. The nature and evolution of ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) is an open problem in astrophysics. They challenge our current understanding of stellar compact objects and accretion physics. The recent discovery of pulsar ULXs further demonstrates the importance of this intriguing and rare class of objects.
In order to overcome the difficulties of directly studying the optical associations of ULXs, we generally resort in statistical studies of the stellar properties of their host galaxies. We present the largest such study based on the combination of Chandra archival data with the most complete galaxy catalog of the Local Universe. Incorporating robust distances and stellar population parameters based on associated multi-wavelength information, and we explore the association of ULXs with galaxies in the (star formation rate, stellar mass, metallicity) space.
We confirm the known correlation with morphology, star formation rate and stellar mass, while we find an excess of ULXs in dwarf galaxies, indicating dependence on age and metallicity.