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8 - Conclusion

Where Is Counter-Revolution Going?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  06 May 2022

Jamie Allinson
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh
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Summary

The conclusion returns to the general questions raised in the first two chapters of the book. Reiterating and summarising the argument about counter-revolution from above, below and without, the chapter turns to the transformation in revolutions that occurred after 1975 – initially towards political revolutions and transitions towards liberal democracy, and then towards mass, urban-based uprisings frustrated by counter-revolutions. Drawing on the work of Mark Beissinger, the chapter shows that, far from being regionally unique, the Arab uprisings were the beginning of a decade of increasing mass protest that did not bring forth profound social – or in many cases, political – transformation. Nonetheless, as the example of the return of the slogans and tactics of 2011 with new forms of learning in uprisings in the region before the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrate, the success of counter-revolution cannot be assumed.

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The Age of Counter-Revolution
States and Revolutions in the Middle East
, pp. 243 - 260
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2022

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  • Conclusion
  • Jamie Allinson, University of Edinburgh
  • Book: The Age of Counter-Revolution
  • Online publication: 06 May 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108633062.008
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  • Conclusion
  • Jamie Allinson, University of Edinburgh
  • Book: The Age of Counter-Revolution
  • Online publication: 06 May 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108633062.008
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Conclusion
  • Jamie Allinson, University of Edinburgh
  • Book: The Age of Counter-Revolution
  • Online publication: 06 May 2022
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108633062.008
Available formats
×