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5 - Refugees and the Roadmap

from Part III - 1989–2000

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  08 April 2021

Amanda C. Demmer
Affiliation:
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
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Summary

The fall of the Berlin Wall in November 1989 and a political settlement in Cambodia in October 1991 created an atmosphere of flexibility and opportunity in the international arena that had been absent for decades. Amidst these larger changes, the American commitment to humanitarian issues continued. Washington and Hanoi signed the long-awaited Humanitarian Operation in July of 1989, the first reeducation camp prisoners arrived in the United States through the new program in January of 1990, and the United States included detainees in the April 1991 Roadmap. NGOs like the Families of Vietnamese Political Prisoner Association helped create the momentum that made emigration for former reeducation camp detainees one of the top concerns on the American agenda.

Members of Congress also played a vital role in dictating the scope and pace of US-SRV relations.By passing resolutions that became institutionalized in US policy, forming influential committees, corresponding privately with Vietnamese leaders, sending delegations to Vietnam, making speeches, and fomenting domestic constituencies, legislators both accelerated and hindered US-Vietnamese ties. While nonexecutive advocacy remained vital, other key features of the US position shifted noticeably. The Bush administration reframed “full accounting” and embraced repatriation, positions which were hotly contested among US officials.

Type
Chapter
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After Saigon's Fall
Refugees and US-Vietnamese Relations, 1975–2000
, pp. 165 - 197
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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  • Refugees and the Roadmap
  • Amanda C. Demmer, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Book: After Saigon's Fall
  • Online publication: 08 April 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108770354.006
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  • Refugees and the Roadmap
  • Amanda C. Demmer, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Book: After Saigon's Fall
  • Online publication: 08 April 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108770354.006
Available formats
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Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Refugees and the Roadmap
  • Amanda C. Demmer, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
  • Book: After Saigon's Fall
  • Online publication: 08 April 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108770354.006
Available formats
×