Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Hostname: page-component-848d4c4894-4hhp2 Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-05-30T11:03:00.139Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Part I - 1800–1950

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 February 2022

Debin Ma
Affiliation:
Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo
Richard von Glahn
Affiliation:
University of California, Los Angeles
Get access

Summary

Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Further Reading

Brandt, L., D. Ma, and T. Rawski, “From Divergence to Convergence: Re-evaluating the History behind China’s Economic Boom,” Journal of Economic Literature 52.1 (2014), 45123.Google Scholar
Cohen, P., Discovering History in China: American Historical Writing on the Recent Chinese Past (New York, Columbia University Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Fukao, K., Ma, D., and Yuan, T., “Real GDP in Pre-war East Asia: A 1934–36 Benchmark Purchasing Power Parity Comparison with the U.S.,” Review of Income and Wealth 53.3 (2007), 503–37.Google Scholar
Zhaoguang, Ge 葛兆光中国思想史第二卷七世纪至十九世纪中国的知识,思想与信仰 (History of Chinese Thought, Vol. 3, Chinese Knowledge, Thought, and Beliefs between the Seventh and Nineteenth Centuries) (Shanghai, Fudan daxue chubanshe, 2001).Google Scholar
Zhaoguang, Ge “葛兆光十八世纪中国的盛世危机” (Crisis in China’s Glorious Eighteenth Century), Feb. 19, 2019, www.ftchinese.com/author/%E8%91%9B%E5%85%86%E5%85%89.Google Scholar
Guantao, Jin 金观涛, and Qingfeng, Liu 刘青峰, 兴盛与危机,论中国社会的超稳定结构 (The Cycle of Growth and Decline: On the Ultrastable Structure of Chinese Society) (Beijing, Falu chubanshe, 2011).Google Scholar
Guantao, Jin 金观涛 and Qingfeng, Liu 刘青峰, 开放中的变迁,再论中国社会超稳定结构 (The Transformation of Chinese Society (1840–1956): The Fate of Its Ultrastable Structure in Modern Times) (Beijing, Falu chubanshe, 2011).Google Scholar
Liang, Qichao 梁启超, “梁启超五十年中国进化概论” (A Summary of Fifty Years of Chinese Evolution), in 饮冰室文集点校第五集 (Selected Articles of the Yinbinshe Collection, Vol. 5) (Kunming, Yunnan Jiaoyu chubanshe, 1923), pp. 3247–52.Google Scholar
Ma, D., “Economic Growth in the Lower Yangzi Region of China in 1911–1937: A Quantitative and Historical Perspective,” Journal of Economic History, 68.2 (2008), 385–92.Google Scholar
Ma, D., “The Rise of a Financial Revolution in Republican China in 1900–1937: A Survey and New Interpretation,” Australian Economic History Review 59.3 (2019), 242–62.Google Scholar
Ma, D., and Rubin, J., “The Paradox of Power: Principal–Agent Problems and Administrative Capacity in Imperial China (and Other Absolutist Regimes),” Journal of Comparative Economics 47.2 (2019), 277–94.Google Scholar
Maddison, A., Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 2nd ed., rev. and updated (Paris, Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2007).Google Scholar
Mokyr, J., The Gifts of Athena: Historical Origins of the Knowledge Economy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002).Google Scholar
Motono, E., Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-British Business, 1860–1911: The Impact of the Pro-British Commercial Network in Shanghai (New York, St. Martin’s Press, 2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rawski, T.G., Economic Growth in Prewar China (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Xu, Dixin 许涤新 and Wu, Chengming 吴承明,中国资本主义发展史, 第一卷 中国资本主义的萌芽 (A History of Capitalist Development in China, Vol. 1, Sprouts of Chinese Capitalism) (Beijing, Renmin chubanshe, 1993).Google Scholar
Fansen, Wang 王汎森, “戊戌前后思想资源的变化以日本因素为例” (Changes in Intellectual Resources before and after the Hundred Days Reform), 二十一世纪 (Twenty-First Century) 45 (February 1998), 47–54.Google Scholar
Fansen, Wang 王汎森, 权力的毛细血管作用,清代的思想、学术与心态 (The Penetrating Role of Power, Ideas, Academics, and Moods in Qing) (Beijing, Beijing daxue chubanshe, 2015).Google Scholar
Shaodang, Yan 严绍璗, 日本中国学史 (Sinology in Japan) (Beijing, Xueshu chubanshe, 2009).Google Scholar

Further Reading

H.-S, Chuan., and Kraus, R.A., Mid-Qing Rice Markets and Trade: An Essay in Price History (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University East Asian Monographs, 1975).Google Scholar
Wangling, Gao 高王凌, 十八世紀中國的經濟發展和政府政策 (Government Policy and Eighteenth-Century Chinese Economic Development) (Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 1995).Google Scholar
Guosheng, Huang 黃國盛, 鴉片戰爭前的東南四省海關 (Maritime Customs in China’s Four Southeastern Provinces Prior to the Opium War) (Fuzhou, Fujian renmin chubanshe, 2000).Google Scholar
Jingbin, Huang 黃敬斌, 民生與家計清初至民國時期江南居民的消費 (Popular Livelihoods and Household Budgets: Jiangnan Residents’ Expenditures from Early Qing to the Republican Era) (Shanghai, Fudan University Press, 2009).Google Scholar
Jones, S.M., and Kuhn, P.A., “Dynastic Decline and the Roots of Rebellion,” in Fairbank, J.K. (ed.), The Cambridge History of China, vol. 10, Late Ch’ing, 1800–1911, part 1 (New York, Cambridge University Press, 1978).Google Scholar
Akinobu, Kuroda 黑田明伸, “清代銀錢二貨制的構造 とその 崩壞” (The Structure and Collapse of Silver–Copper Bimetallism in the Qing), 社會經濟史學 (Studies in Socio-economic History) 57.2 (1992), 93–125.Google Scholar
Lee, J., and Wang, F., One Quarter of Humanity: Malthusian Mythology and Chinese Realities (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1999).Google Scholar
Bozhong, Li, Agricultural Development in Jiangnan, 1620–1850 (New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1998).Google Scholar
Yuping, Ni 倪玉平, 清朝嘉道財政與社會 (Government Finance and Society in the Qing Jiaqing and Daoguang Reigns) (Beijing, Commercial Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Zeyi, Peng 彭澤益, “清代前期手工業的發展” (The Development of Handicrafts in the Early Qing), 中國史研究 (Studies in Chinese History) 1981.1 43–60.Google Scholar
Perdue, P., Exhausting the Earth: State and Peasant in Hunan, 1500–1850 (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1987).Google Scholar
Pomeranz, K., The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy (Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Rowe, W.T., Speaking of Profit: Bao Shichen and Reform in Nineteenth-Century China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Asia Center, 2018).Google Scholar
Tomi, Saeki 佐佰富, 代鹽政の研究 (A Study of the Qing Salt Administration) (Kyoto, Tōyōshi kenkyūkai, 1956).Google Scholar
Chusei, Suzuki, 鈴木中正, 清朝中時研究 (A Study of the Mid-Qing Period) (Toyohashi, Aichi University Research Institute on International Problems, 1952).Google Scholar
Von Glahn, R., The Economic History of China: From Antiquity to the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016).Google Scholar
Chengming, Wu 吳承明, “論清代前期我國國內市場” (The Domestic Market in the Early Qing), 歷史研究 (Historical Studies) 1983.1, 96106.Google Scholar

Further Reading

Brandt, L., and Sands, B., “Beyond Malthus and Ricardo: Economic Growth, Land Concentration, and Income Distribution in Early Twentieth-Century China,” Journal of Economic History 50 (December 1990), pp. 807–27.Google Scholar
Buck, J.L., Land Utilization in China: Statistics (Nanking, University of Nanking, 1937).Google Scholar
Shuji, Cao 曹树基 and Shigu, Liu 刘诗古, 传统中国地权结构及其演变 (The Structure and Evolution of Traditional Land Property Rights in China) (Shanghai, Shanghai jiaotong daxue chubanshe, 2014).Google Scholar
Xingsui, Cao 曹幸穗 and Siming, Wang 王思明 (eds.), 中国农业通史: 近代卷 (General History of Chinese Agriculture: Modern Times) (Beijing, Zhongguo nongye chubanshe, 2020).Google Scholar
Chao, K., Man and Land in Chinese History: An Economic Analysis (Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1986).Google Scholar
Chen, Z., Peng, K., and Yuan, W., “Usury, Market Power and Poverty Traps: A Study of Rural Credit in 1930s’ China,” Frontiers of Economics in China 3 (2018), 369–96.Google Scholar
Han, Maoli 韩茂莉, 中国历史农业地理 (Beijing, Beijing daxue chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar
Huang, P., The Peasant Economy and Social Change in North China (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985).Google Scholar
B., Li, Agricultural Development in Jiangnan, 1620–1850 (Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1998).Google Scholar
Li, Bozhong 李伯重, 中国的早期近代经济—1820 年代华亭 – 娄县地区 GDP 研究 (Beijing, Zhonghua shuju, 2010).Google Scholar
Zongdian, Min 闵宗殿 (ed.), 中国农业通史: 明清卷 (General History of Chinese Agriculture: Ming and Qing Dynasties) (Beijing, Zhongguo nongye chubanshe, 2020).Google Scholar
D., Ma, “Why Japan, Not China, Was the First to Develop in East Asia: Lessons from Sericulture 1850–1937,” Economic Development and Cultural Change 52.2 (January 2004), 369–94.Google Scholar
Kaixiang, Peng 彭凯翔, 清代以来的粮价: 历史学的解释与再解释 (The Rice Price since the Qing Dynasty: A Historical Interpretation and Reinterpretation) (Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 2006), pp. 3241.Google Scholar
Kaixiang, Peng 彭凯翔, “人口增长下的粮食生产与经济发展—由史志宏研究员的清代农业产出测算谈起” (Grain Production and Development under the Growth of Population: A Discussion from Shi Zhihong’s Estimation about Agricultural Production in the Qing Dynasty), 中国经济史研究 (Research in Chinese Economic History) 7 (2015), 3849.Google Scholar
Perkins, D.H., Agricultural Development in China, 1368–1968 (Chicago, Aldine Publishing, 1969).Google Scholar
Richardson, P., Economic Change in China, c. 1800–1950 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1990).Google Scholar
Shi, Z., Agricultural Development in Qing China: A Quantitative Study, 1661–1911 (Leiden, Brill, 2018).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Cochran, , S., Big Business in China: Sino-Foreign Rivalry in the Cigarette Industry, 1890–1930 (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1980).Google Scholar
Cochran, S., and Hsieh, A., The Lius of Shanghai (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Faure, D., China and Capitalism: A History of Business Enterprise in Modern China (Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Furuta, , K., and Grove, L. (eds.), Imitation, Counterfeiting and the Quality of Goods in Modern Asian History (Singapore, Springer, 2017).Google Scholar
Grove, L., A Chinese Economic Revolution: Rural Entrepreneurship in the Twentieth Century (Lanham, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2006).Google Scholar
Kirby, W., “The Chinese War Economy,” in J.C. Hsiung, and S.I. Levine, (eds.), China’s Bitter Victory: War with Japan 1937–1945 (Armonk and London, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 1992), pp. 185212.Google Scholar
Köll, E., From Cotton Mill to Business Empire: The Emergence of Regional Empires in Modern China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Asia Center, 2003).Google Scholar
Kubo, T., “Changing Patterns of Industrialization and Emerging States in Twentieth Century China,” in Otsuka, K. and Sugihara, K. (eds.), Paths to the Emerging State in Asia and Africa (Singapore, Springer, 2019), pp. 2064.Google Scholar
Tōru, Kubo 久保亨, 20 世紀中国経済史論 (Economic History of Twentieth-Century China) (Tokyo, Kyūko Shoin, 2020).Google Scholar
Kubo T, ōru久保亨, Kajima Jun加島潤, and Kigoshi Yoshinori, 木越義則 (eds.), 統計でみる中国近現代経済史 (Economic History of Modern China: Based on Statistical Data) (Tokyo, Tōkyō daigaku shuppankai, 2016).Google Scholar
Peng, Nansheng 彭南生, 半工业化近代中国乡村手工业的发展与社会变迁 (Semi-industrialization: The Development of Rural Handicraft in Modern China and Social Change) (Beijing, Zhonghua shuju, 2007)Google Scholar
Peng, Zeyi 彭泽益 (ed.), 中国近代手工业史资料 (Materials on the History of the Chinese Modern Handicraft Industry), 4 vols. (Beijing, Sanlian shudian, 1957).Google Scholar
Rawski, T., Economic Growth in Prewar China (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Sheehan, B., Industrial Eden: A Chinese Capitalist Vision (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2015).Google Scholar
Sugihara, K., “Labour-Intensive Industrialization in Global History: An Interpretation of East Asian Experiences,” in Austin, G. and Sugihara, K. (eds.), Labour-Intensive Industrialization in Global History (London and New York, Routledge, 2013), pp. 2064.Google Scholar
Sun, Yutang 孫毓棠 (ed.), 中国近代工业史资料 (Materials on the History of Chinese Modern Industry), 4 vols. (Beijing, Kexue chubanshe, 1957).Google Scholar
Wang, Xiang 王翔, 中国近代手工业史 (A History of China’s Modern Handicraft Industry) (Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 2012)Google Scholar
Xu, Dingxin 徐鼎新, 中国近代企業的科技力量与科技効応 (Technical Strength and Technical Productivity of Modern Chinese Enterprises) (Shanghai, Shanghai kexue xueyuan chubanshe, 1995).Google Scholar
Xu, Xinwu, “The Struggle of the Handicraft Cotton Industry against Machine Textiles in China,” Modern China 14.1 (1988), 3149.Google Scholar
Xu, Xinwu 徐新吾, 中国近代缫丝工业史 (A History of the Modern Chinese Silk Industry) (Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1990).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Bickers, R., and Jackson, L. (eds.), Treaty Ports in Modern China: Law, Land and Power (London, Routledge, 2016).Google Scholar
Chan, W.K.K., Merchants, Mandarins and Modern Enterprise in Late Ch’ing China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1977).Google Scholar
Chen, J., “Recent Chinese Historiography on the Western Affairs Movement (the Yangwu yundong, ca. 1860–1895),” Late Imperial China, June 1986, 112–27.Google Scholar
Chu, S.C., and K.-C., Liu, (eds.), Li Hung-chang and China’s Early Modernization (Armonk, M.E. Sharpe, 1994).Google Scholar
Faure, D., China and Capitalism: A History of Business Enterprise in Modern China (Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Feng, Tianyu 冯天瑜 and Feng, Chen 陈锋 (eds.), 张之洞与中国近代化 (Zhang Zhidong and China’s Modernization) (Beijing, Shehui kexue chubanshe, 2010).Google Scholar
Feuerwerker, A., China’s Early Industrialization: Shen Hsuan-huai (1844–1916) and Mandarin Enterprise (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1958).Google Scholar
Halsey, S.R., Quest for Power: European Imperialism and the Making of Chinese Statecraft (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2015).Google Scholar
Hao, Y., The Commercial Revolution in Nineteen-Century China: The Rise of Sino-Western Mercantile Capitalism (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1986).Google Scholar
Kirby, W.C., “China Unincorporated: Company Law and Business Enterprise in Twentieth-Century China,” Journal of Asian Studies 54.1 (February 1995), 43–63.Google Scholar
Leonard, J.K., and Watt, J.R. (eds.), To Achieve Security and Wealth: The Qing Imperial State and the Economy, 1644–1911 (Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 1992).Google Scholar
Li, Xizhu 李细珠, 张之洞与清未新政硏究 (The Study of Zhang Zhidong and Late Qing Reform) (Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 2015).Google Scholar
Pong, D., Shen Pao-chen and China’s Modernization in the Nineteenth Century (New York, Cambridge University Press, 1994).Google Scholar
Quan, Hansheng 全汉昇, 汉冶萍公司史略 (A Brief History of the Hanyeping Iron and Coal Mining and Smelting Company, 1890–1926) (Hong Kong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press, 1972).Google Scholar
Reinhardt, A., Navigating Semi-colonialism: Shipping, Sovereignty, and Nation-Building in China, 1860–1937 (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2018).Google Scholar
Xia, Dongyuan 夏东元, 洋务运动史 (The History of the Self-Strengthening Movement) (Shanghai, Huadong shifan daxue chubabshe, 2010).Google Scholar
Zhang, Guohui 张国辉, 洋务运动与中国近代企业 (The Self-Strengthening Movement and China’s Modern Enterprise) (Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kehui chubanshe, 1979).Google Scholar
Zhongmin, Zhang 张忠民, 艰难的变迁:近代中国公司制度硏究 (The Difficulty of Change: The Study of the Institution of the Modern Corporation in Modern China (Shanghai, Shanghai Shehui kexue chubanshe, 2002).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Bian, Linan 卞历南, 制度变迁的逻辑现代中国国营企业制度之形成 (The Dynamics of Institutional Change: The Making of the State Enterprise System in Modern China) (Hangzhou, Zhejiang daxue chubanshe, 2011).Google Scholar
Bian, Linan 卞历南, 西方学界最近 40 年对中国企业史研究的述评 (A Critical Examination of Western Studies of Chinese Business and Economic History, 1978–2018) 经济社会史评论 (Social & Economic History Review) 16.4 (November 2018), 104–24.Google Scholar
Bian, M.L., “Explaining the Dynamics of Change: Transformation and Evolution of China’s Public Economy through War, Revolution, and Peace, 1928–2008,” in Naughton, B. and Tsai, K.S. (eds.), State Capitalism, Institutional Adaptation and the Chinese Miracle (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015), pp. 201–22.Google Scholar
Bian, M.L., The Making of the State Enterprise System in Modern China: The Dynamics of Institutional Change (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2005).Google Scholar
Bian, M.L., “Redefining the Chinese Revolution: The Transformation and Evolution of Guizhou’s Regional State Enterprises, 1937–1957,” Modern China 41 (May 2015), 313–50.Google Scholar
Bian, M.L., “The Sino-Japanese War and the Formation of the State Enterprise System in China: A Case Study of the Dadukou Iron and Steel Works, 1938–1945,” Enterprise & Society 3.1 (March 2002), 80123.Google Scholar
Kirby, W.C., “Engineering China: Birth of the Developmental State, 1928–1937,” in Yeh, W.-H. (ed.), Becoming Chinese: Passages to Modernity and Beyond (Berkeley, University of California Press, 2000), pp. 137–60.Google Scholar
Wu, Taichang 吴太昌, 抗战时期国民党国家资本在工矿业的垄断地位及其与民营资本比较 (The Monopolistic Position of Nationalist State Capital in Industry and Mining and Its Comparison with Private Capital during the Sino-Japanese War), 中国经济史研究 (Studies in Chinese Economic History) 3 (September 1987), 133–50.Google Scholar
Wu, Taichang et al. 吴太昌等人合著, 中国国家资本的历史分析 (A Historical Analysis of China’s State Capital) (Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar
Xu, Dixin 许涤新 and Chengming, Wu 吴承明 (eds.), 新民主主义革命时期的中国资本主义 (Chinese Capitalism during the Period of New Democratic Revolution, 1921–1949) (Beijing, Renmin chubanshe, 1993).Google Scholar
Yi, Xue 薛毅, 国民政府资源委员会研究 (A Study of the National Resources Commission) (Beijing, Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe, 2005).Google Scholar
Zhang, Shouguang 张守广, 大变局: 抗战时期的后方企业 (Great Change: A Study of Business Enterprises in China’s Interior during the Sino-Japanese War) (Nanjing, Jiangsu renmin chubanshe, 2008).Google Scholar
Zhang, Shouguang 张守广, 抗战大后方工业研究 (A Study of Industry in China’s Interior during the Sino-Japanese War) (Chongqing, Chongqing chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar
Zhang, Zhongmin 张忠民 and Ting, Zhu, 南京国民政府时期的国有企业 (A Study of State-Owned Enterprises in Republican China, 1927–1949) (Shanghai, Shanghai caijing daxue chubanshe, 2007).Google Scholar
Zhao Xingsheng 赵兴盛, 传统经验与现代理想: 南京国民政府时期的国营工业研究 (A Study of State-Owned Industries in Republican China) (Jinan, Qilu shushe, 2004).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Chang, K.-N., “Toward Modernization of China’s Currency and Banking, 1927–1937,” in Sih, P.K.T. (ed.), The Strenuous Decade: China’s Nation-Building Efforts, 1927–1937 (New York, St. John’s University Press 1970), pp. 129–65.Google Scholar
Cheng, L., Banking in Modern China: Entrepreneurs, Professional Managers, and the Development of Chinese Banks, 1897–1937 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003).Google Scholar
Coble, P. M., The Shanghai Capitalists and the Nationalist Government, 1927–1937 (Cambridge, Harvard University Council on East Asian Studies, 1986).Google Scholar
Irigoin, A., “The End of a Silver Era: The Consequences of the Breakdown of the Spanish Peso Standard in China and the United States, 1780s–1850s,” Journal of World History 20.2 (2009), 207–44.Google Scholar
Ma, D., “Chinese Money and Monetary System, 1800–2000, Overview,” in Caprio, G. et al. (eds.), Handbook of Key Global Financial Markets, Institutions, and Infrastructure, vol. 1 (Oxford, Elsevier, 2012), pp. 5764.Google Scholar
Ma, D., “Financial Revolution in Republican China during 1900–1937: A Survey and New Interpretation,” Australian Economic History Review, 2019, 242–62.Google Scholar
Xinwei, Peng 彭信威, 中国货币史 (Chinese Monetary History) (Shanghai, Shanghai People’s Publishing House, 1987; first published 1954).Google Scholar
Von Glahn, R., “Foreign Silver Coins in the Market Culture of Nineteenth-Century China,” International Journal of Asian Studies 4.1 (2007), 5178.Google Scholar
Von Glahn, R., Fountain of Fortune: Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1000–1700 (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1996).Google Scholar
Yejian, Wang 王业键, 中国近代货币与银行的演进, 16441937 (The Evolution of Money and Banking in Modern China, 16441937) (Beijing, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, 1981).Google Scholar
Chengxi, Wu 吴承禧, 中国的银行 (The Chinese Banks) (Shanghai, The Commercial Press, 1934).Google Scholar
Jingping, Wu 吴景平, 上海金融业与国民政府关系研究, 19271937 (Research on the Relationship between the Shanghai Financial Industry and the Nationalist Government, 19271937) (Shanghai, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics Press, 2002).Google Scholar
Cangshui, Xu 徐沧水 (ed.), 中国今日之货币问题 (Monetary Issues in Today’s China) (Shanghai, Bankers’ Weekly Press, 1921).Google Scholar
Yan, Hongzhong, “Economic Growth and Fluctuation in the Early Qing Dynasty: From the Perspective of Monetary Circulation,” Frontiers of History in China 4.2 (2009), 221–64.Google Scholar
Hongzhong, Yan 燕红忠, “货币供给量、货币结构与中国经济趋势, 1650–1936” (Money Supply, Monetary Structure and Economic Development Trend in China, 1650–1936), Journal of Financial Research 7 (2011), 5769.Google Scholar
Hongzhong, Yan 燕红忠, 中国的货币金融体系, 16001949 (The Monetary and Financial System in China, 1600–1949) (Beijing, China Renmin University Press, 2012).Google Scholar
Naiqi, Zhang 章乃器, 中国货币金融问题 (The Monetary and Financial Issue in China) (Shanghai, Shenghuo shudian, 1936).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Boecking, F., No Great Wall: Trade, Tariffs and Nationalism in Republican China, 1927–1945 (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Asia Center, 2017).Google Scholar
Chong, J.I., “Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Foreign Intervention and the Limiting of Fragmentation in the Late Qing and Early Republic, 1893–1922,” Twentieth-Century China 35.1 (November 2009), 7598.Google Scholar
He, W. Paths toward the Modern Fiscal State: England, Japan, and China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Shigeki, Iwai 岩井茂樹, 中国近世財政史の研究 (A Study of the Fiscal System in Late Imperial China) (Kyoto, Kyōto daigaku gakujutsu shuppankai, 2004).Google Scholar
Kaske, E., “Austerity in Times of War: Government Finance in Early Nineteenth-Century China,” Financial History Review 25.1 (April 2018), 7196.Google Scholar
May-li, Lin 林美莉, 西洋稅制在近代中國的發展 (The Development of Western Taxation Methods in China) (Taipei, Academia Sinica, 2005).Google Scholar
Van de Ven, H.J., Breaking with the Past: The Maritime Customs Service and the Global Origins of Modernity in China (New York, Columbia University Press, 2014).Google Scholar
Zanasi, M. Saving the Nation: Economic Modernity in Republican China (Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2010).Google Scholar
Yumin, Zhou 周育民, 晚清財政與社會變遷 (Fiscal Policies and Social Change during the Late Qing) (Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 2000).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Mengju, Chang 常夢渠 and Chuntao, Qian 錢椿濤 (eds.), 近代中國典當業 (Pawnshops in Modern China) (Beijing, Zhongguo Wenshi chubanshe, 1995).Google Scholar
Cheng, L. Banking in Modern China (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2003).Google Scholar
Xuncheng, Du 杜恂誠, 中國金融通史 (A General History of Chinese Finance), vol 3, 北洋政府時期 (Beiyang Government Period) (Beijing, Zhongguo Jinrong chubanshe, 1996).Google Scholar
Guan, Gong 龔關, 國民政府與中國農村金融制度的演變 (Development of the System of Chinese Rural Finance during the Nationalist Period) (Tianjin, Nankai daxue chubanshe, 2016).Google Scholar
He, W., Paths toward the Modern Fiscal State: England, Japan, and China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2013).Google Scholar
Xiaguan, Hong 洪葭管 (ed.), 中國金融史 (A History of Chinese Finance) (Chengdu, Xinan Caijing daxue chubanshe, 1993).Google Scholar
Jianhui, Huang 黃鑒暉, 中國典當業史 (A History of China’s Pawnshop Industry) (Taiyuan, Shanxi Jingji chubanshe, 2006).Google Scholar
Hongye, Jiang 姜宏業, 中國金融通史 (A General History of Chinese Finance), vol. 5, 新民主主義革命根據地時期 (The Period of New Democracy and the Revolutionary Base Areas) (Beijing, Zhongguo Jinrong chubanshe, 2008).Google Scholar
Jianqing, Jiang 姜建清 and Lichang, Jiang 蔣立場, 近代中國外商銀行史 (A History of Foreign Banks in Modern China) (Beijing, Zhongxin chubanshe, 2016).Google Scholar
Jinzheng, Li 李金錚, 民國鄉村借貸關係研究 (Research on the Relationship between Lending and Borrowing in the Countryside in the Republican Period) (Beijing, Renmin chubanshe, 2003).Google Scholar
Yixiang, Li 李一翔, 近代中國銀行與企業的關係 1897–1945 (Relations between Banks and Enterprises in Modern China, 1897–1945) (Taipei, Dongda tushu gongsi, 1997).Google Scholar
Qiugen, Liu 劉秋根, 中國典當制度史 (An Institutional History of Chinese Pawnshops) (Shanghai, Guji chubanshe, 1995).Google Scholar
Zhiying, Liu 劉志英, 近代上海華商證券市場研究 (Research on Chinese Stock Markets in Modern Shanghai) (Shanghai, Xuelin chubanshe, 2004).Google Scholar
Zhiying, Liu 劉志英, 近代中國華商證券市場研究 (Research on Chinese Stock Markets in Modern China) (Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 2011)Google Scholar
Yanbin, Qu 曲彥斌, 中國典當史 (A History of Chinese Pawnshops) (Shenyang, Shenyang chubanshe, 2007).Google Scholar
Sheehan, B., “The Modernity of Savings,” in Dong, M.Y. and Goldstein, J. (eds.), Everyday Modernity in China (Seattle, University of Washington Press, 2006), pp. 121–55Google Scholar
Sheehan, B., “Myth and Reality in Chinese Financial Cliques in 1936,” Enterprise and Society 6.3 (September 2005), 452–91.Google Scholar
Sheehan, B., Trust in Troubled Times: Money, Banking, and State–Society Relations in Republican China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2001).Google Scholar
Sheehan, B., “Urban Identity and Urban Networks in Cosmopolitan Cities: Banks and Bankers in Tianjin, 1919–1937,” in Esherick, J. (ed.), Remaking the Chinese City: Modernity and National Identity, 1900–1950 (Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 2000), 4764.Google Scholar
Yejian, Wang 王業鍵, 中國近代貨幣與銀行的演進 1644–1937 (The Development of Money and Banks in Modern China 1644–1937) (Taipei, Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Jingji Yanjiusuo, 1981).Google Scholar
Jingping, Wu 吳景平, “近代上海金融中心地位與南京國民政府之關係” (The Status of Modern Shanghai as a Financial Center and Its Relations to the Nationalist Government in Nanjing), 史林 (Historical Review) 2 (2002), 90121.Google Scholar
Hongzhong, Yan 燕红忠, 晋商与现代经济 (Shanxi Merchants and the Modern Economy) (Beijing, Jingji kexue chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar
Gongzhen, Yao 姚公振, 中國農業金融史 (Agricultural Finance History of China) (Shanghai, Zhongguo wenhua fuwushe, 1947).Google Scholar
Yeh, W., “Corporate Space, Communal Time: Everyday Life in Shanghai’s Bank of China,” American Historical Review 100.1 (1995), 97122.Google Scholar
Guohui, Zhang 張國輝, 中國金融通史 (A General History of Chinese Finance), vol. 2, (1840–1911) 清鴉片戰爭時期至清末時期 (From the Opium War to the End of the Qing Dynasty (1840–1911)) (Beijing, Zhongguo Jinrong chubanshe, 2003).Google Scholar
Guohui, Zhang 張國輝, 晚清錢莊和票號研究 (Qianzhuang and Piaohao in the Late Qing Period) (Beijing, Zhonghua shuju, 1989).Google Scholar
Yingui, Zhu 朱蔭貴, “抗戰時期的上海華商證券市場(Stock Markets in Shanghai during the Anti-Japanese War), 社會科學 (Social Science) 2 (2005), 8897.Google Scholar
Yingui, Zhu 朱蔭貴, “試論近代中國證券市場的特點” (Characteristics of Stock Markets in Modern China: A Preliminary Assessment), 經濟研究 (Economic Research) 3 (2008), 150–60.Google Scholar
Yingui, Zhu 朱蔭貴, “近代上海證券市場上股票買賣的三次高潮” (Three High Tides of Buying and Selling on Shanghai Stock Markets), 中國經濟史研究 (Research on Chinese Economic History) 3 (1998), 5870.Google Scholar
Yingui, Zhu 朱蔭貴, 近代中國: 金融與證券研究 (Modern China: Research on Finance and Stock Markets) (Shanghai, Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 2012).Google Scholar

Further Reading

“The Canton Trade: Life and Enterprise on the China Coast, 1700–1845,” at www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt1xwbc2, accessed September 14, 2020.Google Scholar
Chan, K.Y., Business Expansion and Structural Change in Pre-war China: Liu Hongsheng and His Enterprises, 1920–1937 (Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Chan, K.Y., “Making Sense of the ‘Business Group’ in Modern China: The Rong Brothers Businesses, 1901–37,” Australian Economic History Review 51.3 (2011), 219–44.Google Scholar
Chan, W.K.K., “The Organizational Structure of the Traditional Chinese Firm and Its Modern Reform,” Business History Review 56.2 (1982), 218–35.Google Scholar
Cheong, W.E., The Hong Merchants of Canton: Chinese Merchants in Sino-Western Trade (Richmond, Curzon, 1997).Google Scholar
Cochran, S., Big Business in China: Sino-Foreign Rivalry in the Cigarette Industry, 1890–1930 (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1980).Google Scholar
Cochran, S., Encountering Chinese Networks: Western, Japanese, and Chinese Corporations in China, 1880–1937 (Berkeley, University of California Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Fang, L., “Chinese Partnership,” Law and Contemporary Problems 52.3 (1989), 4368.Google Scholar
Faure, D., “The Control of Equity in Chinese Firms within the Modern Sector from the Late Qing to the Early Republic,” in Brown (ed.), R.A., Chinese Business Enterprise in Asia (London, Routledge, 1995), 60–79.Google Scholar
Feuerwerker, A., China’s Early Industrialization: Sheng Hsuan-Huai (1844–1916) and Mandarin Enterprise (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1958).Google Scholar
Gardella, R., “Contracting Business Partnerships in Late Qing and Republican China: Paradigms and Patterns,” in Zelin, M., J., K. Ocko, and Gardella (eds.), R., Contract and Property in Early Modern China (Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2004), pp. 327–47.Google Scholar
Kim, K., Borderland Capitalism: Turkestan Produce, Qing Silver, and the Birth of an Eastern Market (Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2016).Google Scholar
Kirby, W.C., “China Unincorporated: Company Law and Business Enterprise in Twentieth-Century China,” Journal of Asian Studies 54.1 (1995), 4363.Google Scholar
Köll, E., From Cotton Mill to Business Empire: The Emergence of Regional Enterprises in Modern China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Asia Center, 2003).Google Scholar
Kwan, M.B., “Managing Market, Hierarchy, and Network: The Jiuda Salt Industries, Ltd., 1917–1937,” Enterprise & Society 6.3 (2005), 395418.Google Scholar
Lai, C.-K., “The Qing State and Merchant Enterprise: The China Merchants’ Company, 1872–1902,” in J.K. Leonard, J.R. Watt, and Cornell University (eds.), To Achieve Security and Wealth: The Qing Imperial State and the Economy, 1644–1911 (Ithaca, NY, East Asia Program, Cornell University, 1992), p. 146.Google Scholar
Liu, K.-C., “Financing a Steam-Navigation Company in China, 1861–62,” Business History Review 28.2 (1954), 154–81.Google Scholar
Lufrano, R.J., Honorable Merchants: Commerce and Self-Cultivation in Late Imperial China (Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1997).Google Scholar
Moll-Murata, C., “Chinese Guilds from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Centuries: An Overview,” International Review of Social History 53, Supplement S16 (2008), 213–47.Google Scholar
Motono, E., Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-British Business, 1860–1911: The Impact of the Pro-British Commercial Network in Shanghai (New York and London, St. Martin’s Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Pomeranz, K., “‘Traditional’ Chinese Business Forms Revisited: Family, Firm, and Financing in the History of the Yutang Company of Jining, 1779–1956,” Late Imperial China 18.1 (December 22, 1997), 138.Google Scholar
Qiao, Zhijian, “The Rise of Shanxi Merchants: Empire, Institutions, and Social Change in Qing China, 1688–1850,” Ph.D. thesis, Stanford University, 2017.Google Scholar
Qiu, Pengsheng 邱澎生, “由公产到法人–清代苏州,上海商人团体的制度变化” (From “Common Property” to Corporation: The Institutional Changes of the Merchant Associations of Suzhou and Shanghai in Late Qing), 法制史研究 (Research on Legal History) 10 (2006), 117–40.Google Scholar
Rowe, W.T., Hankow, Commerce and Society in a Chinese City, 1796–1889 (Stanford, CA, Stanford University Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Ruskola, T., “Conceptualizing Corporations and Kinship: Comparative Law and Development Theory in a Chinese Perspective,” Stanford Law Review 52.6 (2000), 15991729.Google Scholar
Zelin, M., The Merchants of Zigong: Industrial Entrepreneurship in Early Modern China (New York, Columbia University Press, 2005).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Bai, Y., and Kung, J.K-S., Diffusing Useful Knowledge While Spreading God’s Message: Protestantism and Economic Prosperity in China, 1840–1920, Journal of the European Economic Association 13.4 (2015), 669–98.Google Scholar
Chang, Yufa 張玉法, “清末民初的外資工業” (Foreign Industries in Late Qing and Early Republican China) Bulletin of the Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica 1987, 129–249.Google Scholar
Chang, Yufa 張玉法, 近代中國工業發展史, 1860–1916 (A History of Modern Chinese Industrial Development, 1860–1916) (Taipei, Gui guan tu shu you xian gong si, 1992).Google Scholar
Dernberger, R. F., “The Role of the Foreigner in China’s Economic Development, 1840–1949,” in Perkins, D.H. (ed.), China’s Modern Economy in Historical Perspective (Stanford, Stanford University Press, 1975), pp. 1947.Google Scholar
Du, Xuncheng 杜恂誠, 民族資本主義與舊中國政府, 1840–1937 (Chinese Capitalism and the Old Chinese Government, 1840–1937) (Shanghai, Shanghai shehui kexueyuan chubanshe, 1991).Google Scholar
Esherick, J., “Reconsidering 1911: Lessons of a Sudden Revolution,” Journal of Modern Chinese History 6.1 (2012), 114.Google Scholar
Feuerwerker, A., “The Foreign Presence in China,” in Fairbank, J.K. (ed.), The Cambridge History of China, vol. 12, Republican China, 1912–1949, part 1 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1983), pp. 128207.Google Scholar
Jansen, M., “Japan and the Chinese Revolution of 1911,” in Fairbank, J.K. and Liu, K.C. (eds.), The Cambridge History of China, vol. 11, Late Ch’ing, 1800–1911, part 2 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1980), pp. 339–74.Google Scholar
Jia, R., “The Legacies of Forced Freedom: China’s Treaty Ports,” Review of Economics and Statistics 96.4 (2014), 596608.Google Scholar
Perkins, D. H., “Government as an Obstacle to Industrialization: The Case of Nineteenth-Century China,” Journal of Economic History 17.4 (1967), 478–92.Google Scholar
Reynolds, D., China, 1898–1912: The Xinzheng Revolution and Japan (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1993).Google Scholar
Shen, Diancheng 沈殿成, 中國人留學日本百年史 (A History of a Hundred Years of Chinese Studying in Japan) (Liaoning, Liaoning jiaoyu chubanshe, 1997).Google Scholar
Zhang, Hongxiang 張洪祥, 近代中國通商口岸與租界 (Treaty Ports and Concessions in Chinese History) (Tianjin, Tianjin renmin chubanshe, 1993).Google Scholar
Zhang Pengyuan 張朋园, 中国民主政治的困境, 1909–1949 (The Predicament of Democracy in China, 1909–1949) (Changchun, Jilin chu ban ji tuan you xian ze ren gong si, 2008).Google Scholar
Zhang, Jianqiu 張建俅, 清末自開商埠之研究 (1898–1911) (Research on the Self-Initiated Ports of the Late Qing) (Taipei, Huamulan wenhua chubanshe, 2009).Google Scholar

Further Reading

China Maritime Customs (CMC), Decennial Reports, First Issue (1882–1891), Second Issue (1892–1901), Third Issue (1902–1911), Fourth Issue (1912–1921) and Fifth Issue (1922–1931) (Shanghai, Statistical Department of the Inspectorate General of Customs, 2001).Google Scholar
Great Britain Foreign Office, Correspondence Relating to China: Presented to Both Houses of Parliament, by Command of Her Majesty (London, T.R. Harrison, 1840).Google Scholar
Hamashita, T., China, East Asia, and the Global Economy: Regional and Historical Perspectives (Hoboken, Routledge, 2008).Google Scholar
Keller, W., Lampe, M., and Shiue, C.H., “International Transactions: Real Trade and Factor Flows,” in Broadberry, S. and Fukao, K. (eds.), Cambridge Economic History of the Modern World, vol. 1, 1700 to 1870 (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2021), pp. 412–37.Google Scholar
Keller, W., Li, B., and Shiue, C.H., “China’s Foreign Trade: Perspectives from the Past 150 Years,” World Economy 6 (2011), 853–92.Google Scholar
Keller, W., Li, B., and Shiue, C.H., “The Evolution of Domestic Trade Flows When Foreign Trade Is Liberalized: Evidence from the Chinese Maritime Customs Service,” in Aoki, M., Kuran, T., and Roland, G. (eds.), Institutions and Comparative Economic Development (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), pp. 152–72.Google Scholar
Keller, W., Li, B., and Shiue, C.H., “Shanghai’s Trade, China’s Growth: Continuity, Recovery, and Change since the Opium War,” IMF Economic Review 2 (2013), 336–78.Google Scholar
Keller, W., Santiago, J.A., and Shiue, C.H., “China’s Domestic Trade during the Treaty-Port Era,” Explorations in Economic History 1 (2017), 2643.Google Scholar
Keller, W., and Shiue, C.H., “Capital Markets and Colonial Institutions in China,” presentation at NBER Summer Institute, July 2020 (Cambridge, MA).Google Scholar
Keller, W., Shiue, C.H., and Wang, X., “Capital Market Development in China and Britain, 18th and 19th Century: Evidence from Grain Prices,” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 13.3 (2021), 3164.Google Scholar
Morse, H.B., The Chronicles of the East India Company: Trading to China 1635–1834, 5 vols. (Oxford, The Clarendon Press, 1926–1929).Google Scholar
Morse, H.B., The International Relations of the Chinese Empire, 3 vols. (London, Longmans, Green, and Company, 1910–1918).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Baark, E., Lightning Wires: The Telegraph and China’s Technological Modernization, 1860–1890 (Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 1997).Google Scholar
Chang, Rui-te 張瑞德, 中國近代鐵路事業管理的研究, 1876–1937 (Railroads in Modern China: Political Aspects of Railroad Administration, 1876–1937) (Taipei, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, 1991).Google Scholar
Chang, Rui-te 張瑞德, 平漢鐵路與華北的經濟發展, 1905–1937 (The PekingHankow Railroad and Economic Development in North China, 1905–1937) (Taipei, Institute of Modern History, Academia Sinica, 1987).Google Scholar
Ding, Xiangyong 丁賢勇, 新式交通與社會變遷與民國浙江為中心 (New Communications and Social Transformation: Focusing on Zhejiang Province during the Republican Period) (Beijing, Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe, 2007).Google Scholar
Duus, P., Myers, R.H., and Peattie, M.R. (eds.), The Japanese Informal Empire in China, 1895–1937 (Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Faure, D., China and Capitalism: A History of Modern Business Enterprise in China (Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, 2006).Google Scholar
Feuerwerker, A., China’s Early Industrialization: Sheng Hsuan-huai (1844–1916) and Mandarin Enterprise (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1958).Google Scholar
Halsey, S.R., Quest for Power: European Imperialism and the Making of Chinese Statecraft (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2015).Google Scholar
Huenemann, R.W., The Dragon and the Iron Horse: The Economics of Railroads in China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1984).Google Scholar
Kaske, E., “Sichuan as a Pivot: Provincial Politics and Gentry Power in Late Qing Railway Projects in Southwestern China,” in Theobald, U. and Jin, C. (eds.), Southwest China in a Regional and Global Perspective (c. 1600–1911) (Leiden and Boston, Brill, 2018), pp. 379423.Google Scholar
Köll, E., Railroads and the Transformation of China (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2019).Google Scholar
Leung, C.-K., China, Railway Patterns and National Goals (Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1980).Google Scholar
Liang, E.P., China, Railways and Agricultural Development, 1875–1935 (Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 1982).Google Scholar
Moazzin, G., “Sino-Foreign Business Networks: Foreign and Chinese Banks in the Chinese Banking Sector, 1890–1911,” Modern Asian Studies 54.3 (May 2020), 9701004.Google Scholar
Rawski, T.G., Economic Growth in Prewar China (Berkeley, University of California Press, 1989).Google Scholar
Reinhardt, A., Navigating Semi-colonialism: Shipping, Sovereignty, and Nation-Building in China, 1860–1937 (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Asia Center, 2018).Google Scholar
Shen, Zhihua 沈志華, 蘇聯專家在中國, 1948–1960 (Soviet Experts in China, 1948–1960) (Beijing, Xinhua chubanshe, 2009).Google Scholar
Smith, V., with Chuh, A., Motor Roads in China (Washington, DC, United States Government Printing Office, 1931).Google Scholar
Thai, P., China’s War on Smuggling: Law, Economic Life, and the Making of the Modern State, 1842–1965 (New York, Columbia University Press, 2018).Google Scholar
Zhuang, Weimin 庒維民, 近代山東市場經濟的變遷 (The Transformation of the Market Economy in Modern Shandong) (Beijing, Zhonghua shuju, 2000).Google Scholar

Further Reading

Baten, J., Ma, D., Morgan, S., and Wang, Q., “Evolution of Living Standards and Human Capital in China in the 18th–20th Centuries: Evidence from Real Wages, Age-Heaping, and Anthropometrics,” Explorations in Economic History 47.3 (2010), 347–59.Google Scholar
Borthwick, S., Education and Social Change in China: The Beginnings of the Modern Era (Stanford, CA, Hoover Institution Press, 1983).Google Scholar
Chen, T., J.K.S. Kung, and C. Ma, , “Long Live Keju! The Persistent Effects of China’s Civil Examination System,” Economic Journal 130.631 (2020), 2030–64.Google Scholar
Hongbo, Deng 鄧洪波, 中國書院史 (History of Traditional Chinese Academia) (Shanghai, Dongfang chuban zhongxin, 2004).Google Scholar
Elman, B.A., A Cultural History of Civil Examinations in Late Imperial China (Berkeley, University of California Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Gao, P., “Risen from the Chaos: The Emergence of Modern Education in China,” in Mitch, D. and Cappelli, G. (eds.), Globalization and the Rise of Mass Education (Cham, Palgrave Macmillan, 2019), pp. 279309.Google Scholar
Ho, P., The Ladder of Success in Imperial China: Aspects of Social Mobility, 1368–1911 (New York, Columbia University Press, 1962).Google Scholar
Linxiang, Jin 金林祥, 中國教育制度通史 (A General History of Chinese Education), 6 vols. (Jinan, Shandong Education Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Yong, Ma 馬鏞, 中國教育制度通史 (A General History of Chinese Education), 5 vols. (Jinan, Shandong Education Press, 2000).Google Scholar
Perkins, D. H., China’s Modern Economy in Historical Perspective (Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 1975).Google Scholar
Rawski, E., Education and Popular Literacy in Ch’ing China (Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1979).Google Scholar
Wang, M., van Leeuwen, B., and Li, J., Education in China, ca. 1840–Present (Leiden, Brill, 2020).Google Scholar
Wang, , Y.C., Chinese Intellectuals and the West, 1872–1949 (Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1966).Google Scholar
Jie, Zhang 张杰, 清代科舉家族 (Keju Hereditary Families in the Qing Dynasty) (Beijing, Social Sciences Academic Press, 2003).Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

  • 1800–1950
  • Edited by Debin Ma, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Richard von Glahn, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Book: The Cambridge Economic History of China
  • Online publication: 07 February 2022
Available formats
×

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

  • 1800–1950
  • Edited by Debin Ma, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Richard von Glahn, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Book: The Cambridge Economic History of China
  • Online publication: 07 February 2022
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • 1800–1950
  • Edited by Debin Ma, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo, Richard von Glahn, University of California, Los Angeles
  • Book: The Cambridge Economic History of China
  • Online publication: 07 February 2022
Available formats
×