Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-99c86f546-qdp55 Total loading time: 0.399 Render date: 2021-11-30T18:57:37.258Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true, "newUsageEvents": true }

27 - Dissemination of prolonged exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder: successes and challenges

from Part IV C - Prolonged-exposure treatment as a core resource for clinicians in the community: dissemination of trauma knowledge post-disaster

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  27 October 2009

Yuval Neria
Affiliation:
Columbia University, New York
Raz Gross
Affiliation:
Columbia University, New York
Randall D. Marshall
Affiliation:
Columbia University, New York
Ezra S. Susser
Affiliation:
Columbia University, New York
Get access

Summary

The catastrophic events of September 11, 2001, significantly raised this country's interest in and concern about the psychological consequences of mass trauma and for good reason. Epidemiological studies conducted 1 to 2 months after 9/11 reported prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Lower Manhattan of between 7–11% (Galea et al., 2002; Schlenger et al., 2002), a much higher figure than the 4% or less in the rest of the country (Schlenger et al., 2002). Other studies documented an increase in stress-related symptoms across the entire country in the immediate days and weeks after 9/11, although the prevalence of PTSD decreased substantially with distance from ground zero (Silver et al., 2002; Blanchard et al., 2004). In addition, there was a small, but statistically significant increase in the use of psychiatric medications among people living in Manhattan in the month following the attacks on the World Trade Center (Boscarino et al., 2003) and a substantial proportion (29%) of Manhattanites increased their use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana 5–8 weeks later (Vlahov et al., 2002). Individuals who increased their substance use were more likely to experience PTSD and depression (Vlahov et al., 2002). These studies serve to illustrate the significant psychological impact even a single incident of terrorism can have and the need to have appropriate resources available to assist those who develop significant psychological difficulties in the aftermath of such an event.

There has been substantial progress over the last 15 years in the development and validation of effective psychological treatments for PTSD.

Type
Chapter
Information
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Print publication year: 2006

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)
4
Cited by

Send book to Kindle

To send this book to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Available formats
×

Send book to Dropbox

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Available formats
×

Send book to Google Drive

To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Available formats
×