This chapter explores what exactly is meant by refugee aesthetics, and describes the ongoing influence of Holocaust narratives on contemporary Cambodian, Laotian, and Hmong American writing. It examines the ways in which Southeast Asian American authors employ established templates for detailing state-sanctioned atrocity to reveal the expansive contours and impacts of Cold War US foreign policy. In so doing, Cambodian, Lao, and Hmong American authors render visible the cause-and-effect relationship between the Cold War, the Vietnam War, and discernible refugee-ness. This transnational reading of refugee subjectivity, which brings together violent history and survivor memory, presages a concluding characterization of refugee aesthetics as a Southeast Asian American artistic mode marked by human rights testimonial, commemorative remembrance and juridical activism. The literary treatment of the Holocaust provides a productive frame for examining Cambodian, Lao, and Hmong American narratives about state-authorized mass violence and dislocation because of similarities of form and content.