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Section 2 - Pregnancy

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 April 2019

Róisín Monteiro
Affiliation:
Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals’ NHS Trust
Marwa Salman
Affiliation:
Guy’s and St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust
Surbhi Malhotra
Affiliation:
Chelsea and Westminster Hospital
Steve Yentis
Affiliation:
Chelsea and Westminster Hospital
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Analgesia, Anaesthesia and Pregnancy
A Practical Guide
, pp. 9 - 458
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2019

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References

Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Termination of Pregnancy for Fetal Abnormality in England, Scotland and Wales: Report of a Working Party. London: RCOG, 2010. www.rcog.org.uk/en/guidelines-research-services/guidelines/termination-of-pregnancy-for-fetal-abnormality-in-england-scotland-and-wales (accessed December 2018).
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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

Cluver, C, Novikova, N, Hofmeyr, GJ, Hall, DR. Maternal position during caesarean section for preventing maternal and neonatal complications. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013; (3): CD007623.Google ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. Management of Severe Local Anaesthetic Toxicity. London: AAGBI, 2010. www.aagbi.org/sites/default/files/la_toxicity_2010_0.pdf (accessed December 2018).
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Further reading

Ferguson, E, Owen, P. The second stage of labour. Hosp Med 2003; 64: 210–13.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

Likis, FE, Andrews, JC, Collins, MR, et al. Nitrous oxide for the management of labor pain: a systematic review. Anesth Analg 2014; 118: 153–67.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

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Further reading

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Further reading

Anim-Somuah, M, Smyth, RM, Cyna, AM, Cuthbert, A. Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; (5): CD000331.Google ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Camorcia, M. Testing the epidural catheter. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2009; 22: 336–40.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Cohn, J, Moaveni, D, Sznol, J, Ranasinghe, J. Complications of 761 short-term intrathecal macrocatheters in obstetric patients: a retrospective review of cases over a 12-year period. Int J Obstet Anesth 2016; 25: 30–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Further reading

Groden, J, Gonzalez-Fiol, A, Aaronson, J, Sachs, A, Smiley, R. Catheter failure rates and time course with epidural versus combined spinal–epidural analgesia in labor. Int J Obstet Anesth 2016; 26: 47.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Neuraxial Opioids. Practice guidelines for the prevention, detection, and management of respiratory depression associated with neuraxial opioid administration. An updated report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Neuraxial Opioids and the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine. Anesthesiology 2016; 124: 535–52.
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Further reading

Anim-Somuah, M, Smyth, RM, Cyna, AM, Cuthbert, A. Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; (5): CD000331.Google ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Lucas, DN, Yentis, SM, Kinsella, SM, et al. Urgency of caesarean section: a new classification. J R Soc Med 2000; 93: 346–50.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

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Further reading

Allam, J, Malhotra, S, Hemingway, C, Yentis, SM. Epidural lidocaine–bicarbonate–adrenaline vs. levobupivacaine for emergency Caesarean section: a randomised controlled trial. Anaesthesia 2008; 63: 243–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

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Further reading

Algie, CM, Mahar, RK, Tan, HB, et al. Effectiveness and risks of cricoid pressure during rapid sequence induction for endotracheal intubation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015; (11): CD011656.Google ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Kinsella, SM, Winton, AL, Mushambi, MC, et al. Failed tracheal intubation during obstetric general anaesthesia: a literature review. Int J Obstet Anesth 2015; 24: 356–74.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Baker, PA, Weller, JM, Greenland, KB, Riley, RH, Merry, AF. Education in airway management. Anaesthesia 2011; 66: 101–11.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. The Management of Third- and Fourth-Degree Perineal Tears. Green-top Guideline 29. London: RCOG, 2015. www.rcog.org.uk/en/guidelines-research-services/guidelines/gtg29 (accessed December 2018).

Further reading

Abdallah, FW, Halpern, SH, Margarido, CB. Transversus abdominis plane block for postoperative analgesia after caesarean delivery performed under spinal anaesthesia? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Anaes 2012; 109: 679–87.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Corso, E, Hind, D, Beever, D, et al. Enhanced recovery after elective caesarean: a rapid review of clinical protocols, and an umbrella of systematic reviews. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2017; 17: 91.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Apfel, CC, Saxena, A, Cakmakkaya, OS, et al. Prevention of postdural puncture headache after accidental dural puncture: a quantitative systematic review. Br J Anaesth 2010; 105: 255–63.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Arevalo-Rodriguez, ICiapponi, ARoqué i Figuls, MMuñoz, LBonfill Cosp, X. Posture and fluids for preventing post-dural puncture headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016; (3): CD009199.Google ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Booth, JL, Pan, PHThomas, JAHarris, LCD’Angelo, R. A retrospective review of an epidural blood patch database: the incidence of epidural blood patch associated with obstetric neuraxial anesthetic techniques and the effect of blood volume on efficacy. Int J Obstet Anesth 2017; 29: 1017.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Kokki, M, Sjövall, , Keinänen, M, Kokki, H. The influence of timing on the effectiveness of epidural blood patch in parturients. Int J Obstet Anesth 2013; 22: 303–9.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Peralta, F, Devroe, S. Any news on the postdural puncture headache front? Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 2017; 31: 3547.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Further reading

Jenkins, JG. Some immediate serious complications of obstetric epidural analgesia and anaesthesia: a prospective study of 145,550 epidurals. Int J Obstet Anesth 2005; 14: 3742.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

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Further reading

Bogod, D. Pain during caesarean section. BJOG 2016; 123: 753.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Anim-Somuah, M, Smyth, RM, Cyna, AM, Cuthbert, A. Epidural versus non-epidural or no analgesia for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2018; (5): CD000331.Google ScholarPubMed
Han, IH. Pregnancy and spinal problems. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2010; 22: 477–81.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Orlikowski, CE, Dickinson, JE, Paech, MJ, et al. Intrapartum analgesia and its association with post-partum back pain and headache in nulliparous women. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2006; 46: 395401.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed

Further reading

Daly, B, Young, S, Marla, R, et al. Persistent pain after caesarean section and its association with maternal anxiety and socioeconomic background. Int J Obstet Anesth 2017; 29: 5763.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Jin, J, Peng, L, Chen, Q, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for chronic pain following cesarean section: a prospective study. BMC Anesthesiol 2016; 16: 99.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Further reading

Barbara, R, Tome, R, Barua, A, et al. Transient Horner syndrome following epidural anesthesia for labor: case report and review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol Surv 2011; 66: 114–19.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Cook, TM, Counsell, D, Wildsmith, JA; Royal College of Anaesthetists Third National Audit Project. Major complications of central neuraxial block: report on the 3rd National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists. Br J Anaesth 2009; 102: 179–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Further reading

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Further reading

Committee on Obstetric Practice, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG Committee Opinion. Number 326, December 2005. Inappropriate use of the terms fetal distress and birth asphyxia. Obstet Gynecol 2005; 106: 1469–70.
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Further reading

Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Late Intrauterine Fetal Death and Stillbirth. Green-top Guideline 55. London: RCOG, 2010. www.rcog.org.uk/en/guidelines-research-services/guidelines/gtg55 (accessed December 2018).

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Further reading

Knight, M, Bunch, K, Tuffnell, D, et al.; MBRRACE-UK. Saving Lives, Improving Mothers’ Care: Lessons learned to inform maternity care from the UK and Ireland Confidential Enquiries into Maternal Deaths and Morbidity 2014–16. Oxford: National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, 2018.Google Scholar
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Further reading

Bates, SM, Greer, IA, Middeldorp, S, et al. VTE, thrombophilia, antithrombotic therapy, and pregnancy: antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th edn: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest 2012; 141 (2 Suppl): e691S736S.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland; Obstetric Anaesthetists’ Association; Regional Anaesthesia UK. Regional anaesthesia and patients with abnormalities of coagulation. Anaesthesia 2013; 68: 966–72.
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Hopkins, AN, Alshaeri, T, Akst, SA, Berger, JS. Neurologic disease with pregnancy and considerations for the obstetric anesthesiologist. Semin Perinatol 2014; 38: 359–69.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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Bonham, CA, Patterson, KC, Strek, ME. Asthma outcomes and management during pregnancy. Chest 2018; 153: 515–27.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
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