Published online by Cambridge University Press: 28 January 2010
Early European settlement of South Africa was a piecemeal affair. The Portuguese were the first to round the Cape in the late fifteenth century, leaving us as reminders of their presence a number of stone crosses and a canto of Camoens’s epic poem, The Lusiads. The Dutch Vereenigde Oost- Indische Compagnie (VOC), established a permanent outpost in the region in 1652, intending to restock ships plying the lucrative trade between Europe and the East. Within a decade, Company servants had become full-time farmers, and these early settlers had entered into conflict with the indigenous Khoikhoi. A trickle of Dutch and German immigrants was bolstered in 1688 by the arrival of French Huguenots fleeing religious persecution in Europe. From 1658, slaves were imported from both coasts of Africa, Madagascar, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. In 1806 the British took final control of the Cape, fearing its strategic position might be used against them by Napoleon. Organized migration from Britain followed in the 1820s, and, after diamonds and gold were discovered in the second half of the century, the region saw a steady influx of mostly British and Commonwealth immigrants. South African settlers thus fell largely into two groups: English speakers, most of whom maintained strong ties with Britain and other parts of its empire; and those who spoke Dutch, or a version of it, a group of mixed origins whose affiliations with Europe were largely severed by the nature of their migration, and by later recolonization by Britain.
To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.
To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.
To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.