Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5959bf8d4d-dtbwl Total loading time: 1.97 Render date: 2022-12-08T01:01:48.468Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "useRatesEcommerce": false } hasContentIssue true

Part I - Regional Developments

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  03 June 2021

Stephen Broadberry
Affiliation:
University of Oxford
Kyoji Fukao
Affiliation:
Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

References

Abramovitz, M. and David, P. A. (1973). ‘Reinterpreting Economic Growth: Parables and Realities’, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings 63, 428439.Google Scholar
Abramovitz, M. and David, P. A. (2001). ‘Two Centuries of American Macroeconomic Growth from Exploitation of Resource Abundance to Knowledge-Driven Development’, Stanford Institute of Economic Research working paper 01–005.Google Scholar
Boustan, L. P., Frydman, C., and Margo, R. A. (eds.) (2014). Human Capital in History: The American Record, University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bresnahan, T. F. and Trajtenberg, M. (1995). ‘General Purpose Technologies “Engines of Growth”?’, Journal of Econometrics 65(1), 83108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S. N. (1997). The Productivity Race: British Manufacturing in International Perspective, 1850–1990, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S. N. (2006). Market Services and the Productivity Race, 1850–2000, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carter, S. et al. (2006). Historical Statistics of the United States, Millennial Edition, New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Chandler, A. D., Jr. (1962). Strategy and Structure: Chapters in the History of American Industrial Enterprise, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Chandler, A. D. (1965). The Railroads: The Nation’s First Big Business, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World.Google Scholar
Chandler, A. D. (1977). The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business, Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.Google Scholar
Chandler, A. D. (1990). Scale and Scope: The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
David, P. A. (1990). ‘The Dynamo and the Computer: An Historical Perspective on the Modern Productivity Paradox’, American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings, 80, 355361.Google Scholar
David, P. A. and Wright, G. (2003). ‘General Purpose Technologies and Surges in Productivity: Historical Reflections on the Future of the ICT Revolution’, in David, P. and Thomas, M. (eds.), The Economic Future in Historical Perspective, New York: Oxford University Press, 135166.Google Scholar
Davis, L. E. and Gallman, R. E. (1978). ‘Capital Formation in the United States during the Nineteenth Century’, in Mathias, P. and Postan, M. M. (eds.), Cambridge Economic History of Europe, Vol. 7: The Industrial Economies: Capital, Labour and Enterprise, Pt 2: The United States, Japan and Russia, New York: Cambridge University Press, 169.Google Scholar
Field, A. J. (1996). ‘The Relative Productivity of American Distribution, 1869–1992’, Research in Economic History, 16, 137.Google Scholar
Field, A. J. (2011). A Great Leap Forward: 1930s Depression and US Economic Growth, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Fishlow, A. (1966). ‘Productivity and Technological Change in the Railroad Sector, 1840–1910’, in Brady, D. S. (ed.), Output, Employment, and Productivity in the United States after 1800, Studies in Income and Wealth, Vol. 30, New York: Columbia University Press, 583647.Google Scholar
Freeman, J. B. (2018). Behemoth: A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World, New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
Gallman, R. E. (1986). ‘The United States Capital Stock in the Nineteenth Century’, in Engerman, S. and Gallman, R. E. (eds.), Long-Term Factors in American Economic Growth, University of Chicago Press, 185206.Google Scholar
Gallman, R. E. (1992). ‘American Economic Growth before the Civil War: The Testimony of the Capital Stock Estimates’, in Gallman, R. E. and Wallis, J. J. (eds.), American Economic Growth and Standard of Living before the Civil War, University of Chicago Press, 7990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gallman, R. E. and Rhode, P. W. (2019). Capital in the Nineteenth Century, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Goldin, C. (1990). Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Goldin, C. (2001). ‘The Human-Capital Century and American Leadership: Virtues of the Past,’ Journal of Economic History, 61(2), 263293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goldin, C. and Katz, L. F. (2008). The Race between Education and Technology, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Gordon, R. J. (2016). The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The US Standard of Living since the Civil War, Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Harberger, A. (1998). ‘A Vision of the Growth Process’, American Economic Review, 88(1), 132.Google Scholar
Jones, C. I. (2016). ‘The Facts of Economic Growth’, Handbook of Macroeconomics, 2A, 369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaldor, N. (1957). ‘A Model of Economic Growth’, Economic Journal, 67(268), 591624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaldor, N. (1961). ‘Capital Accumulation and Economic Growth’, in Lutz, L. A. and Hague, D. C. (eds.), The Theory of Capital, New York: St Martin’s Press, 177222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kendrick, J. W. (assisted by M. R. Pech) (1961). Productivity Trends in the United States, Princeton University Press for the NBER.Google Scholar
Kuznets, S. (1937). National Income and Capital Formation, 1919–1935, New York: NBER.Google Scholar
Kuznets, S. (assisted by E. Jenks) (1961). Capital in the American Economy: Its Formation and Financing, Princeton University Press for the NBER.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuznets, S. (1964). ‘Notes on the Patterns of US Economic Growth’, in Edwards, E. O. (ed.), The Nation’s Economic Objectives, University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Lebergott, S. (1966). ‘Labor Force and Employment, 1800–1960’, in Brady, D. S. (ed.), Output, Employment, and Productivity in the United States after 1800, Studies in Income and Wealth, Vol. 30, New York: Columbia University Press, 117204.Google Scholar
Lee, C. and Rhode, P. W. (2018). ‘Manufacturing Growth and Structural Change in American Economic History’, in Cain, L. P., Fishback, P. V., and Rhode, P. W. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of American Economic History, New York: Oxford University Press, 183212.Google Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review 67(3), 627651.Google Scholar
Mokyr, J. (1990). The Lever of Riches: Technological Creativity and Economic Progress, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Nordhaus, W. D. (2007). ‘Two Centuries of Productivity Growth in Computing’, Journal of Economic History, 67(1), 128159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nye, D. E. (2013). America’s Assembly Line, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Olmstead, A. L. and Rhode, P. W. (2008). Creating Abundance: Biological Innovation and American Agricultural Development, New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Piketty, T. (2014). Capital in the Twenty-First Century (trans. Arthur Goldhammer), Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piketty, T. and Saez, E. (2003). ‘Income Inequality in the United States, 1913–1998’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piketty, T. and Zucman, G. (2014). ‘Capital Is Back: Wealth–Income Ratios in Rich Countries, 1700–2010’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129, 12551310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Porat, M. U. (1977). The Information Economy: Sources and Methods for Measuring the Primary Information Sector, OT Special Publication, 77-12(1), US Department of Commerce, Office of Telecommunications.Google Scholar
Smil, V. (2005). Creating the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations of 1867–1914 and their Lasting Impact, New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smil, V. (2006). Transforming the Twentieth Century: Technical Innovations and their Consequences, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Gross Domestic Product and Fixed Assets Accounts, www.bea.gov/ (accessed 29 September 2020).Google Scholar
Wallis, J. J. and North, D. (1986). ‘Measuring the Transaction Sector in the American Economy, 1870–1970’, in Engerman, S. and Gallman, R. E. (eds.), Long-Term Factors in American Economic Growth, University of Chicago Press, 95162.Google Scholar
Wright, G. (2018). ‘Natural Resources in American Economic History’, in Cain, L. P., Fishback, P. V., and Rhode, P. W. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of American Economic History, New York: Oxford University Press, 425442.Google Scholar

References

Abramovitz, M. (1986). ‘Catching Up, Forging Ahead, and Falling Behind’, Journal of Economic History, 46, 385406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. A. (2002). ‘Reversal of Fortunes: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117, 12311294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andersen, T. B. and Malchow-Møller, N. (2017). ‘The Macroeconomics of a Delayed Recovery from the Global Financial Crisis: A Comparative Approach’, Singapore Economic Review, 62(5), 11791194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Andersen, T. B., Barslund, M., and Vanhuysse, P. (2019). ‘Join to Prosper? An Empirical Analysis of EU Membership and Economic Growth’, Kyklos, 72(2), 211238.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barro, R. J. and Sala-i-Martin, X. (2003). Economic Growth, 2nd ed., New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
Barry, F. (2002). ‘The Celtic Tiger Era: Delayed Convergence or Regional Boom?ESRI Quarterly Economic Commentary, summer, 8491.Google Scholar
Bean, C. and Crafts, N. (1996). ‘British Economic Growth since 1945: Relative Economic Decline … and Renaissance?’, in Crafts, N. and Toniolo, G. (eds.), Economic Growth in Europe since 1945, Cambridge University Press, 131172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bolt, J., Inklaar, R., de Jong, H., and van Zanden, J. L. (2018). ‘Rebasing “Maddison”: New Income Comparisons and the Shape of Long-Run Economic Development’, Maddison Project working paper 10.Google Scholar
Broadberry, S. N. (1998). ‘How Did the United States and Germany Overtake Britain? A Sectoral Analysis of Comparative Productivity Levels, 1870–1990’, Journal of Economic History, 58, 375407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S. N., Federico, G., and Klein, A. (2010). ‘Sectoral Developments, 1870–1914’, in Broadberry, S. N. and O’Rourke, K. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Vol. 2: 1870 to the Present, Cambridge University Press, 5983.Google Scholar
Cameron, R. (1985). ‘A New View of European Industrialization’, Economic History Review, 38, 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carlin, W. (1996). ‘West German Growth and Institutions, 1945–90’, in Crafts, N. and Toniolo, G. (eds.), Economic Growth in Europe since 1945, Cambridge University Press, 455497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Carreras, A. and Josephson, C. (2010). ‘Aggregate Growth, 1870–1914: Growing at the Production Frontier’, in Broadberry, S. N. and O’Rourke, K. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Vol. 2: 1870 to the Present, Cambridge University Press, 3058.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crafts, N. (2009). ‘Solow and Growth Accounting: A Perspective from Quantitative Economic History’, History of Political Economy, 41, 200220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crafts, N. (2016). ‘The Growth Effects of EU Membership for the UK: Review of the Evidence’, Social Market Foundation/CAGE Global Perspectives Series, paper 7.Google Scholar
Crafts, N. and Toniolo, G. (1996). ‘Postwar Growth: An Overview’, in Crafts, N. and Toniolo, G. (eds.), Economic Growth in Europe since 1945, Cambridge University Press, 137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crafts, N. and Toniolo, G. (2010). ‘Aggregate Growth, 1950–2005’, in Broadberry, S. and O’Rourke, K. (2010). The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Vol. 2: 1870 to the Present, Cambridge University Press, 296332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Denison, E. (1962). The Sources of Economic Growth in the United States and the Alternatives before Us, New York: Committee for Economic Development.Google Scholar
Dowrick, S. and Bradford DeLong, J. (2003). ‘Globalization and Convergence’, in Bordo, M. D., Taylor, A. M., and Williamson, J. G. (eds.), Globalization in Historical Perspective, University of Chicago Press, 191226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Easterly, W. and Levine, R. (2003). ‘Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development’, Journal of Monetary Economics, 50, 339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eichengreen, B. (1992). Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression 1919–1939. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Engerman, S. L. and Sokoloff, K. L. (1997). ‘Factor Endowments, Institutions, and Differential Paths of Growth Among New World Economies: A View from Economic Historians of the United States’, in Haber, S. (ed.), How Latin America Fell Behind, Stanford University Press, 260304.Google Scholar
Feinstein, C. H., Temin, P., and Toniolo, G. (1997). The European Economy between the Wars. Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gerschenkron, A. (1962). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Hall, R. E. and Jones, C. I. (1999). ‘Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others?’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 114, 83116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henriksen, I., McLaughlin, E., and Sharp, P. (2015). ‘Contracts and Cooperation: The Relative Failure of the Irish Dairy Industry in the Late Nineteenth Century Reconsidered’, European Review of Economic History, 19, 412431.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henriques, S. T. and Sharp, P. (2016). ‘The Danish Agricultural Revolution in an Energy Perspective: A Case of Development with Few Domestic Energy Sources’, Economic History Review, 69(3), 844869.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karlsson, M., Nilsson, T., and Pichler, S. (2014). ‘The Impact of the 1918 Spanish Flu Epidemic on Economic Performance in Sweden: An Investigation into the Consequences of an Extraordinary Mortality Shock’, Journal of Health Economics, 36, 119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klovland, J. T. (1998). ‘Monetary Policy and Business Cycles in the Interwar Years: The Scandinavian Experience’, European Review of Economic History, 2(3), 309344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Krugman, P. R. and Venables, A. J. (1995). ‘Globalization and the Inequality of Nations’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110, 857880.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lampe, M. and Sharp, P. (2016). ‘Cliometric Approaches to International Trade’, in Diebolt, C. and Haupert, M. (eds.), Handbook of Cliometrics, Heidelberg: Springer, 295330.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lampe, M. and Sharp, P. (2018). A Land of Milk and Butter: How Elites Created the Modern Danish Dairy Industry, University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLaughlin, E. and Sharp, P. (2019). ‘Competition between Organisational Forms in Danish and Irish Dairying around the Turn of the Twentieth Century’, Business History, April (published online).Google Scholar
Maddison, A. (2003). The World Economy: Historical Statistics, Paris: OECD.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67(3), 627651.Google Scholar
Mankiw, N., Romer, D., and Weil, D. N. (1992). ‘A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107, 407437.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mauro, P. (1995). ‘Corruption and Growth’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110, 681712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ó Gráda, C. (2007). ‘You Take the High Road and I’ll Take the Low Road: Economic Success and Well-Being in the Longer Run’, in Hatton, T. J., O’Rourke, K. H., and Taylor, A. M. (eds.), The New Comparative Economic History: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey G. Williamson, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 343364.Google Scholar
Ó Gráda, C. and O’Rourke, K. H. (1996). ‘Irish Economic Growth, 1945–88’, in Crafts, N. and Toniolo, G. (eds.), Economic Growth in Europe since 1945, Cambridge University Press, 388426.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
O’Rourke, K. H. (2006). ‘Late Nineteenth-Century Denmark in an Irish Mirror: Land Tenure, Homogeneity and the Roots of Danish Success’, in Campbell, J. L., Hall, J. A., and Pedersen, O. K. (eds.), National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism: The Danish Experience, Montreal: McGill–Queen’s University Press, 159–96.Google Scholar
O’Rourke, K. H. and Williamson, J. G. (1997). ‘Around the European Periphery, 1870–1913: Globalization, Schooling and Growth’, European Review of Economic History, 1, 153190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Persson, K. G. and Sharp, P. (2015). An Economic History of Europe: Knowledge, Institutions and Growth, 600 to the Present, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Petrakos, G. and Artelaris, P. (2009). ‘European Regional Convergence Revisited: A Weighted Least Squares Approach’, Growth and Change, 40(2), 314331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pollard, S. (1981). Peaceful Conquest: The Industrialization of Europe 1760–1970, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Pounds, N. J. G. (1957). Coal and Steel in Western Europe: The Influence of Resources and Technique on Production, Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
Projer, E. (1990). ‘III Schätzung der Bruttowertschöpfung im 2. Sektor NF-Projekt: Geldmenge und Wirtschaftswachstum in der Schweiz, 1851 bis 1913 1. Aufl’, Socioeconomic Seminar, Department of Economic History, University of Zurich.Google Scholar
Romer, P. M. (1990). ‘Endogenous Technological Change’, Journal of Political Economy, 98, 71102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rosés, J. R. and Wolf, N. (2010). ‘Aggregate Growth, 1913–1950’, in Broadberry, S. and O’Rourke, K. (2010). The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Vol. 2: 1870 to the Present, Cambridge University Press, 181207.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rosés, J. R. and Wolf, N. (eds.) (2018). The Economic Development of Europe’s Regions: A Quantitative History Since 1900, Abingdon: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sandberg, L. G. (1979). ‘The Case of the Impoverished Sophisticate: Human Capital and Swedish Economic Growth before World War I’, Journal of Economic History, 39(1), 225241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Solow, R. M. (1956). ‘A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 70, 6594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Strakosch, H. (1935). ‘The Road to Recovery’, Economist, 5 January, 112.Google Scholar
Swan, T. W. (1956). ‘Economic Growth and Capital Accumulation’, Economic Record, 32, 334361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Temin, P. (2002). ‘The Golden Age of European Growth Reconsidered’, European Review of Economic History, 6, 322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vonyó, T. (2008). ‘Post-War Reconstruction and the Golden Age of Economic Growth’, European Review of Economic History, 12(1), 221241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williamson, J. G. (1996). ‘Globalization, Convergence, and History’, Journal of Economic History, 56:2, 277306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

Aldcroft, D. H. and Morewood, S. (1995). Economic Change in Eastern Europe since 1918, Aldershot and Brookfield, VT: Edward Elgar Publishing.Google Scholar
Atkinson, A. B. and Micklewright, J. (1992). Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Berend, I. T. (1996). Central and Eastern Europe 1944–1993: Detour from the Periphery to the Periphery, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Berend, I. T. (2016). An Economic History of Twentieth-Century Europe: Economic Regimes from Laissez-Faire to Globalization, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blanchard, O. and Kremer, M. (1997). ‘Disorganization’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112, 10911126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S. and Klein, A. (2012). ‘Aggregate and Per Capita GDP in Europe, 1870–2000: Continental, Regional and National Data with Changing Boundaries’, Scandinavian Economic History Review, 60(1), 79107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S., Federico, G., and Klein, A. (2010). ‘Sectoral Developments, 1870–1914’, in Broadberry, S. and O’Rourke, K. H. (eds.), Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Vol. 2: 1870 to the Present, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 5983.Google Scholar
Buyst, E. and Franaszek, P. (2010). ‘Sectoral Developments, 1914–1945’, in Broadberry, S. and O’Rourke, K. H. (eds.), Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Vol. 2: 1870 to the Present, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 208–31.Google Scholar
Calvo, G. A. and Frenkel, J. A. (1991). ‘Credit Markets, Credibility, and Economic Transformation’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 5, 139148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Calvo, G. A. and Coricelli, F. (1993). ‘Output Collapse in Eastern Europe: The Role of Credit’, IMF Staff Papers, 40, 3252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Campos, N. F. and Coricelli, A. (2002). ‘Growth in Transition: What We Know, What We Don’t, and What We Should’, Journal of Economic Literature 40, 793836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davies, R. W. (1994). ‘Industry’, in Davies, R. W., Harrison, M., and Wheatcroft, S. G. (eds.), The Economic Transformation of the Soviet Union, 1913–1945, Cambridge University Press, 131157.Google Scholar
Drábek, Z. (1985). ‘Foreign Trade Performance and Policy’, in Käser, M. C. and Radice, E. A. (eds.), The Economic History of Eastern Europe 1919–1975, Vol. I: Economic Structure and Performance between the Two Wars, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2366.Google Scholar
Eckstein, A. (1955). ‘National Income and Capital Formation in Hungary, 1900–1950’, Review of Income and Wealth, 5, 152223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eichengreen, B. J. (1992). Golden Fetters: The Gold Standard and the Great Depression, 1919–1939, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Eichengreen, B. J. (2007). The European Economy since 1945: Coordinated Capitalism and Beyond, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Estrin, S., Hanousek, J., Kočenda, E., and Švejnar, J. (2009). ‘The Effects of Privatization and Ownership in Transition Economies’, Journal of Economic Literature, 47, 699728.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Feinstein, C. H., Temin, P., and Toniolo, G. (2008). The European Economy between the Wars, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Gregory, P. R. (1994). Before Command: An Economic History of Russia from Emancipation to the First Five-Year Plan, Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gregory, P. R. (2003). The Political Economy of Stalinism, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Janoušek, E. (1967). Historický Vývoj Produktivity Práce v Zemědělství v Období Pobělohorském, Prague: Czechoslovak Agricultural Museum.Google Scholar
Jeffries, I. (1993). Socialist Economies and the Transition to the Market: A Guide, London: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jurajda, Š. and Terrell, K. (2009). ‘Regional Unemployment and Human Capital in Transition Economies 1’, Economics of Transition, 17, 241274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, A. (2011). ‘Did Children’s Education Matter? Family Migration as a Mechanism of Human Capital Investment: Evidence from Nineteenth‐Century Bohemia’, Economic History Review, 64, 730764.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Klein, A., Schulze, M. S., and Vonyó, T. (2017). ‘How Peripheral Was the Periphery? Industrialization in East Central Europe since 1870’, in O’Rourke, K. H. and Williamson, J. G. (eds.), The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871, Oxford University Press, 6391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kopsidis, M. (2012a). ‘Missed Opportunity or Inevitable Failure? The Search for Industrialization in Southeast Europe 1870–1940’, European Historical Economics Society, working paper 0019.Google Scholar
Kopsidis, M. (2012b). ‘Peasant Agriculture and Economic Growth: The Case of Southeast Europe c.1870–1940 reinterpreted’, European Historical Economics Society, working paper 0028.Google Scholar
Kornai, J. (1980). Economics of Shortage, Amsterdam: North-Holland.Google Scholar
Maddison, A. (1995). Monitoring the World Economy, 1820–1992, Paris: Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.Google Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67, 627651.Google Scholar
Markevich, A. and Harrison, M. (2011). ‘Great War, Civil War, and Recovery: Russia’s National Income, 1913 to 1928’, Journal of Economic History, 71, 672703.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Radice, E. A. (1985). ‘General Characteristics of the Region between the Wars’, in Käser, M. C. and Radice, E. A. (eds.), The Economic History of Eastern Europe 1919–1975, Vol. I: Economic Structure and Performance between the Two Wars, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2366.Google Scholar
Roland, G. and Verdier, T. (1999). ‘Transition and the Output Fall’, Economics of Transition, 7, 128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schulze, M. S. (2000). ‘Patterns of Growth and Stagnation in the Late Nineteenth Century Habsburg Economy’, European Review of Economic History, 4, 311340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schulze, M. S. (2007). ‘Origins of Catch-Up Failure: Comparative Productivity Growth in the Habsburg Empire, 1870–1910’, European Review of Economic History, 11, 189218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Švejnar, J. (2002). ‘Transition Economies: Performance and Challenges’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16, 328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Teichová, A. (1985). ‘Industry’, in Käser, M. C. and Radice, E. A. (eds.), The Economic History of Eastern Europe 1919–1975, Vol. I: Economic Structure and Performance between the Two Wars, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 222323.Google Scholar
Teichova, A. (1988). The Czechoslovak Economy 1918–1980, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Vonyó, T. (2017). ‘War and Socialism: Why Eastern Europe Fell Behind between 1950 and 1989’, Economic History Review, 70, 248274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vonyó, T. and Klein, A. (2019). ‘Why Did Socialist Economies Fail? The Role of Factor Inputs Reconsidered’, Economic History Review, 72, 317345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wolf, N., Schulze, M. S., and Heinemeyer, H. C. (2011). ‘On the Economic Consequences of the Peace: Trade and Borders after Versailles’, Journal of Economic History, 71, 915949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

Bassino, J.-P., Fukao, K., and Settsu, T. (2016). ‘Revisiting Meiji Japan’s Economic Miracle: Changes in Regional Industrial Structure and Productivity (1874–1909)’, paper presented at the Asian Historical Economics Conference, Seoul National University, 2‒3 September 2016.Google Scholar
Bassino, J.-P., Broadberry, S., Fukao, K., Gupta, B., and Takashima, M. (2019). ‘Japan and the Great Divergence, 730–1874’, Explorations in Economic History, 72, 122.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Belderbos, R., Ikeuchi, K., Fukao, K., Kim, Y. G., and Kwon, H. U. (2016). ‘Public and Private R&D Spillovers and Productivity at the Plant Level: Technological and Geographic Proximity’, paper presented at the 34th IARIW General Conference, Dresden, Germany, 21‒27 August 2016.Google Scholar
Braguinsky, S., Ohyama, A., Okazaki, T., and Syverson, C. (2015). ‘Acquisitions, Productivity, and Profitability: Evidence from the Japanese Cotton Spinning Industry’, American Economic Review, 105(7), 20892119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Branstetter, L. G., Drev, M., and Kwon, N. (2015). ‘Get with the Program: Software-Driven Innovation in Traditional Manufacturing’, NBER working paper 21752, National Bureau of Economic Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cha, M. S. (2003). ‘Did Takahashi Korekiyo Rescue Japan from the Great Depression?’, Journal of Economic History, 63(1), 127144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clark, K. B., Chew, W. B., and Fujimoto, T. (1987). ‘Product Development in the World Auto Industry’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 3, 729771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fukao, K. (2012). ‘Ushinawareta 20nen’ to Nihonkeizai: Kouzoutekigenin to Saisei no Gendouryoku [The Structural Causes of Japan’s ‘Two Lost Decades’: Forging a New Growth Strategy], Tokyo: Nikkei Publishing Inc.Google Scholar
Fukao, K. (2018). ‘Seicho to Makuro Keizai’ [Growth and the Macroeconomy], in Fukao, K., Nakamura, N., and Nakabayashi, M. (eds.), Nihon Keizai no Rekishi, Iwanami Koza, Vol. 6, Gendai 2 [History of the Japanese Economy, Iwanami Lecture Series, Vol. 6, The Contemporary Period 2], Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 228.Google Scholar
Fukao, K. and Saumik, P. (2019). ‘Baumol versus Engel: Accounting for 100 Years (1885‒1985) of Structural Transformation in Japan’, IER Discussion Paper Series A, No. 694, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.Google Scholar
Fukao, K. and Settsu, T. (2017). ‘Seicho to Makuro Keizai’ [Growth and the Macroeconomy], in Fukao, K., Nakamura, N., and Nakabayashi, M. (eds.), Nihon Keizai no Rekishi, Iwanami Koza, Vol. 4, Kindai 2 [History of the Japanese Economy, Iwanami Lecture Series, Vol. 4, The Modern Period 2], Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
Fukao, K. and Yuan, T. (2016). ‘China’s Growth Slowdown: Lessons from Japan’s Experience and the Expected Impact on Japan, the USA and Germany’, China and the World Economy, 24(5), 122146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fukao, K., Bassino, J.-P., Makino, T., Paprzycki, R., Settsu, T., Takashima, M., and Tokui, J. (2015). Regional Inequality and Industrial Structure in Japan: 1874–2008, Tokyo: Maruzen Publishing Co.Google Scholar
Fukao, K., Nakamura, N., and Nakabayashi, M. (eds.) (2017–18). Nihon Keizai no Rekishi, Iwanami Koza, Vols. 3–6 [History of the Japanese Economy, Iwanami Lecture Series, Vols. 3–6], Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
Fukao, K., Makino, T., and Settsu, T. (2019). ‘Structural Change, Capital Deepening, and TFP Growth in Japan: 1885‒1970’, IER Discussion Paper Series A, No. 693, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.Google Scholar
Hatase, M. (2002). ‘Devaluation and Exports in Interwar Japan: The Effects of Sharp Depreciation of the Yen in the Early 1930s’, Bank of Japan Monetary and Economic Studies, 20(3), 143180.Google Scholar
Hayashi, F. and Prescott, E. C. (2008). ‘The Depressing Effect of Agricultural Institutions on the Prewar Japanese Economy’, Journal of Political Economy, 116(4), 573632.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ito, M. and Kiyono, I. (1984). ‘Dai 5-sho, Boeki to Chokusetsu Toshi’ [Trade and Direct Investment], in Komiya, R., Okuno, M., and Suzumura, K. (eds.), Nihon no Sangyo Seisaku [Japan’s Industrial Policy], University of Tokyo Press, ch. 5.Google Scholar
Jorgenson, D. W., Nomura, K., and Samuels, J. D. (2016). ‘A Half Century of Trans-Pacific Competition: Price Level Indices and Productivity Gaps for Japanese and US Industries, 1955–2012’, in Jorgenson, D. W., Fukao, K., and Timmer, M. P. (eds.), The World Economy: Growth or Stagnation?, Cambridge University Press, 469507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Komiya, R. (1975). Gendai Nihon Keizai Kenkyu [A Study of the Contemporary Japanese Economy], Tokyo University Press.Google Scholar
Krugman, P. (1998). ‘It’s BAAACK! Japan’s Slump and the Return of the Liquidity Trap’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2, 137205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kushida, K. E. (2015). ‘The Politics of Commoditization in Global ICT Industries: A Political Economy Explanation of the Rise of Apple, Google, and Industry Disruptors’, Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 15(1), 4967.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Linden, G., Brown, C., and Appleyard, M. M. (2003). ‘The Semiconductor Industry’s Role in the Net World Order’, Institute for Research on Labor and Employment (IRLE) working paper 94-03, University of California Berkeley.Google Scholar
Maddison, A. (2003). The World Economy: Historical Statistics, Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Masui, Y. (1969). ‘The Supply Price of Labor: Farm Family Workers’, in Ohkawa, K., Johnston, B. F., and Kaneda, H. (eds.), Agriculture and Economic Growth: Japan’s Experience, University of Tokyo Press, 222249.Google Scholar
Minami, R. (1976) Doryoku Kakumei to Gijustu Shinpo: Senzen-ki Senzogyo no Bunseki [The Power Revolution and Technological Progress: Analysis of the Pre-War Manufacturing Sector], Tokyo: Toyo Keizai Shinpo-sha.Google Scholar
Mizoguchi, T. and Nojima, N. (1993). ‘1940–1945-nen ni okeru Kokumin Keizai Keisan no Ginmi’ [Nominal and Real GDP of Japan: 1940–45], in Mizoguchi, T. (ed.), Dainiji Taisen-ka no Nihon Keizai no Tokei-teki Bunseki [A Statistical Analysis of the Japanese Economy during World War II], report on the research results of a 1990–92 grant in aid for scientific research, scientific research (A), Tokyo: Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University, 530.Google Scholar
Moriguchi, C. and Saez, E. (2008). ‘The Evolution of Income Concentration in Japan, 1886–2005: Evidence from Income Tax Statistics’, Review of Economics and Statistics, 90(4), 713734.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nakamura, T. (1983). Economic Growth in Prewar Japan, New Haven: Yale University Press, originally published in 1971 in Japanese as Senzenki Nihon Keizai Seicho no Bunseki, Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.Google Scholar
Nakamura, T. and Miyazaki, M. (1995). Shiryo: Taiheiyo Senso Higai Chosa Hokoku [Damage Survey Report of the Second World War], University of Tokyo Press.Google Scholar
Nelson, D. R. (1996). ‘Making Sense of the 1981 Automobile VER: Economics, Politics, and the Political Economy of Protection’, in Krueger, A. O. (ed.), The Political Economy of Trade Protection, University of Chicago Press, 3542.Google Scholar
Ohkawa, K. and Rosovsky, H. (1972). Japanese Economic Growth: Trend Acceleration in the Twentieth Century, Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Ohkawa, K. and Shinohara, M. (eds.) (1979). Patterns of Japanese Economic Development: A Quantitative Appraisal, New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
Okazaki, T. and Okuno-Fujiwara, M. (eds.) (1999). The Japanese Economic System and its Historical Origins, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Okazaki, T., Taniyama, E. and Nakabayashi, M. (2005). ‘Role of Local Communities in Economic Development: A Survey Focusing on the Export Industries in Nineteenth-Century Japan’, CIRJE J-Series 133, Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo.Google Scholar
Paprzycki, R. and Fukao, K. (2008). Foreign Direct Investment in Japan: Multinationals’ Role in Growth and Globalization, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saito, O. and Takashima, M. (2016). ‘Estimating the Shares of Secondary- and Tertiary-Sector Output in the Age of Early Modern Growth: The Case of Japan, 1600–1874’, European Review of Economic History, 20(3), 368386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sugihara, K. (2013). ‘Labour-Intensive Industrialization in Global History: An Interpretation of East Asian Experiences’, in Austin, G. and Sugihara, K. (eds.), Labour-Intensive Industrialization in Global History, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Tanimoto, M. (ed.) (2006). The Role of Tradition in Japan’s Industrialization: Another Path to Industrialization, New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yamazawa, I. and Yamamoto, Y. (1979). Boeki to Kokusai Shushi [Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments, Vol. 14 of Estimates of Long-Term Economic Statistics of Japan since 1868, ed. Okawa, K., Hinohara, M., and Umemura, M.], Tokyo: Toyo Keizai Shinposha.Google Scholar

References

Allen, R., Bassino, J.-P., Ma, D., Moll-Murata, C., and van Zanden, J. L. (2011). ‘Wages, Prices, and Living Standards in China, Japan, and Europe, 1738–1925’, Economic History Review, 64(S1), 838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baten, J., Ma, D., Morgan, S., and Wang, Q. (2010). ‘Evolution of Living Standards and Human Capital in China in Eighteenth to Twentieth Centuries’, Explorations in Economic History, 47(3), 347359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brandt, L., Ma, D., and Rawski, T. (2014). ‘From Divergence to Convergence: Re-Evaluating the History Behind China’s Economic Boom’, Journal of Economic Literature, 52(1), 45123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S., Guan, H., and Li, D. D. (2018). ‘China, Europe, and the Great Divergence: A Study in Historical National Accounting, 980–1850’, Journal of Economic History, 78, 9551000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chang, J. K. (1969). Industrial Development in Pre-Communist China, Chicago: Aldine Publishing.Google Scholar
Chen, T., Kung, J. K.-S., and Ma, C. (2018). ‘Long Live Keju! The Persistent Effects of China’s Civil Examination System’, unpublished working paper.Google Scholar
Dikötter, F. (2010). The Age of Openness: China before Mao, Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar
Fukuyama, F. (2011). The Origins of Political Order: From Prehuman Times to the French Revolution, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
Jin, G. T. and Liu, Q. F. (2011). [The Cycle of Growth and Decline: On the Ultrastable Structure of Chinese Society] (in Chinese), Beijing: Law Press China.Google Scholar
Kung, J. K.-S. and Chen, S. (2011). ‘The Tragedy of the Nomenklatura: Career Incentives and Political Radicalism during China’s Great Leap Famine’, American Political Science Review, 105, 2745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lin, M.-h. (2006). China Upside Down: Currency, Society, and Ideologies, 1808–1856, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Asia Center.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, D. (2008). ‘Economic Growth in the Lower Yangzi Region of China in 1911–1937: A Quantitative and Historical Perspective’, Journal of Economic History, 68(2), 385392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, D. (2012). ‘Political Institution and Long-Run Economic Trajectory: Some Lessons from Two Millennia of Chinese Civilization’, in Aoki, M., Kuran, T., and Roland, G. (eds.), Institutions and Comparative Economic Development, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 7898.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, D. (2019). ‘Financial Revolution in Republican China during 1900–37: A Survey and a New Interpretation’, Australian Economic History Review, 59(3), 242262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, D. and Rubin, J. (2019). ‘The Paradox of Power: Principle-Agent Problems and Administrative Capacity in Imperial China (and Other Absolutist Regimes)’, Journal of Comparative Economics, 47(2), 277294.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ma, Y. and de Jong, H. (2019). ‘Unfolding the Turbulent Century: A Reconstruction of China’s Historical National Accounts, 1840–1912’, Review of Income and Wealth, 65(1), 7579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maddison, A. (2007). Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 2nd ed., rev. and updated, Paris: Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.Google Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67(3), 627651.Google Scholar
Mao, H. (1995). [The Collapse of the Celestial Empire: A Re-Examination of the Opium War] (in Chinese), Beijing: Sanlian Publishers.Google Scholar
Naughton, B. (2007). The Chinese Economy: Transitions and Growth, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
Pomeranz, K. (2000). The Great Divergence, Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawski, T. G. (1989). Economic Growth in Prewar China, Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Xu, C. (2011). ‘The Fundamental Institutions of China’s Reforms and Development’, Journal of Economic Literature, 49(4), 10761151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yang, N. (1997). [The Modern Form of Regional Schools of Confucius] (in Chinese), Beijing: Sanlian Publisher.Google Scholar

References

Amin, S. (1976). Unequal Development: An Essay on the Social Formations of Peripheral Capitalism, Hassocks: Harvester.Google Scholar
Bagchi, A. K. (1972). Private Investment in India, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Balakrishnan, P. and Parameswaran, M. (2007). ‘Understanding Economic Growth in India: A Prerequisite’, Economic and Political Weekly, 42(27–28), 29152922.Google Scholar
Bosworth, B., Collins, S., and Virmani, A. (2007). ‘Sources of Growth in the Indian Economy’, in Bosworth, B. and Panagariya, A. (eds.), India Policy Forum, 2006–07, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
Broadberry, S. N. and Gupta, B. (2009). ‘Lancashire, India and Shifting Competitive Advantage in Cotton Textiles, 1700–1850: The Neglected Role of Factor Prices’, Economic History Review, 62, 279305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S. N. and Gupta, B. (2010). ‘The Historical Roots of India’s Service-Led Development: A Sectoral Analysis of Anglo-Indian Productivity Differences, 1870–2000’, Explorations in Economic History, 47, 264278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Burgess, R. and Pande, R. (2005). ‘Do Rural Banks Matter? Evidence from the Indian Social Banking Experiment’, American Economic Review, 95(3), 780795.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chakraborty, C. and Nunnenkamp, P. (2006). ‘Economic Reforms, Foreign Direct Investment and its Economic Effects in India’, Kiel working paper 1272, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.Google Scholar
Chapman, S. (1992). Merchant Enterprise in Britain: From the Industrial Revolution to World War I, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chaudhuri, K. N. (1983). ‘Foreign Trade and Balance of Payments (1757–1947)’, in Kumar, D. and Desai, M. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. II, Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 804877.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
DeLong, B. (2003). ‘India since Independence: An Analytical Growth Narrative’, in Rodrick, D. (ed.), In Search of Prosperity: Analytical Narratives on Economic Growth, Princeton University Press, 184204.Google Scholar
Donaldson, D. (2018). ‘Railroads of the Raj: Estimating the Impact of Transportation Infrastructure’, American Economic Review, 108, 899934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ferguson, N. (2004). Empire: How Britain Made the Modern World, London: Allen Lane.Google Scholar
Frankel, J. A. and Romer, D. H. (1999). ‘Does Trade Cause Growth?’, American Economic Review, 89(3), 379399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gang, I. N. and Khan, H. A. (1990). ‘Some Determinants of Foreign Aid to India, 1960–1985’, World Development, 18(3), 431442.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Goswami, O. (1991). Industry, Trade and Peasant Society: The Jute Economy of Eastern India, 1900–1947, Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Greif, A. (1993). ‘Contract Enforceability and Economic Institutions in Early Trade: The Maghribi Traders’ Coalition’, American Economic Review, 83(3), 525548.Google Scholar
Gupta, B. (2014). ‘Discrimination or Social Networks: Industrial Investment on Colonial India’, Journal of Economic History, 74(1), 141168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gupta, B. and Roy, T. (2018). ‘South Asia in the World Economy, 1600–1950’, in Roy, T. and Riello, G. (eds.), Global Economic History, Bloomsbury, 319336.Google Scholar
Gupta, B., Mookherjee, D., Munshi, K., and Sanclemente, M. (2020). “Community Origins of Industrial Entrepreneurship in Pre-Independence India’, CEPR Discussion Paper 14263 (v. 2), Centre for Economic Policy Research.Google Scholar
Harnetty, P. (1972). Imperialism and Free Trade: Lancashire and India in the Mid-Nineteenth Century, Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
Hatekar, N. and Dongre, A. (2005). ‘Structural Breaks in India’s Growth: Revisiting the Debate with a Longer Perspective’, Economic and Political Weekly, 40, 14321435.Google Scholar
Heston, A. (1983). ‘National Income’, in Kumar, D. and Desai, M. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. II, Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 463532.Google Scholar
Hurd, J. (1975). ‘Railways and the Expansion of Markets in India, 1861–1921’, Explorations in Economic History, 12(3), 263288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
India, Commercial Intelligence Department. (various issues). Statistical Abstract for British India, Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, India.Google Scholar
Jain, P. C. (1989). ‘Emigration and Settlement of Indians Abroad’, Sociological Bulletin, 38(1), 155168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kamalakanthan, A. and Laurenceson, J. (2005). ‘How Important Is Foreign Capital to Income Growth in China and India?’, East Asia Economic Research Group discussion paper 4, University of Queensland.Google Scholar
Khadria, B. (1999). The Migration of Knowledge Workers: Second-Generation Effects of India’s Brain Drain, New Delhi: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
Khadria, B. (2013). ‘India, Migration 1940s to Present’, in Ness, I. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration, 5 vols, Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Kindersley, R. (1933). ‘British Overseas Investments in 1931’, Economic Journal, 187204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kochhar, K., Kumar, U., Rajan, R., Subramanian, A., and Tokatlidis, I. (2006). ‘India’s Pattern of Development: What Happened, What Follows?’, Journal of Monetary Economics, 53(5), 9811019.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kohli, A. (2006). ‘Politics of Economic Growth in India, 1980–2005, Part 1: 1980s’, Economic and Political Weekly, 1 April, 12511259.Google Scholar
Kotwal, A., Ramaswami, B., and Wadhwa, W. (2011). ‘Economic Liberalization and Indian Economic Growth’, Journal of Economic Literature, 49, 11521199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kumar, D. (1983). ‘The Fiscal System’, in Kumar, D. and Desai, M. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. II, Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 905944.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kumar, D. and Desai, M. (eds.) (1983). The Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. II, Delhi: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lucas, R. E. (1990). ‘Why Doesn’t Capital Flow from Rich to Poor Countries?’, American Economic Review, 80(22), 9196.Google Scholar
Markovits, C. (2002). Indian Business and Nationalist Politics 1931–39, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Morris, M. D. (1983). ‘The Growth of Large-Scale Industry to 1947’, in Kumar, D. and Desai, M. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of India, Vol. II, Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 553676.Google Scholar
Nagaraj, R. (1990). ‘Industrial Growth: Further Evidence and Towards an Explanation and Issues’, Economic and Political Weekly, 25(41), 23122332.Google Scholar
Panagariya, A. (2013). ‘India and China: Trade and Foreign Investment’, in Hope, N. C., Kochar, A., Noll, R., and Srinivasan, T. N. (eds.), Economic Reform in India: Challenges, Prospects, and Lessons, Cambridge University Press, 96138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Panchamukhi, V. R. (1978). Trade Policies of India: A Quantitative Analysis, Delhi: Concept Publishing Company.Google Scholar
Pascali, L. (2017). ‘The Wind of Change: Maritime Technology, Trade, and Economic Development’, American Economic Review, 107(9), 28212854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Persaud, A. (2019). ‘Escaping Local Risk by Entering Indentureship: Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Indian Migration’, Journal of Economic History, 79, 447476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prakash, O. (1976). ‘Bullion for Goods: International Trade and the Economy of Early Eighteenth-Century Bengal’, Indian Economic & Social History Review, 13(2), 159186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ray, I. (2009). ‘Identifying the Woes of the Cotton Textile Industry in Bengal: Tales of the Nineteenth Century’, Economic History Review, 62(4): 857892.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodrik, D. and Subramanian, A. (2005). ‘From “Hindu Growth” to Productivity Surge: The Mystery of the Indian Growth Transition’, IMF working paper 04/77, International Monetary Fund.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Roy, B. (1996). An Analysis of Long-Term Growth of National Income and Capital Formation in India (1850–51 to 1950–51), Calcutta: Firma KLM Pvt.Google Scholar
Roy, B. (2006). Economic History of India: 1857–1947, 2nd ed., Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Roy, B. (2012). India in the World Economy: From Antiquity to the Present, Vol. 10, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sivasubramonian, S. (2000). The National Income of India in the Twentieth Century, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Sivasubramonian, S. (2004). The Sources of Economic Growth in India, 1950–1 to 1999–2000, New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Srinivasan, T. N. and Tendulkar, S. D. (2003). Reintegrating India with the World Economy, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Stone, I. (1999). The Global Export of Capital from Great Britain, 1865–1914: A Statistical Survey, London: Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tomlinson, B. R. (1978). ‘Foreign Private Investment in India, 1920–1960’, Modern Asian Studies, 15(3), 655677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tomlinson, B. R. (1982). ‘The Political Economy of the Raj: The Decline of Colonialism’, Journal of Economic History, 42(1), 133137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Twomey, M. J. (1983). ‘Employment in Nineteenth-Century Indian Textiles’, Explorations in Economic History, 20, 3757.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wallack, J. (2003). ‘Structural Breaks in Indian Macroeconomic Data’, Economic and Political Weekly, 38(41), 43124315.Google Scholar
Wu, H., Das, D. K., Krishna, K. L., and Das, P. C. (2017). ‘How Does the Productivity and Economic Growth Performance of China and India Compare in the Post-Reform Era, 1981–2011?’, International Productivity Monitor, 33, 91113.Google Scholar

References

Ammar, S. (2011). ‘Thailand after 1997’, Asian Economic Policy Review, 6, 6885.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bastin, J. and Benda, H. J. (1968). A History of Modern Southeast Asia, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
Benda, H. J. (1958). The Crescent and the Rising Sun: Indonesian Islam under Japanese Occupation 1942–1945, The Hague: Van Hoeve.Google Scholar
Benda, H. J. (1967). ‘The Japanese Interregnum in Southeast Asia’, in Goodman, G. K. (ed.), Imperial Japan: A Reassessment, New York: East Asian Institute, Columbia University, 6579.Google Scholar
Broek, J. O. M. (1944). ‘Diversity and Unity in Southeast Asia’, Geographical Review, 34(2), 175195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brown, I. (1997). Economic Change in South-East Asia c.1830–1980, Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Burma. (1951). The National Income of Burma, Rangoon: Ministry of National Planning.Google Scholar
Caves, R. E. (1965). ‘“Vent for Surplus” Models of Trade and Growth’, in Baldwin, R. E. et al. (eds.), Trade, Growth and the Balance of Payments, Chicago: Rand McNally, 95115.Google Scholar
Cheeseman, H. R. (1947). Annual Report on Education in the Malayan Union, 1946, Kuala Lumpur: Malayan Union Government Press.Google Scholar
Coxhead, I. (2018). ‘Vietnam in 2017: Flying Fast into Turbulence’, Asian Survey, 58(1), 149157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crafts, N. F. R. (1973). ‘Trade as a Handmaiden of Growth: An Alternative View’, Economic Journal, 83, 875883.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Del Tufo, M. V. (1949). Malaya: A Report on the 1947 Census of Population, London: Crown Agents for the Colonies.Google Scholar
Felipe, J. (2018). Asia’s Industrial Transformation: The Role of Manufacturing and Global Value Chains, Part II, Manila: Asian Development Bank working paper 550.Google Scholar
Findlay, R. (1970). Trade and Specialization, Harmondsworth: Penguin.Google Scholar
Findlay, R. and O’Rourke, K. H. (2007). Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium, Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fukao, K., Bassino, J.-P., Makino, T., Paprzycki, R., Settsu, T., Takashima, M., and Tokui, J. (2015). Regional Inequality and Industrial Structure in Japan: 1874–2008, Tokyo: Maruzen Publishing.Google Scholar
Furnivall, J. S. (1948). Colonial Policy and Practice: A Comparative Study of Burma and Netherlands India, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Hill, H. (2018). ‘Asia’s Third Giant: A Survey of the Indonesian Economy’, Economic Record, 41(307), 469499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hlaing, U. A. (1964). ‘Trends of Economic Growth and Income Distribution in Burma, 1870–1940’, Journal of the Burma Research Society, 47, 89148.Google Scholar
Huff, G. (2003). ‘Monetization and Financial Development in Southeast Asia before the Second World War’, Economic History Review, 56(2), 300345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huff, G. (2007). ‘Globalization, Natural Resources and Foreign Investment: A View from the Resource Rich Tropics’, Oxford Economic Papers, 59(5), 127155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huff, G. (2011). ‘Finance and Long-Term Development Issues in Southeast Asia’, Asian-Pacific Economic Literature, 25(1), 5678.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huff, G. (2012). ‘Export-Led Growth, Gateway Cities and Urban Systems Development in Pre-World War II Southeast Asia’, Journal of Development Studies, 48(10), 14311452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huff, G. (2019). Causes and Consequences of the Great Vietnam Famine, 1944–1945’, Economic History Review, 72(1), 286316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huff, G. (2020). World War II and Southeast Asia: Economy and Society under Japanese Occupation, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huff, G. and Caggiano, G. (2007). ‘Globalization, Immigration and Lewisian Elastic Labor in Pre-World War II Southeast Asia’, Journal of Economic History, 67(1), 3368.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Indonesia [Department of Economic Affairs, Batavia]. (1947). ‘The economic condition of Indonesia in mid-1947’, Economic Review of Indonesia, 1(8), 117130.Google Scholar
Ingram, J. C. (1971). Economic Change in Thailand, 1850–1970, Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
International Labour Organization. (2016a). ‘Wages and Productivity in the Garment Sector in Asia and the Pacific and the Arab States’, research note, Bangkok: ILO.Google Scholar
International Labour Organization(2016b). ‘Wages, Productivity and Labour Share in China’, research note, Bangkok: ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific.Google Scholar
Knowles, L. C. A. (1928). The Economic Development of the British Overseas Empire, London: George Routledge & Sons.Google Scholar
Larkin, J. A. (1993). Sugar and the Origins of Modern Philippine Society, Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
Lee, K. Y. (1998). The Singapore Story, Singapore: Times Editions.Google Scholar
Lewis, W. A. (1978a). Growth and Fluctuations, 1870–1913, London: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
Lewis, W. A. (1978b). Evolution of the International Economic Order, Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lim, L. Y. C. (2014). ‘Singapore’s Success: After the Miracle’, in Looney, R. E. (ed.), Handbook of Emerging Economies, London: Routledge, 203226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67(3), 627651.Google Scholar
Mieno, F. (2013). ‘Toward Myanmar’s New Stage of Development: Transition from Military Rule to Market’, Asian Economic Policy Review, 8, 94117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myint, H. (1954). ‘The Gains from International Trade and the Backward Countries’, Review of Economic Studies, 22(2), 129142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myint, H. (1958). ‘The “Classical” Theory of International Trade and the Underdeveloped Countries’, Economic Journal, 68, 317337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myint, H. (1965). ‘The Inward and Outward-Looking Countries of Southeast Asia’, Malayan Economic Review, 12(1), 113.Google Scholar
Nurkse, R. (1959). Patterns of Trade and Development, Stockholm: Almqvist and Wicksell.Google Scholar
Perkins, D. (2013). East Asian Development, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Perkins, D., Rasiah, R., and Thye Woo, W. (2018). ‘Explaining Malaysia’s Past Growth and Future Prospects’, JCI working paper 2, Jeffrey Cheah Institute on Southeast Asia.Google Scholar
Rasiah, R. (2009a). ‘Expansion and Slowdown in Southeast Asia Electronics Manufacturing’, Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 14(2), 123137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rasiah, R. (2009b). ‘Garment Manufacturing in Cambodia and Laos’, Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 14(2), 150161.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sicat, G. P. (2015). ‘The Philippine Economy during the Japanese Occupation, 1941–1945’, in Boldorf, M. and Okazaki, T. (eds.), Economies under Occupation: The Hegemony of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan in World War II, London: Routledge, 191204.Google Scholar
Tigno, J. V. (2018). ‘The Philippines in 2017: Popularity Breeds Corruption’, Asian Survey, 58(1), 142148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tran, V. T. (2013). ‘Vietnamese Economy at the Crossroads: New Doi Moi for Sustained Growth’, Asian Economic Policy Review, 8, 122143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Twomey, M. J. (2000). A Century of Foreign Investment in the Third World, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
van der Eng, P. (1991). Indonesian National Income, unpublished data made available by the author.Google Scholar
van der Eng, P. (1992). ‘The Real Domestic Product of Indonesia, 1880–1989’, Explorations in Economic History, 29(3), 343373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van der Eng, P. (1994a). Thailand Estimates of GDP Based on Sompop’s Work, unpublished data made available by the author.Google Scholar
van der Eng, P. (1994b). Historical Estimates of GDP in Malaysia/West Malaysia, 1910–1960, unpublished data made available by the author.Google Scholar
van der Eng, P. (2002). ‘Indonesia’s Growth Performance in the Twentieth Century’, in Maddison, A., Prasada Rao, D. S., and Shepherd, W. F. (eds.), The Asian Economies in the Twentieth Century, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 143179.Google Scholar
Warr, P. and Kohpaiboon, A. (2017). ‘Thailand’s Automotive Manufacturing Corridor’, working paper 519, Manila: Asian Development Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williamson, J. G. (2011). Trade and Poverty: When the Third World Fell Behind, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
World Bank. (2017). World Development Indicators, 2017, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar

References

Alvaredo, F., Assouad, L., and Piketty, T. (2019). ‘Measuring Inequality in the Middle East 1990–2016: The World’s Most Unequal Region?’, Review of Income and Wealth, 65(4), 685711.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hershlag, Z. Y. (1997). Introduction to the Modern Economic History of the Middle East, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishing.Google Scholar
Issawi, C. (1982). An Economic History of the Middle East and North Africa, New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
Kuran, T. (2012). The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East, Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67, 627651.Google Scholar
Marshall, M., Gurr, T., and Jaggers, K. (2016). ‘Polity IV Project: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800–2013’, available online at www.systemicpeace.org/polity/polity4.htm (accessed 29 September 2020).Google Scholar
Minnesota Population Center. (2015). Integrated Public Use Microdata Series, International: Version 6.4 [data set]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota.Google Scholar
Owen, E. R. J., Owen, R., and Pamuk, Ş. (1998). A History of Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
Owen, R. (2002). The Middle East in the World Economy, 1800–1914, London and New York: I. B. Tauris.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pamuk, Ş. (2006). ‘Estimating Economic Growth in the Middle East since 1820’, Journal of Economic History, 66(3), 809828.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
United Nations. (2015). World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, available online at https://population.un.org/wpp/ (data accessed 20 June 2017).Google Scholar
World Bank. (2017). World Development Indicators, based on International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database, available online at https://databank.worldbank.org/source/world-development-indicators (data accessed 20 June 2017).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
World Bank(2020). World Development Indicators (national accounts data and OECD National Accounts data), available online at https://datacatalog.worldbank.org/dataset/world-development-indicators (accessed 29 September 2020).Google Scholar
Yousef, T. M. (2002). ‘Egypt’s Growth Performance Under Economic Liberalism: A Reassessment with New GDP Estimates, 1886–1945’, Review of Income and Wealth, 48(4), 561579.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

References

Arroyo, L. and Astorga, P. (2017). ‘Latin American Earnings Inequality in the Long Run’, Cliometrica, 11, 349374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Astorga, P. (2017). ‘Real Wages and Skill Premiums in Latin America, 1900–2011’, Revista de Historia Económica – Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 35, 319353.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Astorga, P. (2019). The Tails and the Middle: Secular Trends in Income Shares in Latin America. Unpublished research paper.Google Scholar
Astorga, P., Bérges, A. R., and FitzGerald, E. V. K. (2005). ‘The Standard of Living in Latin America During the Twentieth Century’, Economic History Review, 58, 765796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Astorga, P., Bérges, A. R., and FitzGerald, E. V. K. (2011). ‘Productivity Growth in Latin America During the Twentieth Century’, Review of Income and Wealth, 57, 203223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bértola, L. (2016). ‘El PIB per cápita de Uruguay 1870–2015: una reconstrucción’, working paper 48, Economic and Social History Programme, Faculty of Social Sciences, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.Google Scholar
Bértola, L. and Ocampo, J. A. (2012). The Economic Development of Latin America since Independence, Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bértola, L., Calicchio, L., Camou, M., and Porcile, G. (1999). ‘Southern Cone Real Wages Compared: A Purchasing Power Parity Approach to Convergent and Divergent Trends, 1870–1996’, working paper 44, Faculty of Social Sciences, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.Google Scholar
Bignon, V., Esteves, R., and Herranz-Loncán, A. (2015). ‘Big Push or Big Grab? Railways, Government Activism and Export Growth in Latin America, 1865–1913’, Economic History Review, 68, 12771305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bulmer-Thomas, V. (2013). The Economic History of Latin America since Independence, Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Castellacci, F. and Natera, J. M. (2016). ‘Innovation, Absorptive Capacity and Growth Heterogeneity: Development Paths in Latin America 1970–2010’, Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 37, 2742.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coatsworth, J. H. (2008). ‘Inequality, Institutions and Economic Growth in Latin America’, Journal of Latin American Studies, 40, 545569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC). (2018). CEPALSTAT|Databases and Statistical Publications (data accessed May 2017–May 2018).Google Scholar
Ferreira, F. H. G. and Robalino, D. A. (2011). ‘Social Protection in Latin America: Achievements and Limitations’, in Ocampo, J. A. and Ros, J. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Latin American Economics, Oxford University Press, 836862.Google Scholar
Frankema, E. (2009a). Has Latin America Always Been Unequal? A Comparative Study of Asset and Income Inequality in the Long Twentieth Century, Boston, MA: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. (2009b). ‘The Expansion of Mass Education in Twentieth-Century Latin America: A Global Comparative Perspective’, Revista de Historia Económica – Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 27, 359396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gómez Galvarriato, A. and Williamson, J. G. (2008). ‘Was It Prices, Productivity or Policy? The Timing and Pace of Latin American Industrialisation after 1870’, NBER working paper 13990, National Bureau of Economic Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuntz-Ficker, S. (ed.) (2017). The First Export Era Revisited. Reassessing its Contribution to Latin American Economies, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindert, P. (2010). ‘The Unequal Lag in Latin American Schooling since 1900: Follow the Money’, Revista de Historia Económica – Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 28, 375405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lindert, P. and Williamson, J. G. (2016). Unequal Gains: American Growth and Inequality since 1774, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67, 627651.Google Scholar
Montevideo–Oxford Latin American Economic History Database (MOxLAD). Latin American Centre, University of Oxford, and Universidad de la República, Uruguay.Google Scholar
Office of National Statistics. (2018). Labour market database (data accessed May 2018).Google Scholar
Officer, L. H. and Williamson, S. H. (2017). Annual Wages in the United States, 1774–Present, MeasuringWorth, available online at www.measuringworth.com/datasets/uswage (data accessed 2017).Google Scholar
Prados de la Escosura, L. (2007). ‘When Did Latin America Fall Behind?’, in Edwards, S., Esquivel, G., and Márquez, G. (eds.), The Decline of Latin American Economies: Growth, Institutions, and Crises, University of Chicago Press, 1557.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reher, D. and Requena, M. (2014). ‘Was There a Mid-Twentieth-Century Fertility Boom in Latin America?’, Revista de Historia Económica – Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 32, 319350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rodrik, D. (2014). ‘The Past, Present, and Future of Economic Growth’, Challenge, 57, 539.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rubio, M., Yáñez, C., Folchi, M., and Carreras, A. (2010). ‘Energy as an Indicator of Modernisation in Latin America, 1890–1925’, Economic History Review, 63, 769804.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tafunell, X. and Ducoing, C. (2016). ‘Non-Residential Capital Stock in Latin America, 1875–2008: New Estimates and International Comparisons’, Australian Economic History Review, 56, 4669.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Thorp, R. (1998). Progress, Poverty and Exclusion: An Economic History of Latin America in the Twentieth Century, Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank.Google Scholar
US Census Bureau. (1975). Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970, Washington, DC: US Census Bureau.Google Scholar
Williamson, J. G. (1995). ‘The Evolution of Global Labor Markets since 1830: Background Evidence and Hypotheses’, Explorations in Economic History, 32, 141196.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Williamson, J. G. (1999). ‘Real Wage Inequality and Globalisation in Latin America before 1940’, Revista de Historia Económica, 17, 101142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wolff, E. (1991). ‘Capital Formation and Productivity Convergence over the Long Term’, American Economic Review, 81, 565579.Google Scholar
World Inequality Database. https://wid.world/data/ (accessed 29 September 2020).Google Scholar

References

Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. A. (2001). ‘The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation’, American Economic Review, 91(5), 13691401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
AfDB/OECD/UNDP. (2014). African Economic Outlook 2014: Global Value Chains and Africa’s Industrialisation, Paris: OECD Publishing.Google Scholar
Allen, R. C. (2011). Global Economic History: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Amin, S. (1972). ‘Underdevelopment and Dependence in Black Africa: Origins and Contemporary Forms’, Journal of Modern African Studies, 10(4), 503524.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Arrighi, G. (1973). ‘Labor Supplies in Historical Perspective: A Study of the Proletarianization of the African Peasantry in Rhodesia’, in Arrighi, G. and Saul, J. S. (eds.), Essays on the Political Economy of Africa, New York: Monthly Review Press, 180234.Google Scholar
Austen, R. A. (1987). African Economic History: Internal Development and External Dependency, London: James Curry/Heinemann.Google Scholar
Austin, G. (2005). Labour, Land and Capital in Ghana: From Slavery to Free Labour in Asante, 1807–1956, Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora, New York: University of Rochester Press.Google Scholar
Austin, G. (2008a). ‘The “Reversal of Fortune” Thesis and the Compression of History: Perspectives from African and Comparative Economic History’, Journal of International Development, 20, 9961027.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Austin, G. (2008b). ‘Resources, Techniques, and Strategies South of the Sahara: Revising the Factor Endowments Perspective on African Economic Development History’, Economic History Review, 61(3), 587624.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Austin, G., Frankema, E., and Jerven, M. (2017). ‘Patterns of Manufacturing Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: From Colonization to the Present’, in O’Rourke, K. and Williamson, J. G. (eds.), The Spread of Modern Industry to the Periphery since 1871, Oxford University Press, 345373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bates, R. H. (2008). When Things Fell Apart: State Failure in Late-Century Africa, New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bates, R. H., Coatsworth, J. H., and Williamson, J. G. (2007). ‘Lost Decades: Postindependence Performance in Latin America and Africa,’ Journal of Economic History, 67(4), 917943.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bayart, J.-F. (2009). The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly, 2nd ed., Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
Bloom, D., Sachs, J., Collier, P., and Udry, C. (1998). ‘Geography, Demography, and Economic Growth in Africa’, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, 2, 207295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bolt, J. and Hillbom, E. (2016). ‘Long-Term Trends in Economic Inequality: Lessons from Colonial Botswana, 1921–74’, Economic History Review, 69(4), 12551284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boone, C. (1992). Merchant Capital and the Roots of State Power in Senegal, 1930–1985, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boone, C. (2014). Property and Political Order in Africa: Land Rights and the Structure of Politics, New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Bowden, S., Chiripanhura, B., and Mosley, P. (2008). ‘Measuring and Explaining Poverty in Six African Countries: A Long-Period Approach’, Journal of International Development, 20(8), 10491079.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Broadberry, S. and Gardner, L. (2019). ‘Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, 1885–2008’, LSE Economic History working paper 296.Google Scholar
Buelens, F. and Cassimon, D. (2013). ‘The Industrialization of the Belgian Congo’, in Frankema, E. and Buelens, F. (eds.), Colonial Exploitation and Economic Development: The Belgian Congo and the Netherlands Indies Compared, London: Routledge, 229250.Google Scholar
Butler, L. J. (1997). Industrialisation and the British Colonial State: West Africa, 1939–1951, London: Frank Cass.Google Scholar
Clarence-Smith, W. G. (1989). ‘The Effects of the Great Depression on Industrialisation in Equatorial and Central Africa’, in Brown, I. (ed.), The Economies of Africa and Asia in the Inter-War Depression, London and New York: Routledge, 170202.Google Scholar
Cooper, F. (1996). Decolonization and African Society: The Labor Question in French and British Africa, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Haas, M. (2017a). ‘Measuring Rural Welfare in Colonial Africa: Did Uganda’s Smallholders Thrive?’, Economic History Review, 70(2), 605631.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
de Haas, M. (2017b). ‘Rural Livelihoods and Agricultural Commercialization in Colonial Uganda: Conjunctures of External Influences and Local Realities’, PhD thesis, Wageningen University.Google Scholar
Doyle, S. (2013). Before HIV: Sexuality, Fertility, and Mortality in East Africa, 1900–1980, Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Easterly, W. and Levine, R. (2016). ‘The European Origins of Economic Development’, Journal of Economic Growth, 21(3), 225257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
FAOSTAT. (2013). Food and Agriculture Data, available online at http://faostat.fao.org/site/291/default.aspx (data accessed March–May 2013), Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization.Google Scholar
Feinstein, C. H. (2005). An Economic History of South Africa: Conquest, Discrimination and Development, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fourie, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2013). ‘GDP in the Dutch Cape Colony: The National Accounts of a Slave-Based Society’, South African Journal of Economics, 81(4): 467490.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. (2012). ‘The Origins of Formal Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Was British Rule More Benign?’, European Review of Economic History, 16(4), 335355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. (2014). ‘Africa and the Green Revolution: A Global Historical Perspective’, NJAS – Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 70–71, 1724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. and Jerven, M. (2014). ‘Writing History Backwards or Sideways: Towards a Consensus on African Population, 1850–2010’, Economic History Review, 67(4), 907931.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. and van Waijenburg, M. (2012). ‘Structural Impediments to African Growth? New Evidence from Real Wages in British Africa, 1880–1965’, Journal of Economic History, 72(4), 895926.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. and van Waijenburg, M. (2014). ‘Metropolitan Blueprints of Colonial Taxation? Lessons from Fiscal Capacity Building in British and French Africa, c.1880–1940’, Journal of African History, 55(3), 371400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. and van Waijenburg, M. (2018). ‘Africa Rising? A Historical Perspective’, African Affairs, 117(469), 543568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E. and van Waijenburg, M. (2019). ‘The Great Convergence: Skill Accumulation and Mass Education in Africa and Asia, 1870–2010’, CEPR Discussion Paper 14150, Centre for Economic Policy Research.Google Scholar
Frankema, E., Green, E., and Hillbom, E. (2016). ‘Endogenous Processes of Colonial Settlement: The Success and Failure of European Settler Farming in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Revista de Historia Económica, 34(2), 237265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frankema, E., Williamson, J. G., and Woltjer, P. J. (2018). ‘An Economic Rationale for the West African Scramble? The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1835–1885’, Journal of Economic History, 78(1), 231267.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hopkins, A. G. (1973). An Economic History of West Africa, London: Longman.Google Scholar
Iliffe, J. (2007). Africans: The History of a Continent, 2nd ed., New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
International Labour Organization. (2018). Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture, 3rd ed., Geneva: International Labour Office.Google Scholar
International Monetary Fund. (2012). Regional Economic Outlook. Sub-Saharan Africa: Sustaining Growth Amidst Global Uncertainty, Washington, DC: IMF.Google Scholar
International Monetary Fund(2020). World Economic Outlook, October 2020, Washington, DC: IMF. www.imf.org/external/datamapper/datasets/WEO/1 (accessed 4 November 2020).Google Scholar
Jerven, M. (2010). ‘African Growth Recurring: An Economic History Perspective on African Growth Episodes, 1690–2010’, Economic History of Developing Regions, 25(2), 127154.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jerven, M. (2013). Poor Numbers: How We Are Misled by African Development Statistics and What to Do about It, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Juif, D. and Frankema, E. (2018). ‘From Coercion to Compensation: Institutional Responses to Labour Scarcity in the Central African Copperbelt’, Journal of Institutional Economics, 14(2), 313343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kilby, P. (1975). ‘Manufacturing in Colonial Africa’, in Duignan, P. and Gann, L. H. (eds.), Colonialism in Africa, 1870–1960, Cambridge University Press, 475520.Google Scholar
Kjekshus, H. (1996). Ecology Control and Economic Development in East African History: The Case of Tanganyika, 1850–1950, London: J. Currey.Google Scholar
Klein, M. A. (1998). Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa, Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Law, R. (ed.) (1995). From Slave Trade to Legitimate Commerce: The Commercial Transition in Nineteenth-Century West Africa, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lipton, M. (1977). Why Poor People Stay Poor: A Study of Urban Bias in World Development, London: Temple Smith.Google Scholar
Lipton, M. (2013). ‘Income from Work: The Food-Population-Resource Crisis in “The Short Africa”’, British Academy Review 22, 3438.Google Scholar
Maddison, A. (2010). Historical Statistics on World Population, GDP and Per Capita GDP, 1–2008 AD, available online at www.ggdc.net/maddison/ (accessed 29 September 2020).Google Scholar
Mamdani, M. (1996). Citizen and Subject: Contemporary Africa and the Legacy of Late Colonialism, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Manning, P. (2010). ‘African Population: Projections, 1851–1961’, in Ittmann, K., Cordell, D. D., and Maddox, G. H. (eds.), The Demographics of Empire: The Colonial Order and the Creation of Knowledge, Athens: Ohio University Press, 245275.Google Scholar
Meredith, D. (1986). ‘State-Controlled Marketing and Economic Development: The Case of West African Produce during the Second World War’, Economic History Review, 39(1), 7791.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mitchell, B. R. (2007). International Historical Statistics: Africa, Asia and Oceania, 1750–2005, 5th ed., Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Moradi, A. (2009). ‘Towards an Objective Account of Nutrition and Health in Colonial Kenya: A Study of Stature in African Army Recruits and Civilians, 1880–1980’, Journal of Economic History, 96(3), 720755.Google Scholar
North, D. C., Wallis, J. J., and Weingast, B. R. (2009). Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nugent, P. (2012). Africa since Independence, 2nd ed., New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nunn, N. (2008). ‘The Long-Term Effects of Africa’s Slave Trades’, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 123(1), 139176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Okia, O. (2012). Communal Labor in Colonial Kenya Legitimizing Coercion, 1912–1930, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Otsuka, K., Estudillo, J. P., and Sawada, Y. (eds.) (2009). Rural Poverty and Income Dynamics in Asia and Africa, London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
Parfitt, T. W. and Riley, S. P. (2013). The African Debt Crisis, London: Routledge.Google Scholar
Prados de la Escosura, L. (2012). ‘Output Per Head in Pre-Independence Africa: Quantitative Conjectures’, Economic History of Developing Regions, 27(2), 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Radelet, S. C. (2010). Emerging Africa: How Seventeen Countries Are Leading the Way, Baltimore: Center for Global Development.Google Scholar
Reid, R. J. (2009). A History of Modern Africa: 1800 to the Present, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
Rodrik, D. (2014). ‘An African Growth Miracle?’, CEPR Discussion Paper 10005, Centre for Economic Policy Research.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sender, J. and Smith, S. (1986). The Development of Capitalism in Africa, London: Methuen.Google Scholar
Sheriff, A. (1987). Slaves, Spices and Ivory in Zanzibar: Integration of an East African Commercial Empire into the World Economy, 1770–1873, London: James Currey.Google Scholar
Tosh, J. (1980). ‘The Cash-Crop Revolution in Tropical Africa: An Agricultural Reappraisal’, African Affairs, 79(314), 7994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
United Nations. (2019). World Population Prospects 2019, available online at https://population.un.org/wpp/ (accessed 29 September 2020), Population Division, United Nations.Google Scholar
United Nations(various issues). Yearbook of International Trade Statistics, New York: United Nations.Google Scholar
van Waijenburg, M. (2018). ‘Financing the African Colonial State: The Revenue Imperative and Forced Labour’, Journal of Economic History, 78(1), 4080.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
van de Walle, N. (1991). ‘The Decline of the Franc Zone: Monetary Politics in Francophone Africa’, African Affairs, 90(360), 383405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vansina, J. (2010). Being Colonized: The Kuba Experience in Rural Congo, 1880–1960, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
Warren, B. (1980). Imperialism: Pioneer of Capitalism, London: New Left Books.Google Scholar
World Bank (2020a). Africa Development Indicators, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
World Bank.(2020b). World Development Indicators, available online at http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators, Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
Young, C. (2012). The Postcolonial State in Africa Fifty Years of Independence, 1960–2010, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar

References

Altman, J. and Biddle, N. (2015). ‘Refiguring Indigenous Economies: A Twenty-First-Century Perspective’, in Ville, S. and Withers, G. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Australia, Cambridge University Press, 530554.Google Scholar
Anderson, K. (2017). ‘Sectoral Trends and Shocks in Australia’s Economic Growth’, Australian Economic History Review, 57, 221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Atkinson, A. B. and Leigh, A. (2007). ‘The Distribution of Top Incomes in Australia’, Economic Record, 83, 247261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2011). Migration, Australia 2011–12, cat. no. 3412.0, Canberra: ABS.Google Scholar
Australian Bureau of Statistics(2012). Australian Demographic Statistics, cat. no. 3101.0, Canberra: ABS.Google Scholar
Australian Bureau of Statistics(2013). Estimates of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, June 2011, cat. no. 3238. 0.55.001, Canberra: ABS.Google Scholar
Bhattacharyya, S. and Williamson, J. G. (2011). ‘Commodity Price Shocks and the Australian Economy since Federation’, Australian Economic History Review, 51, 150177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bhattacharyya, S. and Williamson, J. G. (2016). ‘Distributional Consequences of Commodity Price Shocks: Australia over a Century’, Review of Income and Wealth, 62, 223244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Boehm, E. A. (1971). Prosperity and Depression in Australia, 1887–1897, Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Broadberry, S. and Irwin, D. A. (2007). ‘Lost Exceptionalism? Comparative Income and Productivity in Australia and the UK, 1861–1948’, Economic Record, 83, 262274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Butlin, M., Dixon, R., and Lloyd, P. J. (2015). ‘Statistical Appendix: Selected Data Series, 1800–2010’, in Ville, S. and Withers, G. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Australia, Cambridge University Press, 555594.Google Scholar
Butlin, N. G. (1971). Investment in Australian Economic Development, 1861–1900, Canberra: ANU Press.Google Scholar
Crafts, N. F. R. (1997). ‘The Human Development Index and Changes in Standards of Living: Some Historical Comparisons’, European Review of Economic History, 1, 299322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crafts, N. F. R. (2002). ‘The Human Development Index, 1870–1999: Some Revised Estimates’, European Review of Economic History, 6, 395405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cranfield, J. and Inwood, K. (2015). ‘A Tale of Two Armies: Comparative Growth in the Mirror of the First World War’, Australian Economic History Review, 55, 212233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davis, L. E. and Gallman, R. E. (2001). Evolving Financial Markets and International Capital Flows: Britain, the Americas, and Australia, 1865–1914, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Davison, G. (1978). The Rise and Fall of Marvellous Melbourne, Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. (2016). Trade and Investment Statistics, Australia’s Direction of Merchandise Trade, Total Trade, available online at www.dfat.gov.au/trade/resources/trade-statistics/Pages/trade-time-series-data (data accessed 11 March 2017).Google Scholar
Dyster, B. and Meredith, D. (2012). Australia in the Global Economy: Continuity and Change, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Frost, L. (1998). ‘The Contribution of the Urban Sector to Australian Economic Development before 1914’, Australian Economic History Review, 38, 4273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frost, L. (2015). ‘Urbanisation’, in Ville, S. and Withers, G. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Australia, Cambridge University Press, 245263.Google Scholar
Greasley, D. and Madsen, J. B. (2017). ‘The Rise and Fall of Exceptional Australian Incomes since 1800’, Australian Economic History Review, 57, 264290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Haig-Muir, M. (1995). ‘The Economy at War’, in Beaumont, J. (ed.), Australia’s War, 1914–18, St Leonards: Allen & Unwin, 93124.Google Scholar
Holbrook, C. (2014). Anzac: The Unauthorised Biography, Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.Google Scholar
Huberman, M. and Minns, C. (2007). ‘The Times They Are Not Changin’: Days and Hours of Work in Old and New Worlds, 1870–2000’, Explorations in Economic History, 44, 538567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hunter, B. (2015). ‘The Aboriginal Legacy’, in Ville, S. and Withers, G. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Australia, Cambridge University Press, 7396.Google Scholar
McLean, I. W. (2006). ‘Recovery from Depression: Australia in an Argentine Mirror, 1895–1913’, Australian Economic History Review, 46, 215241.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McLean, I. W. (2013). Why Australia Prospered: The Shifting Sources of Economic Growth, Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Maddison, A. (2010). Statistics on World Population, GDP and Per Capita GDP, 1–2008 AD, table 1, available online at www.ggdc.net/MADDISON/oriindex.htm (accessed 29 September 2020), Groningen Growth and Development Centre.Google Scholar
Maddison Project Database, version 2013. Bolt, J. and van Zanden, J. L. (2014). ‘The Maddison Project: Collaborative Research on Historical National Accounts’, Economic History Review, 67, 627651.Google Scholar
Maddock, R. (1987). ‘The Long Boom, 1940–1970’, in Maddock, R. and McLean, I. W. (eds.), The Australian Economy in the Long Run, Cambridge University Press, 79105.Google Scholar
Magee, G. B. (1999). ‘Technological Development and Foreign Patenting: Evidence from Nineteenth-Century Australia’, Explorations in Economic History, 36, 344359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Magee, G. B. (2000). Knowledge Generation, Technological Change and Economic Growth in Colonial Australia, Melbourne: Australian Scholarly Publishing.Google Scholar
Magee, G. B. and Thompson, A. S. (2010). Empire and Globalisation: Networks of People, Capital and Goods in the British World, 1850–1914, Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mellor, D. P. (1958). The Role of Science and Industry: Australia in the War of 1939–1945, Series 4, Civil, Vol. V, Canberra: Australian War Memorial.Google Scholar
Mitchell, B. R. (2013). International Historical Statistics, 1750–2010, Vol. I: Africa, Asia and Oceania, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
Mulvaney, D. J. (2002). ‘Difficult to Found an Opinion: 1788 Aboriginal Population Estimate’, in Briscoe, G. and Smith, L. (eds.), The Aboriginal Population Revisited: 70,000 Years to the Present, Canberra: ANU Press, 18.Google Scholar
Pagan, A. (1987). ‘The End of the Long Boom’, in Maddock, R. and McLean, I. W. (eds.), The Australian Economy in the Long Run, Cambridge University Press, 106130.Google Scholar
Price, C. (1987). ‘Immigration and Ethnic Origin’, in Vamplew, W. (ed.), Australians: Historical Statistics, Broadway: Fairfax, Symes and Weldon Associates, 222.Google Scholar
Quiggin, J. (1996). Great Expectations: Microeconomic Reform in Australia, St Leonards: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
Sachs, J. and Warner, A. (2001). ‘The Curse of Natural Resources’, European Economic Review, 45, 827838.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Schedvin, C. B. (1970). Australia and the Great Depression: A Study of Economic Development and Policy in the 1920s and 1930s, Sydney University Press.Google Scholar
Sinclair, W. A. (1976). The Process of Economic Development in Australia, Melbourne: Longman Cheshire.Google Scholar
Smith, L. R. (1980). The Aboriginal Population of Australia, Canberra: ANU Press.Google Scholar
Snooks, G. D. (1988). ‘Government Unemployment Relief in the 1930s: Aid or Hindrance to Recovery?’, in Gregory, R. G. and Butlin, N. G. (eds.), Recovery from Depression: Australia and the World Economy in the 1930s, Cambridge University Press, 311334.Google Scholar
Taylor, J. and Magee, G. (2017). ‘In the Aftermath: Consumer Choice and the Deregulation of Australian Retail Banking, 1988–1993’, Australian Economic History Review, 57, 134157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Torvik, R. (2009). ‘Why Do Some Resource-Abundant Countries Succeed While Others Do Not?’, Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 25, 241256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
UNDP. (2016). Human Development Index trends, 1990–2018, available online at http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/trends (data accessed 11 March 2017), UNDP Human Development Reports.Google Scholar
Valentine, T. (1987). ‘The Depression of the 1930s’, in Maddock, R. and McLean, I. W. (eds.), The Australian Economy in the Long Run, Cambridge University Press, 6178.Google Scholar