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8 - Nontariff Measures Reforms

A Practitioner’s Perspective*

from Part III - Dealing with Non-tariff Measures: Legal and Institutional Contexts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  25 October 2019

Joseph Francois
Affiliation:
Universität Bern, Switzerland
Bernard Hoekman
Affiliation:
European University Institute, Florence
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Summary

Nontariff measures (NTMs) are regulatory instruments and policies that apply to traded products. Insofar as NTMs address a market failure and improve the business environment they are fully justified on welfare grounds. A badly designed or implemented NTM, however, could unnecessarily restrict trade and work against the realization of trade facilitation objectives. A common feature of efforts to reduce the trade-impeding effects of NTMs and improve the business environment is to increase the transparency of prevailing NTMs and to ensure that such measures are not more trade restrictive than necessary to achieve the legitimate policy objective of each specific regulation, such as protecting the environment, human health, animal well-being, etc.

Type
Chapter
Information
Behind-the-Border Policies
Assessing and Addressing Non-Tariff Measures
, pp. 179 - 192
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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