Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-7479d7b7d-pfhbr Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-07-15T03:51:47.954Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Part I - Philosophical Approaches

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 November 2017

Patricia H. Werhane
DePaul University, Chicago
R. Edward Freeman
University of Virginia
Sergiy Dmytriyev
University of Virginia
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)



Barbour, Rosaline S. 2008. Introducing qualitative research: a student guide to the craft of doing qualitative research. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Bernard, H. Russel. 2000. Social research methods: qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Bowie, Norman E. 1999. Business ethics: a Kantian perspective. Blackwell Publishers.Google Scholar
Bragues, George. 2009. Adam Smith’s vision of the ethical manager. Journal of Business Ethics, 90: 447460.Google Scholar
Carroll, Archie, Lipartio, Kenneth, Post, James, Werhane, Patricia, and Goodpaster, Kenneth. 2012. Corporate responsibility: the American experience. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ciulla, Joanne B. 2011. Is business ethics getting better? A historical perspective. 2010 Society for Business Ethics Presidential Address. Business Ethics Quarterly, 21(2): 335343.Google Scholar
Collins, Denis. 1994. The fall of business ethics in capitalist society: Adam Smith revisited. Business Ethics Quarterly, 4(4): 519535.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corlett, J. Angelo. 1998. A Marxist approach to business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 17, 99103.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 1982. Business ethics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 2006. The relevance of philosophy to business ethics: a response to Rorty’s “Is philosophy relevant to applied ethics?” Business Ethics Quarterly, 16(3): 381389.Google Scholar
Dewey, John. 1920. Reconstruction in philosophy. New York: Henry Hold and Company.Google Scholar
Donaldson, Thomas, and Dunfee, Thomas W. 1994. Toward a unified conception of business ethics: integrative social contract theory. Academy of Management Review, 19(2): 252284.Google Scholar
Donaldson, Thomas, and Werhane, Patricia H. 2008. Ethical issues in business: a philosophical approach. (8th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Freeman, R. Edward. 1994. The politics of stakeholder theory: some future directions. Business Ethics Quarterly, 4(4): 409421.Google Scholar
Gonin, Michael. 2015. Adam Smith’s contribution to business ethics, then and now. Journal of Business Ethics, 129: 221236.Google Scholar
Hartman, Edwin M. 1996. Organizational ethics and the good life. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hartman, Edwin M. 2015. Virtue in business: an Aristotelian approach. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hsieh, Nien-hê. 2016. The social contract model of corporate purpose and responsibility. Business Ethics Quarterly, 25(4): 433460.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huhn, Mattias P., and Dierksmeier, Claus. 2016. Will the real A. Smith please stand up! Journal of Business Ethics, 136: 119132.Google Scholar
James, Harvey, and Rassekh, Farhad. 2000. Smith, Friedman, and self-interest in ethical society. Business Ethics Quarterly, 10(3): 659674.Google Scholar
Kerlin, Michael J. 1998. The end of history, specters of Marx and business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 17(15): 17171725.Google Scholar
Krentz, Edgar. 2002/1975. The historical-critical methods. Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock Pub.Google Scholar
Linz, Susan J., and Chu, Yu Wei Luke. 2013. Weber, Marx, and work values: evidence from transition economies. Economic Systems, 37: 431448.Google Scholar
Locke, John. 1980/1690. Second treatise of government. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, Inc.Google Scholar
Luker, Kristin. 2008. Salsa dancing into the social sciences: research in an age of info-glut. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Maddison, Agnus. 2001. The world economy: a millennial perspective. Development Centre of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved on June 18, 2017 from Scholar
Massey, Stephen J. 1982. Marxism and business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 1: 301312.Google Scholar
McCloskey, Deirdre N. 1985. The rhetoric of economics. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
McVea, John F. 2007. Constructing good decisions in ethically charged situations: the role of dramatic rehearsal. Journal of Business Ethics, 70(4): 375390.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Marx, Karl. 1963/1844. Early writings. Trans. Bottomore, T. B.. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Marx, Karl 1990/1867. Capital: volume I. Trans. Fowkes, Ben. London: Penguin Classics.Google Scholar
May, Tim (ed.). 2002. Qualitative research in action. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Nozick, Robert. 1974. Anarchy, state, and utopia. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Ragin, Charles C. 1994. Constructing social research: the unity and diversity method. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.Google Scholar
Ritchie, Jane, and Lewis, Jane. 2003. Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Roth, Wolff-Michael. 2005. Doing qualitative research: praxis of method. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rothschild, Emma. 1992. Adam Smith and conservative economics. Economic History Review, 45.Google Scholar
Pappas, Gregory Fernando. 2008. John Dewey’s ethics: democracy as experience. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
Punch, Keith F. 1998. Introduction to social research: quantitative and qualitative approaches. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Santoro, Michael A. 2010. Post Westphalia and its discontents: business, globalization, and human rights in political and moral perspective. Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(2): 285297.Google Scholar
Sarantakos, Sotirios. 1994. Social research. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
Sen, Amartya. 1987. On ethics and economics. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Sen, Amartya 1993. Does business ethics make economic sense? Business Ethics Quarterly, 3: 4554.Google Scholar
Shafer, Robert Jones (ed.). 1980. A guide to historical method. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.Google Scholar
Shaw, William H., and Barry, Vincent. 1998. Moral issues in business. New York: Wadsworth Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Silverman, David (ed.). 1997. Qualitative research: theory, method and practice. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Shaw, William H. 2009. Marxism, business ethics and corporate social responsibility. Journal of Business Ethics, 84: 565576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Solomon, Robert C. 1993. Ethics and excellence: cooperation and integrity in business. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Solomon, Robert C., and Higgins, Kathleen M. 1996. A short history of philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Sonenshein, Scott. 2005. Business ethics and internal social criticism. Business Ethics Quarterly, 15(3): 475498.Google Scholar
Smith, Adam. 1966; 1776. Wealth of nations. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Smith, Adam 1976; 1767. Theory of moral sentiments. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Subrahmanian, N. 1980. Historical research methodology. Madurai: Ennes Publications.Google Scholar
Walzer, Michael. 2002. The company of critics: social criticsm and political commitment in the twentieth century. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
Wells, Thomas, and Graafland, Johan. 2012. Adam Smith’s bourgeois virtues in competition. Business Ethics Quarterly, 22(2): 319350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Werhane, Patricia H. 1991. Adam Smith and his legacy for modern capitalism. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Wicks, Andrew C. 1995. Business ethics movement: where are we headed and what can we learn from our colleagues in bioethics? Business Ethics Quarterly, 5(3): 603620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wilson, James Q. 1989. Adam Smith on business ethics. California Management Review, fall.Google Scholar


Anscombe, G.Modern Moral Philosophy.” Philosophy 33 (1958), 119.Google Scholar
Appiah, K. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. New York: W. W. Norton, 2006.Google Scholar
Aristotle, , Ethica Nichomachea. Edited by Bywater, I.. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1962.Google Scholar
Davidson, D.Actions, Reasons, and Causes.” Essays on Actions and Events, 3–19. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.Google Scholar
Donaldson, T., and Dunfee, T.. Ties that Bind: A Social Contracts Approach to Business Ethics. Boston: Harvard Business Press, 1999.Google Scholar
Doris, J. Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Drake, M., and Schlachter, J.. “A Virtue-Ethics Analysis of Supply Chain Collaboration. Journal of Business Ethics, 82 (2008), 851864.Google Scholar
Dunn, E., and Norton, M.. Happier Money: The Science of Happier Spending. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2013.Google Scholar
Fort, T. Prophets, Profits, and Peace: The Positive Role of Business in Promoting Religious Tolerance. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Frankfurt, H.Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person.” In Watson, G. (ed.), Free Will, 8195. New York: Oxford University Press, 1981.Google Scholar
Ghoshal, S.Bad Management Theories are Destroying Good Management Practices.” Academy of Management Learning and Education, 4 (2005), 7591.Google Scholar
Haidt, J.The Emotional Dog and its Rational Tail: A Social Intuitionist Approach to Moral Judgment.” Psychological Review, 108 (2001), 814834.Google Scholar
Haidt, J. The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. New York: Pantheon Books, 2012.Google Scholar
Hartman, E. Virtue in Business: Conversations with Aristotle. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heath, J.The Uses and Abuses of Agency Theory.” Business Ethics Quarterly, 19 (2009), 497528.Google Scholar
MacIntyre, A. After Virtue. 2nd edition. Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 1985.Google Scholar
Moore, G. E. Principia Ethica. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1903.Google Scholar
Putnam, H. The Collapse of the Fact/Value Dichotomy and Other Essays. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
Solomon, R. Ethics and Excellence: Cooperation and Integrity in Business. New York, Oxford University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
Sommers, M.Useful Friendships: A Foundation for Business Ethics.” Journal of Business Ethics, 16 (1997), 14531458.Google Scholar
Werhane, P. Adam Smith and his Legacy for Modern Capitalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.Google Scholar
Werhane, P. Moral Imagination and Management Decision-making. New York: Oxford University Press 1999.Google Scholar
Werhane, P. Hartman, L., Moberg, D., Englehardt, E., Pritchard, M., and Parmar, B.. “Social Constructivism, Mental Models, and Problems of Obedience.” Journal of Business Ethics, 100, (2011), 103118.Google Scholar


Ahonen, P., Tienari, J., Meriläinen, S., and Pullen, A. (2014). Hidden contexts and invisible power relations: A Foucauldian reading of diversity research. Human Relations, 67(3), 263286. doi:10.1177/0018726713491772.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alvesson, M., and Kärreman, D. (2007). Constructing mystery: Empirical matters in theory development. Academy of Management Review, 32(4), 12651281. doi:10.5465/AMR.2007.26586822.Google Scholar
Alvesson, M. and Skoldberg, K. (2010). Reflexive Methodology: New Vistas for Qualitative Research. London: SAGE.Google Scholar
Alvesson, M., and Spicer, A. (2012a). A stupidity-based theory of organizations. Journal of Management Studies, 49(7), 11941220. doi:10.1111/j.1467–6486.2012.01072.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alvesson, M., and Spicer, A. (2012b). Critical leadership studies: The case for critical performativity. Human Relations, 65(3), 367390. doi:10.1177/0018726711430555.Google Scholar
Alvesson, M., and Gabriel, Y. (2016). Grandiosity in contemporary management and education. Management Learning, 47(4), 464473. doi:10.1177/1350507615618321.Google Scholar
Bennett, A. and Checkel, J. T. (Eds.) (2015). Process tracing: from metaphor to analytic tool, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bevan, D., and Corvellec, H. (2007). The impossibility of corporate ethics: For a Levinasian approach to management ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review, 16(3), 208219.Google Scholar
Bakken, T., Holt, R., and Zundel, M. (2013). Time and play in management practice: An investigation through the philosophies of McTaggart and Heidegger. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 29(1), 1322. doi:10.1016/j.scaman.2012.09.003.Google Scholar
Blok, V. (2014). Being-in-the-world as being-in-nature: An ecological perspective on being and time. Studia Phaenomenologica, 14, 215235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blom, M., and Alvesson, M. (2015). All-inclusive and all good: The hegemonic ambiguity of leadership. Scandinavian Journal of Management, 31(4), 480492. doi:10.1016/j.scaman.2015.08.001.Google Scholar
Bouilloud, J., and Deslandes, G. (2015). The aesthetics of leadership: Beau geste as critical behaviour. Organization Studies (01708406), 36(8), 10951114. doi:10.1177/0170840615585341.Google Scholar
Butler, Judith (2002). What is critique? An essay on Foucault’s virtue. The Political, 212–228.Google Scholar
Byers, D., and Rhodes, C. (2007). Ethics, alterity, and organizational justice. Business Ethics: A European Review, 16(3), 239250. doi:10.1111/j.1467–8608.2007.00496.x.Google Scholar
Carnap, R. (1932). Uberwindung der Metaphysic durch Logische Analyse der Sprache. Erkenntnis 2, 219241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carnap, R. (1959). The elimination of metaphysics through logical analysis of language, in Ayer, Alfred (ed.), Logical Positivism, Glencoe, IL: The Free Press, 6081.Google Scholar
Clarke, J. S., and Holt, R. (2016). Vivienne Westwood and the ethics of consuming fashion. Journal of Management Inquiry, 25(2), 199213. doi:10.1177/1056492615592969.Google Scholar
Clegg, S. R., Rhodes, C., Kornberger, M., and Stilin, R. (2005). Business coaching: Challenges for an emerging industry. Industrial and Commercial Training, 37(5), 218223. doi:10.1108/00197850510609630.Google Scholar
Clegg, S., Kornberger, M., and Rhodes, C. (2007). Business ethics as practice. British Journal of Management, 18(2), 107122. doi:10.1111/j.1467–8551.2006.00493.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Curtis, R., Harney, S., and Jones, C. (2013). Ethics in a time of crisis: editorial introduction to special focus. Business Ethics: A European Review, 22(1), 6467.Google Scholar
Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F. (1992/ 1983) Anti-Oedipus.: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Translated by Hurley, R; Seem, M. and Lane, H. R., Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
Deleuze, G. and Guattari, F. (2007/1987). A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia Translated by Massumi, Brian, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
Deslandes, G. (2012a). In search of individual responsibility: The dark side of organizations in the light of Jansenist ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 101, 6170. doi:10.1007/s10551-011–1173-6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deslandes, G. (2011). Indirect communication and business ethics: Kierkegaardian perspectives. Business and Professional Ethics Journal, 30(3), 307330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Deslandes, G. (2012b). Power, profits, and practical wisdom: Ricoeur’s perspectives on the possibility of ethics in institutions. Business and Professional Ethics Journal, 31(1), 124. doi:10.5840/bpej20123111.Google Scholar
Fleming, P., and Banerjee, S. B., (2016). When performativity fails: Implications for critical management studies. Human Relations, 69(2), 257276. doi:10.1177/0018726715599241.Google Scholar
Fleming, P., and Sturdy, A. (2011). “Being yourself” in the electronic sweatshop: New forms of normative control. Human Relations, 64(2), 177200. doi:10.1177/0018726710375481.Google Scholar
Friedman, M. (2002). Carnap, Cassirer, and Heidegger: the Davos disputation and twentieth century philosophy. Journal of Philosophy, 10(3), 263274.Google Scholar
Garrick, J., and Rhodes, C. (2000). Research and knowledge at work: Perspectives, case-studies and innovative strategies.Google Scholar
Gordon, P. E. (2004). A Continental Divide: Ernst Cassirer and Martin Heidegger at Davos, 1929: An Allegory of Intellectual History. Modern Intellectual History, 1 (2), 219248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Green, S. E. Jr, and Li, Y. (2011). Rhetorical institutionalism: Language, agency, and structure in institutional theory since Alvesson 1993. Journal of Management Studies, 48(7), 16621697. doi:10.1111/j.1467–6486.2011.01022.x.Google Scholar
Helin, J., Hernes, T., Hjorth, D., and Holt, R. (eds.) (2014). The Oxford Handbook of Process Philosophy and Organization Studies, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Hjorth, D., Holt, R., and Steyaert, C. (2015). Entrepreneurship and process studies. International Small Business Journal, 33(6), 599611. doi:10.1177/0266242615583566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Holt, R., and Mueller, F. (2011). Wittgenstein, Heidegger and drawing lines in organization studies. Organization Studies (01708406), 32(1), 6784. doi:10.1177/0170840610394299.Google Scholar
Holt, R., and Zundel, M. (2014). Understanding management, trade, and society through fiction: Lessons from The Wire. Academy of Management Review, 39(4), 576585. doi:10.5465/amr.2014.0087.Google Scholar
Ibarra-Colado, E., Clegg, S. R., and Rhodes, C. (2006). The ethics of managerial subjectivity. Journal of Business Ethics, 64(1), 4555.Google Scholar
Jones, C. (2002). Foucault’s inheritance/inheriting Foucault. Culture and Organization, 8(3), 225.Google Scholar
Jones, C. (2003). As if business ethics were possible, “within such limits.” Organization, 10(2), 223.Google Scholar
Jones, C. (2005). Practical deconstructivist feminist Marxist organization theory: Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. In Jones, C., and Munro, R. (Eds.), (pp. 228244) Sociological Review Monographs series; Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
Jones, C. (2010a). The subject supposed to recycle. Philosophy Today, 54(1), 3039.Google Scholar
Jones, C. (2010b). Editorial introduction: Derrida, business, ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review, 19(3), 235237. doi:10.1111/j.1467–8608.2010.01594.x.Google Scholar
Jones, C., ed. (2007). Special issue: Levinas, business, ethics /. Business Ethics: A European Review, 16(3), 196321.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jones, C. Parker, M. and Ten Bos, R. (2006). For Business Ethics. Routledge.Google Scholar
Ladkin, D. (2006). When deontology and utilitarianism aren’t enough: How Heidegger’s notion of “dwelling” might help organisational leaders resolve ethical issues. Journal of Business Ethics, 65(1), 8798.Google Scholar
Ladkin, D. (2012). Perception, reversibility, “flesh”: Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology and leadership as embodied practice. Integral Leadership Review, 12(1), 113.Google Scholar
Lakoff, G. and Johnson, M. (1999). Philosophy in the Flesh: The embodied mind and its challenge to Western thought, New York: Basic Books, Kindle edition.Google Scholar
Nietzsche, F. (1886/1973). On truth and lie in the extramoral sense. In: Kaufman, W. (ed.) The Portable Nietzsche. New York, Viking Press.Google Scholar
McMurray, R., Pullen, A., and Rhodes, C. (2011). Ethical subjectivity and politics in organizations: a case of health care tendering. Organization, 18(4), 541561. doi:10.1177/1350508410388336.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. and Slegers, R. (2017). Strengthening “Giving Voice to Values” in business schools by reconsidering capitalist metaphors. Journal of Business Ethics (forthcoming).Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. and Ten Bos, R. (2016). Should environmental concern “pay off”? A Heideggerian perspective. Organization Studies, DOI 10.1177/0170840615604502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. 2015, Philosophical assumptions undermining responsible management education. Journal of Management Development, 34 (1): 6175.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. (2013). The relationship between identity crises and crises of control. Journal of Business Ethics, 114, 114.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. (2012). Rethinking responsible agency in corporations: perspectives from Deleuze and Guattari. Journal of Business Ethics, 101(10), 8395.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. and Ten Bos, R. (2011). Business Ethics and Continental Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. (2010). Derrida and Business Ethics: Ethical questioning (and)(or) questioning ethics. Business Ethics: A European Review, 9(3), 265279.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M. J. (2008) Business Ethics as Practice: Ethics as the everyday business of business, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Painter-Morland, M., and Deslandes, G. (2014). Gender and visionary leading: rethinking “vision” with Bergson, Deleuze, and Guattari. Organization, 21(6), 844866. doi:10.1177/1350508413488636.Google Scholar
Pérezts, M., Bouilloud, J., and Gaulejac, V. (2011). Serving Two Masters: The contradictory organization as an ethical challenge for managerial responsibility Springer Science and Business Media B.V. doi:10.1007/s10551-011–1176-3.Google Scholar
Pérezts, M., and Picard, S. (2015). Compliance or comfort zone? The work of embedded ethics in performing regulation. Journal of Business Ethics, 131(4), 833852. doi:10.1007/s10551-014–2154-3.Google Scholar
Phillips, M., Pullen, A., and Rhodes, C. (2014). Writing organization as gendered practice: Interrupting the libidinal economy. Organization Studies (01708406), 35(3), 313333. doi:10.1177/0170840613483656.Google Scholar
Polanyi, K. (1947). On belief in economic determinism. Sociological Review, 37(1), 96112.Google Scholar
Popp, A., and Holt, R. (2013). Entrepreneurship and being: The case of the Shaws. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 25(1), 5268. doi:10.1080/08985626.2012.746887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pullen, A. (2006). Gendering the research self: Social practice and corporeal multiplicity in the writing of organizational research. Gender, Work and Organization, 13(3), 277298. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0432.2006.00308.x.Google Scholar
Pullen, A., Rhodes, C., and Thanem, T. (2017). Affective politics in gendered organizations: affirmative notes on becoming-woman. Organization, 24(1), 105123. doi:10.1177/1350508416668367.Google Scholar
Rendtorff, J. D. (2016). Philosophical foundations of business ethics: French philosophy and social theory in relation to ethics and philosophy management. Philosophy Study, 6(2), 96102.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C., and Garrick, J. (2002). Economic metaphors and working knowledge: Enter the “cogito-economic” subject. Human Resource Development International, 5(1), 8797. doi:10.1080/13678860110018803.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C. (2007). Outside the gates of Eden: Utopia and work in rock music. Group and Organization Management, 32(1), 2249.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C., and Pitsis, A. (2008). Organization and mimetic excess: Magic, critique, and style. International Studies of Management and Organization, 38(1), 7191. doi:10.2753/IMO0020-8825380104.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C. (2009). After reflexivity: Ethics, freedom and the writing of organization studies. Organization Studies (01708406), 30(6), 653672. doi:10.1177/0170840609104804.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C. (2012). Ethics, alterity and the rationality of leadership justice. Human Relations, 65(10), 13111331. doi:10.1177/0018726712448488.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rhodes, C. (2014). Ethical anarchism, business ethics and the politics of disturbance. Ephemera: Theory and Politics in Organization, 14(4), 725737.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C. (2016). Democratic business ethics: Volkswagen’s emissions scandal and the disruption of corporate sovereignty. Organization Studies (01708406), 37(10), 15011518. doi:10.1177/0170840616641984.Google Scholar
Rhodes, C., and Westwood, R. (2016). The limits of generosity: Lessons on ethics, economy, and reciprocity in Kafka’s the metamorphosis. Journal of Business Ethics, 133(2), 235248. doi:10.1007/s10551-014–2350-1.Google Scholar
Spicer, A., Alvesson, M., and Kärreman, D. (2009). Critical performativity: The unfinished business of critical management studies. Human Relations, 62(4), 537560. doi:10.1177/0018726708101984.Google Scholar
Spicer, A. (2011). Guilty lives: The authenticity trap at work. Ephemera: Theory and Politics in Organization, 11(1), 4662.Google Scholar
Spicer, A. (2013). Shooting the shit: The role of bullshit in organisations. M@n@gement, 16(5), 653666.Google Scholar
Van Bommel, K., and Spicer, A. (2011). Hail the snail: Hegemonic struggles in the slow food movement. Organization Studies (01708406), 32(12), 17171744. doi:10.1177/0170840611425722.Google Scholar
Vattimo, G. (1997). Beyond Interpretation: the meaning of hermeneutics for philosophy, Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Zwier, J., Blok, V., and Lemmens, P. (2016). Phenomenology and the empirical turn: A phenomenological analysis of postphenomenology. Philosophy and Technology, 29(4), 313333. doi:10.1007/s13347-016–0221-7.Google Scholar


Childress, James F., and Beauchamp, Tom L.. 2001. Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Oxford University Press, USA.Google Scholar
Daniels, Norman. 1979. Wide Reflective Equilibrium and Theory Acceptance in Ethics. The Journal of Philosophy, 76(5): 256282.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 1981. Ethical Responsibilities of Engineers in Large Organizations: the Pinto case. Business and Professional Ethics Journal, I: 114.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 1990. Ethics and Coherence. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 64(3): 3952.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 2003. The Ethics of Information Technology and Business. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 2006a. The History of Business Ethics. In Epstein, Marc and Hanson, Kirk (eds.) The Accountable Corporation. Vol. II, p. 4758. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 2006b. The Relevance of Philosophy to Business Ethics: A Response to Rorty’s “Is Philosophy Relevant to Applied Ethics?” Business Ethics Quarterly, 16(3): 381389.Google Scholar
De George, Richard T. 2010. Business Ethics. (7th ed.) Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. (1st, 2nd, 3rd eds., N.Y.: Macmillan and London: Collier, 1982, 1986, 1990; 4rd-6th eds., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1995, 1999, 2006.)Google Scholar
De George, Richard T., Gert, Bernard, and Magnell, Thomas. 1994. The Place for Coherence and Moral Rules in Ethics: Richard De George and Bernard Gert (Dialogue moderated and edited by Thomas Magnell). The Journal of Value Inquiry, 28(3): 463479.Google Scholar
DeGrazia, David. 2003. Common Morality: Coherence, and the Principles of Biomedical Ethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 13(5): 219230Google Scholar
DeMarco, Joseph P. 1997. Coherence and Applied Ethics. Journal of Applied Philosophy, 14(3): 289300.Google Scholar
DePaul, Michael. 1987. Two Conceptions of Coherence Methods in Ethics. Mind, 96: 384, 463481.Google Scholar
DePaul, Michael. 1988. The Problem of the Criterion and Coherence Methods in Ethics. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 18(1): 6786.Google Scholar
Dorsey, Dale. 2006. A Coherence Theory of Truth in Ethics. Philosophical Studies, 127: 493523.Google Scholar
Dowie, Mark. 1977. Pinto Madness, Mother Jones, September/October, 24–28.Google Scholar
Engel, Mylan Jr. 2012. Coherentism and the Epistemic Justification of Moral Beliefs: A Case Study in How to Do Practical Ethics Without Appeal to a Moral Theory. The Southern Journal of Philosophy, 50(1): 5074.Google Scholar
Guarini, Marcello. 2007. Computation, Coherence, and Ethical Reasoning. Minds and Machines, 17: 2746.Google Scholar
Hobbes, Thomas. 1651/2017. Leviathan. Part I, chapter 13. Web site retrieved April 10, 2017.Google Scholar
Kuhn, Thomas. 1962. Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Rawls, John. 1971. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard.Google Scholar
Rawls, John. B. 1974–1975. The independence of moral theory. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, XLVII, 522.Google Scholar
Rawls, John. 1987. The Idea of an Overlapping Consensus. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 7(1): 125.Google Scholar
Rawls, John. 1993. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Rawls, John. 1999. A Theory of Justice. Revised ed., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Thagard, Paul. 1998. Ethical Coherence. Philosophical Psychology, 11(4): 405419.Google Scholar


Bartlett, C. A., “ABB’s Relays Business: Building and Managing a Global Matrix,” Harvard Business School Case 394016 (1993).Google Scholar
Bazerman, M. H. and Tenbrunsel, A. E., Blind Spots: Why We Fail to Do What’s Right and What To Do About It, Princeton University Press, 2011.Google Scholar
Boulding, K. E., “The Basis of Value Judgments in Economics,” in Human Values and Economic Policy, Hook, S. (ed.), New York University Press, 1967.Google Scholar
Bromiley, P. and Cummings, L. Transaction Costs in Organizations with Trust,” in Bies, R. J., Lewicki, R., and Shepard, B. (eds.) Research on Negotiations in Organizations. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 1995.Google Scholar
Case, J. Open Book Management, New York: HarperCollins Publishers, 1995.Google Scholar
Fukuyama, F., Trust, New York: The Free Press, 1995.Google Scholar
Kant, I., Foundation of the Metaphysics of Morals, 1785 Beck, L.W. Trans. New York: Macmillan, 1990.Google Scholar
Kant, I.Metaphysical Principles of Virtue,” The Metaphysics of Morals, 1797 in Kant’s Ethical Philosophy, 2nd ed. Ellington, James W. 1994. trans. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing, 1994.Google Scholar
Korsgaard, C., Creating the Kingdom of Ends, Cambridge University Press, 1996.Google Scholar
O’Neill, O., Constructions of Reason, Cambridge University Press, 1989.Google Scholar
Rawls, J., A Theory of Justice, Harvard University Press, 1971.Google Scholar
Sunstein, C. R., and Thaler, R. H, Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness, Yale University Press, 2008.Google Scholar
Trevino, L. K., Weaver, G. R., and Reynolds, S. J., “Behavioral Ethics in Organizations: A Review,” Journal of Management, 32 (2006) 951990.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats