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4 - The Liberal Republicanism of Sarmiento and Alberdi

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 October 2020

Susana Nuccetelli
Affiliation:
St Cloud State University, Minnesota
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Summary

Chapter 4 considers a debate between two Argentine political thinkers of the period of national organization that followed the end of the wars of independence in Latin America: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (1811-1888) and Juan Bautista Alberdi (1810-1884). Both of them endorsed liberal republicanism, a set of doctrines of moral and political philosophy that opposed Bolivarism and which was widely popular in the region during the post-independence period. The chapter demonstrates that Sarmiento and Alberdi had in common a general philosophical framework, even when they perceived their views as incompatible with each other's. Key shared doctrines included the infamous civilization/barbarism dichotomy and the no-less-infamous European-transplantation model of Latin American identity. This chapter argues that since Sarmiento and Alberdi had these substantive doctrines in common in matters concerning race and liberal democracy (judged to be the best form of polity for the new Latin American nations), their differences were almost trivial. Both of them disagreed with Bolívar, who acknowledged Latin America’s ethnic and racial diversity but remained skeptical about the suitability of liberal democracy in the region.

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Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2020

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References

Alberdi, Juan Bautista. 2017/1852. Bases y puntos de partida para la organización política de la República Argentina. Buenos Aires: Biblioteca del Congreso. https://bcn.gob.ar/uploads/BasesAlberdi.pdfGoogle Scholar
Farías, Matías. 2017. “Prólogo,” pp. 754 in Alberdi 2017/1852.Google Scholar
Feinmann, José Pablo. 1996. Filosofía y Nación: Estudios sobre el pensamiento argentino. Buenos Aires: Ariel.Google Scholar
Hooker, Juliet. 2017a. Theorizing Race in the Americas: Douglass, Sarmiento, Du Bois, and Vasconcelos. New York: Oxford.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sarmiento, Domingo F. 1998/1845. Facundo or, Civilization and Barbarism. New York: Penguin,Google Scholar
Schulman, Sam. 1948 . “Juan Bautista Alberdi and His Influence on Immigration Policy in the Argentine Constitution of 1853,” The Americas 5(1): 317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stavans, Ilan. 1998/1845. “Introduction,” pp. viixiv in Sarmiento 1998/1845.Google Scholar
Swanson, Philip. 2003b. “Civilization and Barbarism,” pp. 6985 in Swanson 2003a.Google Scholar
Terán, Oscar. 2004. Las palabras ausentes: Para leer los escritos póstumos de Alberdi. Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica.Google Scholar

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