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10 - Large-Scale Conflicts

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 January 2021

Martin Welz
Affiliation:
Universität Hamburg
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Summary

There are several large-scale violent conflicts in Africa, which affect some but by no means all African countries. The vast majority of these conflicts are intra-state conflicts; inter-state conflicts rarely occur. This chapter explains why this is the case after having explored the only two large-scale inter-state wars in Africa since decolonization: the war between Uganda and Tanzania as well as the one between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Turning to intra-state conflicts, several reasons for the outbreak of wars – often described as “new wars” – are explained as are the reasons that motivate some to become rebels. The greed vs. grievance argument plays an important role here. Thereafter, the two post-colonial genocides – in Rwanda and Darfur – are scrutinized alongside a discussion of why genocide occur. Being of unprecedented magnitude, “Africa’s Great War”, a war complex in the Great Lakes Region (1996-2006), is also analyzed as is the situation of and in refugee camps that are often a place of insecurity themselves.

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Chapter
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Africa since Decolonization
The History and Politics of a Diverse Continent
, pp. 215 - 236
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2021

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  • Large-Scale Conflicts
  • Martin Welz, Universität Hamburg
  • Book: Africa since Decolonization
  • Online publication: 07 January 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108599566.011
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  • Large-Scale Conflicts
  • Martin Welz, Universität Hamburg
  • Book: Africa since Decolonization
  • Online publication: 07 January 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108599566.011
Available formats
×

Save book to Google Drive

To save content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

  • Large-Scale Conflicts
  • Martin Welz, Universität Hamburg
  • Book: Africa since Decolonization
  • Online publication: 07 January 2021
  • Chapter DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781108599566.011
Available formats
×