Chucuito en el año 1567 (Lima, 1964).
Santillan, Hernando, Relación del origin, descendencia, politica y gobierno de los Incas…[1564] (Lima, 1927).
Soriano, Waldemar Espinoza, ‘Colonias de mitmas múltiples en Abancay, siglos XV y XVI. Una información inédita de 1575 para la etnohistoria andina’, Revista del Museo Nacional, 31 (1973)Google Scholar
Soriano, Waldemar Espinoza, El memorial it Charcas (Crónica inédita de 1582) Lima, 1969).
Tezozomoc, Alvarado, Crónica mexicayotl, quoted in Gibson, Charles, The Aztecs under Spanish rule. A history of the Indians of the valley of Mexico, 1519–1810 (Stanford, 1964).Google Scholar
Torres, Diego, Confessionario para los curas de Indios [1584] (Seville, 1603).
Urteaga, Horacio Villanueva, ‘Documentos sobre Yucay en el siglo XVI’, Revista del Archivo Histórico del Cuzco, (1970)Google Scholar
Vega, Garcilaso la, Comentarios reales de los Incas [1609], ed. Obras completas (Madrid, 1960), 11, 52.Google Scholar
Wachtel, Nathan, La Vision dei vaincus. Les Indiens du Pérou devant la conquéte espagnole 1530–1570 (Paris, 1971)
Wachtel, Nathan, ‘Les mitimaes de la vallée de Cochabamba. La Politique de colonisation de Huayna Capac’, Journal de la Société des Américanistes, 67 (1980–1).Google Scholar
Wachtel, , ‘Pensée sauvage et acculturation. L'Éspace et le temps chez Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala et l'Inca Garcilaso de la Vega’, Annales, Économies, Sociétés, Civilizations (May-August, 1971).Google Scholar
Zúñiga, Iñigo Ortiz, Visita de la provincia de León de Huánuco en 1562, 1 and 11 (Huánuco, 1967–9)
4
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×