Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-7d684dbfc8-tqxhq Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2023-09-23T08:00:05.994Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "corePageComponentGetUserInfoFromSharedSession": true, "coreDisableEcommerce": false, "coreDisableSocialShare": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForArticlePurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForBookPurchase": false, "coreDisableEcommerceForElementPurchase": false, "coreUseNewShare": true, "useRatesEcommerce": true } hasContentIssue false

10 - “Life after Death”: The Israeli Approach to Posthumous Reproduction

from Part II - Familialism and Reproduction

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 December 2017

Hagai Boas
Tel Aviv University Center for Ethics
Yael Hashiloni-Dolev
The Academic College of Tel Aviv Yaffo, School of Government and Society
Nadav Davidovitch
Ben Gurion University Department of Health Systems Management
Dani Filc
Ben Gurion University
Shai J. Lavi
Tel Aviv University Faculty of Law
Get access


Image of the first page of this content. For PDF version, please use the ‘Save PDF’ preceeding this image.'
Bioethics and Biopolitics in Israel
Socio-legal, Political, and Empirical Analysis
, pp. 202 - 220
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2018

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)


Bahadur, G. (2004). Ethical Challenges in Reproductive Medicine: Posthumous Reproduction. International Congress Series, 1266, 295302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barkan, N. (2016, September 5). The Touching Battle of the Bereaved Parents: Allow Us to Conceive with Our Son’s Sperm. Ynet. Retrieved September 14, 2016 at,7340,L-4850474,00.html (in Hebrew).
Batzer, F. R., Hurwitz, J. M., and Caplan, A. (2003). Postmortem Parenthood and the Need for a Protocol with Posthumous Sperm Procurement. Fertility & Sterility, 79(6), 12631269.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ben-Or, G. and Ravitsky, V. (2010). Cultural Values in Action: The Israeli Approach to Human Cloning. In Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. and Carmeli, Y. S. (Eds.). Kin, Gene, Community: Reproductive Technology among Jewish Israelis (pp. 226251). New-York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. (2003). Reproductive Policy in Context: Implications on Women’s Rights in Israel, 1945–2000. Policy Studies Journal, 24(2/3), 101113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. (2004). Cheaper than a Newcomer: On the Social Production of IVF Policy in Israel. Sociology of Health and Illness, 26(7), 897924.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. and Carmeli, Y. S. (2010). Reproductive Technologies among Jewish Israelis: Setting the Ground. In Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. and Carmeli, Y. S. (Eds.). Kin, Gene, Community: Reproductive Technology among Jewish Israelis (pp. 148). New-York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
Bokek-Cohen, Y. & Ravitsky, V. (2017, forthcoming) “Soldiers’ preferences regarding sperm preservation, posthumous reproduction and attributes of a potential ‘posthumous mother’” OMEGA-- Journal of Death and Dying.
Bokek-Cohen, Y. (2016a). How Are Marketing Strategies of Genetic Material Used as a Mechanism for Biopolitical Governmentality? Consumption, Markets & Culture. 19 (6), 534554. DOI: 10.1080/10253866.2015.1137897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bokek-Cohen, Y. (2016b). Falling in Love With a [Sperm] Warrior: Conscripting Women’s Wombs to the Dissemination of a Religio-political Ideology. Journal of Gender Studies. DOI: 10.1080/09589236.2016.1155436.CrossRef
Bokek-Cohen, Y. and Gonen, L. D. (2016). Advocacy for Unborn Sperm Donor Conceived Children and Family Policy. Social Theory & Health, 14(2), 207223. DOI: 10.1057/sth.2015.29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics, Israel) (2015). Selected Data for International Child Day 2015. Retrieved from:
Corvalan, A. (1996). Fatherhood after Death: A Legal and Ethical Analysis of Posthumous Reproduction. Albany Law Journal of Science & Technology, 7, 336365.Google ScholarPubMed
Côté, S., Affdal, A. O., Kadoch, I. J., Hamet, P., and Ravitsky, V. (2014). Posthumous Reproduction With Surplus Embryos: Exploring User’s Choices. Fertility and Sterility, 102(5), 14101415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Daniels, C. R. (2006). Exposing Men: The Science and Politics of Male Reproduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
Danya, . (2013, February 25). The Biological Will™ – a New Paradigm in ART? Retrieved September 13, 2016 at
Donath, O. (2015). Regretting Motherhood: A Sociopolitical Analysis. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 40(2), 343367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Edwards, J. (2004). Incorporating Incest: Gamete, Body and Relation in Assisted Conception. Journal of Royal Anthropological Institute, 10(4), 755774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Eshre Task Force on Ethics Law. Pennings, G., de Wert, G., Shenfield, F., Cohen, J., Devroey, P. et al. (2006). ESHRE Task Force on Ethics and Law 11: Posthumous Assisted Reproduction. Human Reproduction, 21(12), 30503053.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Ethics Committee of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine. (2013). Posthumous Collection and Use of Reproductive Tissue: A Committee Opinion. Fertility & Sterility, 99(7), 18421845.CrossRefPubMed
Finnerty, J. J., Thomas, T. S., Boyle, R. J., Howards, S. S., and Karns, L. B. (2001). Gamete Retrieval in Terminal Conditions. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 185(2), 300307.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Gonen, L. D. (2016). Social and Private Benefits of Assisted Reproductive Technology: A National Survey-Based Evaluation in Israel. Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research, 5(1), 4963.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Guidelines of the Attorney General of the Government, Guideline Number 1.2202. Ministry of Justice, Jerusalem. October 27, 2003 (in Hebrew).
Haimes, E. (1993). Issues of Gender in Gamete Donation. Social Science and Medicine, 36(1), 8593.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Halperin, M. (2006). Post-Mortem Artificial Insemination – Prohibition and Permission. Asya, 20, 113123 (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
Hans, J. D. (2008). Attitudes toward Posthumous Harvesting and Reproduction. Death Studies, 32(9), 837869. DOI: 10.1080/07481180802359789.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hans, J. D. and Dooley, B. (2014). Attitudes toward Making Babies … With a Deceased Partner’s Cryopreserved Gametes. Death Studies, 38(9), 571581. DOI: 10.1080/07481187.2013.809033.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hans, J. D. and Frey, L. M. (2013). American Attitudes in Context: Posthumous Use of Cryopreserved Gametes. Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics, S1: 006. DOI: 10.4172/2155–9627.S1-006.Google Scholar
Hans, J. D. and Yelland, E. L. (2013). American Attitudes in Context: Posthumous Sperm Retrieval and Reproduction. Journal of Clinical Research & Bioethics, S1: 008. doi: 10.4172/2155–9627.S1-008.Google Scholar
Hashiloni-Dolev, Y. (2015). Posthumous Reproduction (PHR) in Israel: Policy Rationales versus Lay People’s Concerns, a Preliminary Study. Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry, 39(4), 634650.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Hashiloni-Dolev, Y. and Triger, Z. (2016). Between the Deceased’s Wish and the Wishes of His Surviving Relatives: Posthumous Children, Patriarchy, Pronatalism, and the Myth of Continuity of the Seed. Tel-Aviv University Law Review, 39(3) (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
Hsieh, H. F. and Shannon, S. E. (2005). Three Approaches to Qualitative Content Analysis. Qualitative Health Research, 15(9), 12771288.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jakobovits, Y. Assisted Reproduction through the Prism of Jewish Law. Jewish Action. Spring 2005. Retrieved September 14, 2016 at (in Hebrew).
Kahn, S. M. (2000). Reproducing Jews: A Cultural Account of Assisted Conception in Israel. Durham, NC, and London: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Katz, R. and Lavee, Y. (2004). Families in Israel. In Adams, B. and Trost, J. (Eds.), Handbook of World Families (pp. 486506). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
Kindregan, C. P. Jr. (2015). Dead Soldiers and Their Posthumously Conceived Children. Journal of Contemporary Health Law & Policy, 31, 7495.Google Scholar
Kindregan, C. P. Jr. and Snyder, S. H. (2008). Clarifying the Law of ART: The New American Bar Association Model Act Governing Assisted Reproductive Technology, Family Law Quarterly, 42, 203229.Google Scholar
Konrad, M. (1998). Ova Donation and the Symbols of Substance: Some Variations on the Theme of Sex, Gender and the Partible Body. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 4(4), 643667.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Landau, R. (1999). Planned Orphanhood. Social Science & Medicine, 49(2), 185196.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Landau, R. (2004). Posthumous Sperm Retrieval for the Purpose of Later Insemination or IVF in Israel: An Ethical and Psychosocial Critique. Human Reproduction, 19(9), 19521956.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Lawson, A. K., Zweifel, J. E., and Klock, S. C. (2016) Blurring the Line between Life and Death: A Review of the Psychological and Ethical Concerns Related to Posthumous-Assisted Reproduction. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Healthcare.
Lomsky-Feder, E. and Ben-Ari, E. (2012). The Military and Militarism in Israeli Society. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
Martin, E. (1991). The Egg and the Sperm: How Science Constructed a Romance Based on Stereotypical Male–Female Roles. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 16(3), 485501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mertes, H. and Pennings, G. (2011). Social Egg Freezing: For Better, Not for Worse. Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 23(7), 824829.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nash, C. (2004). Genetic Kinship. Cultural Studies, 18(1), 133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Portugese, J. (1998). Fertility Policy in Israel: The Politics of Religion, Gender and Nation. Westport, CT: Praeger.Google Scholar
Ravitsky, V. (2004). Posthumous Reproduction Guidelines in Israel. Commentary, Hastings Center Report, 34(2), 67.Google ScholarPubMed
Ravitsky, V. (2010). “Knowing Where You Come From”: The Rights of Donor-Conceived Individuals and the Meaning of Genetic Relatedness. Minnesota Journal of Law Science & Technology, 11(2), 655684.Google Scholar
Recommendations of the Public Committee for the Study of Legislative Regulation of Fertility and Reproduction in Israel. (2012). Retrieved September 13, 2016 at (in Hebrew).
Remennick, L. (2000). Childless in the Land of Imperative Motherhood: Stigma and Coping among Infertile Israeli Women. Sex Roles, 43(11/12), 821841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rothman, C. M. (1999). Live Sperm, Dead Bodies. Journal of Andrology, 20, 456457.Google ScholarPubMed
Schmidt, M. S. (2016, February 3). Pentagon to Offer Plan to Store Eggs and Sperm to Retain Young Troops. Retrieved from
Shalev, C. and Hashiloni-Dolev, Y. (2011). Bioethics Governance in Israel: An Expert Regime. Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, 8(3), 157160.Google ScholarPubMed
Sperling, D. (2008). Posthumous Interests: Legal and Ethical Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Sperling, D. (2010). Commanding the “Be Fruitful and Multiply” Directive: Reproductive Ethics, Law, and Policy in Israel. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 19(3), 363371.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Sperling, D. and Simon, Y. (2010). Attitudes and Policies Regarding Access to Fertility Care and Assisted Reproductive Technologies in Israel. Reproductive Biomedicine Online, 21(7), 854861.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stechschulte, T. (2014). Symposium: The Legal and Ethical Implications of Posthumous Reproduction. Journal of Law and Health 27, 1.Google Scholar
Steier, H., Oren, A., Elias, N., and Lewin-Epstein, N. (1998). Gender Roles, Family, and Women’s Participation in the Labor Force: Attitudes of Veteran Israelis and Newcomers in a Comparative Perspective – Research Eeport. Tel Aviv: The Institute for Social Research (in Hebrew).Google Scholar
Weiss, M. (2002). The Chosen Body: The Politics of the Body in Israeli Society. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Young, H. (2014). Presuming Consent to Posthumous Reproduction. Journal of Law & Health, 53, 6897.Google Scholar

Save book to Kindle

To save this book to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats

Save book to Dropbox

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Available formats

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Available formats