Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-768ffcd9cc-727vs Total loading time: 0.43 Render date: 2022-12-05T00:21:09.145Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

14 - The Catholic church in colonial Spanish America

from PART THREE - THE CHURCH IN AMERICA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  28 March 2008

Josep M. Barnadas
Affiliation:
Cochabamba, Bolivia
Get access

Summary

THE TRANSPLANTATION OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH TO THE NEW WORLD

To comprehend fully the establishment and organization of the Catholic church in the Americas in the sixteenth century it is necessary first to consider conditions in the Iberian peninsula at the time. In the later Middle Ages the Iberian kingdoms had undergone a decisive experience: the reconquest of once-Christian territory from the Islamic invader. It is an over-simplification to identify the Reconquista directly with the general model of the crusade, but there was in it the same interplay of worldly enterprise and religious purpose. There was also the idea that the faith could and should be propagated by military means. It is even possible to argue, with Américo Castro, that the Castilian participants in the Reconquista had absorbed some ideas and beliefs – above all, religious messianism – from their Muslim adversaries. Within their territories the rulers of the Hispanic kingdoms had for many centuries practised relative tolerance towards their non-Christian subjects. However, from the early fifteenth century onwards insistence upon assimilation into the body of Christianity grew steadily. Spanish Jews had in 1492 to choose between baptism as Christians or banishment from the realms of Ferdinand and Isabella; the Moors were faced with the same choice in Castile in 1520, and in Aragon in 1526. Spain was by then already far removed from the missionary attitude held in the thirteenth century by such as Ramon Llull; the emerging modern state demanded at least the facade of uniformity of belief. At the same time ideas propounded by Italian jurists since the fourteenth century on the secular justification of the polity, in which state authority had to control every force in society, including the ecclesiastical, increasingly gained acceptance.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 1984

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Albó, X., ‘Jesuitas y cultures indígenas’, América indígena, 26 (1966).Google Scholar
Arroyo, Luis, ‘Comisarios generates de Indias’, Archivo Ibero Americano, 12 (1952)Google Scholar
Aspurz, Lázaro, La aportación extranjera a las misiones del Patronato Regio (Madrid, 1946).
Barba, Francisco Esteve, Culture Virrenial (Barcelona, 1965).
Bataillon, M., ‘D'Erasme à la Compagnie de Jésus: protestation et intégration dans la Réforme catholique au XVIe siècle’, Archives de la Sociologie des Religions, 24 (1967).Google Scholar
Bataillon, M., ‘Utopia e colonizaçao’, Revista de Historia, 100 (1974)Google Scholar
Bataillon, Marcel, ‘Evangélisme et millénarismc au Nouveau Monde’, in Courants religieux et bumanismé à la fin du XVe et an débit du XVIe siècles (Paris, 1959)Google Scholar
Bayle, Constantino, El clero secular y la evangelizatión de América (Madrid, 1950)
Bayle, Constantino, ‘Ordenes religiosas, no misioneras, en Indias’, Missionalia Hispanica 1 (1944).Google Scholar
Borges, Pedro, Métodos misionales en la cristianización de América (Madrid, 1960).
Borges, Pedro, ‘Trámites para la organización de las expediciones misioneras a América (1780)’, Archivo Ibero-Americano, 26 (1960).Google Scholar
Colmenares, Germán, Haciendas de los jesuitas en el Nuevo Reino de Granada, siglo XVIII (Bogotá, 1969)
Costeloe, Michael P., Church wealth in Mexico (Cambridge, 1967).
Cruz, Agueda María Rodríguez, Historia de las universidades bispanoamericanas: período bispánico, 2 vols. (Bogotá, 1975)
Díez, Félix Saiz, Los Colegios de Propaganda Fide en Hispano-América (Madrid, 1969).
Dussel, E. D., Lei Évéques hispanoaméricains, défenseurs et évanglisateurs de l'indien (Wiesbaden, 1970).
Duviols, Pierre, La Lutte contre les religions autochtbones dans le Pérou colonial: l'extirpation de l'idolâtrie (Lima and Paris, 1971).
Echanove, A., ‘Origen y evolutión de la idea jesuftica de reducción’, Missionalia Hispanica, 12 (1955). and 13 (1956)Google Scholar
Espinosa, Isidro Félix, Crónica de los Colegios de Propaganda Fide de la Nueva España (2nd edn, Washington, 1964)
Fernandez, Q., ‘El Vicario General de Indias: una controvcrsia jurisdiccional entre el General Andrés de Fivizzano (1592–8) y el provincial de Castilla fray Gabriel de Goldárez (1592–6)’, Miscellanea Ordinis S. Augustini Historica, 41 (1978).Google Scholar
Figuera, Guillermo, La Formatión del clero indigene en la historia eclesiáitica de América, 1500–1810 (Caracas, 1965).
Góngora, Mario, ‘Estudios sobre el galicanismo y la “ilustración católica” en América española’, Ravista Chilena de Historia y Geografia, 125 (1957).Google Scholar
Góngora, Mario, Studies in the colonial history of Spanish America (Cambridge, 1975).
Konrad, Herman W., A Jesuit hacienda in colonial Mexico: Santa Lucia 1576–1767 (Stanford, 1980).
Labayen, Juan B. Olaechea, ‘Sacerdotes indios de América del Sur en el siglo XVIII’, Revista de Indias, 29 (1969)Google Scholar
Lanning, John Tate, Academic culture in the Spanish colonies (New York, 1940)
Lejarza, Fidel, ‘Expansión de las clarisas en América y Extremo Oriente’, Archivo Ibero-Americano, 14 (1954–5), and 15 (1955–6)Google Scholar
Macera, Pablo, Instruccions para haciendas de Jesuitas en el Perú (Lima, 1965)
Mejía, Juan Alvarez, ‘La cuestión del clero indígena en la época colonial’, Revista Javeriana, 44 (1955), 245 (1956)Google Scholar
Millones, L., ‘Introducción al estudio de las idolatríes’, Aportes, 4 (1967)Google Scholar
Pólit, Aurelio Espinosa, Santa Mariana de Jesús, bija de la Compañia de Jesús (Quito, 1957).
Phelan, J. L., The millennial kingdom of the Franciscans in the New World (Berkeley, 1956).
Phelan, John L., The people and the king. The Comunero Revolution in Colombia, 1781 (Madison, 1978).
Promper, Werner, Priesternot in Latëinamerika (Louvain, 1965)
Soria-Vasco, A., ‘Le Concile Provincial de Charcas de 1774 et les Déclarations des Droits de l'Homme’, L'Année Catholique, 15 (1971).Google Scholar
Tibesar, A., ‘The Alternativa: a study in Spanish-Creole relations in seventeenth-century Peru’, The Americas, 11 (1955).Google Scholar
Torre, Josefina Muriel la, ‘Conventos de monjas en Nueva Espana, Oaxaca y Guadalajara’, Arte en América j Filipinas, 2 (1949)Google Scholar
Valencia, Vicente Rodriguez, Santo Toribio de Mogrovejo, organizador y apóstol de Sur-América, 2 vols. (Madrid, 1956–7).
Villegas, Juan, Aplicación del Concilio it Trento en Hispanoamérica, 1564–1600: provincia eclesiástica del Perú (Montevideo, 1975).
Warren, Fintan B., Vasco de Quiroga and his Pueblo Hospitals of Santa Fe (Washington, D.C., 1963)
Zubillaga, Félix, ‘El Procurador de la Compañía de Jesús en la cone de España (1570)’, Archivum Historicum Societalis Iesus, 15 (1947)Google Scholar
1
Cited by

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×